Read by QxMD icon Read

Hip flexor muscles exercises

Angeles Bonal Rosell Rayes, Claudio Andre B de Lira, Ricardo B Viana, Ana A Benedito-Silva, Rodrigo L Vancini, Naryana Mascarin, Marilia S Andrade
Background: Some studies have been conducted to verify the effects of Pilates for individuals who are obese, but conclusive results are not yet available due to methodological concerns. The present study aims to verify and compare the effects of Pilates and aerobic training on cardiorespiratory fitness, isokinetic muscular strength, body composition, and functional task outcomes for individuals who are overweight/obese. Methods: Of the sixty participants, seventeen were allocated to the control group, since the intervention protocol ( Pilates or walking sessions) was during their working hours...
2019: PeerJ
Suzana Pustivšek, Nejc Šarabon
BACKGROUND: Chronic low-back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care and it imposes a significant burden on individuals and society at large. Systematic reviews evaluating the effectiveness of supervised exercise therapies commonly conclude that, to date, there is no evidence to support the superiority of one form of exercise over another. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) to date included mostly trunk strengthening exercises (e.g. bird dog, plank) and there is no evidence about supervised, individually graded integral movement therapy program for patients with CLBP...
January 21, 2019: Trials
Simon von Stengel, Marc Teschler, Anja Weissenfels, Sebastian Willert, Wolfgang Kemmler
Background/Objective: In soccer the recovery time between matches is often not long enough for complete restoration. Insufficient recovery can result in reduced performance and a higher risk of injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of Deep Oscillation (DO) as a recovery method. Methods: In a randomized crossover study including 8 male soccer players (22 ± 3.3 years) the following parameters were evaluated directly before and 48 h after a fatiguing soccer-specific exercise: Maximum isokinetic strength of the leg and hip extensors and flexors (Con-Trex® Leg Press, Physiomed, Germany), rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during isokinetic testing (Borg scale 6-20), creatine kinase (CK) serum levels and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS; visual analogue scale 1-10)...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Joachim Wiskemann, Dorothea Clauss, Christine Tjaden, Thilo Hackert, Lutz Schneider, Cornelia M Ulrich, Karen Steindorf
OBJECTIVES: Maintaining or improving muscle mass and muscle strength is an important treatment goal in pancreatic cancer (PC) patients because of high risk of cachexia. Therefore, we assessed feasibility and effectivity of a 6-month progressive resistance training (RT) in PC patients within a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-five PC patients were randomly assigned to either supervised progressive RT (RT1), home-based RT (RT2), or usual care control group (CON)...
December 21, 2018: Pancreas
Simon von Stengel, Wolfgang Kemmler
Background: The age-related decline in muscle strength is a well documented phenomenon in human beings. Resistance-type exercise including the novel, joint-friendly, and time-efficient whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) technology decelerates this unfavorable decline. However, the issue of trainability of the neuromuscular system during different periods of life still remains, especially for WB-EMS. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the changes in maximum isokinetic leg/hip extensor strength (MIES) and maximum isokinetic leg/hip flexor strength (MIFS) after WB-EMS interventions in men in different periods of life...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman, Öznur Tunca Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of lower limb flexibility on the functional performance of children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. METHODS: Thirty children, whose functional levels were at 1 or 2 according to the Brooke Lower Extremity Functional Classification Scale, were included in this study. The flexibilities of the hamstrings, hip flexors, tensor fascia latae, and gastrocnemius muscles were evaluated in the children's dominant lower limbs. The children's functional performance was assessed using 6-minute walk tests and timed performance tests...
September 5, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Maximilian Sanno, Steffen Willwacher, Gaspar Epro, Gert-Peter Brüggemann
PURPOSE: To investigate the joint-specific contributions to the total lower-extremity joint work during a prolonged fatiguing run. METHODS: Recreational long-distance runners (n = 13) and competitive long-distance runners (n = 12) performed a 10-km treadmill run with near-maximal effort. A three-dimensional motion capture system synchronized with a force-instrumented treadmill was used to calculate joint kinetics and kinematics of the lower extremity in the sagittal plane during the stance phase at 13 distance points over the 10-km run...
December 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Josefina Bertoli, Juliano Dal Pupo, Marco A Vaz, Daniele Detanico, Grazieli M Biduski, Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mat Pilates on isokinetic torque of the lower limbs in elderly women. Fourteen elderly women (Age 62 ± 3 yr) participated in 12 weeks of Mat Pilates training (60-min sessions, 3 times per week). Repetitions increased every 4 weeks and the difficulty of exercises progressed from beginner to intermediate and advanced. Peak torque was assessed before (week -4 and week 0, considered as a control period) and after 6 and 12 weeks of a periodized Mat Pilates intervention...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Lucas Bet da Rosa Orssatto, Bruno Monteiro de Moura, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Regis Radaelli, Fernando Diefenthaeler
The aim of this study was to investigate whether 12 weeks of leg press strength training exercise could affect the conventional and functional hamstring:quadriceps ratios in the elderly. Twelve elderly participants were submitted to a 12 week progressive training protocol (two sessions/week) using a 45° leg press exercise. A significant increase in the one repetition maximum was observed after 4, 8, and 12 weeks (p = 0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.001, respectively) compared to week 0 and after 8 (p = 0...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
John D McCamley, Eric L Cutler, Kendra K Schmid, Shane R Wurdeman, Jason M Johanning, Iraklis I Pipinos, Sara A Myers
Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) experience significant leg dysfunction. The effects of PAD on gait include shortened steps, slower walking velocity, and altered gait kinematics and kinetics, which may confound joint torques and power measurements. Spatiotemporal parameters, joint torques and powers were calculated and compared between 20 patients with PAD and 20 healthy controls using independent t-tests. Separate ANCOVA models were used to evaluate group differences after independently adjusting for gait velocity, stride length and step width...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Mariana E Kersh, Saulo Martelli, Roger Zebaze, Ego Seeman, Marcus G Pandy
Advancing age and reduced loading are associated with a reduction in bone formation. Conversely, loading increases periosteal apposition and may reduce remodeling imbalance and slow age-related bone loss, an important outcome for the proximal femur, which is a common site of fracture. The ability to take advantage of bone's adaptive response to increase bone strength has been hampered by a lack of knowledge of which exercises and specific leg muscles load the superior femoral neck: a common region of microcrack initiation and progression following a sideways fall...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Nikos C Apostolopoulos, Ian M Lahart, Michael J Plyley, Jack Taunton, Alan M Nevill, Yiannis Koutedakis, Matthew Wyon, George S Metsios
Effects of passive static stretching intensity on recovery from unaccustomed eccentric exercise of right knee extensors was investigated in 30 recreationally active males randomly allocated into 3 groups: high-intensity (70%-80% maximum perceived stretch), low-intensity (30%-40% maximum perceived stretch), and control. Both stretching groups performed 3 sets of passive static stretching exercises of 60 s each for hamstrings, hip flexors, and quadriceps, over 3 consecutive days, post-unaccustomed eccentric exercise...
