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Hearing AND voices

James O'Donovan, Misha Verkerk, Niall Winters, Shelly Chadha, Mahmood F Bhutta
Introduction: Community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to improve access to ear and hearing services for people across low-income or middle-income countries, remote, underserved, or resource-poor areas of the world. We performed a systematic scoping review to identify evidence on how CHWs are currently deployed in the prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment and management of ear disease and hearing loss; methods to train and support CHWs in this context; and cost-effectiveness of CHWs...
2019: BMJ Global Health
Osamu Saito, Tadashi Nishimura, Chihiro Morimoto, Shintaro Otsuka, Yuka Uratani, Yasuko Matsunaga, Hiroshi Hosoi, Tadashi Kitahara
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss is a serious problem in infants and children because it may interfere with the development of typical speech, verbal language, and auditory and communication skills. By measuring hearing ability (thresholds) as early as possible, even as early as during infancy, effective treatment can be administered. These treatments may significantly reduce the handicap associated with hearing loss. However, at times during behavioral auditory tests, observers cannot determine whether or not an accurate threshold was obtained...
March 11, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Christian T Herbst
Electroglottography (EGG) is a low-cost, noninvasive technology for measuring changes of relative vocal fold contact area during laryngeal voice production. EGG was introduced about 60 years ago and has gone through a "golden era" of increased scientific attention in the late 1980s and early 90s. During that period, four eminent review papers were written. Here, an update to these reviews is given, recapitulating some earlier landmark contributions and documenting noteworthy developments during the past 25 years...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Wiremu NiaNia, Jake, Allister Bush, David Epston
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the voice hearing experiences of a young Māori man, and the joint Māori healing and psychiatry assessment he received, in which the Māori healer (WN) concluded that some of the young man's experiences could be accounted for by ancestral kaitiaki (spiritual guardians). CONCLUSIONS: Kaitiaki are commonly accepted in Te Ao Māori (the Māori world) as an explanation for some types of voice hearing experiences. Collaboration between a Māori healer and a psychiatrist can offer Māori whānau (individuals and families) more appropriate mental health assessment and intervention than conventional psychiatric assessment alone when Māori spiritual experiences are suspected...
March 12, 2019: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Sultana Jahan
Study Objective(s)Catatonia is not only present in adults; children & adolescents can suffer from catatonia but are often misdiagnosed. A study by Ghaziuddin, Dhossche and Marcotte (2012) found that 18 of the 101 child and adolescent patients had symptoms of catatonia, but only 2 actually had been given a diagnosis by their providers. METHOD: 17-year-old male who was recently discharged from the inpatient psychiatric unit with the diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder. His discharge medication was bupropion XL 150mg daily...
February 2019: CNS Spectrums
Kathryn A Leech, Amanda S Haber, Sudha Arunachalam, Katelyn Kurkul, Kathleen H Corriveau
Although much research has explored the cues that young children use to determine informant credibility, little research has examined whether credibility judgments can change over time as a function of children's language environment. This study explored whether changes in the syntactic complexity of adults' testimony shifts 4- and 5-year-old children's (N = 42) credibility and learning judgments. Children from lower-socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were randomly assigned to hear a high proportion of complex language (the passive voice) or simpler language (the active voice) during 10 days of book-reading interactions with adult experimenters...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Else-Marie Løberg, Rolf Gjestad, Maj-Britt Posserud, Kristiina Kompus, Astri J Lundervold
Adolescents hearing non-existent voices may be at risk for psychosis, but the prevalence of voice-hearing (VH) in the general population complicates clinical interpretations. Differentiating between VH with and without distress may aid treatment decisions in psychosis services, but understanding the differences between these two phenomena as they present in the normal adolescent population is necessary to validate this differentiation. The present study compared VH with and without distress in 10,346 adolescents in relation to clinical characteristics, known risk factors, predictors and psychosocial moderators of psychosis...
February 28, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Ahmed Nagy, Reham Elshafei, Somaya Mahmoud
PURPOSE: This study initially investigated the co-occurrence of hearing impairment that had not been previously diagnosed in a group of patients with hyperfunctional dysphonia. Subsequently, it explored whether any correlations exist between quantitative dysphonia severity assessment parameters and distinctive acoustic features of hearing impairment. METHOD: The age-stratified participants were 36 patients presenting with hyperfunctional dysphonia to the voice clinic...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Sachin Nagendrappa, Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Charles Heriot-Maitland, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Eleanor Longden, Paul Gilbert
This paper presents an outline of voice-hearing phenomenology in the context of evolutionary mechanisms for self- and social- monitoring. Special attention is given to evolved systems for monitoring dominant-subordinate social roles and relationships. These provide information relating to the interpersonal motivation of others, such as neutral, friendly or hostile, and thus the interpersonal threat, versus safe, social location. Individuals who perceive themselves as subordinate and dominants as hostile are highly vigilant to down-rank threat and use submissive displays and social spacing as basic defenses...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Kerri Cooper, Emma Hatfield, James Yeomans
BACKGROUND: Storytelling is a powerful form of communication which can improve attention and lead to lasting behavioural changes. Addressing the need to incorporate patient safety teaching into undergraduate medical curricula, it was hypothesized that medical students could benefit from hearing clinician stories of medical error. The medium of animation was considered to be a potentially engaging means of presenting stories of error to a large audience. METHODS: Three animated videos were developed to accompany audio recordings of junior doctors describing their experiences of a serious incident or near-miss event...
