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cxxc domain

Yuji Baba, Kaho Yamamoto, Wataru Yoshida
Abnormal DNA methylations such as hypermethylation on tumor suppressor genes and global hypomethylation have been recognized as hallmarks of cancer. Previously, we reported a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)-based global DNA methylation level assay using a methyl-CpG-binding domain-fused firefly luciferase (MBD-Fluc) and unmethylated CpG-binding domain-fused firefly luciferase (CXXC-Fluc). The BRET signal between MBD-Fluc and BOBO-3 DNA intercalating dye depends on the methylated CpG contents, whereas the BRET signal between CXXC-Fluc and BOBO-3 depends on the unmethylated CpG contents...
January 19, 2019: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Zan Pang, Yao Zhang, Liqin Liu
Interferon-γ-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) is a pivotal enzyme involved in the histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted antigen processing whereby it catalyzes the disulfide bond reduction in the endocytic pathway. Here, a novel GILT homologue termed as SjGILT firstly identified from common Chinese cuttlefish Sepiella japonica. SjGILT shared domain topology containing a signal peptide, a signature sequence CQHGX2 ECX2 NX4 C, an activate-site CXXC motif, two potential N-glycosylation sites and six conserved cysteins with its counterparts in other animals...
December 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiangyang Xiong, Shuo Tu, Jianbin Wang, Shiwen Luo, Xiaohua Yan
CXXC5 is a member of the CXXC-type zinc-finger protein family. Proteins in this family play a pivotal role in epigenetic regulation by binding to unmethylated CpG islands in gene promoters through their characteristic CXXC domain. CXXC5 is a short protein (322 amino acids in length) that does not have any catalytic domain, but is able to bind to DNA and act as a transcription factor and epigenetic factor through protein-protein interactions. Intriguingly, increasing evidence indicates that expression of the CXXC5 gene is controlled by multiple signaling pathways and a variety of transcription factors, positioning CXXC5 as an important signal integrator...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Alain Manceau, Paco Bustamante, Ahmed Haouz, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud, Maria Gonzalez-Rey, Cyprien Lemouchi, Isabelle Gautier-Luneau, Valérie Geertsen, Elodie Barruet, Mauro Rovezzi, Pieter Glatzel, Serge Pin
Of all divalent metals, mercury (Hg(II)) has the highest affinity for metallothioneins. Hg(II) is considered to be enclosed in the α and β domains as tetrahedral α-type Hg4Cys11-12 and β-type Hg3Cys9 clusters similarly to Cd(II) and Zn(II). However, neither the four-fold coordination of Hg nor the existence of Hg-Hg atomic pairs have ever been demonstrated, and the Hg(II) partitioning among the two protein domains is unknown. Using high energy-resolution XANES spectroscopy, MP2 geometry optimization, and biochemical analysis, we provide evidence for the coexistence of two-coordinate Hg-thiolate complex and four-coordinate Hg-thiolate cluster with a metacinnabar-type (β-HgS) structure in the α domain of separate metallothionein molecules from blue mussel under in vivo exposure...
November 13, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kristine N Brazin, Robert J Mallis, Andras Boeszoermenyi, Yinnian Feng, Akihiro Yoshizawa, Pedro A Reche, Pavanjeet Kaur, Kevin Bi, Rebecca E Hussey, Jonathan S Duke-Cohan, Likai Song, Gerhard Wagner, Haribabu Arthanari, Matthew J Lang, Ellis L Reinherz
Initial molecular details of cellular activation following αβT cell antigen receptor (TCR) ligation by peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) remain unexplored. We determined the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure of the TCRα subunit transmembrane (TM) domain revealing a bipartite helix whose segmentation fosters dynamic movement. Positively charged TM residues Arg251 and Lys256 project from opposite faces of the helix, with Lys256 controlling immersion depth. Their modification caused stepwise reduction in TCR associations with CD3ζζ homodimers and CD3εγ plus CD3εδ heterodimers, respectively, leading to an activated transcriptome...
November 20, 2018: Immunity
Anna Stroynowska-Czerwinska, Anna Piasecka, Matthias Bochtler
CXXC domains have traditionally been considered as CpG specific DNA binding domains that are repelled by cytosine modifications. This view has recently been challenged by the demonstration that CXXC domain of TET3 has relaxed sequence specificity and binds with the highest affinity to symmetric DNA duplex containing 5caCpG. Here, we present a comparative analysis of the MLL1-CXXC and TET3-CXXC sequence specificity and tolerance to cytosine modifications (5-methyl, 5-hydroxymethyl, 5-formyl, 5-carboxyl) in CpG and non-CpG context...
