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Dental And Ceramic And Shade

I Gomes, L P Lopes, M Fonseca, J Portugal
PURPOSE: the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of shading on translucency and mean grain size of three Zirconia systems (Lava Frame, Ice Zirkon Translucent and Prettau Zirkon). MATERIALS AND METHODS: specimens pigmented in A1, A4 and a non-pigmented specimen was evaluated with Scanning Electron Microscopy and spectrophotometery. RESULTS: the transmittance ranged between 0.18 and 0.52, in Ice Zirkon Translucent A4 and Prettau Zircon non-pigmented, respectively...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Farhad Tabatabaian
Monolithic zirconia restoration is an acceptable treatment option in restorative dentistry and a developing trend in esthetic dentistry. Digital dentistry has simplified fabrication of monolithic zirconia restorations. Zirconia ceramic has introduced an opportunity to achieve both esthetic and mechanical requirements for restorations. This is rarely found for a ceramic in dentistry. Monolithic zirconia restorations represent an acceptable durability, comparable to metal-ceramic restorations, while they are superior to metal-ceramic restorations esthetically; however, difficulties to gain an optimal shade reproduction and a color match with monolithic zirconia restorations still remain...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Camila S Sampaio, Jon Gurrea, Marta Gurrea, August Bruguera, Pablo J Atria, Malvin Janal, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Ronaldo Hirata
This study evaluated the color variability of hues B, C, and D between the VITA Classical shade guide (Vita Zahnfabrik) and four other VITA-coded ceramic shade guides using a digital camera (Canon EOS 60D) and computer software (Adobe Photoshop CC). A cross-polarizing filter was used to standardize external light sources influencing color match. A total of 275 pictures were taken, 5 per shade tab, for 11 shades (B1, B2, B3, B4, C1, C2, C3, C4, D2, D3, and D4), from the following shade guides: VITA Classical (control); IPS e...
2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Jay D Matani, Mohit G Kheur, Tabrez A Lakha, Vinay Jain
Fabricating a ceramic restoration for a discolored anterior tooth presents a clinical challenge. The dental technician is often hampered by being unaware of the shade of the discolored tooth preparation, which influences the color of the overlying ceramic restoration. A definitive cast that replicates the shade of the prepared tooth helps the ceramist to fabricate a restoration that masks the discoloration appropriately and still achieves the desired optical properties. This report demonstrates the use of a technique of recording and communicating the shade of a prepared tooth to the dental laboratory technician...
September 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Soram Oh, Su-Mi Shin, Hyun-Jung Kim, Janghyun Paek, Sung-Joon Kim, Tai Hyun Yoon, Sun-Young Kim
The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of the types and thicknesses of glass ceramic plates on light transmittance and compare the degrees of conversion (DC) of resin cement under the ceramic materials. Three ceramic plates with thicknesses of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 mm were fabricated from each of five commercial ceramic blocks in shade A2: high-translucency and low-translucency IPS Empress CAD (Emp_HT and Emp_LT); high-translucency and low-translucency IPS e.max CAD (Emx_HT and Emx_LT); and Vita Mark II (Vita)...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Paolo Baldissara, Vinícius Felipe Wandscher, Ana Maria Estivalete Marchionatti, Candida Parisi, Carlo Monaco, Leonardo Ciocca
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although several monolithic zirconia ceramics have recently been introduced, the need for improved optical properties remains. The newest cubic-zirconia has been claimed to have optimal translucency characteristics for esthetic restorations. PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the optical properties of novel cubic ultratranslucent (UT) and supertranslucent (ST) zirconia by comparing them with lithium disilicate (L-DIS) glass-ceramic for the manufacture of monolithic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) molar crowns...
August 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Alexandra Șoim, Maria Strîmbu, Alexandru V Burde, Bogdan Culic, Diana Dudea, Cristina Gasparik
OBJECTIVES: To assess the translucency of two pressable ceramics and to analyze their masking property when placed on different tooth-shaded backgrounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty discs (1-mm thickness) were fabricated using two pressable ceramics (shade/translucency): 1M1T/HT, 1M2T/HT, 2M2T (VITA PM9), and A1LT/HT, B1LT/HT, A2LT (e.max Press). Color measurements of discs were performed with a dental spectrophotometer on tooth-colored backgrounds (A1/A2/A3/A3...
March 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Farhad Tabatabaian
Zirconia ceramic is a popular trend in esthetic and restorative dentistry. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems have been well developed to fabricate zirconia frameworks and restorations with acceptable mechanical properties. Zirconia ceramics have excellent optical characteristics; however, achieving optimal esthetic outcomes with zirconia-based restorations is still challenging due to multiple effective factors on the final color. These factors are different layers of a zirconia-based restoration and its underlying structures including: dental substrate, cement, zirconia coping, veneering ceramic, and glaze...
February 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the optical properties of pre-colored dental monolithic zirconia ceramics of various thicknesses sintered in a microwave and those in a conventional furnace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A2-shade of pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramic specimens (22.0 mm × 22.0 mm) in 3 thickness groups of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm were divided into 2 subgroups according to the sintering methods (n=9): microwave and conventional sintering...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Carlos Roberto Teixeira Rodrigues, Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, Flávia Lucisano Botelho Amaral, Roberta Tarkany Basting, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França
PURPOSE: To evaluate shade stability, surface roughness, microhardness, and compressive strength of a glazed feldspathic ceramic subjected to bleaching and simulated brushing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight glazed feldspathic ceramic specimens were made from microparticulate leucite and divided into eight groups (n = 10). The whitening products used were: Opalescence Trèswhite Supreme (Ultradent), Opalescence®\ PF 15% (Ultradent), and Oral-B 3D White Whitestrips...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Khaldoun Ajlouni, Waleed Elshahawy, Raed Ajlouni, Abdelfattah Sadakah
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Poor implant placement or thin gingival tissue and progressive bone resorption may lead to the dark metal color showing through the peri-implant soft tissue. Whether the dark color can be adequately masked is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test the color masking effect of porcelain applied on titanium used in fabricating the polished collar of tissue level implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type 4 commercially pure titanium disks and 5 porcelain dentin shades (A2, A3, B2, C2, and D3) were used...
