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Preetjote Gill, Edward Kim, Terence C Chua, Roderick J Clifton-Bligh, Christopher B Nahm, Anubhav Mittal, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNETs) are relatively uncommon, accounting for 1-2% of all pancreatic neoplasms. Tumour grade (based on the Ki67 proliferative index and mitotic rate) is associated with metastatic risk across large cohorts; however, predicting the behaviour of individual tumours can be difficult. Therefore, any tool which could further stratify metastatic risk may be clinically beneficial. We sought to investigate microRNA (miRNA) expression as a marker of metastatic disease in PNETs. Tumours from 37 patients, comprising 23 with locoregional disease (L) and 14 with distant metastases (DM), underwent miRNA profiling...
February 14, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Victoria Nisenblat, David J Sharkey, Zhao Wang, Susan F Evans, Martin Healey, E Maria C Ohlsson Teague, Cristin G Print, Sarah A Robertson, M Louise Hull
Context: Despite extensive searches for novel non-invasive diagnostics, laparoscopy remains the reference test for endometriosis. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are purported endometriosis biomarkers however, the miRNA species and their diagnostic accuracy differ between studies and haven't been validated in independent cohorts. Objective: Identify endometriosis-specific plasma miRNAs and determine their diagnostic test accuracy. Setting: Two university-based, public hospitals and a private gynaecology practice in Australia...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Haoying Yang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Li, Furong Zhao, Yao Shen, Xuemei Xing
The present study aimed to elucidate the potential roles and regulatory mechanism of microRNA (miR)-574-3p in the development of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The expression of miR-574-3p in peripheral blood obtained from patients with CML was examined. Subsequently, miR-574-3p was overexpressed and suppressed in CML K562 cells to further investigate the effects of miR-574-3p on cell proliferation, and apoptosis. Furthermore, a luciferase reporter assay was performed to investigate whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) was a target of miR-574-3p...
November 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anselm A Derda, Angelika Pfanne, Christian Bär, Katharina Schimmel, Peter J Kennel, Ke Xiao, P Christian Schulze, Johann Bauersachs, Thomas Thum
INTRODUCTION: Amyloidosis is caused by dysregulation of protein folding resulting in systemic or organ specific amyloid aggregation. When affecting the heart, amyloidosis can cause severe heart failure, which is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Different subtypes of cardiac amyloidosis exist e.g. transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis and senile cardiac amyloidosis. Today, diagnostics is primarily based on cardiac biopsies and no clinically used circulating blood-based biomarkers existing...
2018: PloS One
Jinha Hwang, Byung-Hoon Min, Jiryeon Jang, So Young Kang, Hyunsik Bae, Se Song Jang, Jong-Il Kim, Kyoung-Mee Kim
Intestinal-type gastric carcinoma exhibits a multistep carcinogenic sequence from adenoma to carcinoma with a gradual increase in genomic alterations. But the roles of microRNAs (miRNA) in this multistage cascade are not fully explored. To identify differentially expressed miRNA (DEM) during early gastric carcinogenesis, we performed miRNA microarray profiling with 24 gastric cancers and precursor lesions (7 early gastric cancer [EGC], 3 adenomas with high-grade dysplasia, 4 adenomas with low-grade dysplasia, and 10 adjacent normal tissues)...
September 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Seiichiro Yoshizawa, Tomohiro Umezu, Yuu Saitoh, Moritaka Gotoh, Daigo Akahane, Chiaki Kobayashi, Junko H Ohyashiki, Kazuma Ohyashiki
Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) have the potential of facilitating molecular diagnosis. Currently, little is known about the underlying mechanism behind late-onset acute graft-versus-host disease (LA GVHD). Identifying differentially expressed miRNAs in exosomes should be useful for understanding the role of miRNAs in this disease. This study was established to investigate the relevance of miRNAs in exosomes derived from patients developing LA GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)...
August 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Maryam Khosravi, Negar Azarpira, Sara Shamdani, Suzzan Hojjat-Assari, Sina Naserian, Mohammad Hossein Karimi
Studying the profile of micro RNAs (miRs) elucidated the highest expressed miRs in hepatic differentiation. In this study, we investigated to clarify the role of three embryonic overexpressed miRs (miR-106a, miR-574-3p and miR-451) during hepatic differentiation of human umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs). We furthermore, aimed to explore whether overexpression of any of these miRs alone is sufficient to induce the differentiation of the UC-MSCs into hepatocyte-like cells. UC-MSCs were transfected either alone or together with miR-106a, miR-574-3p and miR-451 and their potential hepatic differentiation and alteration in gene expression profile, morphological changes and albumin secretion ability were investigated...
