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premature rupture membranes review

Damian D Guerra, K Joseph Hurt
BACKGROUND: Gaso-transmitters are endogenous small gaseous messengers exemplified by nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S or sulfide). Gasotransmitters are implicated in myriad physiologic functions including many aspects of reproduction. OBJECTIVE: Comprehensively review basic mechanisms and functions of gasotransmitters during pregnancy from conception to uterine involution and highlight future research opportunities. . METHODS: We searched PubMed and Web of Science databases using combinations of keywords nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, sulfide, placenta, uterus, labor, and pregnancy...
March 8, 2019: Biology of Reproduction
Lumbani Tshotetsi, Loveness Dzikiti, Precious Hajison, Shingairai Feresu
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight continues to be a main cause of child morbidity and mortality. Low birth weight can cause complications in adult life, and is therefore a public health concern. In this study, we determined the maternal factors that contribute to low birth weight (LBW) deliveries in Tshwane District, South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a case control study of 1073 randomly selected mothers who delivered babies in four hospitals in the district. We reviewed antenatal and maternity registers to obtain information about the mothers and their offspring...
2019: PloS One
Vikas Yadav, J B Sharma, Garima Kachhawa, Vidushi Kulshrestha, Reeta Mahey, Rajesh Kumari, Alka Kriplani
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem and a leading cause of illness and death from infectious disease. Tuberculosis in pregnancy has been associated with increased risks of prematurity and small for gestational age (SGA)infants.The present study is aimed to examine obstetrical and perinatal outcomes among women who had extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was retrospective study involving patient who presented with extra pulmonary tuberculosis over a period of ten years (2008-2017)was reviewed...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Amanda L Phillips, Frank Cetta, Sarah E Kerr, E Heidi Cheek, Carl H Rose, Crystal R Bonnichsen, Sabrina D Phillips
BACKGROUND: Placental insufficiency may be the cause of the high preterm birth rate in women after Fontan operation. In this study we reviewed the clinical course and pregnancy outcome of women with Fontan physiology with a focus on placental pathology. METHODS: We reviewed clinical charts and placental pathology from 7 women with Fontan physiology who had pregnancies at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. The review was limited to cases where placental pathologic specimens were rigorously examined...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
Gabriele Saccone, Luigi Della Corte, Giuseppe M Maruotti, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Antonio Raffone, Valentino De Vivo, Gennaro Esposito, Fulvio Zullo, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: The lowest incidence of perinatal morbidity and mortality occurs around 39-40 weeks. Therefore, some have advocated induction of uncomplicated singleton gestations once they reach full-term. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of cesarean delivery, and any maternal and perinatal effects of a policy of induction of labor in women with full-term uncomplicated singleton gestations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an electronic search from inception of each database to August 2018...
February 5, 2019: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Ashlee K Rigby, Janet N Richards, Jennene Greenhill
INTRODUCTION: The provision of critical management of obstetric emergencies is a vital service for rural women and their families. Emergency obstetric transfers are indispensable to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity because local rural hospitals often do not have the resources or expertise to manage both maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the transfer of a rural pregnant woman to a higher level, tertiary perinatal centre (TPC) is often stressful for the patient and costly for health services...
February 2019: Rural and Remote Health
Jared Tepper, Kathryn Corelli, Reshama Navathe, Stephen Smith, Jason K Baxter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes following management of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) by two fetal assessment strategies. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study performed at two hospitals in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between July 2010 and June 2015, data were reviewed from 180 singleton pregnancies with PPROM at 230 -336  weeks of gestation that underwent expectant management. Outcomes were compared between continuous electronic fetal heart monitoring (EFM) with daily biophysical profile (BPP) ("continuous monitoring") and non-stress test (NST) three times per day ("periodic monitoring") using Mann-Whitney U and Fisher exact tests...
April 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Maureen Grundy, Nuntra Suwantarat, Mayer Rubin, Renee Harris, Ann Hanlon, Tsigereda Tekle, Brandon Ellis, Karen Carroll, Frank Witter
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) is a common pathogen known to cause neonatal and maternal infectious morbidity. Streptococcus pseudoporcinus (S. pseudoporcinus) is a separate, recently identified beta-hemolytic gram positive coccus that can cause false positive results on standard GBS agglutination testing assays. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical implications of S. pseudoporcinus colonization in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This is a 2-year retrospective cohort study comparing pregnant women colonized with GBS to those colonized with S...
January 25, 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Katrina Mark, Rashida M Merchant, Kevin Hu
OBJECTIVE: To report pregnancy outcomes and potentially related complications among thirteen patients who had osmotic dilators placed for second-trimester dilation and evacuation followed by subsequent removal with the intention to continue their pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed billing and scheduling data between 2005 and 2017 to identify the total number of women seen for D&E and to identify the individuals who had dilators placed without a subsequent scheduled dilation and evacuation...
January 25, 2019: Contraception
K Adu-Bonsaffoh, C Gyamfi-Bannerman, S A Oppong, J D Seffah
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth remains an important clinical challenge with significant short and long-term complications although its burden in the developing world is not adequately explored. This study determines the incidence, specific determinants and outcomes of preterm birth at a teaching hospital in Ghana. METHODS: Retrospective review of singleton births at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) in Ghana between 1st January to 31st December, 2015. RESULTS: Preterm birth (PTB) occurred in 1478 (18...
