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Balance Y-test

Ling Chen, Weian Du, Weibin Wu, Anlu Yu, Xiyong Pan, Peipei Feng, Chunlei Feng, Chen Li, Lingdan Xu, Changhui Liu, Chao Liu
In this study, a multiplex amplification system including 47 autosomal InDels, 2 Y-chromosome InDels, and the sex-determining marker (Amelogenin) was developed with six fluorescent dyes labeling. These InDels were selected from the previous study based on a series of criteria (0.3 < MAF < 0.5, HET > 0.4, etc). The system was designated the AGCU InDel 50 kit and was validated in a series of studies, including a degradation study; tests for sensitivity, species specificity, reproducibility, stability, applicability to case samples, balance of peak height, and PCR conditions; and a population study...
February 12, 2019: Forensic Science International. Genetics
M Nissim, Y Hutzler, A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Aquatic motor intervention has been found to be effective in reducing falls and improving verbal working memory among the general population. However, effects among older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) have never been explored. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of aquatic motor intervention on fall risk and verbal working memory among older adults with ID. METHODS: Forty-one older adults with mild to moderate ID (age: 50-66 years) were randomly assigned to 14 weeks of aquatic motor intervention (Ai Chi: N = 19) or identical on-land motor intervention (Tai Chi: N = 22)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
S M Wang, Z Li, G B Wang, H Q Ye, Y S Liu, D Tong, W H Gao, Y S Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To establish a complete workflow of digital design and manufacturing occlusal splint for sleep bruxism, which can be preliminarily applied in clinical use, thus observe the clinical efficacy. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with sleep bruxism were recruited in the study and randomly divided into two groups by using random number tables. Digital-occlusal-splint (experimental group) treatment plan and traditional-occlusal-splint (control-group) treatment plan were carried out for each group, respectively...
February 18, 2019: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Bethany J Huebner, Phillip J Plisky, Kyle B Kiesel, Kate Schwartzkopf-Phifer
Background and Purpose: Researchers have used an injury risk algorithm utilizing demographic data, injury history, the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and Lower Quarter Y Balance Test™ (YBT™) scores to categorize individual injury risk. The purpose of this study was to identify if a group-based hybrid injury prevention program utilizing key factors from previous research with the addition of an individualized approach can modify the injury risk category of athletes. Study Design: Cohort Study...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
J-M Wu, T-C Kuo, H-A Chen, C-H Wu, S-R Lai, C-Y Yang, S-Y Hsu, T-W Ho, W-C Liao, Y-W Tien
BACKGROUND: Whether continued oral feeding may have a negative impact on healing of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is unclear. The aim was to test the hypothesis that oral feeding is non-inferior to enteral feeding in closure of POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy, and to clarify the effects of oral feeding on the duration and grade of POPF. METHODS: This multicentre, non-inferiority randomized trial of oral or enteral feeding of patients with POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy recruited patients between August 2013 and September 2016...
February 2019: British Journal of Surgery
Afreen Aftab, Thankam R Varma, Bibhas Kar
Presence of chromosomal anomalies is well known to be associated with reproductive failures where the incidence of chromosomal translocations is higher. Y:1 chromosomal translocations are reported to be rare and may have variable phenotypic effects such as infertility amongst others. The patient presented with azoospermia and dyslipidemia and coronary arterial disease. Cytogenetic tests such as karyotyping revealed the translocation, and fluorescent in situ hybridisation was performed to investigate the presence or absence of SRY gene...
February 3, 2019: Andrologia
Anderson Paulo Barbosa de Lima, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Leopoldino Capelozza Filho, Mauricio de Almeida Cardoso, Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess the influence of facial pattern in smile attractiveness on different levels of gingival exposure evaluated by dental specialists and laypersons. METHODS: Frontal photographs of 2 white Brazilian women, one with a long face and the other with a balanced face, were acquired and subsequently modified to simulate gingival exposure from 0 to 6 mm. Four groups of evaluators of both sexes (mean age 34 y), including laypersons (n = 24) and dental specialists (n = 72; 24 orthodontists, 24 periodontists, and 24 maxillofacial surgeons), used a Likert-type scale to evaluate the attractiveness of the smiles of these subjects with different levels of gingival exposure...
