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Keywords Small intestine and obstructio...

Small intestine and obstruction intestine and ultrasonography

https://read.qxmd.com/read/33289095/ultrasound-findings-for-spontaneous-regression-of-omphalomesenteric-remnant-after-birth
#1
Yasuyuki Mitani, Kohei Noguchi, Masanori Nishikawa, Hiroki Yamaue
We report a rare case of spontaneous regression of omphalomesenteric remnant after birth. Unlike previously reported cases, no surgery was required. The omphalomesenteric duct sometimes persists at birth. Its regression after birth, however, is extremely rare. A neonate passed a bloody stool 3 minutes after birth. Meckel's scan detected slight technetium-99 m uptake around the umbilicus. Sonographic examination detected a luminal structure connected to the small bowel, which gradually regressed, however, and was no longer visible by the 52nd day after birth...
December 1, 2020: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33194470/adult-mid-ileo-ileal-intussusception-secondary-to-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-imt-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Muhammad Farhan, Aimen Bibi, Osama Zulfiqar, Muhammad Imran, Zafar Ali
The intestinal intussusception as a cause of bowel obstruction in adult is a rare finding and is a heralder for an underlying lesion. This is in stark contrast to intestinal intussusception in pediatric population where the etiology is always a primary or benign condition and thus bears different outcomes. We hereby present a case of a young female adult, without the presence of any significant comorbidity. She presented with non-specific symptoms of small bowel intussusception. She was diagnosed as a case of adult intussusception with abdominal ultrasonography...
October 11, 2020: Curēus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32807081/a-novel-segmental-absence-of-intestinal-musculature-with-small-intestinal-stenosis-a-case-report
#3
Kosuke Kashiwagi, Keisuke Jimbo, Kenji Hosoi, Go Miyano, Takahiro Kudo, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Segmental absence of intestinal musculature (SAIM) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction and perforation due to partial or complete defects in the intestinal muscularis propria in neonates and is occasionally observed in adulthood. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case of small intestinal stenosis derived from SAIM, which was difficult to differentiate from Crohn's disease (CD), is reported. A 4-year-old girl presented with abdominal pain, anemia, and a positive fecal occult blood test...
August 17, 2020: BMC Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32690289/the-pathophysiology-of-small-intestinal-foreign-body-obstruction-and-intraoperative-assessment-of-tissue-viability-in-dogs-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Kaitlyn M Mullen, Penny J Regier, Gary W Ellison, Leonel Londoño
Small intestinal foreign body obstructions occur commonly in dogs, accounting for 80% of all canine intestinal obstructions. Such obstructions induce local aberrations in secretion, absorption, and intestinal motility that can precipitate devastating systemic consequences, including a systemic inflammatory response, sepsis, and multiorgan dysfunction. Radiographic diagnosis is poorly sensitive relative to ultrasonography for diagnosing the presence of obstructive foreign material. Emergent surgical intervention is indicated for dogs with obstructive foreign material due to an inability to assess the degree of compromise of the intestinal wall that may precipitate intestinal perforation and to mitigate progression of life-threatening electrolyte and acid-base imbalances secondary to sequestration and emesis...
August 2020: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32367885/obturator-hernia-presenting-partial-obstruction-in-an-elderly-patient
#5
H M Koksal, M F Celayir
Obturator hernia (OH) is a relatively rare pelvic hernia. OH is usually seen in elderly, multiparous females and patients with a low body weight. Obturator hernia accounts for 0.07-0.4% of all intraabdominal hernias and 0.2-5.8% of small bowel hernias. The diagnosis of obturator hernia can be difficult and often delayed. Any therapeutic delay is associated with serious complications and higher mortality rates. The correct preoperative diagnosis of obturator hernia is facilitated by computed tomography (CT)...
May 2020: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32124812/role-and-place-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnostics-of-adhesive-intestinal-obstruction
#6
Vadim B Borisenko, Artem N Kovalev, Tatyana А Denysiuk
OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the possibilities of ultrasound in adhesive ileus obstruction diagnosis and indications for surgical treatment determination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The results of diagnosis and treatment of 60 patients with acute adhesive intestinal obstruction with comparative use of X-ray and ultrasound methods were analyzed. RESULTS: Results: The use of a standard X-ray examination of the abdominal organs upon admission to the hospital allowed the diagnosis of acute adhesions of small bowel obstruction in only 32 (53...
