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Clostridium butyricum;sporulation

Richard Garceau, Christine Bourque, Louise Thibault, Jean-Charles Côté, Jean Longtin, Marc-Christian Domingo
An 88-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with worsening malaise, fever, and weakness. Anaerobic blood culture bottles revealed the presence of an anaerobic, Gram-positive sporulated bacillus. Empirical antibiotherapy with intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam was initiated. The patient defervesced after four days and was switched to oral amoxicillin on his 6th day of antibiotic therapy and later discharged from the hospital. Four months later, he had recovered. The bacterium was initially identified as Clostridium butyricum using anaerobic manual identification panel...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Peter Dürre
Clostridia are Gram-positive, anaerobic, endospore-forming bacteria, incapable of dissimilatory sulfate reduction. Comprising approximately 180 species, the genus Clostridium is one of the largest bacterial genera. Physiology is mostly devoted to acid production. Numerous pathways are known, such as the homoacetate fermentation by acetogens, the propionate fermentation by Clostridium propionicum, and the butyrate/butanol fermentation by C. acetobutylicum, a well-known solvent producer. Clostridia degrade sugars, alcohols, amino acids, purines, pyrimidines, and polymers such as starch and cellulose...
August 2014: Microbiology Spectrum
A I Saralov
The effect of various factors on the activity and biosynthesis of nitrogenase in Clostridium butyricum was estimated by the rate of acetylene reduction at different growth phases in the static culture. The activity of nitrogenase was found to be low in vegetative cells; it increased and reached the maximum at the stage of prospore formation and decreased in the course of sporulation. The duration of different stages in the cell growth cycle depended on temperature and the composition of the medium. An increase in the rate of nitrogenase synthesis at the stage of prospore formation was favoured by the presence of sodium acetate or yeast autolysate in the medium; ammonium chloride inhibited the mechanism of nitrogenase biosynthesis...
May 1980: Mikrobiologiia
A Propst, J R Möse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1966: Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. 1. Abt. Medizinisch-hygienische Bakteriologie, Virusforschung und Parasitologie. Originale
J L Bergère, J Hermier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1965: Annales de L'Institut Pasteur
J L Bergère, J Hermier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1965: Annales de L'Institut Pasteur
M Rousseau, J Hermier, J L Bergere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1971: Annales de L'Institut Pasteur
J de Jong
Spoilage of canned pasteurized brined mung bean sprouts, acidified with citric acid to pH 4.0-4.5, was found to be caused by acid tolerant Clostridium spp. including the species barati, perfringens and butyricum. The pH limit for growth in the brine used were estimated 3.7, 3.7 and 4.0 respectively. Some of the isolated C. perfringens strains produced enterotoxins in sporulation media. The spores of the isolated anaerobes appeared to originate from mung beans, but C. barati and C. perfringens strains freshly isolated from dry beans, were unable to grow in acidified brine...
May 1989: International Journal of Food Microbiology
J L Bergère, M Rousseau, C Mercier
Free glucose concentration and polysaccharide production in Clostridium butyricum cells have been studied with an enzymatic method. Results indicated a substantial decrease in intracellular glucose content simultaneously with a production of polysaccharide prior to the end of exponential growth. Then the polysaccharide accumulated rapidly to reach a maximum just before the first refractile spores appeared, and it decreased by 50% during the last stages (V and VI) of sproulation. Electron micrographs of ultrathin sections have demonstrated that most of the polysaccharide is located inside the mother cell cytoplasm as large granules when the remaining is dispersed within the spore cytoplasm beginning during stage III of the sporulation...
April 1975: Annales de Microbiologie
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