October 22, 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms
Niu Li, Yirou Wang, Yu Yang, Pengpeng Wang, Hui Huang, Shiyi Xiong, Luming Sun, Min Cheng, Cui Song, Xinran Cheng, Yu Ding, Guoying Chang, Yao Chen, Yufei Xu, Tingting Yu, Ru-En Yao, Yiping Shen, Xiumin Wang, Jian Wang
BACKGROUND: Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by facial gestalt, neurodevelopmental delay, skeletal anomalies and growth retardation, which is caused by variation of KMT2A gene. To date, only 2 Chinese WDSTS patients have been reported. Here, we report the phenotypes and KMT2A gene variations in 14 unrelated Chinese WDSTS patients and investigate the phenotypic differences between the Chinese and French cohorts. METHODS: Next generation sequencing was performed for each patient, and the variants in the KMT2A gene were validated by Sanger sequencing...
October 11, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Yoshiaki Furukawa, Carolyn Lim, Takehiko Tosha, Koki Yoshida, Tomoaki Hagai, Shuji Akiyama, Shoji Watanabe, Kenta Nakagome, Yoshitsugu Shiro
Heavy metal-associated (HMA) domains bind metal ions at its Cys-x-x-Cys (CxxC) motif and constitute an intracellular network for trafficking of metal ions for utilization and detoxification. We thus expect that novel metalloproteins can be identified by screening proteins interacting with a HMA domain. In this study, we performed yeast two-hybrid screening of the human proteome and found an uncharacterized protein encoded as open reading frame 123 in chromosome 1 (C1orf123) that can interact specifically with the HMA domain of a copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase (CCSdI)...
2018: PloS One
Adisak Romsang, Jintana Duang-Nkern, Kritsakorn Saninjuk, Paiboon Vattanaviboon, Skorn Mongkolsuk
The role of the nfuA gene encoding an iron-sulfur ([Fe-S]) cluster-delivery protein in the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated. The analysis of nfuA expression under various stress conditions showed that superoxide generators, a thiol-depleting agent and CuCl2 highly induced nfuA expression. The expression of nfuA was regulated by a global [2Fe-2S] cluster containing the transcription regulator IscR. Increased expression of nfuA in the ΔiscR mutant under uninduced conditions suggests that IscR acts as a transcriptional repressor...
2018: PloS One
Chunxiao Liu, Hui Li, Jing Lin, Ying Wang, Xiaoyang Xu, Zong-Ming Max Cheng, Yonghong Chang
DNA methylation plays important roles in genome protection and the regulation of gene expression and it is associated with plants' responses to environments. DNA demethylases are very important proteins in DNA methylation regulation. In this study, we performed genome-wide and deep analysis of putative demethylases (DMEs) in pear. Seven DME genes were found in the pear genome and were defined as PbDME1⁻7 based on their domain organization. Results were supported by the gene structural characteristics and phylogenetic analysis...
August 6, 2018: Genes
L Oliveira, L Santos, F Neves
Human papillomavirus (HPV) exhibits epithelial and mucosal tropism. HPV type 17 belongs to the Betapapillomavirus genus and molecular cloning experiments have identified two subtypes (17a and 17b) isolated from epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV). HPV subtypes are characterized by dissimilarities from 2 to 10% at the nucleotide level from their referenced HPV. The aim of this study was to characterize the L1, E6, E7 and LCR sequences from an isolate, which was recovered from the oral mucosa of an asymptomatic 63 year-old woman...
2018: Acta Virologica
Min-Kyu Kwak, Han-Bong Ryu, Sung-Hyun Song, Jin-Won Lee, Sa-Ouk Kang
YlaD, a membrane-anchored anti-sigma (σ) factor of Bacillus subtilis , contains a HX3 CXXC motif that functions as a redox-sensing domain and belongs to one of the zinc (Zn)-co-ordinated anti-σ factor families. Despite previously showing that the YlaC transcription is controlled by YlaD, experimental evidence of how the YlaC-YlaD interaction is affected by active cysteines and/or metal ions is lacking. Here, we showed that the P yla promoter is autoregulated solely by YlaC. Moreover, reduced YlaD contained Zn and iron, while oxidized YlaD did not...
July 5, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Songling Ma, Jiwon Choi, Xuemei Jin, Hyun-Yi Kim, Ji-Hye Yun, Weontae Lee, Kang-Yell Choi, Kyoung Tai No
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a significant role in the control of osteoblastogenesis and bone formation. CXXC finger protein 5 (CXXC5) has been recently identified as a negative feedback regulator of osteoblast differentiation through a specific interaction with Dishevelled (Dvl) protein. It was reported that targeting the Dvl-CXXC5 interaction could be a novel anabolic therapeutic target for osteoporosis. In this study, complex structure of Dvl PDZ domain and CXXC5 peptide was simulated with molecular dynamics (MD)...
