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Facial aesthetics

Qiuling Luo, Mengxia Yu, You Li, Lei Mo
Facial beauty and moral beauty have been suggested to be two significant forms of social aesthetics. However, it remains unknown the extent to which there are neural underpinnings of the integration of these two forms of beauty. In the present study, participants were asked to make general aesthetic judgments of facial portraits and moral descriptions while collecting fMRI data. The facial portrait and moral description were randomly paired. Neurally, the appreciation of facial beauty and moral beauty recruited a common network involving the middle occipital gyrus (MOG) and medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC)...
February 13, 2019: Scientific Reports
Yan Wang, Shu Guo, Qiang Sun, Shi-Feng Jin, Xin Zhang, Ming Xiao, Chen-Chao Wang, Xu Sun, Meng-Zhu Lv, Ke-Zhu Li
BACKGROUND: Facial features vary in size and proportions between different races. This study aimed to measure the anthropometric variables of the labial region in Han Chinese young adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 900 college students (475 male and 425 female) of Chinese Han ethnicity from the northern China were included. Measurements of the labial region included 14 linear items and seven proportions. RESULTS: All the linear measurements of the males were significantly higher than those of the females (all P < 0...
February 13, 2019: Skin Research and Technology
Hao Nguyen Trong, Thao Vu Thi Phuong, Thuong Nguyen Van, Ha Vu Thai, Nghi Dinh Huu, Minh Vu Nguyet, Khang Tran Hau, Marco Gandolfi, Francesca Satolli, Claudio Feliciani, Michael Tirant, Aleksandra Vojvodic, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Aging is an increasing concern of modern society, particularly facial ageing. In recent years, the microinjection technique has increasingly been emphasised as a skin rejuvenation strategy. Hyaluronic acid (HA) plays an important role in the hydration of the extracellular space and can thus improve skin hydration, firmness and viscoelastic properties. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of HA microinjection in skin rejuvenation. METHODS: We enrolled thirty participants underwent three sessions of HA microinjection involving multiple injections in the face or back of the hands at 2-week intervals...
January 30, 2019: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Usha Chalise, Shaligram Dhungel, Rajib Chaulagain
BACKGROUND: The nose is a pyramidal shaped structure situated in the midline of midface being attached to the facial skeleton. The shape, size and spatial location of the nose-philtrum-upper lip complex are important from aesthetic point of view. Hence, to study the nasal parameters, shape of nostril and philtrum among the undergraduate students remained as the main aim of this study. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study enrolling 250 students of age 18-25 years...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Daniel Häussler, Haneen Sadick, Nicole Rotter
Skin tumors are becoming more and more frequent due to an increased exposition to UV-radiation and the growing age of the population. At the same time expectations with regard to function and aesthetics are growing. An in-total resection of the tumor with clear margins is the first step in surgical treatment of such patients. Reconstruction of the resulting defects depends on patient-specific factors such as prior radiation therapy or prior surgery, the patient´s individual expectations and the surgeon´s skills...
February 2019: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Roman Povolotskiy, Pavly Youssef, Rachel Kaye, Boris Paskhover
OBJECTIVES: "Young adulthood" is a term used to define individuals falling within the 18- to 22-year-old age range. Injuries account for more than a third of emergency department visits in this population. A particular area of concern is accidents that lead to injuries of the facial bones because they can have long-term functional, aesthetic, and psychosocial impacts. As many as 30 million young adults participate in some sort of sport in the United States per year, and facial injuries from these activities are not uncommon and thus require further exploration...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Katheleen Miranda, André Sander Carneiro, Jennifer Tsi Gerber, Suyany Gabriely Weiss, Leandro Eduardo Klüppel, Rafaela Scariot
Introduction: The bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is an unusual temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder with controversial etiology. The association of this entity with ankylosis is rare. Objective: The objective of the present study is to report a case of BMC with associated TMJ ankylosis in a patient with no history of trauma and/or infection. Case Report: A 17-year-old male patient sought care reporting pain on the right TMJ region and mastication difficulty due to a severe limitation of mouth opening...
