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Internal and emergency medicine

Amity E Quinn, Alun Edwards, Peter Senior, Kerry A McBrien, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Marcello Tonelli, Flora Au, Zhihai Ma, Robert G Weaver, Braden J Manns
BACKGROUND: As the number of people with chronic diseases increases, understanding the impact of payment model on the types of patients seen by specialists has implications for improving the quality and value of care. We sought to determine if there is an association between specialist physician payment model and the types of patients seen. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we used administrative data to compare demographic characteristics, illness severity and visit indication of patients with diabetes seen by fee-for-service and salary-based internal medicine and diabetes specialists in Calgary and Edmonton between April 2011 and September 2014...
January 2019: CMAJ Open
Jai N Darvall, Sabine Braat, David A Story, Kate Greentree, Tony Bose, Joel Loth, Wen K Lim
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is of increasing importance to perioperative and critical care medicine, as the proportion of older patients increases globally. Evidence continues to emerge of the considerable impact frailty has on adverse outcomes from both surgery and critical care, which has led to a proliferation of different frailty measurement tools in recent years. Despite this, there remains a lack of easily implemented, comprehensive frailty assessment tools specific to these complex populations...
January 9, 2019: BMJ Open
Victoria S S Wong, Matthew Stevenson, Jared Mott, Kinshuk Sahaya
PURPOSE: The prevalence and characteristics of seizure and epilepsy research published in nonneurology journals are unknown. Characterizing this published research allows for insight into the relevance of seizures and epilepsy in other specialties and may increase opportunity for cross-specialty collaboration. METHODS: In this observational study, we reviewed the top five highly cited clinical journals within eleven specialties in the InCites Journal Citation Reports (JCR) database (2016)...
February 16, 2019: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Paul M Lu, Elizabeth E Park, Tracy L Rabin, Jeremy I Schwartz, Lee S Shearer, Eugenia L Siegler, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of global health in graduate medical education in the United States (US) has soared over the past two decades. The majority of US internal medicine and pediatric residency programs now offer global health electives abroad. Despite the prevalence of global health electives among US graduate medical programs today, challenges exist that may impact the experience for visiting trainees and/or host institutions. Previous reviews have predominately focused on experiences of undergraduate medical students and have primarily described positive outcomes...
November 5, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Lucas F Garcia, Marcia S Fernandes, Jonathan D Moreno, Jose R Goldim
OBJECTIVE: To present a narrative review of the history of bioethics in Latin America and of scientific output in this interdisciplinary field. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study. RESULTS: A total of 1458 records were retrieved, of which 1167 met the inclusion criteria. According to the Web of Science classification, the predominant topics of study were medical ethics (n= 488), social sciences and medicine (n= 354), and environmental and public health topics (n= 279)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Freda DeKeyser Ganz, Ilana Margalith, Julie Benbenishty, Miriam Hirschfeld, Nurit Wagner, Orly Toren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the willingness of Israeli registered nurses to work under threatening conditions, their perceived level of threat, and perceptions of peer willingness to report to work. DESIGN: This descriptive study was based on a convenience sample of registered nurses working in four hospitals throughout Israel from internal medicine, surgical, emergency, and intensive care units. METHODS: A questionnaire designed by the investigators was administered to registered nurses while on duty...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Ruth Horn
The announcement of the French Plan 'France Médecine Génomique 2015' demonstrates the will of the public authorities to make genomic medicine one of the flagships of public health and scientific research. It is against this backdrop that France announced its cooperation with Great Britain, one of the global leaders in genomics. The cooperation at an international level requires a common normative framework that addresses the new ethical challenges presented by genomic medicine. In order for such a framework to be adapted to different national contexts, it is important to identify and analyse the emerging ethical questions in general as well as within their specific national contexts...
February 2019: Médecine Sciences: M/S
María Belén Herrero, Jorgelina Loza, Marcela Beatriz Belardo
From its origins, the Latin American Social Medicine and the Collective Health (LASM/CH) movements have focused on thinking about health from and for the region. After the implementation of neoliberal policies, social improvements and the geopolitical strengthening of the region became the roots of new regional integration projects in South America. The objective of this article is twofold. First, we explore the legacy of long-standing efforts in the region that address the social and political dimensions of health, associated with the LASM/CH movements and their influence on the contemporary regional health agenda...
February 17, 2019: Global Public Health
Wolf Armbruster, Rüdiger Eichholz, Thomas Notheisen
Lung ultrasound is an underrated tool in preclinical emergency situations, intensive care units, ORs and emergency rooms. For certain clinical questions, there is a drastically higher sensitivity in comparison to chest X-ray examinations (sensitivity in pneumothorax diagnostics 86 vs. 28%, specificity 97 vs. 100%. A standardized examination improves the quality of the ultrasound examination and thus the diagnostic value. The article provides basic information on pulmonary ultrasound and aims to highlight the superiority of ultrasound over x-ray procedures for anesthesia, intensive care and emergency medicine in accordance to the international evidence-based recommendations for point of care ultrasound...
