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Philip A Rozario, Song-Iee Hong
In Singapore, policy makers expect families to remain actively involved in the care of their frail older relatives, as manifestly expressed in its Many Helping Hands approach to long-term care. To enable families to fulfill this expectation, the government has enacted policies that encourage the hiring of foreign domestic workers (FDWs) to complement or supplement informal caregiving efforts. Using the Andersen Behavioral Model, we were interested in identifying caregiver and care receiver characteristics that might predict the hiring of FDWs...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Yang Jiao, Donglin Chen, Mingtao Fan, Siew Young Quek
For the first time, thinned young kiwifruits (TYK) have been investigated as a source of deserted agriculture resource and evaluated for their phenolic characteristics along with antioxidant capacity. Two batches of TYK in different maturity stages (TYK1 and TYK2) and mature kiwifruits (MK) were sourced from three New Zealand cultivars. Comparing with MK, the TYK, especially TYK1, exhibited significantly higher contents of total phenolics (7.92 fold), total flavonoids (17.56 fold) and total flavanols (10.11 fold) as well as elevated and phenolic-correlated antioxidant capacities...
May 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
Ye Li, Stacey S Hickson, Carmel M McEniery, Ian B Wilkinson, Ashraf W Khir
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of age and sex on nPWV and ndI in the ascending aorta of healthy humans. BACKGROUND: Local pulse wave velocity (nPWV) and wave intensity (ndI) in the human ascending aorta have not been studied adequately, because of the need for invasive pressure measurements. However, a recently developed technique made the noninvasive determination of nPWV and ndI possible using measurements of flow velocity and arterial diameter...
February 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Remi Kowalski, Jonathan P Mynard, Joseph J Smolich, Michael M H Cheung
Wave intensity (WI) and wave power (WP) analyses are powerful approaches for assessing ventricular-vascular interactions and arterial dynamics using invasive and non-invasive methods. However, in vivo comparison of these methods for large arteries is lacking. This study assessed agreement, correlation and relative changes in wave size in invasive and non-invasive aortic WI/WP analyses, and associated sources of error. 
 Methods: The proximal descending thoracic aorta (DTA) of nine wethers was instrumented with a micromanometer and perivascular transit-time flow probe to measure high-fidelity blood pressure (P) and flow (Q) for invasive WI/WP analyses at baseline and during haemodynamic perturbations produced by cardiac pacing, distal DTA constriction and dobutamine-induced inotropic stimulation...
January 9, 2019: Physiological Measurement
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
We read the article on "'I can't do this alone': a study on foreign domestic workers providing long-term care for frail seniors at home" with a great interest (Tam et al., 2017). Tam et al. (2017) noted that "[i]mproving FDWs' access to training courses in eldercare, providing them with more emotional support, engaging employers to create healthy caregiving spaces at home, and improving access to senior care services can be helpful." This finding is very interesting. In fact, FDW service is common in several countries and approved for usefulness (Østbye et al...
July 23, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Michal Schäfer, Neil Wilson, D Dunbar Ivy, Richard Ing, Steven Abman, Lorna P Browne, Gareth Morgan, Michael Ross, Daniel McLennan, Alex J Barker, Brian Fonseca, Michael Di Maria, Kendall S Hunter, Uyen Truong
The purpose of the present study was to characterize pulmonary vascular stiffness using wave intensity analysis (WIA) in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), compare the WIA indexes with catheterization- and MRI-derived hemodynamics, and assess the prognostic ability of WIA-derived biomarkers to predict the functional worsening. WIA was performed in children with PAH ( n = 40) and healthy control subjects ( n = 15) from phase-contrast MRI-derived flow and area waveforms in the main pulmonary artery (MPA)...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Mei Sian Chong, Robin Wai Munn Choo, Wai Jia Tam, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
ABSTRACTBackground:Although foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play a significant role in caring for frail seniors in Singapore and are vulnerable to caregiving burden, there has been little research conducted hitherto. We explored caregiver burden and its determinants in this study. METHODS: FDWs (N = 221, Mage = 32.3, SD = 6.23) recruited from a hospital geriatric unit completed the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) administered in English, Bahasa Melayu, or Burmese. Univariate and multivariate regression were employed to investigate factors influencing caregiving burden in FDWs...