2019: Case Reports in Surgery
Mateusz Koziej, Marek Trybus, Mateusz Holda, Jakub Polak, Jakub Wnuk, Pawel Brzegowy, Tadeusz Popiela, Jerzy Walocha, Anna Chrapusta
Background: The facial artery is the main blood vessel supplying the anterior face and an understanding of its anatomy is crucial in facial reconstruction and aesthetic procedures. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the many anatomical features of the facial artery using a multidimensional approach. Methods: Head and neck computed tomographic angiographies of 131 patients (255 facial arteries) with good image quality were evaluated...
February 5, 2019: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Guillaume Rougier, Patrick Antoine Diner, Martin Rachwalski, Eva Galliani, Catherine Tomat, Arnaud Picard, Natacha Kadlub
INTRODUCTION: Transverse mandibular deficiency has been traditionally managed by orthodontic compensation. However, without resolving the underlying skeletal hypoplasia it leads to high relapse rates. Few studies have reviewed the long-term experience and potential complications of mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis (MSDO) as an alternative treatment method. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A retrospective review of 20 patients (range: 4-19 years; mean: 11.9 years) treated with a hybrid MSDO device over the period of 1996-2017 was conducted...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Sebastian Cotofana, Nirusha Lachman
OBJECTIVE: There has been a significant shift in the understanding of facial anatomy during the last decade. Newer minimally invasive therapeutic options for facial rejuvenation procedures are increasing the need for a better knowledge of anatomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current literature is summarized, analyzed and presented along with the experience of the author for this narrative review, which summarizes the current understanding of the superficial and deep facial fat compartments and their relevance for minimally invasive facial procedures...
January 30, 2019: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Itsuko Okuda, Naoki Yoshioka, Yukio Shirakabe, Keiichi Akita
BACKGROUND: The superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) is an anatomical structure involved in the facial ageing process. We aimed to evaluate the SMAS laxity using multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) as a diagnostic tool, and to analyse the relationship between SMAS laxity and age. METHODS: Fifty-seven female subjects (aged 21-57 years) were enrolled in the study. The subjects were divided into two age groups: one below the mean age (Group Y, 30 subjects) and one over it (Group O, 27 subjects)...
February 2019: Experimental Dermatology
Hiroshi Kato, Takao Oda, Shoichi Watanabe, Akimichi Morita
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a malignant tumor of the skin. SCC is frequently distributed on highly exposed areas such as the face and dorsal surface of the hands because it is closely related to ultraviolet damage. We retrospectively analyzed 106 cases of SCC treated at Nagoya City University Hospital from April 2004 to October 2015 and examined regional features based on modified facial aesthetic units. SCC occurred more frequently on the cheek and forehead on the right side. The site of the tumor (nose and eyelid) was the only factor affecting tumor diameter...
February 2019: Experimental Dermatology
Takao Oda, Hiroshi Kato, Shoichi Watanabe, Akimichi Morita
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) occurs preferentially on the face. We retrospectively analyzed 200 cases of BCC treated at Nagoya City University Hospital from April 2004 to October 2015 and examined regional features based on modified facial aesthetic units. BCC occurred more frequently on the cheek, nasal and orbital areas. There was no significant difference between sides, and age was the only factor affecting tumor size.
February 2019: Experimental Dermatology
Elbert E Vaca, Jonathan T Bricker, Irene Helenowski, Eugene D Park, Mohammed S Alghoul
Background: The goal of upper eyelid procedures is to restore or create the ideal proportions between the pretarsal space and the upper lid fold. Objectives: The aim of this study was to define the topographic features of the attractive upper lid. Methods: Caucasian female frontal facial photographs were obtained from public media and periorbital areas were cropped. Two-hundred and ninety-four single eye photographs were rated by 6 evaluators using a 4-point Likert scale...
