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Elisabeth G Bjørnsen, Lavanya Thiruchelvam-Kyle, Sigurd E Hoelsbrekken, Camilla Henden, Per C Saether, Preben Boysen, Michael R Daws, Erik Dissen
NK cells kill cancer cells and infected cells upon activation by cell surface receptors. Human NKp30 is an activating receptor expressed by all mature NK cells. The B7 family member B7H6 has been identified as one ligand for NKp30. Several alternative ligands have also been reported, and the field remains unsettled. To this end, we have identified full-length functional B7H6 orthologs in rat and cattle, demonstrated by phylogenetic analysis and transfection experiments. In cell-cell contact-dependent assays, chimeric NKp30 reporter cells responded strongly to B7H6 in rat and cattle...
December 4, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Bing Zhang, Jinzhong Sun, Xiaoli Yao, Juanjuan Li, Yi Tu, Feng Yao, Shengrong Sun
The B7 family, the most common family of secondary signaling molecules, consists of eight cell-surface proteins, which regulate the T-cell mediated immune response by delivering co-inhibitory or co-stimulatory signals through their corresponding ligands. Among them, natural killer cell cytotoxicity receptor 3 ligand 1 (NCR3LG1, also known as B7H6) has been reported as a new member, and is involved in tumor progression of various types of human cancer. However, the role of B7H6 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains unknown...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Albert T Gacerez, Charles L Sentman
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) therapy has shown promise against B cell malignancies in the clinic. However, limited success in patients with solid tumors has prompted the development of new CAR strategies. In this study, a B7H6-specific CAR was combined with different variants of T-bet, a transcription factor that acts as the master regulator to induce a Th1 phenotype in CD4+ T cells, to create more effective CAR T cells. Skewing CD4+ CAR T cells into a Th1 improved CAR T cell functional activity while promoting a robust proinflammatory response against B7H6-expressing tumors...
June 2018: Cancer Gene Therapy
Albert T Gacerez, Casey K Hua, Margaret E Ackerman, Charles L Sentman
B7H6 is emerging as a promising tumor antigen that is known to be expressed on a wide array of tumors and is reported to stimulate anti-tumor responses from the immune system. As such, B7H6 presents a good target for tumor-specific immunotherapies. B7H6-specific chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) based on a murine antibody showed successful targeting and elimination of tumors expressing B7H6. However, mouse single chain variable fragments (scFvs) have the potential to induce host anti-CAR responses that may limit efficacy, so human scFvs specific for B7H6 were selected by yeast surface display...
May 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Jorge Gutierrez-Franco, Rodolfo Hernandez-Gutierrez, Miriam Ruth Bueno-Topete, Jesse Haramati, Rosa Elena Navarro-Hernandez, Marta Escarra-Senmarti, Natali Vega-Magaña, Alicia Del Toro-Arreola, Ana Laura Pereira-Suarez, Susana Del Toro-Arreola
B7H6, an endogenous ligand expressed on tumor cell surfaces, triggers NKp30-mediated activation of human NK cells. In contrast, the release of soluble B7H6 has been proposed as a novel mechanism by which tumors might evade NK cell-mediated recognition. Since NK cells are critical for the maintenance of early pregnancy, it is not illogical that soluble B7H6 might also be an important factor in directing NK cell activity during normal pregnancy. Thus, this study was focused on the characterization of soluble B7H6 during the development of normal pregnancy...
January 2018: Immunobiology
Casey K Hua, Albert T Gacerez, Charles L Sentman, Margaret E Ackerman
As a stress-inducible natural killer (NK) cell ligand, B7H6 plays a role in innate tumor immunosurveillance and is a fairly tumor selective marker expressed on a variety of solid and hematologic cancer cells. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of a new family of single chain fragment variable (scFv) molecules targeting the human B7H6 ligand. Through directed evolution of a yeast surface displayed non-immune human-derived scFv library, eight candidates comprising a single family of clones differing by up to four amino acid mutations and exhibiting nM avidities for soluble B7H6-Ig were isolated...
