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Jane Draper, Jessica Webb, Tom Jackson, Hamish Jones, Christopher A Rinaldi, Rebekah Schiff, Theresa McDonagh, Reza Razavi, Gerald S Carr-White
Plasma N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NTproBNP) is known to increase with age, however, the performance of this biomaker is unclear in patients >80. This study sought to define the diagnostic accuracy of plasma NTproBNP in patients >80 in a large unselected population of heart failure (HF) patients admitted to a Tertiary Hospital in the United Kingdom. 1,995 consecutive patients over a 12 month period were screened for HF through our NTproBNP led HF service. 413 patients had their first presentation of HF and 36...
December 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Dae-Won Park, Seong-Hyun Park, Sung-Kyoo Hwang
PURPOSE: Increased serum biomakers, such as S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), are associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study is to investigate the serum levels of S100B and NSE in pediatric TBI patients and to predict a clinical outcome. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood was collected within 6 h of injury and at 1 week to measure S100B and NSE. The serum S100B and NSE levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits...
February 2019: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Lv Chun-Yan, Zhao Zi-Yi, Yang Tian-Lin, Wang Yi-Li, Li Bao, Lv Jiao, Ding Wei-Jun
Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is difficult to diagnose. This paper explored liquid biopsy markers in urinary exosomes derived from RIF patients. Urine samples from 32 patients with various degrees of RIF and 20 non-RIF patients were collected. The size and morphology of urinary exosomes isolated by polyethylene glycol were observed with electron microscopy. Protein biomakers of exosomes were analyzed by Western blot. qRT-PCR was used to detect the levels of biomarkers (miR-29c, miR-21, E-cadherin, and vimentin) of epithelial mesenchymal transition in urinary exosomes...
October 2018: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Rosario Lopez-Rodriguez, Eva Perez-Pampin, Ana Marquez, Francisco J Blanco, Beatriz Joven, Patricia Carreira, Miguel Angel Ferrer, Rafael Caliz, Lara Valor, Javier Narvaez, Juan D Cañete, Maria Del Carmen Ordoñez, Sara Manrique-Arija, Yiannis Vasilopoulos, Alejandro Balsa, Dora Pascual-Salcedo, Manuel J Moreno-Ramos, Juan Jose Alegre-Sancho, Federico Navarro-Sarabia, Virginia Moreira, Rosa Garcia-Portales, Enrique Raya, Cesar Magro-Checa, Javier Martin, Juan J Gomez-Reino, Antonio Gonzalez
Genetic biomarkers are sought to personalize treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), given their variable response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi). However, no genetic biomaker is yet sufficiently validated. Here, we report a validation study of 18 previously reported genetic biomarkers, including 11 from GWAS of response to TNFi. The validation was attempted in 581 patients with RA that had not been treated with biologic antirheumatic drugs previously. Their response to TNFi was evaluated at 3, 6 and 12 months in two ways: change in the DAS28 measure of disease activity, and according to the EULAR criteria for response to antirheumatic drugs...
2018: PloS One
Fei Peng, Hui Li, Hailang Xiao, Ling Li, Yan Li, Yi Wu
There is not a good biomaker that is closely related to survival time for bladder cancer(BLCA), The aim of the study is to identify a miRNA signature that could predict prognosis in BLCA patients according to the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). a total of 377 BLCA patients were finally enrolled in the study. The three miRNA signature was identified by Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analyses that common clinical variables were controled. The three microRNA signature showed greater predicting prognosis capacity for predicting 5-year survival in BLCA with an AUC of 0...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Sin-Ho Jung
The design and analysis of cancer clinical trials with biomarker depend on various factors, such as the phase of trials, the type of biomarker, whether the used biomarker is validated or not, and the study objectives. In this article, we demonstrate the design and analysis of two Phase II cancer clinical trials, one with a predictive biomarker and the other with an imaging prognostic biomarker. Statistical testing methods and their sample size calculation methods are presented for each trial. We assume that the primary endpoint of these trials is a time to event variable, but this concept can be used for any type of endpoint...
2018: Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics
Ian H Holmes, Christopher J Mungall
Motivation: The Unix 'make' program is widely used in bioinformatics pipelines, but suffers from problems that limit its application to large analysis datasets. These include reliance on file modification times to determine whether a target is stale, lack of support for parallel execution on clusters, and restricted flexibility to extend the underlying logic program. Results: We present BioMake, a make-like utility that is compatible with most features of GNU Make and adds support for popular cluster-based job-queue engines, MD5 signatures as an alternative to timestamps, and logic programming extensions in Prolog...
