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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672849/-sink-or-swim-an-ethnographic-study-of-nurse-educators-in-academic-culture
#1
Karen D Cotter, Lory Clukey
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the cultural context of academic nurse educators through the use of ethnography. BACKGROUND: This cultural context has seldom been explored from the perspective of nursing faculty. METHOD: Twelve interviews, followed by ethnographic data analysis, identified domains with related components describing this culture. RESULTS: Participants cited metaphors of water (e.g., sink or swim, keeping head above water) in describing the culture...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30600249/perceptions-of-stress-among-dental-students-living-in-a-war-affected-zone
#2
Arheiam A Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Marwan Al-Omami, Syed W Peeran, Waeil Elmisalati
The aims of this study were to assess the perceived levels and sources of stress for Libyan dental students living in a war zone and to compare the results of those students with students living in conflict-free areas in the same country. Eight hundred randomly selected students from three Libyan dental schools in conflict-active and conflict-free regions were invited to participate in a survey in 2016. The survey instrument was the validated Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire translated into Arabic...
January 2019: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589067/food-hygiene-knowledge-and-awareness-among-undergraduate-maritime-students
#3
Taha Talip Türkistanlı, Coşkan Sevgili
BACKGROUND: Reducing the crew size of the galley department on merchant vessels causes heavy workload for the remaining food handlers on board. This situation in return, could trigger risky behaviours and create an unsanitary environment which can facilitate the spread of various gastrointestinal disorders on ships. In such cases, ensuring and supervising food hygiene and food safety on board is up to maritime captains and officers. In addition to that, each crew member on board should maintain a general awareness of food hygiene to prevent any outbreaks...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570500/residency-program-factors-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-internal-medicine-interns-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Karina Pereira-Lima, Rahael R Gupta, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen
PURPOSE: This study investigated the associations between program-level variables such as organizational structure, workload, and learning environment and residents' development of depressive symptoms during internship. METHOD: Between 2012 and 2015, 1,276 internal medicine interns from 54 U.S. residency programs completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) before internship, and then quarterly throughout the internship. The training environment was assessed via a resident questionnaire (RQ) and average weekly work hours...
December 18, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566472/undoing-disparities-in-faculty-workloads-a-randomized-trial-experiment
#5
KerryAnn O'Meara, Audrey Jaeger, Joya Misra, Courtney Lennartz, Alexandra Kuvaeva
We conducted a randomized control study to improve equity in how work is taken up, assigned and rewarded in academic departments. We used a four-part intervention targeting routine work practices, department conditions, and the readiness of faculty to intervene to shape more equitable outcomes over an 18-month period. Our goal was to (a) increase the number of routine work practices that department faculty could enact to ensure equity, (b) enhance conditions within the department known to positively enhance equity, and (c) improve the action readiness of department faculty to ensure equity in division of labor...
2018: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30532409/osc17-removable-prosthodontic-workload-of-dental-technologists-in-faculty-of-dentistry-universiti-teknologi-mara-a-clinical-audit
#6
Noor Aaina Zainon, Tengku Fazrina Tengku Mohd Ariff, Tong Wah Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30527880/implementation-of-a-research-capstone-course-with-expanded-flexibility
#7
Jennifer L Kirwin, Danielle Burton, Navya Maddali, Michael J Gonyeau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A research-focused capstone course was designed to improve flexibility in the way pharmacy students meet the university's capstone requirement. The requirement aims to integrate knowledge, skills, and attitudes from didactic coursework and to apply them in a scholarly way to improve critical and evidence-based thinking, communication skills, and professionalism. This report describes the capstone course and faculty and student perceptions after the first year of implementation...
January 2019: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30527361/a-preliminary-model-for-faculty-workload-for-a-highly-integrated-curriculum-delivered-by-team-based-learning
#8
Marta J Brooks, Michael H Nelson
INTRODUCTION: We detail the process of developing a workload calculation model (WCM) for a highly integrated curriculum delivered by team-based learning, rationale for workload multipliers, and preliminary results of our effort to implement the WCM. METHODS: Our WCM includes teaching, service, and scholarship, with a time buffer. The WCM utilizes multipliers for most work activities (teaching and service). For other activities, a fixed number of hours per year was used...
