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Tae-Hyung Kim, Soon Ho Yoon, Hyunsook Hong, Hye-Ryun Kang, Sang-Heon Cho, Suh-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: We conducted a meta-analysis to determine a practical observation time for detecting a biphasic reaction after resolution of the initial anaphylactic reaction. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified studies on adult patients with anaphylaxis and a subsequent biphasic reaction due to various causes that contained sufficient data to extract outcomes. The outcomes were pooled using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Twelve studies with a total of 2,890 adult patients with anaphylaxis and 143 patients with a biphasic reaction were included...
February 14, 2019: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Michihiro Satoh, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Kei Asayama, Yoshitaka Murakami, Daisuke Sugiyama, Michiko Yamada, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Kiyomi Sakata, Fujiko Irie, Toshimi Sairenchi, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Masahiko Kiyama, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Katsuyuki Miura, Yutaka Imai, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Tomonori Okamura
Lifetime risk (LTR) provides an absolute risk assessment during the remainder of one’s life. Few studies have focused on the LTRs of stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD), categorized by fine blood pressure in Asian populations. We aimed to assess it using a large database of a meta-analysis with the individual participant data. The present metaanalysis included 107 737 Japanese (42.4% men; mean age, 55.1 years) from 13 cohorts. During the mean follow-up of 15.2±5.3 years (1 559 136 person-years), 1922 died from stroke and 913 from CHD...
January 2019: Hypertension
Philip Young
Importance: A theory on facial beauty might allow clinicians to achieve better results. Objectives: To find the ideal vertical position of the ears, total lip length, lip pucker length, distance between the irises, and starting point for the nasal radix. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this subjective survey, 11 sets of 43 total digitally adjusted pictures (DAPs) and line drawings of actual faces were ranked based on attractiveness by 419 clients at a facial plastic surgery clinic...
February 14, 2019: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
This study explored the factor structure of four subscales from the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire-Short Form (PSDQ-S). Associations between subscales and personal and medical factors were also examined. The analytic sample consisted of 89 survivors of adolescent and young adult cancer (Mage at time of study  = 32.96 ± 4.37 years; Mage at diagnosis  = 31.16 ± 4.84 years; 75.3% female). Confirmatory factor analysis suggested a reasonable fit to the data, indicating that the PSDQ-S subscales examined could be used in future investigations with this population [χ2 (38) = 46...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Jessica J Chiang, Heejung Park, David M Almeida, Julienne E Bower, Steve W Cole, Michael R Irwin, Heather McCreath, Teresa E Seeman, Andrew J Fuligni
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions and leading causes of death. Although CVD clinically manifests in adulthood, underlying processes of CVD begin in the earlier decades of life. Inflammation has been shown to play a key role, but relatively little is understood about how inflammation changes over time among young individuals. Additionally, how psychosocial factors like stress may influence changes in inflammation earlier in the lifespan is not entirely clear...
March 2019: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
M S Michel, M-O Grimm, M Burger, F Petersilie
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie (DGU) has set itself the task of supporting medical assistants on their way to becoming specialists in urology. At the same time, urological junior researchers have been given the opportunity to become part of the urological community at an early stage through the so-called junior membership of the DGU. The working group "Young Urologists" of the DGU addresses in particular topics such as the development of concepts for the promotion of young talent, improvement of further education, models for better compatibility of leisure/family and work as well as the compatibility of clinical and scientific work...
February 14, 2019: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Ethan S Walker, Maggie L Clark, Bonnie N Young, Sarah Rajkumar, Megan L Benka-Coker, Annette M Bachand, Robert D Brook, Tracy L Nelson, John Volckens, Stephen J Reynolds, Christian L'Orange, Sebastian Africano, Anibal B Osorto Pinel, Nicholas Good, Kirsten Koehler, Jennifer L Peel
Household air pollution from combustion of solid fuels is an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality, causing an estimated 2.6 million premature deaths globally in 2016. Self-reported health symptoms are a meaningful measure of quality of life, however, few studies have evaluated symptoms and quantitative measures of exposure to household air pollution. We assessed the cross-sectional association of self-reported symptoms and exposures to household air pollution among women in rural Honduras using stove type (traditional [n = 76]; cleaner-burning Justa [n = 74]) and 24-hour average personal and kitchen fine particulate matter (PM2...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Markus Paulus
Infants and toddlers engage in instrumental helping, that is, help others in achieving an action-based goal. The underlying psychological mechanisms are unclear and hotly debated. The present study examined whether young children's helping is affected by others' need. To this end, 1.5- and 3.5-year-old children (n = 101) were simultaneously confronted with a needy and a non-needy other in a variety of helping tasks. The results show that the 3.5-year-old, but not the 1.5-year-old children preferentially helped the needy person...