November 1, 2017: Bioinformatics
Pengfei Chen, Yiyuan Huang, Zhenfei Fang, Xinqun Hu, Xiangqian Shen, Shenghua Zhou
To study the concentration of the asymmetrical dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) commbination with congenital heart disease (CHD) and its clinical value as a biomaker for diagnosis and prognosis.
 Methods: A total of 100 patients with CHD and 25 healthy adult subjects were recruited. CHD patients were divided into three groups: normal pulmonary arterial pressure group (group A, n=25), mild-to-moderate PAH group (group B, n=25), severe PAH group (group C, n=50)...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Hsin-Bang Leu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Wei-Kung Tseng, Yen-Wen Wu, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Hung-I Yeh, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Ji-Hung Wang, Chau-Chung Wu, Jaw-Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: Either classic or novel biomarkers have not been well investigated for clinical outcomes of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Asian people especially ethnic Chinese. We reported here a prospective national-based follow-up study that aims to elucidate the clinical profiles and to identify the new biosignatures (especially the non-lipid profile and inflammatory biomakers) for future clinical outcomes in a sizable cohort of stable CAD patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 2500 CAD patients under stable condition after successful percutaneous coronary intervention will be enrolled for clinical data collection and blood/urine sampling in northern, southern, western, or eastern part of Taiwan between 2012 and 2017...
January 28, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
D Falcone, P Spee, K Salk, M Peppelman, P C M van de Kerkhof, P E J van Erp
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: FibroTx Transdermal Analyses Patch (TAP) is a novel technology for non-invasive measurements of protein biomarkers on the skin surface, in vivo. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of TAP in detecting skin surface biomarkers following mild perturbations, in vivo, using two experimental models: tape stripping, mimicking acute barrier disruption, and histamine iontophoresis, mimicking acute and local inflammation at minimal skin barrier insult. METHODS: Tape stripping and histamine iontophoresis were performed in two separate experiments on the volar forearm of healthy volunteers (n = 27 and n = 10, respectively)...
August 2017: Skin Research and Technology
Nicoleta Sinevici, Jeff O'sullivan
Oral Cancer (OC) is a subset of head and neck cancer (HNC) with an annual worldwide incidence of 275,000 cases. OC remains a significant burden worldwide in terms of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Despite desirable outcomes in early diagnosed OCs and treatment advances most OCs are detected in advanced stages. The 5-year survival rate of early-stage disease is ∼80% and that of late-stage disease is only ∼20%. Recurrence and chemoresistance from a treatment point of view and pain and disfiguration are important factors contributing to the high morbidity and mortality of OC...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
Xiao Tan, Xuesen Cao, Jianzhou Zou, Bo Shen, Xiaoyan Zhang, Zhonghua Liu, Wenlv Lv, Jie Teng, Xiaoqiang Ding
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasingly recognized disease with high global incidence and mortality. Yet, the existing diagnostic tools are not sufficient enough to predict prognosis of CKD and CKD comorbidities. Indoxyl sulfate, a typical uremic toxin, is of great importance in the development of CKD with its nephrotoxicity, cardiovascular toxicity, and bone toxicity. Some reports suggest that indoxyl sulfate directly associate with renal function loss and mortality in CKD patients. This review discusses the diagnostic value of indoxyl sulfate from its biological characteristics, pathophysiological effects, related therapies, and its diagnostic value in clinical studies...
April 2017: Hemodialysis International
Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Abolfazl Barzegari, Yalda Rahbar Saadat, Somayeh Mohammadi, Nasser Samadi
INTRODUCTION: microRNAs (miRNAs) are considered to be novel molecular biomakers that could be exploited in the diagnosis and treatment of different diseases. The present study aimed to develop an efficient miRNA isolation method from different clinical specimens. METHODS: Total RNAs were isolated by Trizol reagent followed by precipitation of the large RNAs with potassium acetate (KCH3COOH), polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 and 6000, and lithium chloride (LiCl). Then, small RNAs were enriched and recovered from the supernatants by applying a combination of LiCl and ethanol...