August 15, 2018: Gene
Xiaoqiang Xiao, Yingjie Cao, Haoyu Chen
Butyrate inhibits growth of lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism is still unclear. Here we profiled miRNAs that responded to sodium butyrate(NaB) stimulation in A549 cells, a non-small cell lung cancer cell line, using microarray. We found 33 up-regulated microRNAs and 22 down-regulated microRNAs (log2 ≥1.5 folds, P-value <0.05). The expression of miR-3935, miR-574-3p, and miR-494-3p was confirmed by realtime qPCR. Then,we explored their potential targets of miR-3935 and miR-494-3p using long noncoding RNA(LncRNA) microarray...
April 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Yeliz Z Akkaya-Ulum, Banu Balci-Peynircioglu, Omer Karadag, Fehime K Eroglu, Umut Kalyoncu, Sedat Kiraz, Ali Ihsan Ertenli, Seza Özen, Engin Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: Phenotypic heterogeneity in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) disease indicated that FMF is not a simple monogenic disease. Therefore it has been suggested that epigenetic factors can be one of the reason for the variations. We undertook this study to test potential involvement of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of FMF. METHODS: miRNA array was performed on whole blood RNA samples from 6 healthy controls (-/-), 6 FMF patients (M694V/M694V), 6 carriers who displayed the disease phenotype (M694V/-) and 6 healthy carriers (M694V/-)...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Ilona Hromadnikova, Katerina Kotlabova, Katarina Ivankova, Yulia Vedmetskaya, Ladislav Krofta
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Gene expression of 29 cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease associated microRNAs was assessed in whole umbilical cord blood, compared between groups [47 gestational hypertension (GH), 56 preeclampsia (PE), 37 fetal growth restriction (FGR) and 44 normal pregnancies] and correlated with the severity of the disease with respect to clinical signs (mild PE vs. severe PE), delivery date (before and after 34weeks of gestation), and Doppler ultrasound parameters [pulsatility index (PI) in the umbilical artery, PI in the middle cerebral artery and the cerebroplacental ratio]...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Xianjuan Shen, Yajing Xue, Hui Cong, Xudong Wang, Shaoqing Ju
Objectives To explore microRNA-574-3p expression in serum of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and investigate correlations between serum microRNA-574-3p expression and the development and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Design and methods Serum samples were collected from 70 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma, 40 patients with cirrhosis and 45 healthy controls. Serum microRNA-574-3p expression levels were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The linearity, specificity and reproducibility were evaluated...
July 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Ming-Xiang Zou, Ke-Miao Guo, Guo-Hua Lv, Wei Huang, Jing Li, Xiao-Bin Wang, Yi Jiang, Xiao-Ling She
Currently, little is known about the interactions between microRNAs (miRNAs) and the PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway in chordoma, and data discussing the role of the immune milieu in chordoma prognosis are limited. We aimed to analyze the relationship between PD-L1, miR-574-3p, microenvironmental tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and clinicopathological features of spinal chordoma patients. PD-L1 expression and TILs (including Foxp3+ , CD8+ , PD-1+ and PD-L1+ ) were assessed by immunohistochemistry in tumor specimens of 54 spinal chordoma patients...
February 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Georgios S Markopoulos, Eugenia Roupakia, Maria Tokamani, George Vartholomatos, Theodore Tzavaras, Maria Hatziapostolou, Frank O Fackelmayer, Raphael Sandaltzopoulos, Christos Polytarchou, Evangelos Kolettas
Senescence recapitulates the ageing process at the cell level. A senescent cell stops dividing and exits the cell cycle. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) acting as master regulators of transcription, have been implicated in senescence. In the current study we investigated and compared the expression of miRNAs in young versus senescent human fibroblasts (HDFs), and analysed the role of mRNAs expressed in replicative senescent HFL-1 HDFs. Cell cycle analysis confirmed that HDFs accumulated in G1 /S cell cycle phase. Nanostring analysis of isolated miRNAs from young and senescent HFL-1 showed that a distinct set of 15 miRNAs were significantly up-regulated in senescent cells including hsa-let-7d-5p, hsa-let-7e-5p, hsa-miR-23a-3p, hsa-miR-34a-5p, hsa-miR-122-5p, hsa-miR-125a-3p, hsa-miR-125a-5p, hsa-miR-125b-5p, hsa-miR-181a-5p, hsa-miR-221-3p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-503-5p, hsa-miR-574-3p, hsa-miR-574-5p and hsa-miR-4454...
