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David Wiljer, Rebecca Charow, Helen Costin, Lydia Sequeira, Melanie Anderson, Gillian Strudwick, Tim Tripp, Allison Crawford
INTRODUCTION: The notion of compassion and compassionate care is playing an increasingly important role in health professional education and in the delivery of high-quality healthcare. Digital contexts, however, are not considered in the conceptualisation of compassionate care, nor is there guidance on how compassionate care is to be exercised while using digital health technologies. The widespread diffusion of digital health technologies provides new contexts for compassionate care, with both opportunities for new forms and instantiations of compassion as well as new challenges...
February 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Lucas C Aragão Albuquerque, Leandro Pernambuco, Camila M da Silva, Marina Moura Chateaubriand, Hilton Justino da Silva
PURPOSE: To describe the primary effects of electromyographic biofeedback therapy on swallowing via a systematic review. METHODS: A blind search was carried out by two researchers in the PubMed and Bireme platforms and in the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, and the journal articles identified therein were evaluated for inclusion in the study. Original articles associated with the theme were selected with no population-, region-, or language-associated limits...
February 15, 2019: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Cynthia Bauer, Marie-José Boileau, Cédric Bazert
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to define the recommendations allowing an optimized clinical implementation for orthodontic extraction as a pre-implant soft tissue management procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A digital search was performed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, and DOSS databases; a pre-screening was conducted according to the title and summary of the articles. After a complete reading, only the articles meeting all of our inclusion criteria were selected, and a second search, this time manual, was performed within their references...
February 12, 2019: International Orthodontics
Glinda S Cooper, Vanessa Meterko
The extent to which cognitive biases may influence decision-making in forensic science is an important question with implications for training and practice. We conducted a systematic review of the literature on cognitive biases in forensic science disciplines. The initial literature search including electronic searching of three databases (two social science, one science) and manual review of reference lists in identified articles. An initial screening of title and abstract by two independent reviewers followed by full text review resulted in the identification of 29 primary source (research) studies...
January 22, 2019: Forensic Science International
Ahmed A Albayar, Abigail Roche, Przemyslaw Swiatkowski, Sarah Antar, Nouran Ouda, Eman Emara, Douglas H Smith, Ali K Ozturk, Basem I Awad
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a major challenge in Neurotrauma research. Complex pathophysiological processes take place immediately after the injury and later on as the chronic injury develops. Moreover, SCI is usually accompanied by traumatic injuries because the most common modality of injury is road traffic accidents and falls. Patients develop significant permanent neurological deficits that depend on the extent and the location of the injury itself and in time they develop further neurological and body changes that may risk their mere survival...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
Ty Lees, Jaymen L Elliott, Simon Gunning, Phillip J Newton, Tapan Rai, Sara Lal
Law enforcement is inherently stressful, and police officers are particularly vulnerable to mental and physical disorders. As such, researchers are currently assessing intervention strategies that may combat or manage these psychological, physical and mental issues. To review most recent information regarding anxiety, PTSD, and sleepiness and fatigue and identify the interventions and treatments proposed to overcome work related stressors and associated mental illnesses inflicting law enforcement officers. The EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were canvassed for articles investigating anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleepiness, and fatigue...
February 13, 2019: Industrial Health
Martin Heinrich, Simon Steiner, Christoph Michael Bauer
OBJECTIVES: Visual feedback as an intervention for people suffering from chronic back or chronic neck pain is a novel approach based on the person's perception of the painful body part. Visual feedback is an innovative therapeutic approach whose effects have not yet been systematically reviewed specifically for people with chronic back or chronic neck pain. Therefore, a systematic review was performed on the literature to evaluate the effects of visual feedback on pain intensity in people with chronic back or neck pain...
February 13, 2019: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Enrico Calogero, Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Veronica Santini, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Rossella Di Stefano, Fabio Galetta, Ferdinando Sartucci, Giuseppe Penno, Raffaella Berchiolli, Mauro Ferrari, Dania Cioni, Vinicio Napoli, Raffaele De Caterina, Vitantonio Di Bello, Davide Caramella
The introduction of three-dimensional echography (3D echo) in vascular field is not recent, but it still remains a seldom-used technique because of the costs of ultrasound probe and the need of dedicated laboratories. Therefore, despite significant prognostic implications, the high diagnostic accuracy in plaque definition, and the relative ease of use, 3D echo in vascular field is a niche technique. The purpose of this review is mainly clinical and intends to demonstrate the potential strength of a 3D approach, including technical aspects, in order to present to clinicians and imagers the appealing aspects of a noninvasive and radiation-free methodology with relevant diagnostic and prognostic correlates in the assessment of carotid atherosclerosis...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Patrick L Anders, Elizabeth M Stellrecht, Elaine L Davis, W D McCall
Critical thinking is widely recognized as an essential competency in dental education, but there is little agreement on how it should be assessed. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the availability of instruments that could be used to measure critical thinking in dental students and to evaluate psychometric evidence to support their use. In January 2017, an electronic search of both the medical and education literature was performed on nine databases. The search included both keyword and Medical Subject Heading terms for critical thinking, higher education/health sciences education, measurement/ assessment, and reproducibility of results...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Gaetano Gallo, Giuseppe Sena, Giuseppina Vescio, Matteo Papandrea, Rosario Sacco, Mario Trompetto, Giuseppe Sammarco
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The aetiology of CRC is complex and involves interaction on environmental and genetic factors. The two most important pathways are the EGFR (Epidermal Grow Factor Receptor) signaling pathway, with the involvement of KRAS and BRAF, and the DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Generally, KRAS and BRAF mutations are mutually exclusive. They are both able to cause RAS/RAF/MAPK signaling pathway upregulation and are necessary for CRC development...