February 2019: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
A C Baakman, R Zuiker, J M A van Gerven, N Gross, R Yang, M Fetell, A Gershon, Y Gilgun-Sherki, E Hellriegel, O Spiegelstein
AIMS: In previous studies, the H3 R antagonist CEP-26401 had a subtle effect on spatial working memory, with the best effect seen at the lowest dose tested (20μg), and a dose-dependent disruption of sleep. In the current study, three low dose levels of CEP-26401 were compared with modafinil and donepezil. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo- and positive-controlled, randomized, partial six-way cross-over study, 40 healthy subjects received single doses of placebo, CEP-26401 (5, 25, or 125 μg) or modafinil 200mg or donepezil 10mg...
February 2, 2019: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
X C Lin, H G Huang, Y C Chen, F C Lu, R G Lin, Y Y Yang, C F Wang, H Z Fang
Objective: To compare the short-term clinical outcomes and cost differences of robotic distal pancreatectomy (RDP) versus laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP). Methods: The retrospective descriptive study was adopted.The clinical data of 158 patients underwent minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy who were admitted to Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between January 2016 and July 2018 were collected.A 1∶1 matched propensity score (PSM) analysis was performed for the RDP group and the LDP group...
February 1, 2019: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Andrew M Koth, Claudia A Algaze, Charlotte Sakarovitch, Jin Long, Komal Kamra, Gail E Wright, Bambi Alexander-Banys, Katsuhide Maeda, Andrew Y Shin
OBJECTIVE: This study sets out to determine the influence of age at the time of surgery as a risk factor for post-operative length of stay after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis. METHODS: All patients undergoing a Glenn procedure between January 2010 and July 2015 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Demographic data were examined. Standard descriptive statistics was used. A univariable analysis was conducted using the appropriate test based on data distribution...
January 30, 2019: Cardiology in the Young
Billy C L So, Joseph K-F Ng, Ken C K Au
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a 4-week community aquatic physiotherapy program with Ai Chi or the Bad Ragaz Ring Method (BRRM) on pain and disability in adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Adults with CLBP (n= 44; mean ± SD age, 52.6 ± 5.5 y; 37 women) were randomly assigned to either an Ai Chi (n= 23) or BRRM (n= 21) program (4 weeks, twice weekly). RESULTS: Both the Ai Chi (-1.4; 95% CI -2.6 to -0.2; p= .025) and BRRM (-2...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Y Ma, Y Hou, Q Ma, X Wang, S Sui, B Wang
AIM: To assess the accuracy of compressed SENSE (CS-SENSE) cine cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with and without breath-hold in comparison to standard cine CMR with breath-hold for the assessment of left ventricular (LV) function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three healthy volunteers underwent balanced turbo field-echo cine CMR with breath-hold (BTFE-BH; reference standard), single breath-hold CS-SENSE (csBTFE-BH) cine CMR, and free-breathing (FB) CS-SENSE (csBTFE-FB) cine CMR on a 3 T MRI system...
January 25, 2019: Clinical Radiology
Kimberly C Lang, Madeleine E Hackney, Lena H Ting, J Lucas McKay
BACKGROUND: Abnormal antagonist leg muscle activity could indicate increased muscle co-contraction and clarify mechanisms of balance impairments in Parkinson's disease (PD). Prior studies in carefully selected patients showed PD patients demonstrate earlier, longer, and larger antagonist muscle activation during reactive balance responses to perturbations. RESEARCH QUESTION: Here, we tested whether antagonist leg muscle activity was abnormal in a group of PD patients who were not selected for phenotype and most of whom had volunteered for exercise-based rehabilitation...