August 2018: Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
Carla Rauseo
Background and Purpose: While there is much discussion about tendinopathy in the literature, there is little reference to the less common condition of iliopsoas tendinopathy, and no documentation of the condition in runners. The iliopsoas is a major decelerator of the hip and eccentric loading of the iliopsoas is an important component of energy transfer during running. Eccentric training is a thoroughly researched method of treating tendinopathy but has shown mixed results. The purpose of this case report is to describe the rehabilitation of a runner with iliopsoas tendinopathy, and demonstrate in a creative eccentric-biased technique to assist with treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sofie Thurø Østergaard, Katherine Johnson, Tanya Stojkovic, Thomas Krag, Willem De Ridder, Peter De Jonghe, Jonathan Baets, Kristl G Claeys, Roberto Fernández-Torrón, Lauren Phillips, Ana Topf, Jaume Colomer, Shahriar Nafissi, Shirin Jamal-Omidi, Celine Bouchet-Seraphin, France Leturcq, Daniel G MacArthur, Monkol Lek, Liwen Xu, Isabelle Nelson, Volker Straub, John Vissing
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the gene coding for protein O-mannosyl-transferase 2 ( POMT2 ) are known to cause severe congenital muscular dystrophy, and recently, mutations in POMT2 have also been linked to a milder limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) phenotype, named LGMD type 2N (LGMD2N). Only four cases have been reported so ID: NCT02759302 METHODS: We report 12 new cases of LGMD2N, aged 18-63 years. Muscle involvement was assessed by MRI, muscle strength testing and muscle biopsy analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Matthew N Bourne, Ryan G Timmins, David A Opar, Tania Pizzari, Joshua D Ruddy, Casey Sims, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
Strength training is a valuable component of hamstring strain injury prevention programmes; however, in recent years a significant body of work has emerged to suggest that the acute responses and chronic adaptations to training with different exercises are heterogeneous. Unfortunately, these research findings do not appear to have uniformly influenced clinical guidelines for exercise selection in hamstring injury prevention or rehabilitation programmes. The purpose of this review was to provide the practitioner with an evidence-base from which to prescribe strengthening exercises to mitigate the risk of hamstring injury...
February 2018: Sports Medicine
Daniel L Belavý, Hiroshi Ohshima, Jörn Rittweger, Dieter Felsenberg
AIMS: To investigate differential muscle atrophy during bed-rest, the impact of a high-intensity concentric-eccentric (flywheel) resistance exercise countermeasure and muscle recovery after bed-rest. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy male subjects underwent 90 dayshead-down tilt bed-rest. Volume of individual lower-limb muscles was measured via MRI before, twice during and four times up to 1 year after bed-rest. Subjects were either inactive (n=16) or performed flywheel exercise every third day of bed-rest (n=9)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Takaaki Kakihana, Osamu Ito, Yusuke Sekiguchi, Daisuke Ito, Hitoshi Goto, Daijirou Akamatsu, Yasuharu Matsumoto, Masahiro Kohzuki
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent claudication aggravates physical function and is associated with an increased risk of death in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Previous studies on kinetic parameters (joint moment and power) of lower limbs in these patients have largely focused on the decline in the ankle plantar flexor moment and power at self-selected (SS) walking speed, which may not be an optimal condition to induce claudication pain. In the present study, we investigated the abnormalities in joint kinetic parameters in patients with PAD at both SS and at fast walking speeds...
August 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Saulo Martelli
The aim of the study was to investigate femoral neck strain during maximal isometric contraction of the hip-spanning muscles. The musculoskeletal and the femur finite-element models from an elderly white woman were taken from earlier studies. The hip-spanning muscles were grouped by function in six hip-spanning muscle groups. The peak hip and knee moments in the model were matched to corresponding published measurements of the hip and knee moments during maximal isometric exercises about the hip and the knee in elderly participants...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee, Ji-Heon Hong, Jae-Ho Yu, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pelvic diagonal movements, made with and without resistance, on the thickness of lumbar multifidus muscles. [Subjects and Methods] Participants in this study were healthy subjects who had no musculoskeletal disorders or lumbar-related pain. Participants were positioned on their side and instructed to lie with their hip flexor at 40 degrees. Ultrasonography was used for measurement, and the values of two calculations were averaged. [Results] The thickness of ipsilateral lumbar multifidus muscles showed a significant difference following the exercise of pelvic diagonal movements...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"