2020: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31667833/pyloric-outflow-obstruction-secondary-to-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis-in-a-dog
#7
K A Carroll, M L Wallace, T L Hill, J W Bartges, J L Ruby, A T Mulder, J I Helmick
A 6-year-old, male neutered mixed breed dog was presented emergently with a three-week history of hyporexia, vomiting, diarrhoea and weight loss. Upon examination, the patient was dull, had generalised muscle atrophy, moderate abdominal pain and a mild amount of peritoneal effusion. A fluid-filled, distended, corrugated small bowel with marked gastroparesis and moderate peritoneal effusion was noted on abdominal ultrasonography. Endoscopy revealed hyperaemic and friable mucosa and a subjectively narrowed pylorus...
January 2020: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31050093/ultrasonographic-and-histopathological-features-in-8-cats-with-fibrotic-small-intestinal-stricture
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andrew Holloway, Mauro Pivetta, Roberta Rasotto
Benign stricture is an uncommon cause of chronic small intestinal obstruction in the cat. The purpose of this retrospective case series was to describe the ultrasonographic features, histopathological findings, and clinical presentation in a group of cats with benign small intestinal stricture. Inclusion criteria were cats presenting during the period 2010-2017, and that had ultrasonography and small intestinal stricture confirmed at surgery. For each cat, clinical data and ultrasonographic findings were retrieved from the medical record, and histopathology, where available, was reviewed...
July 2019: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30927709/an-ileo-ileal-intussusception-secondary-to-polypoid-lipoma-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Sarah Magdy Abdelmohsen, Mohamed Abdelkader Osman, Marwa T Hussien
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular intestinal lipoma is one of the rare benign tumours of the small intestine in children and acts as a lead point of intussusception. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a case in which a 4-year-old boy presented with recurrent attacks of colicky abdominal pain and non-bilious vomiting. Abdominal examination was irrelevant. Per rectum (PR) examination indicated an empty rectum without red currant jelly stool and non-palpable mass. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a target sign of intussusception...
March 20, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863737/incidental-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-in-the-pursuit-of-the-treatment-of-intestinal-obstruction
#10
Isabel Armas, Mariana Brandão, Inês Guerreiro, Inês Guerreiro, João Lobo, Carla Freitas, João Pinto-de-Sousa, Joaquim Abreu de Sousa
Intestinal lipomatosis is rare and often asymptomatic but can present with intestinal obstruction. Occasionally, metastatic breast cancer is identified in the ovary before a breast primary is discovered. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman diagnosed with synchronous intestinal obstruction due to lipomatosis, and incidental ovarian metastases from breast cancer. The patient presented with a 12-day history of nausea, diffuse abdominal pain, and constipation. An abdominal x-ray showed air-fluid levels, and computed tomography documented small bowel distention...
January 2019: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30800281/ileal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-with-intussusception
#11
Zdravko Štor, Jurij Hanžel
Intussusception is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction in adults, up to 30% of cases are caused by small bowel malignancy. Intestinal leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare malignant mesenchymal tumour. An 80-year-old male presented with small bowel obstruction. Abdominal ultrasonography and a subsequent CT scan showed small bowel obstruction due to ileo-ileal intussusception. The patient underwent an emergency exploratory laparotomy, which confirmed prior findings on imaging. The affected segment of the ileum was resected and a primary entero-enteral anastomosis was created...
February 2019: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30305152/advanced-colorectal-carcinoma-with-testicular-metastasis-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#12
Adarsh Pratap Singh, Amit Kumar, Anita Dhar, Shipra Agarwal, Sudhir Bhimaniya
BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinoma in the pediatric age group is rare and tends to be very aggressive and present late, due to which it has a very poor prognosis. It may present with distant metastasis; however, metastasis to the testes is very rare and signifies an advanced stage of the disease. Surgery is the only effective modality to cure patients with localized colorectal carcinomas. However, statistics show a higher incidence of unresectable disease and a higher metastasis rate in childhood colorectal carcinomas...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29606013/evaluation-of-pre-and-postnatally-diagnosed-gastrointestinal-tract-obstructions
#13
Gokcen Orgul, Tutku Soyer, Murat Yurdakok, Mehmet Sinan Beksac
Purpose: Signs of congenital obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) organs may present on prenatal ultrasonography. Prenatal detection is influenced by several factors, including obstruction site, lesion degree (partial or complete), the occurrence of associated malformations, and gestational week at screening. Here, we aimed to evaluate the success of prenatal diagnosis of GIT obstructions in a tertiary center in Turkey. Materials and methods: The study included 34 prenatally and 22 postnatally diagnosed babies with different GIT malformations...
