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Transplant anesthesiologist

Manchula Navaratnam, Katsuhide Maeda, Seth A Hollander
Pediatric ventricular assist devices (VADs) are evolving as a standard therapy for end stage heart failure in children. Major recent developments include the increased use of continuous flow (CF) devices in children and increased experience with congenital heart disease (CHD) and outpatient management. In the current and future era anesthesiologists will encounter more children presenting for VAD implantation, subsequent procedures and heart transplantation. Successful peri-operative management requires an understanding of the interaction between the patient's physiology and the device and a framework to troubleshoot problems...
February 13, 2019: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Seong Hyuk Park, Seok-Chan Eun, Sung Tack Kwon
Hand transplantation is the most common form of modern composite tissue allotransplantation, with 89 cases reported worldwide since 1998. The procedure is a treatment option for complex injuries that leave patients with structural, functional, and aesthetic deficits that cannot be addressed by other means. Successful application of this technology requires a multidisciplinary approach, incorporating not only skilled hand surgeons, transplant surgeons, and transplant immunologists, but also hand therapists, psychiatrists, medical specialists, anesthesiologists, and so on...
February 2019: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
G Silvay
The first human-to-human heart transplantation in Czechoslovakia, and the 25th transplantation in the world, was performed in Bratislava, the second largest city in Czechoslovakia on July 9, 1968. The operation was carried out by a team led by Professors Karol Siska and Ladislav Kuzela at the second Surgical Clinic at the Comenius University of the Medical Faculty in Bratislava, Partizanska Street-only seven months after the first heart transplantation performed by Dr. Christiaan Barnard in Cape Town. Other members of the team in Bratislava included surgery recipients Siska, Kuzela, Pivkova, Holoman; surgery donors Schnorrer, Kuzela, Holoman; an extracorporeal circulation team of Treger, Carsky, Podolay; anesthesiologists Sobesky and Neumanova; operating room nurses Machkova, Homerova, Kralova, and operating room laboratory technician Malinova...
2019: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Igor Barjaktarevic, Roxana Cortes Lopez, Randolph Steadman, Christopher Wray, Nida Qadir, Steven Y Chang, Tisha Wang
Liver transplantation (LT) has the potential to cure patients with acute and chronic liver failure as well as a number of hepatic and biliary malignancies. Over time, due to the increasing demand for organs as well as improvements in the survival of LT recipients, patients awaiting LT have become sicker, and often undergo the procedure while critically ill. This trend has made the process of preoperative assessment and planning, intraoperative management, and postoperative management even more crucial to the success of LT programs...
October 2018: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Eleonora De Martin, Amelia Hessheimer, Ryan Chadha, Gokhan Kabacam, Jeremy Raganayagam, Varvara Kirchner, Marit Kalisvaart, Irene Scalera, Mamatha Bhat, Alan Contreras, Prashant Bhangui
The 24 Joint Annual Congress of the International Liver Transplantation Society (ILTS) in association with European Liver and Intestine Transplant Association (ELITA) and Liver Intensive Care Group of Europe (LICAGE) was held in Lisbon, Portugal from May 23-26, 2018. More than 1200 participants from over 60 countries including surgeons, hepatologists, anesthesiologists and critical care intensivists, radiologists, pathologists, organ procurement personnel and research scientists, came together with the common aim of improving care and outcomes for liver transplant recipients...
November 19, 2018: Transplantation
David J Kramer, Eric M Siegal, Sarah J Frogge, Manpreet S Chadha
Perioperative management of the liver transplant recipient is a team effort that requires close collaboration between intensivist, surgeon, anesthesiologist, hepatologist, nephrologist, other specialists, and hospital staff before and after surgery. Transplant viability must be reassessed regularly and particularly with each donor organ. Regular discussions with patient and family facilitate realistic determinations of goals based on patient aspirations and clinical realities. Early attention to hemodynamics with optimal resuscitation and judicious vasopressor support, respiratory care designed to minimize iatrogenic injury, and early renal support is key...