January 8, 2019: Placenta
Carlos Briceño-Pérez, Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil, Paulino Vigil-De-Gracia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to describe the historical and scientific basis of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) therapy, to improve the management of preterm birth and decreasing rates of respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis and perinatal mortality in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE/PubMed electronic database, the Cochrane Library, using medical subheading search words such as "ACS", "corticosteroids", "betamethasone" or "dexamethasone", matching with "preterm birth"...
March 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Thomas A Imahiyerobo, Alexis L Johns, Eisha A Christian, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Mark D Krieger, J Gordon McComb, Mark M Urata
BACKGROUND: Some patients with isolated sagittal craniosynostosis have demonstrated mild neurodevelopmental delays. This study examined potential preoperative risk factors for developmental delay. METHODS: Patients completed preoperative Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition, and medical records were reviewed. Multivariate analyses of covariance and correlations were calculated. RESULTS: Participants (n = 77) were predominantly male (77...
January 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Menbeu Sultan, Yonas Abebe, Assefu Welde Tsadik, Catherine Ann Jennings, Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman
BACKGROUND: Well organized and appropriately utilized pre-hospital emergency services play a critical role in augmenting emergency care systems. The primary objective of this study was to understand the demographic and clinical profile of patients who used ambulances in Addis Ababa. The secondary objectives were to assess ambulance response time, transport time and reasons for referral amongst inter-facility transported patients in Addis Ababa. METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of ambulance transported patients using ambulance station records from Addis Ababa Fire and Emergency Prevention and Control Authority...
December 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Maya Frank Wolf, Yael Bar-Zeev, Ido Solt
Smoking during pregnancy is a public health problem because of the many adverse effects associated with it. These include intrauterine growth restriction, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, decreased maternal thyroid function, preterm premature rupture of membranes, low birth weight, perinatal mortality, and ectopic pregnancy. An estimated 5-8% of pre-term deliveries, 13-19% of term deliveries of infants with low birth weight, 23-34% cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and 5-7% of preterm-related infant deaths can be attributed to prenatal maternal smoking...
December 2018: Harefuah
Stefania Cappello, Eleonora Piccolo, Francesco Cucinelli, Luisa Casadei, Emilio Piccione, Maria Giovanna Salerno
BACKGROUND: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the female urogenital tract, characterised by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. We reported the difficult pregnancy course complicated by an extremely rare and unique case of this syndrome associated with ectrodactyly, a clinical combination never described in literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28- year-old nulliparous woman previously diagnosed for HWWS associated with ectrodactyly of the right foot and with a history of abdominal left hemi-hysterectomy, ipsilateral salpingectomy, vaginal reconstruction when she was an adolescent...
December 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Tsehaynesh Aslake Wendmagegn, Gerezgiher Buruh Abera, Weyzer Tilahun Tsehaye, Kibrom Brhanu Gebresslasie, Berhe Girmay Tella
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection that occurs after surgery within 30 days in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Some of the common symptoms are: drainage of cloudy fluid from the surgical wound, pain or tenderness, localized swelling, redness, and raised body temperature. Lack of data on surgical site infection among women who underwent cesarean section (C/S) initiated us to undertake this paper which is targeted to assess the magnitude and determinants of SSI among women who underwent cesarean section...
December 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Phatsorn Sae-Lin, Prapat Wanitpongpan
AIM: To obtain the incidence of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at Siriraj Hospital during 2012-2016 and to identify its possible risk factors in singleton pregnancies. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case-control study. The institutional ethical committee has approved the study. The medical records of eligible cases were reviewed. To assess the risk factors of PPROM, the data of the cases with PPROM in 2016 were compared with the data of pregnant women who did not have PPROM and delivered at term...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Lisa M Vallely, Dianne Egli-Gany, William Pomat, Caroline Se Homer, Rebecca Guy, Handan Wand, Bronwyn Silver, Alice R Rumbold, John M Kaldor, Nicola Low, Andrew J Vallely
INTRODUCTION: Several bacterial sexually transmitted and genital mycoplasma infections during pregnancy have been associated with poor pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Comprehensive and systematic information about associations between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and genital infections in pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes is needed to improve understanding about the evidence for causal associations between these infections and adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes...
November 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Ramkumar Menon, Lauren S Richardson, Martha Lappas
Preterm birth is the single major cause of infant mortality. Short and long term outcomes for infants are often worse in cases of preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes (pPROM). Thus, increased knowledge of the structure characteristics of fetal membranes as well as the mechanisms of membrane rupture are essential if we are to develop effective treatment strategies to prevent pPROM. In this review, we focus on the role of inflammation and senescence in fetal membrane biology.
November 10, 2018: Placenta
H Madar
OBJECTIVE: To review the different parts of therapeutic management of viable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), except the antibiotherapy and birth modalities. METHODS: The Medline, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar databases over a period from 1980 to September 2018 have been consulted. RESULTS: When the diagnostic of viable PPROM is reached, the woman should be hospitalized and signs of intrauterine infection (IUI) should be sought (Professional consensus)...
October 30, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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