October 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467949/cross-sectional-survey-of-workplace-stressors-associated-with-physician-burnout-measured-by-the-mini-z-and-the-maslach-burnout-inventory
#9
Kristine Olson, Christine Sinsky, Seppo T Rinne, Theodore Long, Ronald Vender, Sandip Mukherjee, Michael Bennick, Mark Linzer
Rising physician burnout has adverse effects on healthcare. This study aimed to identify remediable stressors associated with burnout using the 10-item Mini-Z and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and to compare performance of the Mini-Z's single-item burnout metric against the 22-item MBI. Surveys were emailed to 4118 clinicians affiliated with an academic health system; 1252 clicked the link, and 557 responded (completion rate 44%). Four hundred seventy-five practicing physicians were included: academic faculty (372), hospital employed (52), and private practitioners (81)...
November 22, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458412/the-heips-framework-scaffolding-interprofessional-education-starts-with-health-professional-educators
#10
Karen Stanley, David Stanley
The link between interprofessional collaboration and interprofessional education has been at the centre of discourse for some time. To understand some of the challenges of interprofessional collaboration, a research study was undertaken. The study investigated the interprofessional socialisation experiences of health professional educators, across five higher education faculties in Perth, Western Australia (WA). An interpretive phenomenological framework was utilised to explore the phenomena of interprofessional socialisation...
November 12, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30417755/-is-this-class-hard-defining-and-analyzing-academic-rigor-from-a-learner-s-perspective
#11
Sara A Wyse, Paula A G Soneral
Despite its value in higher education, academic rigor is a challenging construct to define for instructor and students alike. How do students perceive academic rigor in their biology course work? Using qualitative surveys, we asked students to identify "easy" or "hard" courses and define which aspects of these learning experiences contributed to their perceptions of academic rigor. The 100-level students defined hard courses primarily in affective terms, responding to stressors such as fast pacing, high workload, unclear relevance to their life or careers, and low faculty support...
December 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30391225/24-7-365-neuroradiologist-coverage-improves-resident-perception-of-educational-experience-referring-physician-satisfaction-and-turnaround-time
#12
Kevin Spitler, Arvind Vijayasarathi, Banafsheh Salehi, Sumit Dua, Avetis Azizyan, Milos Cekic, Nazanin Yaghmai, Ronald Homer, Noriko Salamon
PURPOSE: To quantitatively and qualitatively assess the impact of attending neuroradiology coverage on radiology resident perceptions of the on-call experience, referring physician satisfaction, and final report turnaround times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24/7/365 attending neuroradiologist coverage began in October 2016 at our institution. In March 2017, an online survey of referring physicians, (emergency medicine, neurosurgery, and stroke neurology) and radiology residents was administered at a large academic medical center...
October 9, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30385680/u-s-and-canadian-orthodontic-faculty-professional-satisfaction-a-survey-study
#13
Samantha Bogle, Jose A Bosio, Thomas J Cangialosi, Shuying S Jiang
The aims of this study were to evaluate U.S. and Canadian orthodontic faculty members' degree of job satisfaction and to assess the relationship between job satisfaction and factors such as full-time/part-time status, tenure status, age, and teaching training. This information is needed to set long-term goals for improving the recruitment and retention of full-time and part-time faculty. In August 2016, all members of the Council on Orthodontic Education Society of Educators and faculty members of the American Association of Orthodontists were invited via email to participate in a 34-question survey, which collected demographic data and asked respondents to report their degree of satisfaction on seven factors...
November 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30365426/does-incorporating-a-measure-of-clinical-workload-improve-workplace-based-assessment-scores-insights-for-measurement-precision-and-longitudinal-score-growth-from-ten-pediatrics-residency-programs
#14
Yoon Soo Park, Patricia J Hicks, Carol Carraccio, Melissa Margolis, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: This study investigates the impact of incorporating observer-reported workload into workplace-based assessment (WBA) scores on (1) psychometric characteristics of WBA scores and (2) measuring changes in performance over time using workload-unadjusted versus workload-adjusted scores. METHOD: Structured clinical observations and multisource feedback instruments were used to collect WBA data from first-year pediatrics residents at 10 residency programs between July 2016 and June 2017...
