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Debra Jackson, Ahmed M Sarki, Ria Betteridge, Joanne Brooke
OBJECTIVE: To review observational studies reporting medical device-related pressure injuries and to identify the medical devices commonly associated with pressure injuries. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research was undertaken, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive electronic literature search of AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, British Nursing Database and Google Scholar was conducted from inception to 31st December 2018...
February 10, 2019: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mark R Marshall, Chun-Yuan Hsiao, Philip K Li, Masaaki Nakayama, S Rabindranath, Rachael C Walker, Xueqing Yu, Suetonia C Palmer
BACKGROUND: At least 2.6 million adults and children receive dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. The large majority of these receive hemodialysis (HD), while the remaining receive peritoneal dialysis (PD). Peritoneal dialysis may be associated with similar mortality outcomes as HD, and patient-reported outcomes are potentially increased with PD. Existing evidence for the mortality associated with PD was summarized over 20 years ago, and there has been greater marginal improvement in survival with PD relative to HD since that time...
February 19, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Ashley M Jackson, Lindsay A Mullican, Jingjing Yin, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, Hai Liang, King-Wa Fu, Jennifer O Ahweyevu, Jimmy J Jenkins Iii, Nitin Saroha, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
BACKGROUND: The CDC hosts monthly panel presentations titled 'Public Health Grand Rounds' and publishes monthly reports known as Vital Signs. Hashtags #CDCGrandRounds and #VitalSigns were used to promote them on Twitter. Objectives: This study quantified the effect of hashtag count, mention count, and URL count and attaching visual cues to #CDCGrandRounds or #VitalSigns tweets on their retweet frequency. METHODS: Through Twitter Search Application Programming Interface, original tweets containing the hashtag #CDCGrandRounds (n = 6,966; April 21, 2011-October 25, 2016) and the hashtag #VitalSigns (n = 15,015; March 19, 2013-October 31, 2016) were retrieved respectively...
November 5, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Saloni Krishnan, Kate E Watkins
A recent publication by West and colleagues (2018) highlighted the fact that many tasks used to measure implicit learning in developmental populations are unreliable. As indicated by the title of their paper, West and colleagues suggest this is a problem for the procedural deficit hypothesis (a theory that suggests that procedural learning underlies the impairment in those with developmental language disorders (DLD), Ullman & Pierpont, 2005). In a recent commentary, XXX argue that the experiment conducted by West et al...
February 17, 2019: Developmental Science
Kristina M Kokorelias, Sarah Munce, Kathy S McGilton, Shawna M Cronin, Chen D Wang, Parvin Eftekhar, Darren K Cheng, Shirin Vellani, Susan Jaglal, Nancy M Salbach, Pia Kontos, Tracey J F Colella, Alisa Grigorovich, Jill I Cameron
INTRODUCTION: Although a growing number of frail adults can benefit from rehabilitation services, few are included in rehabilitation services, and reasons for their exclusion are not well understood. To inform research directions in rehabilitation for all adults (aged 18 years and older), we will conduct a scoping review to describe (1) the characteristics of frail adult individuals included in rehabilitation interventions (eg, age range, inclusion and exclusion criteria that are applied), (2) the type of rehabilitation interventions that are used for individuals who are considered frail and (3) the commonly reported outcome measures used for these rehabilitation interventions...
February 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Emilia Agnieszka Gryska, Justin Schneiderman, Rolf A Heckemann
INTRODUCTION: Automatic brain lesion segmentation from medical images has great potential to support clinical decision making. Although numerous methods have been proposed, significant challenges must be addressed before they will become established in clinical and research practice. We aim to elucidate the state of the art, to provide a synopsis of competing approaches and identify contrasts between them. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We present the background and study design of a scoping review for automatic brain lesion segmentation methods for conventional MRI according to the framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley...
February 13, 2019: BMJ Open
Y Ermias, I A Morgan, K M Curtis, M K Whiteman, L G Horton, L B Zapata
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors associated with healthcare providers' frequency of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) provision to adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from surveys mailed to a nationally representative sample of public-sector providers and office-based physicians (n=1984). We estimated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of factors associated with frequent DMPA provision to adolescents in the past year. RESULTS: Although most providers (>95%) considered DMPA safe for adolescents, fewer reported frequent provision (89% of public-sector providers; 64% of office-based physicians)...
February 11, 2019: Contraception
Ahmed A Albayar, Abigail Roche, Przemyslaw Swiatkowski, Sarah Antar, Nouran Ouda, Eman Emara, Douglas H Smith, Ali K Ozturk, Basem I Awad
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a major challenge in Neurotrauma research. Complex pathophysiological processes take place immediately after the injury and later on as the chronic injury develops. Moreover, SCI is usually accompanied by traumatic injuries because the most common modality of injury is road traffic accidents and falls. Patients develop significant permanent neurological deficits that depend on the extent and the location of the injury itself and in time they develop further neurological and body changes that may risk their mere survival...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
Marina Z Barbosa, Daniel S Zylbersztejn, Leandro A de Mattos, Luiz F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: 3D printing has wide application in medicine while it provides customizability and precision for anatomical model development. Our aims were to perform a systematic review and to explore the use of 3D printing applications on human reproduction and reproductive surgery. METHODS: We have performed a systematic review in PubMed database to assess previous publications within 3D printing in human reproduction and gynecology. We have developed 3D models according to patients' magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
February 12, 2019: Minerva Ginecologica
Sagar B Dugani, Ana Patricia Ayala Melendez, Roger Reka, Yousif M Hydoub, Shannon N McCafferty, M Hassan Murad, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Samia Mora
INTRODUCTION: Premature myocardial infarction (MI) generally refers to MI in men ≤55 years or women ≤65 years. Premature MI is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD), which claimed 17.6 million lives globally in 2016. Reducing premature MI and CVD is a key priority for all nations; however, there is sparse synthesis of information on risk factors associated with premature MI. To address this knowledge gap, we are conducting a systematic review to describe the association between risk factors (demographics, lifestyle factors and biomarkers) and premature MI...
