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Piotr Żuk, Paweł Żuk, Justyna Lisiewicz-Jakubaszko
The article analyses the cultural and political contexts of the revival of the anti-vaccine movement in Poland. According to the authors, the attempt to institutionalise and politicise anti-vaccine activists is part of the wider phenomenon of political populism in Eastern Europe. The attempt to abolish compulsory vaccinations, which is supported by right-wing populists, shows that the anti-Enlightenment and anti-Western shift in the public sphere in Eastern Europe can also affect the area of health protection...
February 9, 2019: Vaccine
Isabel Rossen, Mark J Hurlstone, Patrick D Dunlop, Carmen Lawrence
RATIONALE: Childhood vaccination is a safe and effective way of reducing infectious diseases. Yet, public confidence in vaccination is waning, driven in part by the 'manufacture of doubt' by anti-vaccination activists and websites. However, there is little research examining the psychological underpinnings of anti-vaccination rhetoric among parents. OBJECTIVES: Here, we examined the structure and moral roots of anti-vaccination attitudes amongst Australian parents active on social media parenting sites...
January 29, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Maria Braz, Ana Cristina Ferreira, Ana Sofia Sousa, Fernando Barata
Bronchiectasis (BE) refers to an abnormal and irreversible dilatation of the bronchi. Post-infectious etiology still remains an important and frequent cause. Associated the anti-vaccine movement, measles resurfaces and with all the outcomes that comes from the disease. The present case illustrates one of the possible complication of measles - BE, underlining the importance of vaccination.
2019: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Stephan Guttinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2019: EMBO Reports
Niels Dalum Hansen, Kåre Mølbak, Ingemar Johansson Cox, Christina Lioma
BACKGROUND: Understanding the influence of media coverage upon vaccination activity is valuable when designing outreach campaigns to increase vaccination uptake. OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between media coverage and vaccination activity of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in Denmark. METHODS: We retrieved data on media coverage (1622 articles), vaccination activity (2 million individual registrations), and incidence of measles for the period 1997-2014...
January 23, 2019: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Despite the potential deleterious effects of HPV, vaccine uptake remains suboptimal. One potential venue for educating the public about HPV and vaccinations is through social media such as the widely used Instagram platform. Given the widespread reach of a platform with such a vast user base, the aim of this study was to describe posts related to HPV on Instagram. Content categories were established using fact sheets from the Centers for Disease Control HPV index page...
December 20, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Mark Davis
Online media has provided unprecedented opportunities for anti-vaccination groups to spread their message. An extensive scholarly literature has consequently emerged to analyse such discourse and develop strategies for countering it. In this article, I take a different approach. My contention is that it is no longer appropriate to approach anti-vaccination discourse as a stand-alone formation. Such sites, I argue, building on work by McKenzie Wark and Bart Cammaerts, are increasingly part of a wider proliferation of 'anti-public' discourse that contests fundamental democratic conventions, rules of argumentation and so on...
December 10, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
C C Bassetto, F A Almeida, G F J Newlands, W D Smith, A M Castilhos, S Fernandes, E R Siqueira, A F T Amarante
Haemonchus contortus is an economic problem in sheep farms worldwide, mainly in the tropics and subtropics. A vaccine against haemonchosis, called Barbervax® , was evaluated in ewes under two nutritional status, naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Ewes were divided into four groups: Supplemented Diet - Vaccine; Supplemented Diet - No vaccine; Basal Diet - Vaccine and Basal Diet - No vaccine. Their lambs were divided in Vaccinated and No vaccine. Ewes were immunised six times starting about 1 month of pregnancy with the first three doses at 3 week intervals and the last three shots at 4 week intervals...
December 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Sean Price
But pertussis has made a resurgence. Anti-vaccine sentiment and other factors allow pertussis to spread, especially in school children. But vaccination still remains the best protection.