February 2019: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Jonathan Braun Bsc, S David Gertz, Ariel Furer, Tarif Bader, Hagay Frenkel, Jacob Chen, Elon Glassberg, Dean Nachman
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), commonly referred to as drones, have been made widely available in recent years leading to an exponential growth in their roles and applications. The rapidly developing field of medical drones is on the verge of revolutionizing pre-hospital medicine enabling advanced healthcare delivery to once-inaccessible patients. The aim of this review is to clarify the basic technical properties of currently available medical drones and review recent advances and their usefulness in military and civilian healthcare missions...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Pubudu P Handakumbura, Bryan Stanfill, Albert Rivas-Ubach, Dan Fortin, John P Vogel, Christer Jansson
Predicting phenotypic expression from genomic and environmental information is arguably the greatest challenge in today's biology. Being able to survey genomic content, e.g., as single-nucleotide polymorphism data, within a diverse population and predict the phenotypes of external traits, represents the holy grail across genome-informed disciplines, from personal medicine and nutrition to plant breeding. In the present study, we propose a two-step procedure in bridging the genome to phenome gap where external phenotypes are viewed as emergent properties of internal phenotypes, such as molecular profiles, in interaction with the environment...
February 12, 2019: Scientific Reports
Ilkka Pulkkinen, Jari Pirnes, Ari Rissanen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala
BACKGROUND: A high number of denied or cancelled HEMS missions are caused by poor weather conditions especially during winter season. Furthermore, many helicopter manufacturers have denied their helicopters to be operated in known icing conditions. Icing is a widely known phenomenon in aviation, but there is a lack of evidence about its influence on HEMS operations and patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study of HEMS missions in Northern Finland was conducted over a 1-year period in 2017...
February 12, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Anastasia A Nikitina, Alexey A Orlov, Liubov I Kozlovskaya, Vladimir A Palyulin, Dmitry I Osolodkin
The discovery of antiviral drugs is a rapidly developing area of medicinal chemistry research. The emergence of resistant variants and outbreaks of poorly studied viral diseases make this area constantly developing. The amount of antiviral activity data available in ChEMBL consistently grows, but virus taxonomy annotation of these data is not sufficient for thorough studies of antiviral chemical space. We developed a procedure for semi-automatic extraction of antiviral activity data from ChEMBL and mapped them to the virus taxonomy developed by the International Committee for Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)...
January 1, 2019: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Joshua Tseng, Harry C Sax, Rodrigo F Alban
Charge markups for health care are variable and inflated several times beyond cost. Using the 2015 Medicare Provider Fee-For-Service Utilization and Payment Data file, we identified providers who billed for critical care hours and related procedures, including CPR, EKG interpretation, central line placement, arterial line placement, chest tube/thoracentesis, and emergent endotracheal intubation. Markup ratios (MRs), defined as the amount charged divided by the amount allowable, were calculated and compared; 42...
October 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, natural disasters have caused a large number of deaths and considerable morbidity. Nevertheless, limited information is available on how the health-related literature on natural disasters has evolved. The current study aims to assess the growth and pattern of health-related literature on natural disasters. METHOD: A bibliometric method was implemented using Scopus database for the period from 1900 to 2017. Keywords used in the search strategy were obtained from the classifications of natural disasters presented by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters...
February 11, 2019: Health Research Policy and Systems
Linda Wennberg, Sarah Widgren, Rimma Axelsson, Kurt Gerok-Andersson, Börje Åkerlund
AIM: To investigate at a national level the multidisciplinary team (MDT) care of patients with diabetes mellitus and foot complications. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 75 Swedish hospitals with emergency departments, which were grouped according to size. RESULTS: The response rate was 92 %, 58/69 of the hospitals have a foot team. Most teams have access to an internal medicine specialist/diabetologist, podiatrist and orthotist. Fewer teams reported access to an orthopaedic surgeon and infectious diseases specialist and only half to a vascular surgeon...
February 7, 2019: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Reggie R Thomasson, Mark H Yazer, James D Gorham, Nancy M Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) provide blood products rapidly and in fixed amounts. MTPs are commonly used in trauma but may also be used in other clinical settings, although evidence to support fixed-ratio resuscitation in nontraumatic hemorrhage is lacking. The goals of this study were to describe the types and contents of available MTPs and the clinical indications for MTP activation. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 353 transfusion medicine specialists to assess the types and contents of available MTPs...
February 5, 2019: Transfusion
Mohit Butaney, Nannan Thirumavalavan, Dayron Rodriguez, Martin S Gross, Ricardo Munarriz
Penile shunting is the standard of care in management of ischemic priapism refractory (IPR) to non-surgical interventions. Due to high rates of impotence, corporal fibrosis, and loss of penile length, recent literature suggests these patients benefit from immediate penile prosthesis (PP) placement. An IRB-exempt anonymous electronic survey of the 2168 members of the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) was conducted. The survey included demographic information, confidence, and experience-related management of IPR...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Impotence Research
Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Charles Weissman, Yoram G Weiss
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation is a life supporting modality increasingly utilized when caring for severely ill patients. Its increasing use has extended the survival of the critically ill leading to increasing healthcare expenditures. We examined changes in the hospital-wide use of mechanical ventilation over 20 years (1997-2016) in two Israeli hospitals to determine whether there were specific patterns (e.g. seasonality, weekday vs. weekend) and trends (e.g. increases or decreases) among various hospital departments and units...
February 1, 2019: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Maimuna Marenah, Jinjie Li, Ashok Kumar, William Murrell
The economic and human cost of knee osteoarthritis is forecast to increase. This will impact not only aging individuals, but also the working age members of emerging economies. The current treatment pathways are often costly, time-consuming, and insufficient to manage the degeneration of the knee over the ever-increasing lifespan of patients around the world. In response to the shortcomings of a focus on symptom management, international and high-impact regulators, researchers, clinicians, and most importantly patients, are increasingly interested in the possible management of knee osteoarthritis with novel therapies in the field of regenerative medicine treatments...
January 2019: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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