October 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
Peng Yao, Jiangbin Wu, Daniel Lindner, Paul L Fox
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are families of sequence-specific, posttranscriptional modulators of gene expression. Despite extensive mechanistic and functional studies on both regulatory classes, the interactions and crosstalk between them are largely unexplored. We have reported that competition between miR-297 and hnRNP L to bind a 3΄UTR-localized CA-rich element (CARE) of VEGFA mRNA regulates its translation. Here, we show that translation of VEGFA mRNA in human myeloid cells is dictated by a bi-directional interaction between miR-574-3p, a CA-rich microRNA, and hnRNP L...
July 27, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Keiko Mizuno, Hiroko Mataki, Takayuki Arai, Atsushi Okato, Kazuto Kamikawaji, Tomohiro Kumamoto, Tsubasa Hiraki, Kazuhito Hatanaka, Hiromasa Inoue, Naohiko Seki
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) constitutes approximately 15% of all diagnosed lung cancers. SCLC is a particularly lethal malignancy, as the 2-year survival rate after appropriate treatment is less than 5%. The patients with SCLC have not been received a benefit of the recently developed molecular targeted treatment. Therefore, a new treatment strategy is necessary for the patients. The molecular mechanisms underlying the aggressiveness of SCLC cells and their development of treatment-resistance are still ambiguous...
July 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
Haidong Xu, Xiaozhou Liu, Juan Zhou, Xiaoyun Chen, Jianning Zhao
Human osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy sarcoma that affects primarily children and people <20 years old. In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR-574-3p was downregulated in human osteosarcoma U2OS, SAOS and MG63 cells lines as well as in osteosarcoma tissue compared with the normal tissues. Downregulation of miR-574-3p by antisense miR-574-3p, inhibited cell growth and induced cell apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-574-3p by transfection with miR-574-3p mimics promoted the growth of U2OS cells...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
Renwen Zhang, Mingqi Wang, Pengcheng Sui, Lei Ding, Qing Yang
The mechanisms that regulate miR-574-3p expression in cells remain elusive. In the present study, we used real-time PCR assay to demonstrate TGF-β1-induced miR-574-3p upregulation in AGS cells, which was inhibited by TGF-β receptor I inhibitor SB431542. We used a computer search to identify Smad binding sites upstream of the miR-574-3p precursor sequence. We demonstrated that silencing Smad4, but not Smad2 or Smad3, significantly inhibited the TGF-β1-induced miR-574-3p upregulation in AGS cells. Furthermore, TGF-β1 significantly increased the activity of a dual-luciferase reporter that contains the Smad binding sites upstream of the miR-574 precursor sequence...
March 20, 2017: Gene
Nicla Borrelli, Maria Denaro, Clara Ugolini, Anello Marcello Poma, Mario Miccoli, Paolo Vitti, Paolo Miccoli, Fulvio Basolo
Follicular variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma include encapsulated (with or without capsular/vascular invasion) and infiltrative forms, which have different clinical behaviors. The encapsulated forms that lack capsular invasion have an indolent clinical behavior that is similar to benign lesions; therefore, they were recently reclassified as 'noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features' (NIFTPs). Because NIFTPs have nuclear features of papillary carcinomas, distinguishing between NIFTPs and infiltrative follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma is almost impossible with cytological examination...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Tomoyuki Okumura, Hirohumi Kojima, Takeshi Miwa, Shinichi Sekine, Isaya Hashimoto, Shozo Hojo, Takuya Nagata, Yutaka Shimada
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in radical esophagectomies and adjuvant therapy, the postoperative prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients remains poor. The aim of this study was to identify a molecular signature to predict postoperative favorable outcomes in patients with ESCC. METHODS: As a training data set, total RNA was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples of surgically removed specimens from 19 ESCC patients who underwent curative esophagectomy...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Xiaohui Zhang, Shanliang Zhong, Yong Xu, Dandan Yu, Tengfei Ma, Lin Chen, Yang Zhao, Xiu Chen, Sujin Yang, Yueqin Wu, Jinhai Tang, Jianhua Zhao
Acquisition of resistance to docetaxel (Doc) is one of the most important problems in treatment of breast cancer patients, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. In present study, Doc-resistant MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231/Doc and MCF-7/Doc) were successfully established in vitro by gradually increasing Doc concentration on the basis of parental MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cell lines (MDA-MB-231/S and MCF-7/S). The potential miRNAs relevant to the Doc resistance were screened by miRNA microarray...
2016: PloS One
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