November 1, 2018: Texas Medicine
Sandra J Bean, Joseph A Catania
Objectives: Parental pediatric vaccine decisions are influenced by parents' health provider networks. Complementary and alternative medical providers may be key influences in the networks of those parents who do not vaccinate their children. Methods: From March to July 2013, we conducted semi-structured interviews of Oregon complementary and alternative medical providers ( N  = 36) in five disciplines likely to treat parents or children, or both, and whose practitioners are known to express opinions about vaccines and vaccination...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Sahrish Ekram, Katherine E Debiec, Megan A Pumper, Megan A Moreno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination has demonstrated efficacy; however, many vaccine-eligible remain unvaccinated. YouTube is a popular video-sharing platform with several topics, including the HPV vaccine. Our purpose is to examine the tone of YouTube videos toward the HPV vaccine, accuracy of the information displayed, and content of commentary. DESIGN: This observational study investigated publicly available content regarding the HPV vaccine on the video-sharing website YouTube (www...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Katharina Kieslich
In light of recent outbreaks of diseases such as measles in Europe, policymakers and public health practitioners are seeking strategies to address anti-vaccination attitudes and to increase immunization rates. Identifying effective strategies that will not further alienate vaccination sceptics raises challenges that go to the heart of relations between the state and society. Drawing on accounts of state-society relations, this article discusses how the problem of vaccination hesitancy might be explained from a political science perspective...
November 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Katherine E Gallagher, Helen Kelly, Naomi Cocks, Sandra Dixon, Sandra Mounier-Jack, Natasha Howard, Deborah Watson-Jones
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a 2-dose HPV vaccine schedule for girls aged 9-14 years. As randomised controlled trials assessing the immunogenicity and efficacy of a 1-dose schedule are ongoing, we interviewed immunisation programme managers and advisors in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) about a hypothetical, future reduction in the HPV vaccine schedule. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with LMIC immunisation programme managers and national immunisation technical advisory group members (key informants; KIs) in 2017, recruited for their knowledge/experience in national HPV vaccine policy and provision...
October 21, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
Ashley Gromis, Kayuet Liu
The number of children entering schools without mandated vaccinations has increased in high-income countries due to the rise of nonmedical exemptions from school vaccination requirements. Herd immunity is threatened when unvaccinated children are concentrated in spatial pockets. Despite the role of vaccine-autism controversy in the current wave of the anti-vaccine movement, we do not know if exemption clusters are associated with local autism rates; it is often assumed that these clusters are merely the result of sociodemographic composition...
October 5, 2018: Vaccine
Christopher A Swingle
There are many things that, as physicians, we universally take for granted. One does not need a background in medical statistics to understand that seat belts save lives and reduce injuries in car accidents. Nor do you need to have an epidemiology degree to know that tobacco smoking is causative for lung cancer. At some point in your undergraduate classes, you almost certainly heard the story of Edward Jenner, the milkmaids, and the resulting smallpox vaccine. Thanks to Dr. Jonas Salk, a true hero of the 20th Century, the last U...
May 2018: Missouri Medicine
Ángel V Jiménez, Joseph M Stubbersfield, Jamshid J Tehrani
RATIONALE: Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. OBJECTIVES: This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects vaccine intention...
August 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Azhar Hussain, Syed Ali, Madiha Ahmed, Sheharyar Hussain
There have been recent trends of parents in Western countries refusing to vaccinate their children due to numerous reasons and perceived fears. While opposition to vaccines is as old as the vaccines themselves, there has been a recent surge in the opposition to vaccines in general, specifically against the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, most notably since the rise in prominence of the notorious British ex-physician, Andrew Wakefield, and his works. This has caused multiple measles outbreaks in Western countries where the measles virus was previously considered eliminated...
July 3, 2018: Curēus
Muhammad Amith, Cui Tao
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we discuss the design and development of a formal ontology to describe misinformation about vaccines. Vaccine misinformation is one of the drivers leading to vaccine hesitancy in patients. While there are various levels of vaccine hesitancy to combat and specific interventions to address those levels, it is important to have tools that help researchers understand this problem. With an ontology, not only can we collect and analyze varied misunderstandings about vaccines, but we can also develop tools that can provide informatics solutions...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Talya Porat, Pablo Garaizar, Marta Ferrero, Hilary Jones, Mark Ashworth, Miguel A Vadillo
Background: Despite major progress in global vaccination coverage, immunization rates are falling, resulting in outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. This study analyses content and source of the most popular tweets related to a recent case in Spain where an unvaccinated child contracted and later died from diphtheria. Understanding the characteristics of these tweets in the context of vaccination could inform efforts by health promotion professionals to increase their reach and impact...
July 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Hanna Czajka
Vaccinations in Poland and other industrialized countries have been in the firing line for more than two decades. Members of the "anti-vaccine movement" and alternative medicine supporters are openly reluctant to this form of preventing infectious diseases, however their arguments are not based on reliable medical data. Contrary to false theories, the threat of infectious diseases is not lower than in the past. What is more, it has escalated in recent years as a result of the increasing number of parents who avoid vaccinations...
2018: Developmental Period Medicine
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