February 4, 2019: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Glenn N Saxe
Exposure to traumatic events early in life has been associated with significant adverse neurodevelopmental consequences.1,2 Ideally, protecting children from trauma would prevent these consequences. Unfortunately, once a child is exposed to early trauma, the only means of prevention requires implementing effective interventions toward the mechanisms known to have caused the consequences. Therefore, it is imperative to carefully define the true mechanistic pathways from which the neurodevelopmental consequences of early trauma result...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Julie Glanville, Gordon Dooley, Susi Wisniewski, Ruth Foxlee, Anna Noel-Storr
BACKGROUND: Evidence synthesis reviews in health care rely on the efficient identification of research evidence, particularly evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). There are no recently validated filters to identify RCTs in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL Plus). OBJECTIVES: To develop, test and validate a search filter to identify reports of RCTs from CINAHL Plus. METHODS: Nine sets of relevant and irrelevant records were identified to develop and test search filters iteratively...
February 8, 2019: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Tracy Moniz, John Costella, Maryam Golafshani, Chris Watling, Lorelei Lingard
Patients and family caregivers tell different stories about their illness and care experiences than their physicians do. Better understanding of the relationships among these narratives could offer insight into intersections and disconnections in patient, caregiver and physician perceptions of illness and care. Such understanding could support enhanced patient-centred care in medical education and practice. Narrative writing is increasingly common among physicians, patients and caregivers and uniquely positioned to reveal matters of concern to these groups...
February 8, 2019: Medical Humanities
Reiner Rugulies, Emiko Ando, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Michela Bonafede, Maria Cabello, Cristina Di Tecco, Nico Dragano, Quentin Durand-Moreau, Hisashi Eguchi, Junling Gao, Anne H Garde, Sergio Iavicoli, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Ida E H Madsen, Frank Pega, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Bruna M Rondinone, Kathrine Sørensen, Kanami Tsuno, Yuka Ujita, Amy Zadow
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. In this paper, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from depression attributable to exposure to long working hours, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
Thomas Tenkate, Balazs Adam, Rami H Al-Rifai, B Ralph Chou, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Tom Loney, Frank Pega, Cheryl E Peters, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Marilia Silva Paulo, Yuka Ujita, Marc Wittlich, Alberto Modenese
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. Here, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of disability-adjusted life years of cataracts from occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
David G Baxter, Margo Hilbrecht, Cameron T J Wheaton
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a complex issue with diverse antecedents and resulting harms that have been studied from multiple disciplinary perspectives. Although previous bibliometric reviews of gambling studies have found a dominance of judgement and decision-making research, no bibliometric review has examined the concept of "harm" in the gambling literature, and little work has quantitatively assessed how gambling research priorities differ between countries. METHODS: Guided by the Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling (CFHG), an internationally relevant framework of antecedents to harmful gambling, we conducted a bibliometric analysis focusing on research outputs from three countries with different gambling regulatory environments: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand...
February 8, 2019: Harm Reduction Journal
Antonio Tarasconi, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Vittoria Pattonieri, Gennaro Perrone, Hariscine Keng Abongwa, Sarah Molfino, Nazario Portolani, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Heyer, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena
Background: Nowadays, very few patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding fail endoscopic hemostasis (refractory NVUGIB). This subset of patients poses a clinical dilemma: should they be operated on or referred to transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)? Objectives: To carry out a systematic review of the literature and to perform a meta-analysis of studies that directly compare TAE and surgery in patients with refractory NVUGIB. Materials and methods: We searched PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Embase...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Akram S Alyessary, Siti A Othman, Adrian U J Yap, Zamri Radzi, Mohammad T Rahman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to determine the effects of non-surgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on breathing and upper airway structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of the scientific literature from January 2005 to June 2016 was done using Web of Science, Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source and PubMed databases. A combination of search terms "rapid maxillary expansion", "nasal", "airway" and "breathing" were used...
February 4, 2019: International Orthodontics
Thomas Waterfield, Derek Fairley, Bronagh Blackwood, James McKenna, Michael D Shields
BACKGROUND: The early recognition of meningococcal disease in children is vital. During the prodrome however, meningococcal infection presents similarly to many self-limiting viral infections. This mandates a cautious approach with many children receiving unnecessary broad-spectrum parenteral antibiotics. Advances in nucleic acid amplification techniques mean that it is now possible to test for Neisseria meningitidis DNA using Loop-mediated-isothermal AMPlification (LAMP). This technique is quicker than traditional PCR techniques and can be performed using simple equipment...
February 7, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
Ding Xu, Peng Luo, Sheng Li, Roman Pfeifer, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: After nearly 20 years of development, China has realized some achievements in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). The purpose of this article is to introduce and evaluate the development and characteristics of HEMS in China by collecting and analyzing relevant literature and, in so doing, help this vital service to further develop. METHOD: We conducted a Pubmed, Medline, Embase, ScienceDirect, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP search of the literature on HEMS of China published between January 1950 and April 2017...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
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