January 23, 2019: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Alessandra Haddad, Ana Paula Gomes Meski, Camila Cazerta, Christine Guarnieri, Eliandre Palermo, Juliana Sarubi, Luciana Lourenço, Luiz Eduardo Avelar, Marcus Henrique Morais, Maria Alice Gabay, Meire Brasil Parada, Rodrigo Ferraz, Rodrigo Maia, Danielle Shitara
wide variety of therapeutic options, some challenges have arisen: designing an adequate treatment plan, electing the most suitable procedures for the patient, taking into consideration the rheological characteristics of the products, considering the amount needed to achieve a natural look, but also defining the safest way to deliver the treatment. Aging of the facial structural tissue layers occurs at a different pace and the requirements for the aesthetic approach of a 30-year-old patient are different from a 60-year-old patient...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Gabriele F. Muti
Background: Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA, Radiesse®) with integral 0.3% lidocaine (CaHA(+)) has recently been approved for use in aesthetic medicine. This study assessed the performance of CaHA(+) in subjects undergoing treatment for facial volume loss and evaluated subject and physician satisfaction. Methods: In a prospective, open-label, post-marketing study, 25 women seeking treatment for age-related facial volume loss received CaHA(+) injections in 1–3 facial areas including the cheeks, marionette lines, prejowl sulcus, and jawline...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Leslie S. Baumann, Edmund M. Weisberg, Melissa Mayans, Erika Arcuri
Objective: To study the safety, efficacy, optimal volume, and longevity of an injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) gel dermal filler to treat facial temporal fossa fat loss. Methods and materials: This open-label, single-site, 12-month study used 20 mg/mL HA gel to correct volume loss in both temples in 30 subjects. Touch-ups were allowed at week 2. At each visit, the investigator completed a Frontal Temporal Fossa Scale and a 7-point satisfaction scale. Subjects completed a 7-point satisfaction scale, Subject Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS), and self-perception of age assessment...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Melanie D. Palm, Joel Schlessinger, Valerie D. Callender, Steven Fagien, Kenneth Beer, Suzanne Magante, Sara Sangha
Perceptions of attractiveness can be negatively affected by submental fullness. Patients seeking to improve their submental contour have a variety of treatment options including surgical procedures, energy-based devices, and injectable treatment. The Condition of Submental Fullness and Treatment Outcomes Registry (CONTOUR) was designed to provide insights into the treatment of submental fat (SMF) in clinical practice. CONTOUR was a prospective observational study that enrolled 1029 adults at 91 sites in the United States and Canada...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Nikhil Dhingra, Lauren Meshkov Bonati, Erica B Wang, Margaret Chou, Jared Jagdeo
Transgender individuals may transition to their identified gender through social, hormonal, and procedural methods by using a multidisciplinary team of health care providers, including dermatologists. In this review, we discuss the medical and aesthetic dermatologic needs related to the transitioning of transgender patients and provide therapeutic and procedural recommendations. In addition to routine cutaneous conditions, dermatologists may need to treat hormonal therapy-related complications. Acumen for genital dermatology and familiarity with gender reassignment surgery is important for the dermatologist caring for a transgender patient...
January 21, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Ren-Wen Ho, Po-Chiung Fang, Cheng-Hsien Chang, Yu-Peng Liu, Ming-Tse Kuo
Clinical usage of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) in ophthalmology has dramatically increased since the 1980s and has become one of the most widely used agents for treating facial movement disorders, autonomic dysfunction and aesthetic wrinkles. Despite its high efficacy, there are some complications with periocular BoNT injections due to its chemodenervation effect. Among these, there is still controversy over the BoNT effect on tear film homeostasis and the ocular surface. A periocular BoNT injection could dry the eye by reducing tear production of the lacrimal gland and increase tear evaporation due to potential eyelid malposition and abnormal blinks...
January 24, 2019: Toxins
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