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workplace exercise intervention injury prevention

D Van Eerd, C Munhall, E Irvin, D Rempel, S Brewer, A J van der Beek, J T Dennerlein, J Tullar, K Skivington, C Pinion, B Amick
The burden of disabling musculoskeletal pain and injuries (musculoskeletal disorders, MSDs) arising from work-related causes in many workplaces remains substantial. There is little consensus on the most appropriate interventions for MSDs. Our objective was to update a systematic review of workplace-based interventions for preventing and managing upper extremity MSD (UEMSD). We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis. 6 electronic databases were searched (January 2008 until April 2013 inclusive) yielding 9909 non-duplicate references...
January 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
V Johnston, S O'Leary, T Comans, L Straker, M Melloh, A Khan, G Sjøgaard
INTRODUCTION: Non-specific neck pain is a major burden to industry, yet the impact of introducing a workplace ergonomics and exercise intervention on work productivity and severity of neck pain in a population of office personnel is unknown. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does a combined workplace-based best practice ergonomic and neck exercise program reduce productivity losses and risk of developing neck pain in asymptomatic workers, or decrease severity of neck pain in symptomatic workers, compared to a best practice ergonomic and general health promotion program? DESIGN: Prospective cluster randomised controlled trial...
December 2014: Journal of Physiotherapy
Sharanya Varatharajan, Pierre Côté, Heather M Shearer, Patrick Loisel, Jessica J Wong, Danielle Southerst, Hainan Yu, Kristi Randhawa, Deborah Sutton, Gabrielle van der Velde, Silvano Mior, Linda J Carroll, Craig Jacobs, Anne Taylor-Vaisey
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise and synthesize literature on the effectiveness of work disability prevention (WDP) interventions in workers with neck pain, whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), or upper extremity disorders. METHODS: We searched electronic databases from 1990 to 2012. Random pairs of independent reviewers critically appraised eligible studies using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria. Scientifically admissible studies were summarized and synthesized following best-evidence synthesis methodology...
December 2014: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Deepak Sharan, P S Ajeesh
This review targeted all research previously conducted on the topic of musculoskeletal disorders and injury among physiotherapists, with a particular focus on studies that had examined individual, physical and psychosocial risk factors and provided suggestions or recommendations to prevent such injuries. Scientific literature published in English languages was searched using electronic way. A total of 17 appropriate studies were located and examined, most of which had focused on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders/pan or any other injury...
2012: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Charlotte D N Rasmussen, Marie B Jørgensen, Isabella G Carneiro, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Kasper Olesen, Karen Søgaard, Andreas Holtermann
Worksite health promotion is seldom offered to workers who are low-educated and multi-ethnic, possibly due to an assumption that they are more reluctant to participate. Furthermore, little has been done to promote health at female-dominated workplaces. The main aim of this study was to investigate differences in participation among immigrant and Danish cleaners throughout a 1-year randomised controlled study tailored to cleaners and carried out in predominantly female workplaces. No significant differences in ethnicity were found in consent and participation throughout the 1-year intervention...
2012: Ergonomics
Stanley J Bigos, John Holland, Carole Holland, John S Webster, Michele Battie, Judith A Malmgren
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Back problems (BPs), with their cost and disability, are a substantial burden for individuals, employers, and society. PURPOSE: This systematic review of controlled trials evaluates the effectiveness of interventions to prevent BP episodes in working age adults. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE/EMBASE through May 2007, and COCHRANE/Trials Registry through August 22, 2008 using search terms of back pain, back injuries or sciatica, linked to prevention, control, workplace interventions, or ergonomics and searched article bibliographies...
February 2009: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Irene Jensen, Karin Harms-Ringdahl
The aim of this article was to summarise the existing evidence concerning interventions for non-specific neck pain. Neck-and-shoulder pain is commonly experienced by both adolescents and adults. Although the prevalence appears to vary among different nations, the situation is essentially the same, at least in the industrialised nations. Explanations for the wide variation in incidence and prevalence include various methodological issues. Back and neck disorders represent one of the most common causes for both short- and long-term sick leave and disability pension...
February 2007: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Karin I Proper, Martijn W Heymans, Marijke J M Chin A Paw, Esther M F van Sluijs, Mireille N M van Poppel, Willem van Mechelen
This paper describes five recent Dutch studies of the effectiveness of physical activity interventions carried out in diverse settings: general practice (GP), aged care facilities, and workplaces. The stage-based physical activity counselling carried out in the GP setting demonstrated a beneficial effect on the determinants of physical activity, but did not show any additional effect on physical activity behaviour, compared with standard physical activity advice. In contrast, the stage-based intervention through the workplace was effective in increasing physical activity, due mostly to an increase in vigorous-intensity activities...
October 2006: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
S J Linton, M W van Tulder
STUDY DESIGN: A review of controlled trials. OBJECTIVES: To determine which interventions are used to prevent back and neck pain problems as well as what the evidence is for their utility. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Given the difficulty in successfully treating long-term back and neck pain problems, there has been a call for preventive interventions. Little is known, however, about the value of preventive efforts for nonpatients, e.g., in the general population or workplace...
April 1, 2001: Spine
J Veitch, O Clavisi, N Owen
OBJECTIVE: Worksites have been argued to be a key setting for physical activity promotion, particularly for lower-paid, less-skilled workers. These occupational groups are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There is no strong evidence in support of the efficacy of worksite fitness and physical activity interventions. This study assessed potential motivators and barriers to worksite physical activity initiatives for less-skilled workers. METHOD: We conducted telephone interviews with 13 Victorian WorkCover insurance providers and 30 manufacturing industry worksite managers...
October 1999: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
J M Melhorn
Occupational diseases affect 15 to 20% of all Americans. Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) account for 56% of all occupational injuries. The recognition and control of occupational injuries has become a major concern of employees, employers, medicine, and the federal government because of health risk and related costs. Upper-extremity CTDs are identified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health as one of the ten most significant occupational health problems in the United States. It is estimated by the year 2000 that 50 cents on the dollar will be spent on CTDs...
December 1996: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
B E Karas, K M Conrad
The purpose of this integrative review is to describe the state of knowledge about the effect of worksite back injury prevention programs on selected study outcomes. Fifteen experimental and quasi-experimental studies published between 1987 and 1994 were identified through a comprehensive literature search. The research studies were reviewed and analyzed using a data collection abstracting tool. Four types of back injury prevention intervention programs were identified: back belts, back schools, exercise/flexibility training, and educational classes...
April 1996: AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
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