October 1, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
Sara Trabanelli, Mathieu F Chevalier, Amaia Martinez-Usatorre, Alejandra Gomez-Cadena, Bérengère Salomé, Mariangela Lecciso, Valentina Salvestrini, Grégory Verdeil, Julien Racle, Cristina Papayannidis, Hideaki Morita, Irene Pizzitola, Camille Grandclément, Perrine Bohner, Elena Bruni, Mukul Girotra, Rani Pallavi, Paolo Falvo, Elisabeth Oppliger Leibundgut, Gabriela M Baerlocher, Carmelo Carlo-Stella, Daniela Taurino, Armando Santoro, Orietta Spinelli, Alessandro Rambaldi, Emanuela Giarin, Giuseppe Basso, Cristina Tresoldi, Fabio Ciceri, David Gfeller, Cezmi A Akdis, Luca Mazzarella, Saverio Minucci, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci, Emanuela Marcenaro, Andrew N J McKenzie, Dominique Vanhecke, George Coukos, Domenico Mavilio, Antonio Curti, Laurent Derré, Camilla Jandus
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are involved in human diseases, such as allergy, atopic dermatitis and nasal polyposis, but their function in human cancer remains unclear. Here we show that, in acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), ILC2s are increased and hyper-activated through the interaction of CRTH2 and NKp30 with elevated tumour-derived PGD2 and B7H6, respectively. ILC2s, in turn, activate monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs) via IL-13 secretion. Upon treating APL with all-trans retinoic acid and achieving complete remission, the levels of PGD2, NKp30, ILC2s, IL-13 and M-MDSCs are restored...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
Lemonica Koumbi, Teresa Pollicino, Giovanni Raimondo, Naveenta Kumar, Peter Karayiannis, Salim I Khakoo
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is accounting for over one million deaths annually due to immune-mediated chronic liver damage. Natural killer (NK) cells are abundant in the liver and contribute in HBV persistence. NK cytotoxic effects are controlled by signals from activating and inhibitory receptors. HBV may circumvent host antiviral immunity via the regulation of NK receptors and their ligands. We investigated the effect of viral replication and HBeAg mutations on NK mediators expression in the livers of chronic HBV (CHB) patients and in cell cultures...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Mariana Phillips, Francesca Romeo, Constantine Bitsaktsis, David Sabatino
The rise of biologics that can stimulate immune responses towards the eradication of tumors has led to the evolution of cancer-based immunotherapy. Representatively, B7H6 has been recently identified as a protein ligand on tumor cells that binds specifically to the NKp30 receptor and triggers NK cell-derived cytokine production, which ultimately leads to tumor cell lysis and death. In an effort to develop effective immunotherapy approaches, the rational design of a novel class of immunostimulatory peptides (IPs) derived from the binding interface of B7H6:NKp30 is described in this study...
September 2016: Biopolymers
Fei-Fei Wu, Xiao-Yan Ke
B7-H6 is a co-stimulatory molecule discoveried recently. B7-H6 is not expressed on normal cells, but specially expressed on tumor cells. It can also be expressed on antigen presenting cells (APC) by the induction. The B7-H6 expression can be downregulated by HDACi. NK cells can be activated to release TNFα and IFNγ through B7H6-NKp30 pathway. The B7-H6 molecules expressed on the cell surface can be shedded to form soluble molecules. In the meantime, the B7-H6/NKp30 pathway may be involved in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren syndrome...
February 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Yuko Ohta, Martin F Flajnik
Comparative immunology provides the long view of what is conserved across all vertebrate taxa versus what is specific to particular organisms or group of organisms. Regarding the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and coevolution, three striking cases have been revealed in cold-blooded vertebrates: lineages of class Ia antigen-processing and -presenting genes, evolutionary conservation of NKT-class Ib recognition, and the ancient emergence of the natural cytotoxicity receptor NKp30 and its ligand B7H6. While coevolution of transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) and class Ia has been documented in endothermic birds and two mammals, lineages of LMP7 are restricted to ectotherms...