May 2018: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Philippa Melamed, Yahav Yosefzon, Cfir David, Anna Tsukerman, Lilach Pnueli
Discovery of the ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET) methylcytosine dioxygenase family of enzymes, nearly 10 years ago, heralded a major breakthrough in understanding the epigenetic modifications of DNA. Initially described as catalyzing the oxidation of methyl cytosine (5mC) to hydroxymethyl cytosine (5hmC), it is now clear that these enzymes can also catalyze additional reactions leading to active DNA demethylation. The association of TET enzymes, as well as the 5hmC, with active regulatory regions of the genome has been studied extensively in embryonic stem cells, although these enzymes are expressed widely also in differentiated tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Neeraja Purandare, Mallika Somayajulu, Maik Hüttemann, Lawrence I Grossman, Siddhesh Aras
Coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain-containing 10 (CHCHD10) and CHCHD2 (MNRR1) are homologous proteins with 58% sequence identity and belong to the twin CX9 C family of proteins that mediate cellular stress responses. Despite the identification of several neurodegeneration-associated mutations in the CHCHD10 gene, few studies have assessed its physiological role. Here, we investigated CHCHD10's function as a regulator of oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria and the nucleus. We show that CHCHD10 copurifies with cytochrome c oxidase (COX) and up-regulates COX activity by serving as a scaffolding protein required for MNRR1 phosphorylation, mediated by ARG (ABL proto-oncogene 2, nonreceptor tyrosine kinase (ABL2))...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Simon Vial-Pradel, Sumie Keta, Mika Nomoto, Lilan Luo, Hiro Takahashi, Masataka Suzuki, Yuri Yokoyama, Michiko Sasabe, Shoko Kojima, Yasuomi Tada, Yasunori Machida, Chiyoko Machida
Arabidopsis ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2) plays a critical role in leaf adaxial-abaxial partitioning by repressing expression of the abaxial-determining gene ETTIN/AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR3 (ETT/ARF3). We previously reported that six CpG dinucleotides in its exon 6 are thoroughly methylated by METHYLTRASFERASE1, that CpG methylation levels are inversely correlated with ETT/ARF3 transcript levels and that methylation levels at three out of the six CpG dinucleotides are decreased in as2-1. All these imply that AS2 is involved in epigenetic repression of ETT/ARF3 by gene body DNA methylation...
July 1, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Weining Niu, Jun Wang, Jing Qian, Mengying Wang, Ping Wu, Fei Chen, Shasha Yan
Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) is the central enzyme in the trans-sulfuration pathway that converts homocysteine to cysteine. It is also one of the three major enzymes involved in the biogenesis of H2 S. CBS is a complex protein with a modular three-domain architecture, the central domain of which contains a 272 C XX C275 motif whose function has yet to be determined. In the present study, we demonstrated that the C XX C motif exists in oxidized and reduced states in the recombinant enzyme by mass spectroscopic analysis and a thiol labeling assay...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Chao Xu, Ke Liu, Ming Lei, Ally Yang, Yanjun Li, Timothy R Hughes, Jinrong Min
The CXXC domain, first identified as the reader of unmodified CpG dinucleotide, plays important roles in epigenetic regulation by targeting various activities to CpG islands. Here we systematically measured and compared the DNA-binding selectivities of all known human CXXC domains by different binding assays, and complemented the existing function-based classification of human CXXC domains with a classification based on their DNA selectivities. Through a series of crystal structures of CXXC domains with DNA ligands, we unravel the molecular mechanisms of how these CXXC domains, including single CXXC domains and tandem CXXC-PHD domains, recognize distinct DNA ligands, which further supports our classification of human CXXC domains and also provides insights into selective recruitment of chromatin modifiers to their respective targets via CXXC domains recognizing different genomic DNA sequences...
January 2, 2018: Structure
Nicolas Lebrun, Irina Giurgea, Alice Goldenberg, Anne Dieux, Alexandra Afenjar, Jamal Ghoumid, Bertrand Diebold, Léo Mietton, Audrey Briand-Suleau, Pierre Billuart, Thierry Bienvenu
Variants in KMT2A, encoding the histone methyltransferase KMT2A, are a growing cause of intellectual disability (ID). Up to now, the majority of KMT2A variants are non-sense and frameshift variants causing a typical form of Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome. We studied KMT2A gene in a cohort of 200 patients with unexplained syndromic and non-syndromic ID and identified four novel variants, one splice and three missense variants, possibly deleterious. We used primary cells from the patients and molecular approaches to determine the deleterious effects of those variants on KMT2A expression and function...
January 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Xiaohua Yan, Jingyi Wu, Quanlong Jiang, Hao Cheng, Jing-Dong J Han, Ye-Guang Chen
Evading TGF-β-mediated growth inhibition is often associated with tumorigenesis in liver, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To better understand the functions and the underlying molecular mechanisms of TGF-β in HCC initiation and progression, we carried out transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) to identify the target genes of TGF-β. CXXC5, a member of the CXXC-type zinc finger domain-containing protein family, was identified as a novel TGF-β target gene in Hep3B HCC cells. Knockdown of CXXC5 attenuated the expression of a substantial portion of TGF-β target genes and ameliorated TGF-β-induced growth inhibition or apoptosis of Hep3B cells, suggesting that CXXC5 is required for TGF-β-mediated inhibition of HCC progression...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
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