August 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Wai Jia Tam, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Helena Legido-Quigley, Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play an important role in long-term caregiving of seniors at home. However, how FDWs cope with the caregiving demands, the dynamic interaction between familial and FDW caregivers and its impact on care recipients remain largely un-explored. Existing caregiver interventions mainly target familial caregivers; little assistance is available for FDW caregivers. This study explores FDWs' challenges, coping strategies, and the support they need in caring for seniors...
November 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Norman B Mendoza, Imelu G Mordeno, Carl A Latkin, Brian J Hall
Labor migrants are at an increased risk for poor mental health. Post-migration stressors contribute significantly to this risk. Social network supports are vitally important to protect health but little is known about the role of social network supports among labor migrants. The current study evaluated the role of migration stressors on poor mental health among Filipino female domestic workers (FDW) and whether family and friend social network support (SNS) modified this relationship. Data were collected from 261 FDWs in Macau, China from May to September 2013...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
Mohan J Dutta, Sarah Comer, Daniel Teo, Pauline Luk, Mary Lee, Dazzelyn Zapata, Arudhra Krishnaswamy, Satveer Kaur
Economic migration is integral to processes of globalization, with large numbers of the global poor moving across borders in search of employment in the face of structural adjustment programs and large-scale displacement of the poor from traditional forms of livelihood. One such group are foreign domestic workers (FDWs). In this culture-centered study, we listen to the voices of FDWs in Singapore to understand the key meanings of health held by this group of migrant workers as they negotiate living and working in Singapore...
May 2018: Health Communication
Michael J Penkunas, Angelique W M Chan, Chek Hooi Wong, Dirk F de Korne, See Mieng Tan, Sweet Fun Wong
Purpose: The relationship between caregiving and negative health outcomes is well established in the literature. Previous studies have shown that community-based programs reduce caregiver stress. However, the mechanisms by which this happens have not been well investigated. This qualitative study examines caregivers' experiences as a part of the Aging-In-Place intervention, a home-health program in Singapore targeted at frequently hospitalized patients and their caregivers. Method: We interviewed 32 caregivers to study the underlying processes by which caregiver stress was ameliorated...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Rahul Malhotra, Choy-Lye Chei, Edward Menon, Wai Leng Chow, Stella Quah, Angelique Chan, David Bruce Matchar
GOAL: We utilize group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) to delineate depressive symptom trajectories among stroke survivor-caregiver dyads, to identify predictors of the delineated trajectories, and to assess the influence of time-varying covariates (stroke survivor depressive symptoms and functional disability, caregiver depressive symptoms, and foreign domestic worker [FDW] assistance) on the level of the depressive symptom trajectories. METHODS: Data on 172 stroke survivor-caregiver dyads in Singapore, for whom depressive symptoms were assessed thrice (baseline/3 months/6 months), were utilized...
January 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Norshalizah Mamikutty, Zar Chi Thent, Farihah Haji Suhaimi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the complications of the metabolic syndrome. It encompasses a wide range of disease spectrum from simple steatosis to liver cirrhosis. Structural alteration of hepatic mitochondria might be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. AIMS: In the present study, we used a newly established model of fructose-induced metabolic syndrome in male Wistar rats in order to investigate the ultrastructural changes in hepatic mitochondria that occur with fructose consumption and their association with NAFLD pathogenesis...