September 2015: Immunological Reviews
Yoonjoo Choi, Casey Hua, Charles L Sentman, Margaret E Ackerman, Chris Bailey-Kellogg
Antibodies derived from non-human sources must be modified for therapeutic use so as to mitigate undesirable immune responses. While complementarity-determining region (CDR) grafting-based humanization techniques have been successfully applied in many cases, it remains challenging to maintain the desired stability and antigen binding affinity upon grafting. We developed an alternative humanization approach called CoDAH ("Computationally-Driven Antibody Humanization") in which computational protein design methods directly select sets of amino acids to incorporate from human germline sequences to increase humanness while maintaining structural stability...
2015: MAbs
Ming-Ru Wu, Tong Zhang, Albert T Gacerez, Tiffany A Coupet, Leslie R DeMars, Charles L Sentman
Substantial evidence showed that T cells are the key effectors in immune-mediated tumor eradication; however, most T cells do not exhibit antitumor specificity. In this study, a bispecific T cell engager (BiTE) approach was used to direct T cells to recognize B7H6(+) tumor cells. B7H6 is a specific ligand for the NK cell-activating receptor NKp30. B7H6 is expressed on various types of primary human tumors, including leukemia, lymphoma, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors, but it is not constitutively expressed on normal tissues...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Immunology
M-R Wu, T Zhang, L R DeMars, C L Sentman
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies have demonstrated durable and potentially curative therapeutic efficacy against B-cell leukemia in clinical trials. A CAR strategy can target any tumor surface antigens as long as an antigen-binding receptor can be generated. New CARs that target solid tumors and have the potential to target multiple tumor types are needed. In this study, B7H6, a ligand for the NK cell activating receptor NKp30, was targeted to create a CAR that targets multiple tumor types. B7H6 is expressed on various primary human tumors, including leukemia, lymphoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumors, but it is not constitutively expressed on normal tissues...
August 2015: Gene Therapy
Sylvie Rusakiewicz, Gaetane Nocturne, Thierry Lazure, Michaela Semeraro, Caroline Flament, Sophie Caillat-Zucman, Damien Sène, Nicolas Delahaye, Eric Vivier, Kariman Chaba, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Gunnel Nordmark, Maija-Leena Eloranta, Per Eriksson, Elke Theander, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Roald Omdal, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Roland Jonsson, Lars Rönnblom, Joanne Nititham, Kimberly E Taylor, Christopher J Lessard, Kathy L Moser Sivils, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Lindsey A Criswell, Corinne Miceli-Richard, Laurence Zitvogel, Xavier Mariette
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a lymphocytic exocrinopathy. However, patients often have evidence of systemic autoimmunity, and they are at markedly increased risk for the development of non- Hodgkin's lymphoma. Similar to other autoimmune disorders, a strong interferon (IFN) signature is present among subsets of pSS patients, although the precise etiology remains uncertain. NCR3/NKp30 is a natural killer (NK)-specific activating receptor regulating the cross talk between NK and dendritic cells and type II IFN secretion...
July 24, 2013: Science Translational Medicine
Martin F Flajnik, Tereza Tlapakova, Michael F Criscitiello, Vladimir Krylov, Yuko Ohta
The B7 family of genes is essential in the regulation of the adaptive immune system. Most B7 family members contain both variable (V)- and constant (C)-type domains of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). Through in silico screening of the Xenopus genome and subsequent phylogenetic analysis, we found novel genes belonging to the B7 family, one of which is the recently discovered B7H6. Humans and rats have a single B7H6 gene; however, many B7H6 genes were detected in a single large cluster in the Xenopus genome...
August 2012: Immunogenetics
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