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Eijiro Yamaga, Yusuke Sato, Hitomi Soeda, Shunsuke Minakuchi
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of mandibular ridge form and denture quality on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in complete denture wearers by using structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis of data before and after new complete denture insertion. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-two edentulous patients who visited the Dental Hospital of Tokyo Medical and Dental University for new complete dentures were recruited. An intervention study design was conducted, including complete denture fabrication with SEM analysis...
March 6, 2019: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Katarzyna Skośkiewicz-Malinowska, Barbara Malicka, Marek Ziętek, Urszula Kaczmarek
BACKGROUND: The oral condition can functionally, socially and psychologically influence the quality of life. Oral dryness often occurs in the elderly due to the presence of systemic diseases and medications, which favors the development of many lesions and complaints, including dental caries, candidiasis, retention of full removable denture, taste disturbance and it enforces a change in nutrition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of oral dryness on oral health-related quality of life in older subjects...
March 7, 2019: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
S Peikert, W Spurzem, K Vach, E Frisch, P Ratka-Krüger, J P Woelber
AIM: The aim of this multi-center cohort study was to investigate the association of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NST) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in general and related to severity of periodontal disease and treatment modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-two patients with periodontal disease from 18 dental practices were measured before and 6-8 weeks after NST using a standardized and validated OHRQoL instrument (Oral Health Impact Profile - G14, OHIP-G14)...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Marco Toia, Ann Wennerberg, Paolo Torrisi, Vittorio Farina, Enrico Corrà, Denis Cecchinato
OBJECTIVES: This observational clinical study evaluated the patient satisfaction and the clinical outcomes of edentulous arches rehabilitated with overdentures retained by CAD-CAM milled titanium bars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Edentulous patients were treated with a full-arch removable overdenture anchored on two milled bars based on a friction retention system. Patient satisfaction was tested using the validated Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire at the pre- and post-treatment visits, up to two years after prosthesis delivery (possible score range: 0-56...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Elena Ferrando-Magraner, Verónica García-Sanz, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-María Montiel-Company, José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo
Background: Given the prevalence of malocclusions and the impact they have on oral health, patients' quality of life assessments provide useful information, not only in terms of patients' needs and expectations before treatment, but about whether or not orthodontic treatments meet them satisfactorily. The present systematic review was carried out to evaluate changes in the quality of life of adolescent patients after orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: An electronic search was conducted in the Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane and Scopus databases...
February 2019: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
B Hede, H Thiesen, L B Christensen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the oral health and oral health-related quality of life among social vulnerable adults enrolled in a special oral care program, and to evaluate the effect of oral care on their oral health-related quality of life. METHOD: Social workers identified social vulnerable persons in social centres and referred them to the program. Dental clinics were arranged including a well-motivated staff to be special responsive to these clients. The participants, (n = 235, mean age 43...
February 19, 2019: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Rafaela Carolina Soares Bonato, Matheus de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Francisco Haiter-Neto, Elinton Adami Chaim
BACKGROUND: Systemic bone loss may lead to more severe periodontal destruction, decreasing local bone mineral density. AIM: A cross-sectional designed was performed to study associations among alveolar bone pattern, salivary leptin concentrations, and clinical periodontal status in premenopausal obese and eutrophic women. METHODS: Thirty morbid obese (G1) and 30 normal-weight (G2) women were included. Anthropometric and periodontal measurements (probing depth - PD, clinical attachment levels - CAL, presence of calculus, bleeding on probing -BOP, and plaque accumulation) were assessed...
February 7, 2019: Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery: ABCD
Amit Kumar, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, Soni Rajput
Background: A greater understanding of impact of occupational dental erosion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) will sensitize both employee and employers to adopt strict protective measures for oral health. The research aimed to determine the relationship between occupational dental erosion and OHRQoL among battery and other factory workers in Bengaluru, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional comparative study enrolled a total of 400 workers...
January 2019: Dental Research Journal
Mónica Fernández Castro, Rosa María López-Pintor, Julia Serrano, Lucía Ramírez, Mariano Sanz, Jose Luis Andreu, Santiago Muñoz Fernández
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the findings of a protocolised odontological evaluation of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) treated in rheumatology units in the Community of Madrid. METHODS: Multicentric descriptive study in which pSS patients classified according to the American-European consensus of 2002 criteria were included. We collected the demographic, clinical and serological data of each patient. A complete oral examination was performed and salivary flow and the CAOD caries index were collected...
February 8, 2019: Reumatología Clinica
Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Danilo Rocha Dias, Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Gerald McKenna, Martin Schimmel, Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of patient characteristics on edentulous subjects' preferences for different prosthodontic treatments with implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 131 edentulous subjects referred for treatment at a university clinic. Participants received detailed information about available treatment options, and were asked to rank their preferences among three alternatives for rehabilitation of the maxilla and mandible: conventional dentures (CD), 2-implant retained overdentures (IOD) or 4-implant fixed dentures (IFD)...
