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Dental Ceramic Shade Matching

Farhad Tabatabaian
Monolithic zirconia restoration is an acceptable treatment option in restorative dentistry and a developing trend in esthetic dentistry. Digital dentistry has simplified fabrication of monolithic zirconia restorations. Zirconia ceramic has introduced an opportunity to achieve both esthetic and mechanical requirements for restorations. This is rarely found for a ceramic in dentistry. Monolithic zirconia restorations represent an acceptable durability, comparable to metal-ceramic restorations, while they are superior to metal-ceramic restorations esthetically; however, difficulties to gain an optimal shade reproduction and a color match with monolithic zirconia restorations still remain...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Camila S Sampaio, Jon Gurrea, Marta Gurrea, August Bruguera, Pablo J Atria, Malvin Janal, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Ronaldo Hirata
This study evaluated the color variability of hues B, C, and D between the VITA Classical shade guide (Vita Zahnfabrik) and four other VITA-coded ceramic shade guides using a digital camera (Canon EOS 60D) and computer software (Adobe Photoshop CC). A cross-polarizing filter was used to standardize external light sources influencing color match. A total of 275 pictures were taken, 5 per shade tab, for 11 shades (B1, B2, B3, B4, C1, C2, C3, C4, D2, D3, and D4), from the following shade guides: VITA Classical (control); IPS e...
2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the optical properties of recently marketed pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramics and to compare with those of veneered zirconia and lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: Various shades of pre-colored monolithic zirconia, veneered zirconia, and lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were tested (17.0×17.0×1.5mm, n=5). CIELab color coordinates were obtained against white, black, and grey backgrounds with a spectrophotometer...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Sanja Jurišić, Gordan Jurišić, Dubravka Knezović Zlatarić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the translucency of two different all-ceramic systems using Vita Easyshade digital shade matching device in an in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Translucency of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e.max Press) and zirconia all-ceramic system (Ceramill ZI) were evaluated and compared. A total of 5 square-shaped specimens with 0.5 mm thickness were fabricated from each ceramic system in A1 shade according to Vitapan Classical shade tab...
September 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Jon Gurrea, Marta Gurrea, August Bruguera, Camila S Sampaio, Malvin Janal, Estevam Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Ronaldo Hirata
This study evaluated color variability in the A hue between the VITA Classical (VITA Zahnfabrik) shade guide and four other VITA-coded ceramic shade guides using a Canon EOS 60D camera and software (Photoshop CC, Adobe). A total of 125 photographs were taken, 5 per shade tab for each of 5 shades (A1 to A4) from the following shade guides: VITA Classical (control), IPS e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent), IPS d.SIGN (Ivoclar Vivadent), Initial ZI (GC), and Creation CC (Creation Willi Geller). Photos were processed with Adobe Photoshop CC to allow standardized evaluation of hue, chroma, and value between shade tabs...
September 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Salma Ahmed Bahannan, Mohamed Abdelmageed Awad
PURPOSE: To determine the variability in shade reproduction of metal ceramic restorations fabricated by different laboratory technicians at different fabrication times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty five metal copings for metal ceramic restorations were fabricated with a standardized method and distributed among three dental laboratory technicians (n = 45). Each technician was requested to match three different shade specifications including 2L1.5, 3M2, 4R2...
March 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Ulviye Şebnem Büyükkaplan, Çağatay Barutcigil, Merve Arslan, Nurullah Türker, Kubilay Barutcigil
PURPOSE: Polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) materials, also called hybrid ceramics, are new materials in dental market. The manufacturer of the PICN material VITA Enamic suggests 3 different finishing procedures for this new material. In the present study, surface roughness and color differences caused from different finishing procedures of VITA Enamic were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 specimens were prepared in dimensions 2 × 10 × 12 mm from VITA Enamic hybrid ceramic blocks with 'high translucency' and 'translucency 2M2' shades...
February 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Satheesh B Haralur, Khalid Saleh Al-Shehri, Hassan Mohammed Assiri, Mushabab AbdulRahman Al-Qahtani
PURPOSE: The harmonious shade matching of restorations with adjacent natural teeth is a prerequisite for a successful esthetic restoration. Color is a combined effect of the physical properties of an object, the light source, and the perception of the observer. The interpretation of color is influenced by both the physiological and psychological health of an individual. It is critical to understand the influence of an individual's psychological state on the shade selection procedure to achieve better shade matching and post-treatment patient counseling...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Panagiota-Eirini Spyropoulou, Phophi Kamposiora, George Eliades, George Papavasiliou, Michael E Razzoog, Stephen C Bayne
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Shaded versions of dental zirconia may improve initial color matching to teeth, but might change color with cyclic mechanical loading. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the color of unshaded and shaded zirconia dental ceramic before and after cyclic mechanical loading and calculate color differences (ΔE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens (N = 30, Nobel Procera, 0.8 mm thick, 12 mm diameter) of unshaded or shaded zirconia (intrinsically shaded by small oxide modifications) were fabricated by the Nobel Biocare using standard CAD-CAM processing...
March 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Alvaro Della Bona, Oscar E Pecho, Razvan Ghinea, Juan C Cardona, María M Pérez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate colour differences between (1) CAD-CAM ceramic systems considering shades A1, A2 and A3 and the corresponding nominal shade of VC (Vita Classical shade guide) and (2) shades A1-A2, A2-A3 and A1, A2 and A3 within the same ceramic system. METHODS: Samples of shades A1, A2 and A3 were fabricated (n=5) from CAD-CAM ceramic blocks (IPS e.max(®) CAD LT and HT, IPS Empress(®) CAD LT and HT, Paradigm™ C, and VITABLOCS(®) Mark II) and polished to 1...