2016: BioImpacts: BI
Shuaimin Lu, Guoliang Li, Zhengxian Lv, Nannan Qiu, Weiheng Kong, Peiwei Gong, Guang Chen, Lian Xia, Xiaoxi Guo, Jinmao You, Yongning Wu
Early detection and diagnosis have great practical significances for the effective prevention and treatment of cancer. In this study, we developed a novel, facile and ultra-sensitive fluorescence assay for the determination of tumor invasive biomarker β-glucuronidase (GLU) based on the inner-filter effect (IFE). The nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) with green photoluminescence were employed as the fluorophore in IFE, and 4-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucuronide (PNPG) was used to act as GLU substrate, and GLU catalytic product (p-nitrophenol (PNP)) was capable of acting as the robust absorber in IFE to turn off the fluorescence of N-CQDs due to the complementary overlap between the absorption of PNP and the excitation of N-CQDs...
November 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yoshiki Kawata, Hidenobu Suzkxi, Noboru Niki
Medical imaging is one of the major tools that have enriched medical science, disease detection and treatment. Computed tomography (CT) is the most widely used imaging modality in clinical practice for cancer detection, oncologic diagnosis, and treatment guidance. Recent advances in CT imaging technologies allow the high-throughput extraction of informative imaging features to quantify the differences that oncologic tissues exhibit. The development of computer-aided detection/diagnosis (CADe/CADx) systems based on imaging biomakers associated with disease probabilities may become increasingly an attractive field to support clinicians in detecting early-stage diseases and determining risk-adaptive treatments...
2015: Japanese Journal of Medical Physics
Ji Wang, Huijun Sun, Zhuodong Fu, Mozhen Liu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) confers a chondroprotective effect on articular cartilage in rats with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Fifty male SD rats were divided into five groups, including SHAM-operated, MIA-induced OA, and three experimental groups treated with 50-, 100-, or 200-mg/kg ALA. After 14 d of ALA treatment, rats were sacrificed for joint macroscopic and histology assessments...
July 2016: Free Radical Research
Wanzhu Tu, Chenghao Chu, Shanshan Li, Suthat Liangpunsakul
This study was undertaken to develop a composite measure that combines the discriminant values of individual laboratory markers routinely used for excessive alcohol use (EAU) for an improved screening performance. The training sample consisted of 272 individuals with known history of EAU and 210 non-alcoholic individuals. The validation sample included 100 EAU and 75 controls. We used the estimated regression coefficients and the observed marker values to calculate the individual's composite screening score; this score was converted to a probability measure for excessive drinking in the given individual...
June 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Chunsheng Liu, Guanyong Su, John P Giesy, Robert J Letcher, Guangyu Li, Ira Agrawal, Jing Li, Liqin Yu, Jianghua Wang, Zhiyuan Gong
Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) has been frequently detected in environmental media and has adverse health effect on wildlife and humans. It has been implicated to have hepatotoxicity, but its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, adult male zebrafish were exposed to TDCIPP and global hepatic gene expression was examined by RNA-Seq and RT-qPCR in order to understand the molecular mechanisms of TDCIPP-induced hepatotoxicity. Our results indicated that TDCIPP exposure significantly up-regulated the expression of genes involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress and Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway, implying an inflammatory response, which was supported by up-regulation of inflammation-related biomaker genes...
January 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jun-Sheng Tian, Guo-Jiang Peng, Yan-Fei Wu, Jian-Jun Zhou, Huan Xiang, Xiao-Xia Gao, Yu-Zhi Zhou, Xue-Mei Qin, Guan-Hua Du
Xiaoyaosan, one of the best-known traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, has been widely used in China for the treatment of mental disorders such as depression. Although both clinical application and animal experiments indicate that Xiaoyaosan has an obvious antidepressant effect, the mechanism still remains unclarified, and there are few studies quantitatively measured the biomarkers of Xiaoyaosan treatment by metabolomics to determination. In this study, 25 depressed patients and 33 healthy volunteers were recruited...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Man Wang, Zhi-long Zhang, Xue-qun Ji, Yuan-qing Yang, Xiu-juan Yang, Si Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of "spleen-stomach needling" on changes of plasma malondialdehyde. (MDA), protein carbonyl (PCO, an oxidative stress damage biomaker), 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OHdG, an indicator of oxidative DNA damage) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in patients with diabetic nephropathy, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improving diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: Diabetic nephropathy patients were randomized into routine acupuncture (control) group (n = 72) and spleen-stomach needling (observation) group (n = 70) according to a random digits table and by using multi-centers, randomized and blind methods in the present study...
October 2015: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
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