October 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29457049/intestinal-obstruction-of-uncommon-cause-and-point-of-care-ultrasonography-where-do-we-stand
#14
Tiago Capela, Paula Sousa, Ana Caldeira, Eduardo Pereira
Malignant neoplasms of the small bowel, especially from the jejunum, are among the rarest types of cancer. Given its location, a delayed diagnosis is frequent and sometimes only made in an emergency context. The authors present a case of intestinal obstruction, where ultrasonography was pivotal in establishing a diagnosis. Point-of-care ultrasonography seems to be particularly sensitive in assessing emergency patients with abdominal pain, allowing effective orientation and saving human and technical resources...
January 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28918753/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-situs-inversus-totalis-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Prakash Devidas Valse, Ram Babu Goyal, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
BACKGROUND: The association of neonatal intestinal obstruction with situs inversus totalis is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature to date. This association poses dilemmas in management. We present two such cases (of Indian origin), and briefly discuss the pertinent literature and measures to prevent unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: a 1-month-old preterm (1300 g) male neonate belonging to Hindu (Indian) ethnicity presented with recurrent bile-stained vomiting, non-passage of stools and epigastric fullness...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28893301/intussusception-caused-by-heterotopic-gastric-mucosa-in-small-intestine-a-case-report
#16
Priyanka Anand, Sompal Singh, Namrata Sarin
BACKGROUND: Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of small bowel obstruction in children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years and often remains idiopathic in etiology, even after surgery. On microscopic examination, in intussusception normal mucosa is noted but in a few cases heterotopic tissue can be seen. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine is extremely rare except for its occurrence in remnants of Meckel's diverticulum. In view of the rarity of this condition, we report a case of ectopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine that was not associated with remnants of vitelline duct...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28655944/importance-of-second-look-endoscopy-on-an-empty-stomach-for-finding-gastric-bezoars-in-patients-with-gastric-ulcers
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Masaya Iwamuro, Shouichi Tanaka, Yuki Moritou, Tomoki Inaba, Reiji Higashi, Chiaki Kusumoto, Naoko Yunoki, Shin Ishikawa, Yuko Okamoto, Yoshinari Kawai, Ken-Ichi Kitada, Ryuta Takenaka, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Hiroyuki Okada
 Most gastric bezoars can be treated with endoscopic fragmentation combined with or without cola dissolution, whereas laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery is generally inevitable for small intestinal bezoars because they cause small bowel obstruction. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of gastric bezoars are necessary to prevent bezoar-induced ileus. To investigate the incidence of overlooked gastric bezoars during the initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy, we retrospectively reviewed the cases of 27 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal bezoars...
June 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28588169/outcome-of-surgical-drainage-of-the-pancreatic-duct-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#18
S R Islam, S Rahman, S Rahman, H Kumar, S A Sarkar
Abdominal pain, one of the major symptoms of chronic pancreatitis, is believed to be caused by obstruction of the pancreatic duct system by stones or strictures. This results in increased intraductal pressure and parenchymal ischemia. Surgical decompression of the duct and ductal drainage can achieve best pain relieve and slow the progression of the disease. We want to share our experience of surgical drainage of pancreatic duct in chronic pancreatitis in our hospital. We studied 20 cases operated in our hospital between January 2010 and October 2015...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28546717/intussusception-a-rare-complication-after-feeding-jejunostomy-a-case-report
#19
Shreyas Dholaria, Kamal Kishor Lakhera, Sanjeev Patni
Feeding jejunostomy (FJ) is a commonly done surgical procedure for enteral nutrition. Intussusception is one of the rare complications of FJ. Clinical presentation may be similar to other causes of small bowel obstruction. Intussusception should be suspected if a patient with jejunostomy tube develops upper gastrointestinal obstructive symptoms, which are relieved by nasogastric tube drainage. CT or ultrasonography (USG) can help to confirm the diagnosis. It can be relieved spontaneously or sometimes requires laparotomy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27896160/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-when-to-suspect-duplication-cyst-of-bowel-as-the-cause
#20
Rizwan Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Imran Ghani
BACKGROUND: Duplication cyst is a rare cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Their most common location is the small intestine. The clinical presentation is extremely variable depending upon its size, location and type and the age of the patient and are mainly encountered during infancy or early childhood. The diagnosis is very difficult in neonates. This study was undertaken to study their presentation, diagnostic modality of choice and further management in neonatal age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery, J ...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
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