February 13, 2019: Psychological Research
Rosa Maria De Santo, Luca Salvatore De Santo
In Italy in 2017 out of 2738 assessments of death, there was a 28.7% of oppositions of family members to the removal of organs post-mortem. This opposition is a serious limitation to the development of transplantation programs. There is a need to increase the number of transplants since transplantation grants the highest quality of life, a longer survival and at a lower cost for the society. We propose the use of Narrative Medicine (MN) to reduce this opposition. "Narrative Medicine - as Charon says - fortifies clinical practice with the narrative competence to recognize, absorb, metabolize, interpret, and be moved by the stories of illness"...
February 2019: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
M Kamruzzaman, A H Mahboob, M A Uddin, H Pandit, A Hossain, N U Ahmed
Casualty, in relation to personnel, any person who is lost to his organization; by reason of being declared dead, wounded, diseased, detained, captured or missing. Casualty service or department is not well organized in the hospitals of our country. We have recently started functioning casualty department to manage casualties properly in spite of the increasing workload and emerging needs of this department. This study was conducted in the Casualty department, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh to analyze the number of patients and pattern of casualties...
January 2019: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Tomoko Matsui, Motoki Sato, Yoko Kato, Hiroshi Nishigori
BACKGROUND: During professional identity formation (PIF), medical students and young doctors enter the process of socialization in medicine with their preexisting personal identities. Here, the authors focused on how gender influences both the professional and personal identities of doctors. The authors' particular research question was how the professional and personal identities of female doctors are formed in Japan, a patriarchal and highly masculinized country, especially before and after marriage and childbirth...
February 12, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Randi Melissa Schuster, Maya Hareli, Amelia D Moser, Kelsey Lowman, Jodi Gilman, Christine Ulysse, David Schoenfeld, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: Correlates of cannabis use and dependence among young adults have been widely studied. However, it is not known which factors are most strongly associated with severity of cannabis use dependence (CUD) severity. Identification of the salient correlates of CUD severity will be of increasing clinical significance as use becomes more socially normative. METHODS: This study used a data-driven, hypothesis-free approach to examine the most robust correlates of CUD severity among a sample of 76 young adults (ages 18 to 25 years) who used cannabis at least weekly...
January 23, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Jesús Adrián-Ventura, Víctor Costumero, Maria Antònia Parcet, César Ávila
Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) proposes a widely used taxonomy of human personality linked to individual differences at both behavioral and neuropsychological levels that describe a predisposition to psychopathology. However, the body of RST research was based on animal findings, and little is known about their anatomical correspondence in humans. Here we set out to investigate MRI structural correlates (i.e. voxel-based morphometry) of the main personality dimensions proposed by the RST in a group of 400 healthy young adults who completed the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ)...
February 8, 2019: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Nancy A Dodson, Miriam Langer
Primary care providers should have a general understanding of the medical care available to transgender youth throughout childhood and adolescence. Providers and parents should create an affirming environment for young people at every developmental stage, while ensuring thorough and thoughtful evaluations prior to any medical intervention. Transgender teens have unique reproductive health care needs. Transgender boys may seek suppression of menses, and they will need to pay particular attention to pregnancy prevention if they decide to undergo masculinizing hormonal treatment...
February 1, 2019: Pediatric Annals
Susan J Curry, Alex H Krist, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, David C Grossman, Alex R Kemper, Martha Kubik, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng, John B Wong
Importance: Perinatal depression, which is the occurrence of a depressive disorder during pregnancy or following childbirth, affects as many as 1 in 7 women and is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and the postpartum period. It is well established that perinatal depression can result in adverse short- and long-term effects on both the woman and child. Objective: To issue a new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on interventions to prevent perinatal depression...
