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Thwe Zin Ei, Yasushi Shimada, Ahmed Abdou, Alireza Sadr, Masahiro Yoshiyama, Yasunori Sumi, Junji Tagami
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to detect and investigate the association of enamel microcracks with demineralization at proximal contact areas of premolars, using 3D swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: Extracted maxillary and mandibular premolars (n=50 each), without any visible tooth cracks, were examined for demineralization of interproximal contact areas, using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
February 12, 2019: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
M Lambert, L De Visschere, L Martens, E Deschepper, J Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases and socio-economic inequalities in children are a persisting problem. AIM: to investigate the 4-year longitudinal impact of an oral health promotion program on oral health, knowledge and socio-economic inequalities in primary schoolchildren. DESIGN: The intervention was carried out between 2010 and 2014 within a random sample of Flemish primary schoolchildren (born in 2002). It consisted of an annual oral health education session...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Samiya Subka, Helen Rodd, Zoann Nugent, Chris Deery
BACKGROUND: Detection and diagnosis of proximal caries in primary molars is challenging. AIM: The aim of this in-vivo study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of four methods of proximal caries detection in primary molar teeth. DESIGN: Eighty-two children (5-10 yrs) were recruited. Initially 1030 proximal surfaces were examined using meticulous visual examination (ICDAS) (VE1), bitewing radiographs (RE), and a laser fluorescence pen device (LF1)...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ulrich Schlagenhauf, Karl-Heinz Kunzelmann, Christian Hannig, Theodor W May, Helmut Hösl, Mario Gratza, Gabriele Viergutz, Marco Nazet, Sebastian Schamberger, Peter Proff
AIM: The aim of the present randomized, controlled trial was to compare the impact of the regular use of a fluoride-free microcrystalline hydroxyapatite (HAP) dentifrice and a 1400 ppm fluoride control dentifrice on caries progression in 150 highly caries-active orthodontic patients. METHODS: The primary outcome was the occurrence of lesions with International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) ≥code 1 on the vestibular surfaces of teeth 15-25 within 168 days after fixation of orthodontic brackets...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Paweł Dąbrowski, Joanna Grzelak, Michał Kulus, Tomasz Staniowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the usefulness of fluorescence-based caries detection systems (Diagnodent and VistaCam) for the assessment of carious lesions on archeological molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study material consisted of teeth from the Cemetery of St. Mary Magdalene (Cmentarz św. Marii Magdaleny) in Wrocław, Poland. A sample of 178 permanent molars from 38 skulls were examined. Five surfaces of teeth (occlusal, mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual) were assessed on either basically cleaned or sandblasted teeth...
January 29, 2019: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
P K Marquezan, L S Alves, A Dalla Nora, M Maltz, Júlio Eduardo do Amaral Zenkner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the radiographic pattern of underlying dentine shadows (UDS) in the occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth. METHODS: A total of 282 permanent posterior teeth pertaining to 91 individuals, 142 UDS and 140 non-cavitated enamel lesions (NCEL), were included for comparison. UDS was defined as shadows of discolored dentin visible through the enamel surface which may or may not show signs of localized enamel breakdown, classified as code 4 by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System group...
January 28, 2019: Clinical Oral Investigations
Michele B Diniz, Priscila H Campos, Sabrina Wilde, Rita de Cássia L Cordeiro, Andréa G F Zandona
This in vitro study aimed to compare the performance of a light-emitting diode (LED) device (Midwest Caries I.D.: MID), International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) visual criteria, and fluorescence-based devices (DIAGNOdent: LF; DIAGNOdent pen: LFpen; and Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence: QLF) in detecting occlusal caries in the primary molars. Eighty-eight primary molars with sound occlusal surfaces or carious lesions at different stages were assessed twice, with a 1-week interval in between, by one examiner using all three methods...
January 23, 2019: Lasers in Medical Science
E Clark, L A Foster Page, K Larkins, S Leon de la Barra, W Murray Thomson
BACKGROUND: Toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste reduces the incidence of dental caries. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a supervised school toothbrushing programme to reduce dental caries experience in children. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. All children had routine dental examinations at baseline using the ICDAS to record dental caries, along with bitewing radiographs. Half of the children were involved in a supervised toothbrushing programme...
January 17, 2019: Community Dental Health
Ximena Andrea Cerón-Bastidas, Andrés Suarez, Sandra Guauque-Olarte
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the ICDAS-II caries status and caries-related factors among children from rural and urban schools in Pasto, Colombia. Materials and Methods: The study included 120 children (4 - 6 year- old children) from rural (privileged) and urban (unprivileged) schools. Caries was evaluated using the ICDAS-II criteria. A survey about the factors related to the presence of caries was applied. Chi-square and Fisher's tests were used to assess the differences in each study variable between the two groups...
December 2018: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
R Lalloo, S K Tadakamadla, J Kroon, O Tut, S Kularatna, R Boase, K Kapellas, D Gilchrist, E Cobbledick, J Rogers, N W Johnson
BACKGROUND: While associations between salivary characteristics and dental caries have been well studied, we are not aware of this being assessed in a remote Indigenous child population, where lifestyles may be different from urban children. Our aim was to assess associations between caries experience and putative biomarkers in saliva, accounting for oral hygiene and dietary habits. METHODS: Children attending schools in an Indigenous community in remote north Queensland, Australia were invited to an oral examination by qualified and calibrated examiners...
