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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741823/predictors-of-faster-virological-suppression-in-early-treated-infants-with-perinatal-hiv-from-europe-and-thailand
#1
Man K Chan, Ruth Goodall, Ali Judd, Nigel Klein, Elena Chiappini, Thomas Klimkait, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Paolo Palma, Paolo Rossi, Claire Thorne, Anna Turkova, Paola Zangari, Pieter L Fraaij, Dasja Pajkrt, Laura Marques, Intira J Collins, Diana M Gibb, Maria I Gonzalez-Tome, Maria L Navarro, Jose T Ramos, Antoni Noguera-Julian, Josiane Warszawski, Christoph Königs, Vana Spoulou, Filipa Prata, Tessa Goetghebuer, Luisa Galli, Lars Naver, Carlo Giaquinto, Magdalena Marczynska, Liubov Okhonskaia, Ruslan Malyuta, Alla Volokha, Luminita Ene, Pablo Rojo, Abdel G A Babiker
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of faster time to virological suppression among infants starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) early in infancy. DESIGN: Cohort study of infants from Europe and Thailand included in studies participating in the European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration (EPPICC). METHODS: Infants with perinatal HIV starting cART aged <6 months with ≥1 viral load (VL) measurement within 15 months of cART initiation were included...
February 7, 2019: AIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739174/ruptured-renal-artery-aneurysm-in-pregnancy-and-puerperium-literature-review-of-53-cases
#2
REVIEW
Goran Augustin, Tomislav Kulis, Nina Kello, Vanja Ivkovic
PURPOSE: To summarize and define the most appropriate diagnostic methods and therapeutic options for ruptured renal artery aneurysms in pregnancy based on rarely published data. METHODS: Literature searches of English-, German-, Spanish-, and Italian-language articles were performed in PubMed (1946-2018), PubMed Central (1900-2018) and Google Scholar. The search terms included renal artery aneurysm, renal artery rupture, pregnancy, puerperium, nierenarterienaneurysma, schwangerschaft, wochenbett, aneurisma de la arteria renal, el embarazo, puerperio, aneurisma dell'arteria renale and gravidanza...
February 9, 2019: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735066/differences-among-incidence-rates-of-invasive-listeriosis-in-the-u-s-foodnet-population-by-age-sex-race-ethnicity-and-pregnancy-status-2008-2016
#3
Aurelie M Pohl, Régis Pouillot, Michael C Bazaco, Beverly J Wolpert, Jessica M Healy, Beau B Bruce, Mark E Laughlin, Jennifer C Hunter, John R Dunn, Sharon Hurd, Jemma V Rowlands, Amy Saupe, Duc J Vugia, Jane M Van Doren
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that disproportionally affects pregnant females, older adults, and immunocompromised individuals. Using U.S. Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) surveillance data, we examined listeriosis incidence rates and rate ratios (RRs) by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and pregnancy status across three periods from 2008 to 2016, as recent incidence trends in U.S. subgroups had not been evaluated. The invasive listeriosis annual incidence rate per 100,000 for 2008-2016 was 0...
February 8, 2019: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30723915/induction-of-labor-at-full-term-in-pregnant-women-with-uncomplicated-singleton-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#4
Gabriele Saccone, Luigi Della Corte, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Antonio Raffone, Valentino De Vivo, Gennaro Esposito, Fulvio Zullo, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: The lowest incidence of perinatal morbidity and mortality occurs around 39-40 weeks.Therefore, some have advocated induction of uncomplicated singleton gestations once they reach full-term. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of cesarean delivery and any maternal and perinatal effects of a policy of induction of labor in full-term uncomplicated women with singleton gestations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an electronic search from inception of each database to August 2018...
February 5, 2019: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720702/outcomes-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-inflammatory-myositis-a-retrospective-cohort-from-india
#5
Latika Gupta, Abhishek Zanwar, Sakir Ahmed, Amita Aggarwal
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) commonly affects women in the childbearing age group. Both disease activity and immunosuppressants used may have adverse effects on fertility and outcomes of pregnancy. We explored these outcomes in a retrospective cohort of women with IIM. METHODS: Women 18 years or older with IIM (Bohan and Peter criteria) were interviewed for demography, menstrual status, history of conception, outcomes, and disease features...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30716114/maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-bmi-50-an-international-collaborative-study
#6
Stephen J McCall, Zhuoyang Li, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Elizabeth Sullivan, Marian Knight
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal BMI>50kg/m2 during pregnancy and maternal and perinatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international cohort study was conducted using data from separate national studies in the UK and Australia. Outcomes of pregnant women with BMI>50 were compared to those of pregnant women with BMI<50. Multivariable logistic regression estimated the association between BMI>50 and perinatal and maternal outcomes...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715432/should-hba1c-be-used-to-screen-pregnant-women-for-undiagnosed-diabetes-in-the-first-trimester-a-review-of-the-evidence
#7
Beynon Claire, Hillier Sharon
Background: Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with miscarriage, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, macrosomia and perinatal mortality. The demographics of the population becoming pregnant has changed (more obese and older women). More women are therefore entering pregnancy with undiagnosed diabetes. Aim: To review the literature on HbA1c as a screening tool to identify undiagnosed diabetes in the first trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A systematic search of the evidence was undertaken using specific search criteria from Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline, NICE Guidance, PROSPERO and PubMed...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713848/emergency-contraceptives-knowledge-and-practice-towards-its-use-among-ethiopian-female-college-graduating-students
#8
Kirubel Minsamo Mishore, Abebaw Demissie Woldemariam, Solomon Assefa Huluka
Introduction: Ethiopia has a high incidence of unwanted pregnancies and incomplete and unsafe abortions, particularly among adolescents. This can be avoided by using different contraceptive methods including emergency contraceptives (EC). This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of EC among female college graduating students in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on 214 female students selected from two randomly selected colleges...