2019: PloS One
Shearwood McClelland, Kiri A Sandler, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Arthur Y Hung, Timur E Mitin
INTRODUCTION: Several recent randomized clinical trials have evaluated hypofractionated regimens against conventionally fractionated EBRT and shown similar effectiveness with conflicting toxicity results. The current view regarding hypofractionation compared to conventional EBRT among North American genitourinary experts for management of prostate cancer has not been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed to 88 practicing North American GU physicians serving on decision - making committees of cooperative group research organizations...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Abbis H Jaffri, Thomas M Newman, Brent I Smith, Giampietro L Vairo, Craig R Denegar, William E Buckley, Sayers John Miller
CONTEXT: The Dynamic Leap Balance Test (DLBT) is a new dynamic balance task that requires serial changes in base of support (BOS) with alternating limb support and recovery of dynamic stability, as compared to the Y modification of the Star Excursion Balance Test (Y-SEBT), which assesses dynamic stability over an unchanging BOS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the dynamic balance performance in two different types of dynamic balance tasks, the DLBT and the SEBT, in subjects with unilateral chronic ankle instability (CAI) when compared with healthy...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Cody L Sipe, Kevin D Ramey, Phil P Plisky, James David Taylor
Testing balance and fall risk with older adults of varying abilities is of increasing importance. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Y Balance Test Lower Quarter (YBT-LQ) in older adults. A secondary aim was to provide estimates of reliability with this population. Thirty male (n=15) and female (n=15) subjects (66.8+6.5 years) performed the YBT-LQ, 30-second Chair Stand Test (CST), 8' Up and Go (8UG), Timed Up and Go (TUG), Single Leg Stance (SLS) and Activities Specific Balance Confidence (ABCS) questionnaire...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
X H Zhu, Y Huang, Y L Jiang
Objective: To observe the changes of serological factors in the dose-increasing phase of allergic rhinitis and to explore the mechanism of short-term rush immunotherapy. Method: The clinical data of 110 patients with allergic rhinitis diagnosed by rush immunotherapy in our hospital were analyzed. According to the results of allergen test(sIgE), they were divided into simple dust mite allergy group and multiple allergen allergy groups. The serum of the patients were taken before the start of rush immunotherapy and the first day after the end of the dose-increasing phase...
January 2019: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Aymen Ben Othman, Anis Chaouachi, Mehdi M Chaouachi, Issam Makhlouf, Jonathan P Farthing, Urs Granacher, David G Behm
Cross-education has been extensively investigated with adults. Adult studies report asymmetrical cross-education adaptations predominately after dominant limb training. The objective of the study was to examine unilateral leg-press (LP) training of the dominant or non-dominant leg on contralateral and ipsilateral strength and balance measures. Forty-two youth (10-13 years) were placed (random allocation) into a dominant (n=15) or non-dominant (n=14) leg-press training group or non-training control (n=13). Experimental groups trained 3 times per week for 8 weeks and were tested pre-/post-training for ipsilateral and contralateral 1-repetition maximum (RM) LP, knee extensors (KE) and flexors (KF) maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC), countermovement jump (CMJ), triple hop test (THT), elbow flexors (EF) MVIC and handgrip MVIC, as well as Stork and Y balance test...
January 21, 2019: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Ilaria Clerici, Roberto Maestri, Francesca Bonetti, Paola Ortelli, Daniele Volpe, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
Background: Freezing of gait (FOG) is one of the most disabling symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD). It has been found that different land-based rehabilitation approaches based on motor and cognitive strategies could be effective for treating FOG. At the same time, there are data about the efficacy of aquatic therapy (AT) in ameliorating this phenomenon. No 1 study has explored the combined effect of land plus AT in patients with PD who have FOG. Objective: The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, intensive, motor-cognitive rehabilitation treatment (MIRT) in improving FOG and whether the implementation with AT (MIRT-AT) adds further benefits...
January 17, 2019: Physical Therapy
Su-Kyoung Lee, Su-Hong Ahn
This study measured balance ability using both an existing clinical test tool, the Y-balance test (YBT), and an automated version of the YBT named the dynamic balance test (DBT) developed in this study. Correlations between the two methods were examined to determine whether the DBT can be used as an objective tool for balance ability evaluation. The subjects included in the study were 32 healthy male adults in their 20s, who were randomized into two groups, YBT and DBT, to compare the balance ability between the two groups...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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