March 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
André L Faria-E-Silva, Carmem S Pfeifer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The cementation of ceramic veneers using light-polymerized resin cement is largely dependent on the proper light activation of the cement. Light activation using high irradiance could shorten the time required to lute multiple restorations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the light transmission of dental light-polymerizing units through ceramic cylinders and its effect on the polymerization kinetics of a resin cement...
November 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Caroline Freitas Rafael, Jan-Frederik Güth, Ana Elisa Colle Kauling, Paulo Francisco Cesar, Claudia Angelo Mazieiro Volpato, Anja Liebermann
This study evaluated the impact of tooth shade on differences in color (∆E), lightness (∆L), chromaticity coordinates a*/b* (∆a and ∆b), transmittance and the degree of fluorescence of CAD/CAM leucite based ceramic (LBC). Ten disks were fabricated of LBC; Empress CAD, A2, thickness of 1.5 mm and eight disks of resin-nano-ceramic (RNC; Lava Ultimate) in different colors to simulate variations in substrate shade. The associations of LBC disks with different color substrates were analyzed with a spectrophotometer; ∆E, ∆L*, ∆a*, ∆b*, and transmittance were measured and calculated...
July 26, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
Andreas L Skyllouriotis, Hideo L Yamamoto, Dan Nathanson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The translucency and opacity of ceramics play a significant role in emulating the natural color of teeth, but studies of the masking properties and limitations of dental ceramics when used as monolayer restorations are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the translucency of 6 materials used for veneer restorations by assessing their translucency parameters (TPs), contrast ratios (CRs), and potential to mask dark tooth colors...
October 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
D F Ren, K R Zhan, X D Chen, W Z Xing
Objective: To analyze the effect of ceramic materials thickness and resin cement shades on the final color of ceramic veneers in the discolored teeth, and to investigate the color agreement of try-in pastes to the corresponding resin cements. Methods: Sixty artificial maxillary central incisor teeth (C2 shade) were used to simulate the natural discolored teeth and prepared according to veneer tooth preparation protocol. Veneers of different thickness in the body region (0.50 and 0.75 mm) were fabricated using ceramic materials (LT A2 shade, IPS e...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Todd D Church, Jeffrey P Jessup, Villa L Guillory, Kraig S Vandewalle
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the translucency and strength of highly translucent monolithic zirconia ceramic materials recently introduced to the market. Four monolithic zirconium oxide materials promoted as having high translucency (BruxZir Shaded 16, BruxZir HT, Lava Plus, and inCoris TZI C) were compared to a high-translucency, lithium disilicate monolithic glass-ceramic material (IPS e.max CAD HT). To evaluate translucency, the materials were sectioned into 0.5-, 1.0-, 1.5-, and 2.0-mm-thick specimens; all were sintered and polished...
January 2017: General Dentistry
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the optical properties of recently marketed pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramics and to compare with those of veneered zirconia and lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: Various shades of pre-colored monolithic zirconia, veneered zirconia, and lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were tested (17.0×17.0×1.5mm, n=5). CIELab color coordinates were obtained against white, black, and grey backgrounds with a spectrophotometer...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Sanja Jurišić, Gordan Jurišić, Dubravka Knezović Zlatarić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the translucency of two different all-ceramic systems using Vita Easyshade digital shade matching device in an in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Translucency of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e.max Press) and zirconia all-ceramic system (Ceramill ZI) were evaluated and compared. A total of 5 square-shaped specimens with 0.5 mm thickness were fabricated from each ceramic system in A1 shade according to Vitapan Classical shade tab...
September 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Jon Gurrea, Marta Gurrea, August Bruguera, Camila S Sampaio, Malvin Janal, Estevam Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Ronaldo Hirata
This study evaluated color variability in the A hue between the VITA Classical (VITA Zahnfabrik) shade guide and four other VITA-coded ceramic shade guides using a Canon EOS 60D camera and software (Photoshop CC, Adobe). A total of 125 photographs were taken, 5 per shade tab for each of 5 shades (A1 to A4) from the following shade guides: VITA Classical (control), IPS e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent), IPS d.SIGN (Ivoclar Vivadent), Initial ZI (GC), and Creation CC (Creation Willi Geller). Photos were processed with Adobe Photoshop CC to allow standardized evaluation of hue, chroma, and value between shade tabs...
September 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Prithviraj Doddamane Revanappa, Satyam Gaur, Rachana Srivastava, Abhishekha Patil, Shruthi Doddamane Prithviraj
Ectodermal Dysplasia Syndrome (EDS) is mainly X-linked inherited disorder with male predominance. According to Lyon hypothesis, female patients may show partial expression of EDS. Oral findings include hypodontia, rarely anodontia, protuberant lips, hyposalivation, conical teeth and loss of vertical dimension. The alveolar process fails to develop in the three dimensions. Such patients present a challenge to dental treatment due to an irregular residual ridge. This case report presents oral, functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of a 21-year-old female diagnosed with EDS using implants in the anterior maxilla at the sites of the canines bilaterally...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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