2019: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706467/increased-risk-of-maternal-complications-from-repeat-pregnancy-among-adolescent-women
#9
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of adverse maternal outcomes among adolescents experiencing a repeat pregnancy in the Philippines. METHODS: Data were analyzed from four waves (1998-2013) of a cross-sectional nationally representative survey. We included 2518 non-nulliparous and non-pregnant women aged 15-44 years with an interpregnancy interval (IPI) of 24 months or less. Multivariate logistic regression was used to measure the association of repeat pregnancy with adverse maternal outcomes by age group (11-19, 20-24, and 25-45 years), accounting for clustering within each respondent...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706045/who-is-the-woman-in-women-s-nutrition-a-narrative-review-of-evidence-and-actions-to-support-women-s-nutrition-throughout-life
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth L Fox, Claire Davis, Shauna M Downs, Werner Schultink, Jessica Fanzo
Nutrition interventions that target mothers alone inadequately address women's needs across their lives: during adolescence, preconception, and in later years of life. They also fail to capture nulliparous women. The extent to which nutrition interventions effectively reach women throughout the life course is not well documented. In this comprehensive narrative review, we summarized the impact and delivery platforms of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions targeting adolescent girls, women of reproductive age (nonpregnant, nonlactating), pregnant and lactating women, women with young children <5 y, and older women, with a focus on nutrition interventions delivered in low- and middle-income countries...
January 2019: Current developments in nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701751/cardiovascular-disease-and-associated-comorbid-conditions-as-determinants-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-the-results-of-the-register-of-pregnant-bereg
#11
R I Stryuk, C A Burns, M P Filippov, Ya V Brytkova, I V Borisov, E L Barkova, T A Gomova, E A Kozina, O A Nagirnyak
AIM: the Aim of the BEREG Registry was to analyze the prevalence and structure of cardiovascular diseases, associated comorbid conditions and assess their effects on pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in real clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In Tula city regional perinatal center the observation study named &quot;Assessment of the clinical condition of the pregnant women with cardiovascular disease during gestation, at child delivery, at the early postpartum period and at twelve months after childbirth and assesment of perinatal outcomes, condition of the fetus and the newborn and the quality of treatment of these patients groups...
February 14, 2018: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700655/prevalence-of-protective-measles-virus-antibody-levels-in-umbilical-cord-blood-samples-and-sera-of-mothers-and-transplacental-transport-ratio-in-turkey
#12
Serap Cetin Coban, Fehminaz Temel, Pinar Duman, Yasemin Cosgun, Fatma Ozarslan, Tuba Kayman, Sirin Guven, Handan Bezirganoglu, Omer Gunes, Dilek Yilmaz Ciftdogan, Ese Eda Karadagli, Cemil Kaya, Ates Kara
In Turkey, Measles Elimination Programme has been implemented since 2002. The aim of this research was to evaluate the measles specific antibody levels of mothers who admitted to a hospital for birth and their infants, and to determine the factors influencing the antibody levels of both and to evaluate the transplacental transport ratio. We selected healthy women who came to the hospital for birth and their healthy newborns. We collected blood samples from 1547 mothers and 1529 infants.The protective prevalance of measles antibody levels of mothers was 85% (95%CI:78-82), and the newborns' was 85% (95%CI:83-86)...
