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Medical Parasitology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746676/bibliometry-of-biomedical-scientific-publications-in-mauritania-medline-1992-2016
#1
Sid Ahmed Dahdi, Asma Ben Abdelaziz, Tarek Baroumi, Ousmane Ba, Mohamadou Diagana, Lebchir Dada, Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: As part of the preparatory work for the elaboration of a strategic plan for the development of scientific research in Mauritania, an overview of national biomedical research was recommended by the supervisory authorities. AIM: Describe the bibliometric profile of biomedical scientific publications in Mauritania, indexed in Medline database, over the past 25 years. METHODS: A bibliometric study was carried out on Medline Database covering the period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2016...
October 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734112/-birth-life-and-death-of-infectious-diseases-charles-nicolle-1866-1936-and-the-invention-of-medical-ecology-in-france
#2
Pierre-Olivier Méthot
In teasing out the diverse origins of our "modern, ecological understanding of epidemic disease" (Mendelsohn, in: Lawrence and Weisz (eds) Greater than the parts: holism in biomedicine, 1920-1950, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998), historians have downplayed the importance of parasitology in the development of a natural history perspective on disease. The present article reassesses the significance of parasitology for the "invention" of medical ecology in post-war France. Focussing on the works of microbiologist Charles Nicolle (1866-1936) and on that of physician and zoologist Hervé Harant (1901-1986), I argue that French "medical ecology" was not professionally (or cognitively) insulated from some major trends in parasitology, especially in Tunis where disciplinary borders in the medical sciences collapsed...
February 7, 2019: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711422/plant-extracts-for-developing-mosquito-larvicides-from-laboratory-to-the-field-with-insights-on-the-modes-of-action
#3
REVIEW
Roman Pavela, Filippo Maggi, Romilde Iannarelli, Giovanni Benelli
In the last decades, major research efforts have been done to investigate the insecticidal activity of plant-based products against mosquitoes. This is a modern and timely challenge in parasitology, aimed to reduce the frequent overuse of synthetic pesticides boosting resistance development in mosquitoes and causing serious threats to human health and environment. This review covers the huge amount of literature available on plant extracts tested as mosquito larvicides, particularly aqueous and alcoholic ones, due to their easy formulation in water without using surfactants...
January 31, 2019: Acta Tropica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30697308/experimental-study-on-plasmodium-berghei-anopheles-stephensi-and-balb-c-mouse-system-implications-for-malaria-transmission-blocking-assays
#4
Hossein Dehghan, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Seyed Hassan Mosa-Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Rafie, Mehdi Nateghpour, Habib Mohammadzadeh, Leila Farivar, Mulood Mohammadi Bavani
Background: Plasmodium berghei is a rodent malaria parasite and has been very valuable means in the progress of our understanding of the essential molecular and cellular biology of the malaria parasites. Availability of hosts such as mice and vectors such as Anopheles stephensi has made this parasite a suitable system to study the parasite-host and vector-parasite relationships. Methods: This study was performed at Medical Entomology and Parasitology laboratories of the School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2016...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683043/-retrospective-evaluation-of-serologic-and-molecular-test-results-of-toxoplasmosis-suspected-patients
#5
Emrah Erdoğan, Merve Yürük, Eda Sivcan, Serkan Karaca, Hanife Temel, Tuba Şabanoğlu, Aslıhan Gültekin, İzzet Şahin
Toxoplasma gondii is a compulsory intracellular protozoan parasite with a wide range of host in warm-blooded vertebrates and has importance in terms of health and economy. Toxoplasmosis is very common because it can infect people with a variety of ways; ingestion of contaminated water and nutrients; raw or undercooked meats containing tissue cysts, blood transfusions, organ transplantantation and transplacental transfer. The aim of this study was to evaluate serologic and molecular test results of toxoplasmosis pre-diagnosed patients...
January 2019: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30604685/the-prevalance-of-blastocystosis-among-patients-with-gastrointestinal-and-dermatologic-complaints-and-effects-of-blastocystis-spp-density-on-symptomatology
#6
Varol Tunalı, Eylem Akdur Öztürk, Ayşegül Ünver, Nevin Turgay
OBJECTIVE: Blastocystosis has been linked with non-specific symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distention. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between Blastocystis spp. with urticaria and intestinal symptoms. METHODS: The results of the stool examinations of the patients who were referred to Ege University Medical Faculty Hospital's Medical Parasitology Department Direct Diagnosis Laboratory with gastrointestinal (GIS) and/or dermatologic symptoms between January 2011 and July 2016 were retrospectively scanned...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555149/paleoparasitology-in-iran-a-review
#7
Iman Khodkar, Mohammad Hossein Feizhadad, Mehdi Tavalla
Paleoparasitology was created to trace and recover the natural development of parasites as well as the origin of infectious diseases. Paleoparasitology is defined as the study of parasites in ancient material and their interactions with hosts and vectors. Advances in the field have helped to open up new prospects for anthropologists, archaeologists, biologists and medical scientists. In recent years, Iranian parasitologists and biologists have developed immense interest in this field. One of the first human settlements on earth was established in Iran and there is extensive evidence of early human life in this ancient land...