February 14, 2019: Perspectives on Medical Education
Mickael L D Deroche, Mihaela Felezeu, Sébastien Paquette, Anthony Zeitouni, Alexandre Lehmann
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) restore a sense of hearing in deaf individuals. However, they do not transmit the acoustic signal with sufficient fidelity, leading to difficulties in recognizing emotions in voice and in music. The study aimed to explore the neurophysiological bases of these limitations. DESIGN: Twenty-two adults (18 to 70 years old) with CIs and 22 age-matched controls with normal hearing participated. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to emotional bursts (happy, sad, or neutral) produced in each modality (voice or music) that were for the most part correctly identified behaviorally...
February 11, 2019: Ear and Hearing
M M H Joosten, H Maurice-Stam, L Scholten, M A Grootenhuis
BACKGROUND: Siblings of children and adolescents with a chronic condition are at risk for developing psychosocial problems. It is important, that they receive appropriate support according to their needs. A sibling-specific module of an existing online intervention (Op Koers Online) for adolescents with a chronic condition might be an appropriate way to offer psychosocial support to siblings. The aim of the current study is to identify siblings' online support needs in order to develop a sibling-specific module of the existing Op Koers Online intervention...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes
Tanya Marie Luhrmann, Ben Alderson-Day, Vaughan Bell, Josef J Bless, Philip Corlett, Kenneth Hugdahl, Nev Jones, Frank Larøi, Peter Moseley, Ramachandran Padmavati, Emmanuelle Peters, Albert R Powers, Flavie Waters
That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations...
February 1, 2019: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Adam Weisser, Jörg M Buchholz
Estimating the basic acoustic parameters of conversational speech in noisy real-world conditions has been an elusive task in hearing research. Nevertheless, these data are essential ingredients for speech intelligibility tests and fitting rules for hearing aids. Previous surveys did not provide clear methodology for their acoustic measurements and setups, were opaque about their samples, or did not control for distance between the talker and listener, even though people are known to adapt their distance in noisy conversations...
January 2019: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Nawal El Boghdady, Etienne Gaudrain, Deniz Başkent
Differences in voice pitch (F0) and vocal tract length (VTL) improve intelligibility of speech masked by a background talker (speech-on-speech; SoS) for normal-hearing (NH) listeners. Cochlear implant (CI) users, who are less sensitive to these two voice cues compared to NH listeners, experience difficulties in SoS perception. Three research questions were addressed: (1) whether increasing the F0 and VTL difference (ΔF0; ΔVTL) between two competing talkers benefits CI users in SoS intelligibility and comprehension, (2) whether this benefit is related to their F0 and VTL sensitivity, and (3) whether their overall SoS intelligibility and comprehension are related to their F0 and VTL sensitivity...
January 2019: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Xiyan Huang, Hao Fan, Jingting Li, Jeffery A Jones, Emily Q Wang, Ling Chen, Xi Chen, Hanjun Liu
Instructing individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) to speak loudly and clearly with external cues leads to improvements of their speech in loudness, pitch, and articulatory movement, but the underlying neural mechanisms are largely unknown. The present event-related potential study investigated whether and how external cueing can facilitate auditory-motor control of speech production in PD. Individuals with PD and healthy controls produced sustained vowels with internal and external auditory cues while hearing their voice pitch-shifted -200 cents...
January 8, 2019: Neurobiology of Aging
Roberta Vaccaro, Daniele Zaccaria, Mauro Colombo, Simona Abbondanza, Antonio Guaita
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss is a common chronic condition in elderly people. The prevalence of disabling hearing loss among the elderly worldwide is 33% and in Italy ranges from 0.6% (profound hearing loss) to 39% (mild hearing loss). We investigated the relationship between self-reported hearing disability and clinician-evaluated hearing status, and its longitudinal consequences in relation to cognitive impairment and functional decline. We hypothesised that subjects who report that they have a hearing disability have a worse functional and cognitive profile than people who do not report having a hearing disability...
March 2019: Maturitas
Zhao Ellen Peng, Christi Hess, Jenny R Saffran, Jan R Edwards, Ruth Y Litovsky
HYPOTHESIS: Children of 2 to 3 years old with cochlear implants can perform consonant discriminations using fine-grained acoustic cues. BACKGROUND: Children born with severe-to-profound deafness are provided with early cochlear implantation (<2 yr) to maximize oral communication outcomes. Little is known regarding their abilities to discriminate consonant contrasts for accurately identifying speech sounds. METHODS: Using a Reaching for Sound paradigm to collect behavioral responses, consonant contrast discrimination was measured in 13 children with bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs; aged 28-37 mo), and 13 age-matched normal-hearing (NH) children...
January 24, 2019: Otology & Neurotology
Charlotte Amalie Navntoft, Jeremy Marozeau, Tania Rinaldi Barkat
Cochlear implants (CIs) are neuroprosthetic devices that can provide a sense of hearing to deaf people. However, a CI cannot restore all aspects of hearing. Improvement of the implant technology is needed if CI users are to perceive music and perform in more natural environments, such as hearing out a voice with competing talkers, reflections, and other sounds. Such improvement requires experimental animals to better understand the mechanisms of electric stimulation in the cochlea and its responses in the whole auditory system...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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