January 17, 2019: BMC Oral Health
Hao Yang, Bing Huang, Ningyu Lai, Yang Gu, Zhimin Li, Qin Ye, Hui Wu
BACKGROUND: The shortage of food based feedstocks has been one of the stumbling blocks in industrial biomanufacturing. The acetone bioproduction from the traditional acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation is limited by the non-specificity of products and competitive utilization of food-based substrates. Using genetically modified Escherichia coli to produce acetone as sole product from the cost-effective non-food based substrates showed great potential to overcome these problems. RESULTS: A novel acetone biosynthetic pathway were constructed based on genes from Clostridium acetobutylicum (thlA encoding for thiolase, adc encoding for acetoacetate decarboxylase, ctfAB encoding for coenzyme A transferase) and Escherichia coli MG1655 (atoB encoding acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase, atoDA encoding for acetyl-CoA: acetoacetyl-CoA transferase subunit α and β)...
January 14, 2019: Microbial Cell Factories
K Gambetta-Tessini, R Mariño, A Ghanim, H Calache, D J Manton
OBJECTIVES: Decamarcated hypomineralised lesions of enamel include those developmental defects that are related to MIH, HSPM or any other demarcated opacities of systemic origin. The present study's aims are to determine MIH/HSPM prevalence, caries lesion severity and their association in a sample of 6-12-year-old schoolchildren from Talca, Chile. METHODS: The sample (N = 577) was derived from selected primary schools in urban Talca. A full dental examination was performed at the school by one calibrated examiner...
January 14, 2019: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
S Paris, F Schwendicke, V Soviero, H Meyer-Lueckel
OBJECTIVES: Discriminating non-cavitated from cavitated proximal lesions without tooth separation is only limitedly possible using visual-radiographic assessment alone. We evaluated how additional tactile assessment might increase the accuracy of this discrimination in vitro. METHODS: Surface integrity of 46 primary molars with proximal lesions extending radiographically into outer third of dentin (ICDAS-codes: 2 n = 34, 3 n = 8 and 5 n = 4) were mounted in groups of two in manikin heads and independently assessed by three examiners using visual-radiographic and additional tactile assessment using a cow-horn-ended explorer with or without gingival displacement...
January 5, 2019: Clinical Oral Investigations
Soraya C Leal
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus and Embase were searched from 2000 to 2016.Study selectionA search strategy was developed to identify randomised clinical trials, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, comparative studies, validation studies and evaluation studies that tested standardised caries risk assessment (CRA) models. There was no restriction with respect to patients' age, but caries data should have been recorded using the Decayed, Missing, Filled Tooth/Surface (DMFT/S) or the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) indices...
December 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Jonathan Harris-Ricardo, Luis Fang, Alejandra Herrera-Herrera, Natalia Fortich-Mesa, Doris Olier-Castillo, Diana Cavanzo-Rojas, Roberto González-Quintero
OBJECTIVE: Tdescribe the bacterial profile of the supragingival biofilm of children with temporary dentition (CTD) and early mixed dentition (CEMD), with the next-generation sequencing (HOMINGS) technique. METHOD: A comparative descriptive study was carried out with 30 systemically healthy children aged between 5 and 7 years old from public schools in Cartagena-Colombia. All participants were caries-free applying the criteria of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) and had no caries experience according to the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
December 10, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
E Achilleos, C Rahiotis, K Kavvadia, G Vougiouklakis
The aim of this study was to investigate the management of incipient caries lesions in adults with two preventive protocols. A total of 44 adult patients with high, moderate and low caries risk with 516 incipient caries took part in the study. These patients were assessed for caries with International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria and were then divided into three groups depending on their caries risk profile: a high-risk group (group A), a moderate-risk group (group B), and a low-risk group (group C)...
December 5, 2018: Operative Dentistry
E D Berdouses, C J Oulis, M Michalaki, E E Tripoliti, D I Fotiadis
AIM: To compare the diagnostic performance of the automated caries detection system (ACDS) for the detection and diagnosis of occlusal caries with the histological appearance of the lesions. METHODS: Eighteen posterior permanent teeth were used, out of which 40 sections were made and 53 areas were evaluated. Teeth with hypoplastic and/or hypomineralised areas or sealants on the occlusal surfaces were excluded from the study. The teeth that were used for this study were a subgroup of the teeth used in the study that introduced ACDS system...
November 28, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Stefania Martignon, Andrea Cortes, Soledad Isabel Gómez, Gina Alejandra Castiblanco, Ximena Baquero, Ana María Franco-Triviño, Juliana Carolina Palacio-Benavides, Luis Fernando Gamboa, Rita S Villena
A caries-epidemiological study using the ICDASepi-merged system was conducted in Colombian young children. This study aimed at associating the time needed for the clinical examination of caries and caries risk in 1 to 5-year-old children according to age and caries risk, and to assess behavior and child pain self-perception during examination according to age. After IRB approval and given parents/caregivers' informed consent, seven trained examiners assessed 1 to 5-year olds in kindergartens under local field conditions...
July 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Cansu Ozsin Ozler, Meryem Uzamis Tekcicek, Pinar Ozdemir, Bahar Guciz Dogan
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries among preschool children by using the pufa index (visible pulp, ulceration of the oral mucosa due to root fragments, a fistula or an abscess) and the incorporation of some risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected via structured, pre-tested questionnaires from 729 parents in Turkey's capital, Ankara. Examinations were performed under field conditions by one examiner. The decayed teeth were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II criteria...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
C Frese, T Wohlrab, L Sheng, M Kieser, J Krisam, F Frese, D Wolff
The aims of this four-year randomized controlled clinical trial were to gain insights into management and prevention of dental caries and the effect of stannous fluoride products in athletes. Fifty-four participants were randomized into test and control groups. The test group used special stannous fluoride products. The primary endpoint dental caries was assessed by the ICDAS-II-System and analyzed both by a linear mixed model for repeated measures and a generalized linear mixed model. During the observation period an increase in caries-free surfaces from 64...
November 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
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