February 11, 2019: BMJ Open
Ji Woong Hwang, Heungman Jun
Purpose: Since endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was first introduced in 1991, it has undergone rapid technical and quantitative developments. We analyzed the characteristics and trends of EVAR research through bibliometric analysis. Methods: Comprehensive online searches focused on EVAR were performed from January 1994 to August 2017. The following information was collected: title, year of publication, countries' contribution, authorship, subspecialty, institution, subject category, and top 10 cited articles...
February 2019: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Maria J Robinson, Jodi Taylor, Stephen J Brett, Jerry P Nolan, Matthew Thomas, Barnaby C Reeves, Chris A Rogers, Sarah Voss, Madeleine Clout, Jonathan R Benger
BACKGROUND: The research study titled "Cluster randomised trial of the clinical and cost effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation in the initial airway management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2)" is a large-scale study being run in the English emergency medical (ambulance) services (EMS). It compares two airway management strategies (tracheal intubation and the i-gel) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We describe the methods used to minimise bias and the challenges associated with the set-up, enrolment, and follow-up that were addressed...
February 8, 2019: Trials
David G Baxter, Margo Hilbrecht, Cameron T J Wheaton
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a complex issue with diverse antecedents and resulting harms that have been studied from multiple disciplinary perspectives. Although previous bibliometric reviews of gambling studies have found a dominance of judgement and decision-making research, no bibliometric review has examined the concept of "harm" in the gambling literature, and little work has quantitatively assessed how gambling research priorities differ between countries. METHODS: Guided by the Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling (CFHG), an internationally relevant framework of antecedents to harmful gambling, we conducted a bibliometric analysis focusing on research outputs from three countries with different gambling regulatory environments: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand...
February 8, 2019: Harm Reduction Journal
Winston Liaw, Stephen Petterson, Vivian Jiang, Andrew Bazemore, James Pecsok, Daniel McCorry, Bernard Ewigman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While prior efforts have assessed the scope of family medicine research, the methods have differed, and the efforts have not been routinely repeated. The purpose of this analysis was to quantify publications, journals, citations, and funding of US family medicine faculty and identify factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: We identified faculty in US departments of family medicine through website searches and performed a cross-sectional study...
February 2019: Family Medicine
Edward Meinert, Abrar Alturkistani, Kimberley A Foley, Tasnime Osama, Josip Car, Azeem Majeed, Michelle Van Velthoven, Glenn Wells, David Brindley
BACKGROUND: A blockchain is a digitized, decentralized, distributed public ledger that acts as a shared and synchronized database that records cryptocurrency transactions. Despite the shift toward digital platforms enabled by electronic medical records, demonstrating a will to reform the health care sector, health systems face issues including security, interoperability, data fragmentation, timely access to patient data, and silos. The application of health care blockchains could enable data interoperability, enhancement of precision medicine, and reduction in prescription frauds through implementing novel methods in access and patient consent...
February 8, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Martin Malcolm, Helen Frost, Julie Cowie
BACKGROUND: The health impacts of loneliness and social isolation among older adults are widely acknowledged. Despite this, there is no consensus on the possible causal nature of this relationship, which could undermine effectiveness of interventions. One body of thought is that loneliness and social isolation affect health-related behaviours to indirectly damage health. However, there has not been any systematic assessment of the association between loneliness and social isolation and health-related behaviours which considers the possible impact from confounding factors and the causal direction of this association...
February 7, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Ding Xu, Peng Luo, Sheng Li, Roman Pfeifer, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: After nearly 20 years of development, China has realized some achievements in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). The purpose of this article is to introduce and evaluate the development and characteristics of HEMS in China by collecting and analyzing relevant literature and, in so doing, help this vital service to further develop. METHOD: We conducted a Pubmed, Medline, Embase, ScienceDirect, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP search of the literature on HEMS of China published between January 1950 and April 2017...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrew T Day, Liyang Tang, Maher Karam-Hage, Carole Fakhry
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of this study were to evaluate abstinence rates of tobacco treatment programs (TTPs) at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers (DCCs) and to ascertain the number of NCI-DCCs with online references to TTPs. METHODS: Literature searches of Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus were performed from their inception through January 2018 using keywords including cancer patients, cancer survivors, tobacco, smoking, cessation, and program...
February 4, 2019: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Michiel A IJsseldijk, Melina Shoni, Charles Siegert, Bastiaan M Wiering, PhD Md, K C Anton van Engelenburg, Abraham Lebenthal, Richard Pg Ten Broek
INTRODUCTION: SBRT is a promising curative treatment for early-stage NSCLC. IT is unclear if survival outcomes for SBRT are influenced by a lack of pathological confirmation of malignancy and staging of disease in these patients. In this systematic review and meta-analysis we assess survival outcomes after SBRT in studies with patients with clinically diagnosed vs biopsy-proven early-stage NSCLC. METHODS: The main databases were searched for trials and cohort studies without restrictions to publication status or language...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Chasen J Greig, Lucy Zhang, Sarah J Armenia, Christine J Park, Anne C Fischer, Michael G Caty, Robert A Cowles
BACKGROUND: Abstracts presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Surgery (AAP) and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) meetings can be taken as a reasonable representation of academic activity in pediatric surgery. We sought to assess ongoing trends in pediatric surgical research by analyzing the scientific content of each association's yearly meeting. METHODS: Abstracts presented at AAP and APSA between 2009 and 2013 were identified from the final printed programs (n = 910)...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Surgical Research
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