February 12, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anahit Babayan, Miray Erbey, Deniz Kumral, Janis D Reinelt, Andrea M F Reiter, Josefin Röbbig, H Lina Schaare, Marie Uhlig, Alfred Anwander, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Annette Horstmann, Leonie Lampe, Vadim V Nikulin, Hadas Okon-Singer, Sven Preusser, André Pampel, Christiane S Rohr, Julia Sacher, Angelika Thöne-Otto, Sabrina Trapp, Till Nierhaus, Denise Altmann, Katrin Arelin, Maria Blöchl, Edith Bongartz, Patric Breig, Elena Cesnaite, Sufang Chen, Roberto Cozatl, Saskia Czerwonatis, Gabriele Dambrauskaite, Maria Dreyer, Jessica Enders, Melina Engelhardt, Marie Michele Fischer, Norman Forschack, Johannes Golchert, Laura Golz, C Alexandrina Guran, Susanna Hedrich, Nicole Hentschel, Daria I Hoffmann, Julia M Huntenburg, Rebecca Jost, Anna Kosatschek, Stella Kunzendorf, Hannah Lammers, Mark E Lauckner, Keyvan Mahjoory, Ahmad S Kanaan, Natacha Mendes, Ramona Menger, Enzo Morino, Karina Näthe, Jennifer Neubauer, Handan Noyan, Sabine Oligschläger, Patricia Panczyszyn-Trzewik, Dorothee Poehlchen, Nadine Putzke, Sabrina Roski, Marie-Catherine Schaller, Anja Schieferbein, Benito Schlaak, Robert Schmidt, Krzysztof J Gorgolewski, Hanna Maria Schmidt, Anne Schrimpf, Sylvia Stasch, Maria Voss, Annett Wiedemann, Daniel S Margulies, Michael Gaebler, Arno Villringer
We present a publicly available dataset of 227 healthy participants comprising a young (N=153, 25.1±3.1 years, range 20-35 years, 45 female) and an elderly group (N=74, 67.6±4.7 years, range 59-77 years, 37 female) acquired cross-sectionally in Leipzig, Germany, between 2013 and 2015 to study mind-body-emotion interactions. During a two-day assessment, participants completed MRI at 3 Tesla (resting-state fMRI, quantitative T1 (MP2RAGE), T2-weighted, FLAIR, SWI/QSM, DWI) and a 62-channel EEG experiment at rest...
February 12, 2019: Scientific Data
Aniruddha Hazra, Timothy W Menza, Kenneth Levine, Chris Grasso, Kenneth H Mayer
For patients assigned male at birth seen at a Boston clinic over a decade, we found disproportionate syphilis cases in young patients, Black and Hispanic/Latinx patients, gay/bisexual patients, cisgender men, and those with new or chronic HIV infection; syphilitic reinfections have significantly increased. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: United States syphilis rates have increased to levels last seen in the 1990s. We examined syphilis epidemiology of patients attending a Boston community health center specializing in sexual and gender minority health...
February 9, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Kendra Liljenquist, Jessica Kramer, Zachary Rossetti, Wendy Coster
INTRODUCTION: Participation in community-based recreation and leisure activities may afford valuable opportunities to young people with cognitive disabilities (CD) to develop important self-determination skills needed for success in adulthood. To evaluate whether these programmes are achieving their intended impact, it is important to have a tool that captures the perspective of the participants using an accessible method. This article describes the content development and evaluation of accessibility and feasibility of the Participatory Experience Survey (PES)...
February 11, 2019: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett, Connie Marras
Background: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a multisystem condition associated with an increased risk of early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: We review the clinical, neuroimaging, and neuropathological observations, as well as diagnostic challenges, of PD in 22q11.2DS. We conducted a search of PubMed up until June 1, 2018 and personal files to identify relevant publications. Results: 22q11.2DS-associated PD is responsible for approximately 0...
January 2019: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Wontae Kim, Sangjin Kim, Jongwook Oh, Young Jae Jeong, Jinsoo Rhu, Kyung Sik Kim, Jisoo Lee, Gyu-Sung Choi, Jong Man Kim, Jae-Won Joh
Purpose: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus, which occurs frequently in liver transplant recipients with impaired cellular immunity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for HZ after adult liver transplantation (LT). Methods: In our institution, 993 patients underwent adult LT from January 1997 to December 2013. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence rate of HZ and risk factors for HZ after LT...
February 2019: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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