Read by QxMD icon Read

Asthma AND sociodemographic Characteristics

Mirna Brito Peçanha, Rodrigo de Barros Freitas, Tiago Ricardo Moreira, Luiz Sérgio Silva, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Silvia Almeida Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in children 0-18 years of age with recurrent wheezing and/or asthma residing in the microregion of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and treated at a referral center, and to determine its association with major risk factors for wheezing. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire, which was administered by trained interviewers to the legal guardians of the study participants...
February 11, 2019: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Chi Sang Hwang, Hye Sun Lee, Si Nae Kim, Ji Hyung Kim, Dong-Joon Park, Kyung-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Although a significant number of the clinical features and pathophysiologic mechanisms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have been described, only a few studies have been published on characterization of CRS in the field of aging. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of CRS in elderly (≥65 years old) Koreans using large-scale nationwide epidemiological data and compared the risk factors of elderly with those of younger adult participants (19-64 years old)...
November 28, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Sulaiman Alkhadhari, Aseel Omran Alsabrrie, Jude Uzoma Ohaeri, Ramani Varghese, Muhammad Ajmal Zahid, Benoit H Mulsant
BACKGROUND: There are no published studies on the comorbidity of common mental conditions (anxiety, depression, and somatization) and physical illnesses in the Arab world. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of common mental conditions comorbid with physical illnesses among primary care attenders in Kuwait, and the sociodemographic characteristics associated with this comorbidity. METHODS: The Patient Health Questionnaires for somatization, anxiety and depression (PHQ-SAD) were administered to a representative sample of 1046 attenders (M: F = 429: 617; mean age 37...
September 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Laura Bechtiger, Stephanie Rodgers, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Roland von Känel, Margot Mutsch, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Martin Preisig, Peter Howell
AIMS: Associations between stuttering in childhood and a broad spectrum of risk factors, associated factors and comorbidities were examined in two large epidemiological studies. Subtypes of stuttering were then identified based on latent class analysis (LCA). METHODS: Data were from two representative Swiss population samples: PsyCoLaus (N = 4,874, age 35-82 years) and the ZInEP Epidemiology Survey (N = 1,500, age 20-41 years). Associations between stuttering and sociodemographic characteristics, familial aggregation, comorbidity and psychosocial risk / associated factors were investigated in both samples...
2018: PloS One
Luke T A Mounce, John L Campbell, William E Henley, Maria C Tejerina Arreal, Ian Porter, Jose M Valderas
PURPOSE: Multimorbidity is associated with adverse outcomes, yet research on the determinants of its incidence is lacking. We investigated which sociodemographic, health, and individual lifestyle (eg, physical activity, smoking behavior, body mass index) characteristics predict new cases of multimorbidity. METHODS: We used data from 4,564 participants aged 50 years and older in the English Longitudinal Study of Aging that included a 10-year follow-up period. Discrete time-to-event (complementary log-log) models were constructed for exploring the associations of baseline characteristics with outcomes between 2002-2003 and 2012-2013 separately for participants with no initial conditions (n = 1,377) developing multimorbidity, any increase in conditions within 10 years regardless of initial conditions, and the impact of individual conditions on incident multimorbidity...
July 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Neuza Silva, Monika Bullinger, Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Carlos Carona
Most children and adolescents with chronic health conditions have impaired health-related quality of life and are at high risk of internalizing and externalizing problems. However, few patients present clinically significant symptoms. Using a decision-tree approach, this study aimed to identify risk profiles for psychological problems based on measures that can be easily scored and interpreted by healthcare professionals in pediatric settings. The participants were 736 children and adolescents between 8-18 years of age with asthma, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, type-1diabetes or obesity...
2018: PloS One
Mindy K Ross, Tahmineh Romero, Myung S Sim, Peter G Szilagyi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric asthma is heterogeneous with phenotypes that reflect differing underlying inflammation and pathophysiology. Little is known about the national prevalence of certain obesity- and allergy-related asthma phenotypes or associated characteristics. We therefore assessed the national prevalence, risk factors, and caregiver-reported severity of four asthma phenotypes: not-allergic-not-obese, allergic-not-obese, obese-not-allergic, and allergic-and-obese. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) of 10-17 year-olds with caregiver-reported asthma...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Omar Laraqui, Reda Hammouda, Salwa Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Tarik Ghailan, Jaouda Ben Amor, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The objective was to screen and evaluate the prevalence of respiratory diseases and obstructive ventilatory defects among fishermen in Morocco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational and cross-sectional epidemiological study involved 924 men over 20 years old and with at least two years of seniority. It included a questionnaire and a spirometry. The questionnaire is composed of four sections: sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, toxic habits, medical history and respiratory clinical symptoms...