January 2019: Critical Care Clinics
Eunsun So, Hye Joo Yun, Myong-Hwan Karm, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo, Hyunbin Ha
Oronasal fistulae (ONF) could remain after surgery in some patients with cleft palate. ONF ultimately requires intraoral surgery, which may lead to perioperative airway obstruction. Tongue flap surgery is a technique used to repair ONF. During the second surgery for performing tongue flap division, the flap transplanted from the tongue dorsum to the palate of the patient acts as an obstacle to airway management, which poses a great challenge for anesthesiologists. In particular, anesthesiologists may face difficulty in airway evaluation and patient cooperation during general anesthesia for tongue flap division surgery in pediatric patients...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Carsten Schumacher, Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Dirk Scheinichen, Florian W R Vondran, Kai Johanning
OBJECTIVES: Increased transfusion requirements in liver transplantation have been reported to be associated with worsened outcomes, more frequent reinterventions, and higher expenses. Anesthesiologists might counteract this through improved coagulation management. We evaluated the effects of rotational thromboelastometry on transfusion and coagulation product requirements and on outcome measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were 14 years or older and who were undergoing liver transplant at Hannover Medical School between January 2005 and December 2009 were included in this retrospective analysis...
October 5, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
J Czerwiński, A Pszenny, A Woderska, R Trześniewski, M Trujnara, P Malanowski, T Danek, R Danielewicz
Despite the good overall condition of Polish transplantation medicine there is a shortage of organs for transplantation. Health care is also in a stage of development with problems including insufficient funding and lack of personnel. In 2015 the number of deceased organ donors in Poland was 526, which was distinctly lower than in 2014 when it reached 594. The aim of this paper was to collect, elaborate on, and summarize the opinions of transplant coordinators regarding the decrease of donation indicators in Poland...
September 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Tapas Kumar Singh, Sandeep Sahu, Anil Agarwal, Devendra Gupta, Prabhaker Mishra
Background and Aims: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) has started to gain recognition as a problem in early postoperative care. Dexmedetomidine reduces bladder contractility via M3 muscarinic receptor antagonism and α-2 receptor agonism, apart from its concomitant therapeutic benefits, such as sedation and sympatholysis, in a postoperative period. We, therefore, evaluated the efficacy of dexmedetomidine in reducing incidence and severity of CRBD. Material and Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial done on 110 voluntary kidney donors for live related kidney transplantations were planned for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy...
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Maciej T Juszczak, Bilal Taib, Jason Rai, Luigi Iazzolino, Nadine Carroll, George A Antoniou, Simon Neequaye, Francesco Torella
BACKGROUND: Analytic morphometry is a novel concept in perioperative risk assessment. Low core muscle mass assessed by morphometry is associated with frailty and has been demonstrated to be an independent predictor of postoperative complications and mortality in oncologic, transplant, and aneurysm surgery. We aimed to study associations between core muscle mass and complication rates, length of hospital stay, and survival after surgical lower limb revascularization. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 263 patients considered for surgical lower limb revascularization between January 2013 and December 2014 underwent cross-sectional imaging...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Oded Ben-Amotz, Erwin A Kruger, Christine McAndrew, Laurent Lantieri, David Bozentka, David Steinberg, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin
Hand transplantation requires precise preoperative planning and surgical execution. Coordinating a transplant team-including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and supporting staff-is a time-sensitive challenge when a donor-recipient match is confirmed. International human limb transplantation occurs when the recipient and donor are in separate countries. The authors describe the logistics behind the first transatlantic adult bilateral hand transplantation, which, to date, required the highest level of coordination and timing...