2015: BioMed Research International
Shahraki Mohammad Reza, Mirshekari Hamideh, Samadi Zahra
Aim & Objective. Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) species have been used as a traditional medicine. The present study was designed to evaluate the nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of A. dracunculus L. leaf aqueous extract on fructose drinking water (FDW) in male rats. Materials & Methods. Forty-eight Wistar-albino male rats weighing 200-250 g were divided into control (C), control extract (CE), FDW, and FDWE groups (n = 12). Group C did not receive any agents; Group CE did 100 mg/kg A. dracunculus L...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
C Brandt, S C Thakur, A D Light, J Negrete, G R Tynan
Spatiotemporal splitting events of drift wave (DW) eigenmodes due to nonlinear coupling are investigated in a cylindrical helicon plasma device. DW eigenmodes in the radial-azimuthal cross section have been experimentally observed to split at radial locations and recombine into the global eigenmode with a time shorter than the typical DW period (t≪fDW(-1)). The number of splits correlates with the increase of turbulence. The observed dynamics can be theoretically reproduced by a Kuramoto-type model of a network of radially coupled azimuthal eigenmodes...
December 31, 2014: Physical Review Letters
Norshalizah Mamikutty, Zar Chi Thent, Shaiful Ridzwan Sapri, Natasya Nadia Sahruddin, Mohd Rafizul Mohd Yusof, Farihah Haji Suhaimi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome can be caused by modification of diet by means of consumption of high carbohydrate and high fat diet such as fructose. AIMS: To develop a metabolic syndrome rat model by induction of fructose drinking water (FDW) in male Wistar rats. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats were fed with FDW 20% and FDW 25% for a duration of eight weeks. The physiological changes with regard to food and fluid intake, as well as calorie intake, were measured...
2014: BioMed Research International
Nada Zahreddine, Rima Talaat Hady, Rabih Chammai, François Kazour, Dory Hachem, Sami Richa
40 million female domestic workers worldwide experience the inhumane conditions associated with this unregulated occupation, a situation that induces psychiatric morbidities in many. The case in Lebanon is not any better where it is estimated that one foreign domestic worker (FDW) commits suicide weekly. 33 female FDW and 14 female Lebanese (control group, CG) were enrolled. Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scales were administered on admission and discharge and socio-demographic, living conditions, mental health care data and phenomenological observations were collected...
July 2014: Community Mental Health Journal
Truls Østbye, Rahul Malhotra, Chetna Malhotra, Chandima Arambepola, Angelique Chan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the instrumental support from a foreign domestic worker (FDW) as a moderator of the association of 4 types of impairments (physical function, memory, behavior, and mood) among older persons (OPs) with caregiving-related outcomes among their informal caregivers (CGs). METHOD: Data from a national survey of 1,190 Singaporeans aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for functional limitations and their CGs were used. Severity scores for the four OP impairments were calculated...
July 2013: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
S Venkata Mohan, G Mohanakrishna, P Chiranjeevi, Dinakar Peri, P N Sarma
An ecologically engineered system (EES) was designed to mimic the natural cleansing functions of wetlands to bring about wastewater treatment. EES consisted of three tanks containing diverse biota viz., aquatic macrophytes, submerged plants, emergent plants and filter feeders connected in series. The designed system was evaluated for 216days by operating in continuous mode (20l/day) to treat both sewage (DS) and fermented-distillery wastewater (FDW, from hydrogen producing bioreactor). Floating macrophyte system (Tank 1) was more effective in removing COD and nitrates...
May 2010: Bioresource Technology
Aleksandar Kalauzi, Tijana Bojić, Ljubisav Rakić
BACKGROUND: Nonlinear methods provide a direct way of estimating complexity of one-dimensional sampled signals through calculation of Higuchi's fractal dimension (1<FD<2). In most cases the signal is treated as being characterized by one value of FD and consequently analyzed as one epoch or, if divided into more epochs, often only mean and standard deviation of epoch FD are calculated. If its complexity variation (or running fractal dimension), FD(t), is to be extracted, a moving window (epoch) approach is needed...
2009: Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
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