2018: International Maritime Health
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Mirna Waked, Pascale Salameh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between caregiver-reported use of medications, alcohol, cigarette and/or waterpipe (WP), and exposure to pesticides/detergents during pregnancy with childhood-onset asthma. The study design consisted of a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016, recruited 1503 children, aged between 3-16 years old. A questionnaire assessed the sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education level of both parents), the family history of asthma, and other known risk factors of asthma (heating system at home, child history of recurrent otitis, humidity in the house, child went to a daycare, smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy, exposure to pesticides and detergents)...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Jaqueline Betteloni Junqueira, Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos
OBJECTIVES: to analyze the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its associated factors in hospital patients. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional epidemiological study whose data were collected using the instruments Sociodemographic and Clinical Data, Characteristics of Urinary Leakage and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Prevalence was surveyed on a single day for four consecutive months. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Student t-test, Mann-Whitney test and logistic regression (forward stepwise)...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Alexandra Butler, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Ellen Louise Lipman, Harriet L MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez, Jan Willem Gorter, Kathy Georgiades, Kathy N Speechley, Michael H Boyle, Mark A Ferro
OBJECTIVES: Methodologically, to assess the feasibility of participant recruitment and retention, as well as missing data in studying mental disorder among children newly diagnosed with chronic physical conditions (ie, multimorbidity). Substantively, to examine the prevalence of multimorbidity, identify sociodemographic correlates and model the influence of multimorbidity on changes in child quality of life and parental psychosocial outcomes over a 6-month follow-up. DESIGN: Prospective pilot study...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Zeynep Mısırlıgil, Arif Çımrın, Hakan Günen, Tevfik Özlü, Aykut Çilli, Levent Akyıldız, Hasan Bayram, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Esra Uzaslan, Öznur Abadoğlu, Mecit Suerdem
Introduction: Despite the presentation of similar symptoms, the airway diseases have different underlying pathophysiological processes and must be distinguished to enable the administration of appropriate treatment. In several studies the clinician- and patient-related causes of poor compliance to treatment in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Jody L Lin, Eyal Cohen, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of shared decision making (SDM) reported by parents of children with medical complexity (CMC) with the rates of SDM reported by parents of noncomplex children with special health care needs (CSHCN). STUDY DESIGN: We examined the 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, a representative survey of 40 242 parents of CSHCN. CMC was defined as needing or using more medical care than usual, seeing 2 or more subspecialists, and positive response on at least 3 other items on the CSHCN screener...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Arlene M Butz, Melissa Bellin, Mona Tsoukleris, Shawna S Mudd, Joan Kub, Jean Ogborn, Tricia Morphew, Cassia Lewis-Land, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger
BACKGROUND: Very poorly controlled (VPC) asthma in children is associated with ongoing acute exacerbations but factors associated with VPC are understudied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors associated with VPC asthma in urban minority children. METHODS: This descriptive study examined asthma control levels (well-controlled [WC], not well-controlled [NWC], and VPC) at baseline and 6 months in children participating in an ongoing randomized controlled trial of an emergency department/home environmental control intervention...
May 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Naim S Kia, Farhad Malek, Elaheh Ghods, Mona Fathi
Asthma can profoundly affect the quality of life of individuals with the disease. There are limited data on the quality of life of people with asthma in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate quality of life in adults with asthma in Semnan using the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36). The effect of sociodemographic characteristics on quality of life scores was examined. The study included a convenience sample of 385 outpatients with asthma attending a pulmonary clinic from June to December 2013...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Bankole Peter Kuti, Demilade Kehinde Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole, Lasisi Oluwafemi Mohammed, Busayo Gideon Ologun, Bolanle Idowu Oso
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) assessed using changes in peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) to free range exercise is a relatively cheap way of screening for asthma in resource-poor centres where children with asthma are often undiagnosed and poorly managed. This study sets out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with EIB among rural schoolchildren in Ilesa, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children aged 8-16 years from two middle schools in rural Ilesa were selected by multistage sampling...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Pınar Karadeniz, Şebnem Özdoğan, Durdugül Ayyıldız-Emecen, Ümmühan Öncül
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) and Asthma Control Test (ACT) in patients with poor asthma control. Children between 7-17 years of age with diagnosis of persistent asthma who are not on daily inhaler corticosteroid therapy were involved. At enrollment, sociodemographic and asthmatic characteristics were investigated and pulmonary function test (PFT), ACT and PAQLQ were administered. Patients were reevaluated following six week regular inhaler therapy and ACT, PAQLQ and PFT were performed...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Mariam El-Zein, Florence Conus, Andrea Benedetti, Dick Menzies, Marie-Elise Parent, Marie-Claude Rousseau
We estimated the association between bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination and childhood asthma in a birth cohort using administrative databases, and we determined the impact of adjusting for potential confounders collected from a subset of the cohort members. Data were collected in 2 waves: 1) Administrative data for 76,623 individuals (stage 1) was gathered from the Quebec Birth Cohort on Immunity and Health (1974-1994), including BCG vaccination status, perinatal and sociodemographic characteristics, and use of health services for asthma; and 2) self-reported asthma risk factors were collected in 2012 by telephone interviews with 1,643 participants (stage 2) using a balanced 2-stage sampling design...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Seok-Woo Lee, Hoi-Jeong Lim, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine the association between asthma and periodontitis in a representative sample of Korean adults from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2014. METHODS: This study conducts a cross-sectional evaluation using 2014 KNHANES data to describe the association between current asthma condition and chronic periodontitis while adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle factors...
June 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Christian D Pulcini, Bonnie T Zima, Kelly J Kelleher, Amy J Houtrow
OBJECTIVES: For asthma, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the objectives were to (1) describe the percent increases in prevalence and comorbidity and how these vary by poverty status, and (2) examine the extent to which poverty status is a predictor of higher than average comorbid conditions. METHODS: Secondary analyses of the National Survey of Children's Health for years 2003, 2007, and 2011-2012 were conducted to identify trends in parent reported lifetime prevalence and comorbidity among children with asthma, ADHD, and ASD and examine variation by sociodemographic characteristics, poverty status, and insurance coverage...
March 2017: Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"