September 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hyae-Jin Kim, Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Eunsoo Kim, Jihwan Yun
RATIONALE: Intrapleural hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) is the preferred method to locally treat lung cancer with pleural seeding. Anesthetic management during IPHC is a very challenging task for the anesthesiologist because of the hemodynamic instability associated with the procedure; however, there is no report on anesthetic considerations during the IPHC procedure. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three patients who diagnosed lung cancer with pleural invasion scheduled for IPHC were reported in this case series...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
R S Mangus, S B Kinsella, D T Farar, J A Fridell, L T Woolf, C A Kubal
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the ability of inhaled anesthetic agents to ameliorate ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in liver transplantation (LT). This study compares inhaled anesthetics in early liver allograft IRI. LT recipient and organ donor data were extracted retrospectively for all LTs at a single center between 2001 and 2015. METHODS: LT recipient and organ donor data were extracted retrospectively for all LTs at a single center between 2001 and 2015...
June 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Luigi Vetrugno, Federico Barnariol, Elena Bignami, Grazia D Centonze, Adelisa De Flaviis, Federico Piccioni, Elisabetta Auci, Tiziana Bove
The first perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guidelines published 21 years ago were mainly addressed to cardiac anesthesiologists. TEE has since expanded its role outside this setting and currently represents an invaluable tool to assess chamber sizes, ventricular hypertrophy, and systolic, diastolic, and valvular function in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Right-sided microemboli, right ventricular dysfunction, and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are the most common intra-operative findings described during OLT...
August 2018: Echocardiography
James M West
Anesthesiologists have clearly established their place in the history of medical ethics. Our involvement goes back to 1966 when Henri Beecher published his landmark paper on research and informed consent. Participation in the ethics of transplantation is no less important than our previous work. Organ transplant has been life saving for many but also has given rise to many misunderstandings not just from the public but also among our own colleagues. These include methods of allocation and donation, the role that affluence may play in receiving an organ, the definition of death and donation after circulatory death...
June 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Felix Kork, Alexandra Rimek, Anne Andert, Niklas Jurek Becker, Christoph Heidenhain, Ulf P Neumann, Daniela Kroy, Anna B Roehl, Rolf Rossaint, Marc Hein
BACKGROUND: The discrepancy between demand and supply for liver transplants (LT) has led to an increased transplantation of organs from extended criteria donors (ECD). METHODS: In this single center retrospective analysis of 122 cadaveric LT recipients, we investigated predictors of postreperfusion syndrome (PRS) including transplant liver quality categorized by both histological assessment of steatosis and subjective visual assessment by the transplanting surgeon using multivariable regression analysis...
March 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Jeron Zerillo, Natalie K Smith, Tetsuro Sakai
In 2017, we identified more than 400 peer reviewed publications on the topic of pancreas transplantation, more than 500 on intestinal transplantation, more than 4000 on renal transplantation, and more than 4700 on liver transplantation. This annual review highlights the most pertinent literature for anesthesiologists and critical care physicians caring for patients undergoing abdominal organ transplantation. We explore a wide range of topics, including risk for and prediction of perioperative complications, recommendations on perioperative management, economic analyses, and education of the trainees in abdominal transplantation anesthesia and critical care...
March 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
James Taylor Herbert, Miklos David Kertai
The increasing use of endovascular interventions coupled with the large number of published case series detailing complications attest to the likelihood that anesthesiologists will encounter a case of intravascular foreign body embolization during their careers. Transesophageal echocardiography is essential to the diagnosis and management of traumatic and intravascular foreign bodies embolized to the heart because it can identify not only the foreign body but also hemodynamically significant lesions to radiolucent anatomic structures prior to and during surgical exploration...
March 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Ricardo Vieira Carlos, Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres, Hans Donald de Boer
Heart transplantation is a frequent procedure in the treatment of end-stage cardiac dysfunction. Therefore, these patient populations will also be more frequent exposed to other more common surgical procedures after their transplantation. Anesthesiologist should be aware in their assessment of these patients, especially regarding some specific issues related to patients with a history of heart transplantation, like reversal of neuromuscular block. Several reports described that cholinesterase inhibitors drugs, like neostigmine, may produce a dose-dependent life-threatening bradycardia in heart transplant recipients while other publication described the safe use of neostigmine...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
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