February 10, 2019: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Jean Theroux, Norman Stomski, Vicki Cope, Sheila Mortimer-Jones, Laura Maurice
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between anxiety and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in Australian chiropractic students, particularly its effect on quality of life. METHODS: Chiropractic students ( n = 185) completed online surveys, including the Oral Health Impact Profile for TMDs (OHIP-TMD) and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) questionnaire. The OHIP-TMD psychometric properties were assessed using principal component analysis...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Chiropractic Education
J M Ming, L C Lee, M E Chua, J Zhu, L H Braga, M A Koyle, A J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: While voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a widely-accepted test, it is invasive and associated with radiation exposure. Most cases of primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) are low-grade and unlikely to be associated with acquired renal scarring. To select patients at greatest risk, in 2011 the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for evaluation of children ages 2 - 24 months with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Similarly, in 2010 the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) published guidelines for patients with hydronephrosis...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Anna-Lena Hillebrecht, Valentina Hrasky, Christoph Anten, Annette Wiegand
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess self- and proxy-rated changes in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adult patients with intellectual disabilities after dental treatment in general anesthesia. METHODS: The OHRQoL in 52 adult patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities was assessed prior to dental treatment in general anesthesia (t0), 2 to 3 (t1) and 12 weeks (t2) postoperatively. Therefore, patients and primary cargivers were surveyed using either the 5-item short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile translated into easy language (OHIP-G5-easy, self-rating, n = 27) or the 14-item short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-G14, proxy-rating, n = 51), respectively...
February 1, 2019: Clinical Oral Investigations
Shashidhar Acharya, Shruthi Acharya, Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a dental health state utility measure among a sample of dental patients using the standard gamble (SG) method and to examine its association with two quality of life constructs, namely the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire and the global oral health item. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 202 adult dental patients. Demographic and clinical data were collected. The 14 item oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) and Locker's global rating scale for oral health were administered and a SG utility valuation was carried out...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Victoria H Arrandale, Dorothy L Holness
BACKGROUND: Patch testing is the key diagnostic test for diagnosing allergic contact dermatitis, but there is limited information about the use of patch testing at the population level. OBJECTIVES: To utilize Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) data to analyse trends in the rate of patch testing in Ontario. METHODS: Patch test billing data submitted to the OHIP between 1992 and 2014 was analysed. Two patch test billing codes were investigated, one for work-related testing (G198) and one for non-work-related testing (G206)...
January 24, 2019: Contact Dermatitis
Mariana B Bronstrup, Marina Rl Palmeiro, Rosemary Sa Shinkai
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of prosthetic rehabilitation on quality of life (QoL) in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and in edentulous patients with implant-supported complete dentures (ICD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CLP (n = 20) and ICD (n = 26) patients completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Nine patients with an OHIP-14 score above the 75th percentile were interviewed. Data were interpreted using inductive content analysis and triangulation...
January 2019: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Ines Willershausen, Irene Schmidtmann, Adriano Azaripour, Jane Kledtke, Brita Willershausen, Annette Hasenburg
Breast cancer has developed to become the leading type of cancer in females. For this study, 80 women were examined after chemotherapy for breast cancer and compared to 80 healthy age-matched women. This cross-sectional study comprised a dental examination with number of teeth, caries frequency (DMFT) and the presence of periodontal diseases (PSI). With the help of X-rays (OPG), the number of root canal fillings and apical lesions (LEO/LPO) were recorded. Furthermore, the education level, body mass index (BMI), smoking habits and general health conditions were recorded...
January 21, 2019: Odontology
Mohd Masood, Luay Thanoon Younis, Yaghma Masood, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Bradley Christian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of periodontal disease on the domains of oral health-related quality of life of United Kingdom adults. METHODS: National representative data from the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey, United Kingdom, was used in this study. Periodontal disease severity was measured using periodontal pocket depth and categorised into 3 groups: pocket depth up to 3.5mm, 3.5mm to 5.5 mm and more than 5.5mm. Oral Health-related quality of life was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scores...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Luke T Lavallée, Rodney H Breau, Dean Fergusson, Cynthia Walsh, Carl van Walraven
PURPOSE: Administrative health data can be a valuable resource for health research. Because these data are not collected for research purposes, it is imperative that the accuracy of codes used to identify patients, exposures, and outcomes is measured. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Code sensitivity was determined by identifying a cohort of men with histologically confirmed prostate cancer in the Ontario Cancer Registry and linking them to the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) to determine whether a prostate biopsy code had been claimed...
December 2018: JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics
Athiban Inbarajan, Shanmuganathan Natarajan, Saravanan Thirumalai Thangarajan, Madhankumar Seenivasan, Fathima Banu, V Anand Kumar
Mucormycosis is a fulminant fungal infection that occurs most often in diabetic and immunocompromised patients, including those with hematologic malignancies. Patients with maxillary resections present a challenge situation for the maxillofacial prosthodontist. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of such patients presents a significant challenge in restoring speech, deglutition and mastication, and respiration. This report discusses the impact of post-surgical management of mucormycosis patient with prosthodontic treatment and evaluating the oral health-related quality of life using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire...
October 24, 2018: Curēus
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