June 2015: Journal of Dentistry
Lawrence Gonzaga Lopes, Maysa Magalhaes Vaz, Ana Paula Rodrigues de Magalhaes, Paula Carvalho Cardoso, Joao Batista de Souza, Erica Miranda de Torres
The porcelain laminate replaces the visible portion of enamel with a ceramic, which is attached to the dental surface. To enhance cosmetic results, a preliminary color matching procedure is performed prior to cementing the veneers. This procedure can be performed using water, water-soluble gel, or try-in paste. The different shades of cement and try-in pastes are intended to obtain better color and esthetics of the final restoration. This study sought to evaluate the shade of ceramic veneers produced by different try-in materials...
November 2014: General Dentistry
D Kampouropoulos, M Gaintantzopoulou, E Papazoglou, A Kakaboura
Two shades of four resin cements (Calibra, Clearfil Esthetic, Insure, Variolink II), in light- and dual-curing modes, were tested for colour matching with their corresponding try-in pastes, immediately after photopolymerization and after 24-hour dry and dark storage. Colour measurements were performed for 0.8 mm-thick specimens through a 0.8mm-thick ceramic plate. For each resin cement, colour differences (deltaE) were calculated between the two curing modes, and between the corresponding try-in paste, at baseline and after 24h...
June 2014: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Stephen J Chu, Adam J Mieleszko
UNLABELLED: The following is a case report exemplifying the restorative and esthetic correction of a discolored stump shade of a non-vital tooth maxillary left central incisor tooth. Treatment options are non-vital bleaching of the root canal-treated tooth or esthetic restoration through an understanding of color and layered ceramics, where the latter was employed. Proper shade communication as well as additional facial tooth preparation and reduction are key clinical requirements in order to allow the ceramist adequate room to affect a color change without sacrificing translucency or vitality of the definitive restorations...
July 2014: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Andreas Zenthöfer, Stefan Wiesberg, Achim Hildenbrandt, Gerhard Reinelt, Peter Rammelsberg, Alexander J Hassel
PURPOSE: Although the VITA 3D-Master (3D) shade guide offers improved shade-matching performance, many dental materials are only available in VITA Classical (VC) shades. This study aimed to clarify whether it is possible to convert 3D shades determined by observers into VC shades (indirect method) without adding a clinically significant error in comparison with direct shade determination using the VC shade guide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty ceramic specimens were fabricated...
July 2014: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Ziad Salameh, Georges Tehini, Norma Ziadeh, Hala A Ragab, Antoine Berberi, Moustafa Nabil Aboushelib
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of translucency of CAD/CAM ceramic milling blocks on the final color of porcelain veneer cemented using resin cement with two different opacities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standardized incisal lap preparation was made on a maxillary right central incisor that was duplicated using composite resin material (Z250, A4, 3M ESPE). The resin dies were individually laser scanned (Bluecam, Sirona) in order to build a 3D model of the porcelain veneer on the CAD software (Cerec 3D)...
2014: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Likai Wang, Yanan Liu, Yan Zheng, Pingping Li, Lianshui Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the color stability of ceromer veneers/resin cements after accelerated ageing, and to provide the reference for clinical application and choice. METHODS: Fifteen groups of ceromer veneers/resin cements samples, five samples in each group, were prepared as experimental groups.In the fifteen groups, ceromer veneers in three thickness (1.00, 0.75, 0.50 mm) and resin cements of five shades(A1,A3, B 0.5, WO, TR), were matched through permutation and combination...
February 2014: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Ario Santini, Iranzihuatl Torres Gallegos, Christopher M Felix
Polymerization of Resin Based Composites (RBCs) initiated by a light curing unit activating photoinitiators. Different RBCs require different light energy levels for proper curing. Manufacturers are now producing RBCs with more than one initiator and not all of these will be properly polymerised with blue LED lights. An added problem is that manufacturers do not always indicate the type of photoinitiators in their materials. This review discusses the importance of matching the spectral output of LCUs to the absorption spectra of RBCs and the consequences of spectral mismatch...
October 2013: Primary Dental Journal
Binting Xu, Xiaodong Chen, Rong Li, Yining Wang, Qing Li
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of luting composites on the final color of ceramic veneers and to investigate the color matching of try-in pastes to the corresponding luting composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ceramic discs (shade A3, 1.0 mm thick) were fabricated and seated on composite specimens (shade A3) to mimic a complex of ceramic veneer lying on dentin substrate. The try-in pastes and luting composites of 3M RelyX were applied into the interlayer of the ceramic and composite specimens...
June 2014: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Ana Todorović, Aleksandar Todorović, Aleksandra Spadijer Gostović, Vojkan Lazić, Biljana Milicić, Slobodan Djurisić
BACKGROUND/AIM: Color matching in prosthodontic therapy is a very important task because it influences the esthetic value of dental restorations. Visual shade matching represents the most frequently applied method in clinical practice. Instrumental measurements provide objective and quantified data in color assessment of natural teeth and restorations. In instrumental shade analysis, the goal is to achieve the smallest deltaE value possible, indicating the most accurate shade match. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of commercially available ceramic shade guides...
October 2013: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Jian Wang, Jin Lin, Mindy Gil, Alison Seliger, John D Da Silva, Shigemi Ishikawa-Nagai
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In a previous study, a novel computer color matching system for dental ceramic restoration was developed, and 21 new shades were established. Theoretically, a natural tooth color can be accurately reproduced by combining 2 or 3 ceramic mixtures from the database of 21 new shades. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the use of these shades in conjunction with the computer color matching system to determine their ability to accurately reproduce the body color of 29 shade tabs from a shade guide (VITAPAN 3D-Master)...
March 2014: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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