January 31, 2019: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700172/trimester-specific-plasma-exosome-microrna-expression-profiles-in-preeclampsia
#13
Eric Devor, Donna Santillan, Sabrina Scroggins, Akshaya Warrier, Mark Santillan
OBJECTIVE: To identify microRNAs (miRNAs) differentially expressed in plasma exosomes collected in women diagnosed with preeclampsia compared with women with uncomplicated pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exosomes were purified from plasma samples obtained at each trimester from four women subsequently diagnosed with preeclampsia and from five matched healthy controls. RNA was purified from the exosomes, and expression of 368 miRNAs was profiled using A-Set TaqMan low density array (TLDA)...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699160/targeted-hiv-testing-for-male-partners-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-in-a-high-prevalence-setting-in-nigeria
#14
Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, Ijeoma Uchenna Itanyi, William Nii Ayitey Menson, John Olajide Olawepo, Tamara Bruno, Amaka Grace Ogidi, Dina V Patel, John Okpanachi Oko, Chima Ariel Onoka, Echezona Edozie Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Partner HIV testing during pregnancy has remained abysmally low in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Nigeria. Males rarely attend antenatal clinics with their female partners, limiting the few opportunities available to offer them HIV testing. In this study, we evaluated the scale-up of the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), a community-driven evidenced-based intervention to increase HIV testing among pregnant women and their male partners. Our objectives were to determine the: (1) male partner participation rate; (2) prevalence of HIV among male partners of pregnant women; (3) factors associated with HIV positivity among male partners of HIV-positive pregnant women...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30696313/advanced-maternal-age-and-perinatal-outcome-in-twin-pregnancies-a-meta-analysis
#15
Yaniv Zipori, Revital Linder, Nizar Khatib, Zeev Weiner, Eran Barzilay
OBJECTIVE: The current meta-analysis evaluates the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies in pregnant women 35 years or older (advanced maternal age) compared with less than 35 years at the time of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A search was conducted up to March 2018. Electronic databases that were used in our research included; Embase (NO Medline), Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria were twin pregnancies; a comparison between pregnant women aged ≥35 years versus <35 years at the time of delivery and reported perinatal outcomes...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693987/diabetes-screening-in-pregnancy-failing-women-in-rural-western-australia-an-audit-of-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-completion-rates
#16
Andrew B Kirke, David Atkinson, Sarah Moore, Kylie Sterry, Sally Singleton, Carly Roxburgh, Kate Parrish, Cindy Porter, Julia V Marley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify screening rate for gestational diabetes mellitus and completion of oral glucose tolerance test in rural and remote Western Australia. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective audit of 551 antenatal records from women of 16 years and older without pre-existing diabetes and with singleton pregnancies delivered in 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of women recorded screened for gestational diabetes mellitus in second or third trimester using oral glucose tolerance test or other tests; gestational diabetes mellitus rate...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693108/the-association-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-gestational-hypertensive-disorders-in-a-diverse-community-based-cohort
#17
Diane Schneider, Joel R Gonzalez, Miya Yamamoto, Jingrong Yang, Joan C Lo
Purpose: To examine the association of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) within a large population of pregnant women in an integrated healthcare system. Methods: This retrospective study utilized a source cohort of 1023 women with PCOS and 1023 women without PCOS who had a delivered pregnancy within Kaiser Permanente Northern California. Preexisting hypertension was defined by hypertension diagnosis, treatment, or elevated blood pressure prior to 20 weeks of gestation...
2019: Journal of Pregnancy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691630/one-hundred-mosaic-embryos-transferred-prospectively-in-a-single-clinic-exploring-when-and-why-they-result-in-healthy-pregnancies
#18
Andrea R Victor, Jack C Tyndall, Alan J Brake, Laura T Lepkowsky, Alex E Murphy, Darren K Griffin, Rajiv C McCoy, Frank L Barnes, Christo G Zouves, Manuel Viotti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the parameters of mosaicism and the biological mechanisms leading to healthy pregnancies from mosaic embryo transfers. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: IVF center and associated research laboratory. PATIENT(S): Fifty-nine patients. INTERVENTION(S): Embryos underwent blastocyst-stage preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy by next-generation sequencing. Trophectoderm biopsies containing 20%-80% abnormal cells were deemed mosaic, and corresponding blastocysts were transferred...
February 2019: Fertility and Sterility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686955/trends-in-birth-weight-and-the-incidence-of-low-birth-weight-and-advanced-maternal-age-in-korea-between-1993-and-2016
#19
Hye-Eun Kim, In Gyu Song, Sung-Hoon Chung, Yong-Sung Choi, Chong-Woo Bae
Background: As the aging society progresses, the average age of mothers is also increasing. Advanced maternal age has been known to be associated with perinatal outcomes, as well as birth weight (BW). In this study, we aimed to investigate the perinatal factors associated with low birth weight infants (LBWIs) using birth statistics of the Korean population. Methods: Birth statistics between 1993 and 2016 from the Korean Statistical Information Service were reviewed...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686949/correlation-between-morphologic-grading-and-euploidy-rates-of-blastocysts-and-clinical-outcomes-in-in-vitro-fertilization-preimplantation-genetic-screening
#20
Min Kyoung Kim, Jae Kyun Park, Yunmi Jeon, Seung-Ah Choe, Hee Jun Lee, Jayeon Kim, Eun Mi Chang, Ji Won Kim, Sang Woo Lyu, Jin Young Kim, In Pyung Kwak, Woo Sik Lee, Tae Ki Yoon
Background: The standard morphological evaluation has been widely used for embryo selection, but it has limitations. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between morphologic grading and euploidy rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF) preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) and compare the pregnancy rates in young and old ages. Methods: This is a retrospective study using the medical records of patients who underwent IVF procedures with PGS between January 2016 and February 2017 in a single center...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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