November 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30291322/development-of-a-points-based-system-for-determining-workload-for-a-neonatology-full-time-equivalent
#15
Steven Olsen, Howard Kilbride
Quantifying the workload for a hospital-based physician can be a challenge. We developed a novel approach to providing equity and flexibility for physicians working in a large system with heterogeneous clinical activities. In developing this points-based system, expected clinical work hours were calculated for a full-time equivalent. A point value was assigned to each clinical service based upon the hours, complexity and intensity of the work. A hypothetical work schedule was created using the expected clinical hours and translated into points needed for a full-time clinician...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30287393/satisfaction-salaries-and-sustainability-results-of-a-national-survey-of-pediatric-program-directors
#16
Adam Pallant, Sharon M Hudson, Eyal Ben-Isaac
OBJECTIVES: Describe the career and work environment of pediatric program directors (PDs) and associated factors, including salary disparities and long-term career plans. METHODS: A national, anonymous, electronic survey was sent to all categorical residency PD members of the Association of Pediatric Program Directors (APPD). Surveys assessed PD demographics, characteristics of the residency program and the PDs' positions (including salary), and measures of satisfaction...
October 2, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30225312/data-on-perceived-excessive-workload-on-faculty-members-commitment
#17
Olumuyiwa A Oludayo, Comfort O Akanbi, Hezekiah O Falola, Oluwafisayo A Aluko
For this article, the survey data on the effect of perceived excessive workload on faculty members' commitment was presented. This data was gathered from an academic environment using the full time faculty members of Covenant University. The descriptive research design method was employed. The initial sample size used for the analysis was 228 faculty members but only 189 copies of questionnaire were returned. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used for the coding of the data. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were carried out using Cronbach Alpha...
October 2018: Data in Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30197935/resident-satisfaction-with-radiation-oncology-training
#18
Awad A Ahmed, Stephen J Ramey, Mary K Dean, Stella K Yoo, Emma Holliday, Curtiland Deville, Cristiane Takita, Neha Vapiwala, Lynn D Wilson, Reshma Jagsi, Charles R Thomas, Raphael Yechieli
Purpose: Residency training environments can differ significantly; therefore, resident satisfaction may vary widely among programs. Here, we sought to examine several variables in program satisfaction through a survey of radiation oncology (RO) trainees in the United States. Methods and materials: An anonymous, institutional review board-approved, internet-based survey was developed and distributed to U.S. residents in RO in September 2016. This email-based survey assessed program-specific factors with regard to workload, work-life balance, and education as well as resident-specific factors such as marital status and postgraduate year...
July 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30115566/identifying-priorities-for-faculty-development-in-general-surgery-using-the-delphi-consensus-method
#19
Shanley B Deal, Adnan A Alseidi, Jeffrey G Chipman, Jeffrey Gauvin, Michael Meara, Richard Sidwell, Dimitrios Stefanidis, Paul J Schenarts
OBJECTIVE: Faculty teaching skills are critical for effective surgical education, however, which skills are most important to be taught in a faculty development program have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to identify priorities for faculty development as perceived by surgical educators. DESIGN: We used a modified Delphi methodology to assess faculty perceptions of the value of faculty development activities, best learning modalities, as well as barriers and priorities for faculty development...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30111324/what-prevents-midwifery-quality-care-in-bangladesh-a-focus-group-enquiry-with-midwifery-students
#20
Malin Bogren, Kerstin Erlandsson, Ulrika Byrskog
BACKGROUND: With professional midwives being introduced in Bangladesh in 2013, the aim of this study was to describe midwifery students perceptions on midwives' realities in Bangladesh, based on their own experiences. METHOD: Data were collected through 14 focus group discussions that included a total of 67 third-year diploma midwifery students at public nursing institutes/colleges in different parts of Bangladesh. Data were analyzed deductively using an analytical framework identifying social, professional and economical barriers to the provision of quality care by midwifery personnel...
August 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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