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the impact of stigma and stereotypes of society towards mental illness

Christina Uhlmann, Janis Kaehler, Margret S H Harris, Julia Unser, Volker Arolt, Rebekka Lencer
BACKGROUND: Up to 75% of patients suffering from schizophrenia do not take their antipsychotic medication in the way it is prescribed. Nonadherence has been shown to be associated with poorer therapy outcomes, higher hospitalization rates, and increased costs for health care systems. One important contributing factor to negative attitudes toward medication adherence may be self-stigmatization. METHODS: 23 inpatients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, all receiving antipsychotic treatment, were assessed for attitude toward medication adherence (using the Rating of Medication Influences [ROMI] scale), subjective well-being under medication (using the Subjective Well-Being under Neuroleptics Scale), and self-stigmatization (using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Inventory)...
September 2014: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Matthias C Angermeyer, Herbert Matschinger, Georg Schomerus
PURPOSE: In the context of mental health care reform in Germany, psychiatric hospitals have been transformed in terms of their infrastructure, staffing levels and therapeutic culture. The question arises as to what extent these improvements had an impact on the public image of these institutions. METHODS: In 1990 and 2011, population surveys were conducted in the "old" states of Germany, using the same sampling procedure, interview mode and measures. RESULTS: Over the last two decades, attitudes toward psychiatric hospitals have improved considerably...
October 2013: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Scott Weber
Parenting and family life are fundamental social constructs in human society and in law and public policy. Family structures and support systems provide important economic and psychological advantages for parents as well as for their children. Stigma toward lesbian and gay parents often marginalize individuals in these families and restrict family members' full expression of social citizenship, humanity, and personhood. Stigma directly contributes to increased risk for substance abuse, anxiety, and depressive illness among both parents and children...
June 2008: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
D L Penn, J Martin
Despite recent advances in the treatment of individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), their full integration into society is hindered by lingering negative attitudes towards them. In this paper, a brief overview is provided on stigmatization towards individuals with SMI, including its' impact on quality of life and self-esteem, as well as the factors which likely underlie it. Research is reviewed showing that lowered negative perceptions towards persons with SMI are associated with previous contact with this population and with presentation of empirically-based information on the association between violence and SMI...
1998: Psychiatric Quarterly
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