December 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30480050/common-variable-immunodeficiency-associated-inflammatory-enteropathy-the-new-era-of-biological-therapy
#8
Cátia Arieira, Francisca Dias de Castro, Maria João Moreira, José Cotter
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most frequent form of immunodeficiency in adults. Clinical manifestations are heterogeneous with an increased susceptibility to infections and inflammatory conditions, namely autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease. We present the clinical case of a Caucasian female patient, 21 years old, with a past medical history of CVID, with multiple visits to the emergency department due to abdominal pain in the lower quadrants and diarrhea. Her biochemical analysis showed elevated inflammatory parameters...
November 2018: GE Portuguese journal of gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479599/are-medical-laboratories-ready-for-the-diagnosis-of-parasitic-diseases
#9
Ahmet Özbilgin
Economic instability, destabilisation with armed conflagration, religious and ethnic conflicts are the most important driving factors for migrations towards Europe. Mediterranean countries are important route for refugees who emigrate from the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Viral, bacterial, parasitic and fungal diseases carried by these refugees constitute a significant health risk in Mediterranean countries. Parasitic diseases, such as intestinal parasites, pediculosis, scabies, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, malaria and leishmaniasis, which may reach the Mediterranean region trough migrations, were briefly reviewed and the precautions to be taken were mentioned...
November 2018: EJIFCC
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419725/prevention-and-control-strategies-for-parasitic-infections-in-the-korea-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention
#10
Young Yil Bahk, Eun-Hee Shin, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Jung-Won Ju, Jong-Yil Chai, Tong-Soo Kim
Korea is successfully controlled intestinal parasitic infections owing to economic development and high health consciousness. The Division of Vectors and Parasitic Diseases (formerly the Division of Malaria and Parasitology) is in the Center for Laboratory Control of Infectious Diseases of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has been the governmental agency responsible for controlling and leading scientific research on parasitic diseases. The Division of Vectors and Parasitic Diseases has conducted and funded basic research and disseminated the research results to various medical fields, ultimately promoting public health in Korea...
October 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30407465/-enfermedad-de-chagas-en-m%C3%A3-xico
#11
Julieta Rojo-Medina, Cuitláhuac Ruiz-Matus, Paz María Salazar-Schettino, Jesús Felipe González-Roldán
Chagas disease, which is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is considered to be the most serious parasitic disease in America. It is transmitted mainly by triatominae ("kissing bugs"). Mazzoti reported the first two human cases in Mexico. The form of transmission is by parasites entering the organism in feces of the insect, by blood transfusion, from mother to child, by organ transplant and laboratory accidents. In Mexico, 1.1 million people are estimated to be infected; the incidence in 2012 was 0.70 per 1,00,000 population...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30282786/medical-parasitology-taxonomy-update-2016-2017
#12
REVIEW
Blaine A Mathison, Bobbi S Pritt
Parasite taxonomy continues to change as molecular and morphologic studies enhance our understanding of parasite relatedness. This minireview builds on the information provided in the last taxonomy update in this journal to summarize new and revised clinically-relevant human parasite taxonomic changes that have occurred in 2016-2017.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30280220/the-potential-effects-of-silver-and-gold-nanoparticles-as-molluscicides-and-cercaricides-on-schistosoma-mansoni
#13
M A Moustafa, H S Mossalem, R M Sarhan, A A Abdel-Rahman, E M Hassan
Schistosomiasis seriously affects human health in tropical regions. Its prevention is more important than treatment, raising the need for effective control methods. Recently, the role of nanomaterials in medical science has been growing. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential effects of silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) on Biomphalaria alexandrina snails and Schistosoma mansoni cercariae in vitro and to assess their effects on the infectivity of cercariae in vivo. The in vitro study proved that Ag and Au NPs were effective in killing B...
December 2018: Parasitology Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30185237/advancing-the-multi-disciplinarity-of-parasitology-within-the-british-society-for-parasitology-studies-of-host-parasite-evolution-in-an-ever-changing-world
#14
J R Stothard, D T J Littlewood, R B Gasser, B L Webster
The study of parasites typically crosses into other research disciplines and spans across diverse scales, from molecular- to populational-levels, notwithstanding promoting an understanding of parasites set within evolutionary time. Today, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) help frame much of contemporary parasitological research, since parasites can be found in all ecosystems, blighting human, animal and plant health. In recognition of the multi-disciplinary nature of parasitological research, the 2017 Autumn Symposium of the British Society for Parasitology was held in London to provide a forum for novel exchange across medical, veterinary and wildlife fields of study...
November 2018: Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30180448/-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dengue-in-china
#15
F C Zhang, J F He, J Peng, X P Tang, C F Qin, H Z Lu, X W Li, Q Q Liu, H Zhao, J F Sheng, G J Wang
Dengue is the most prevalent and rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease. As a dengue non-endemic country, China has experienced several dengue outbreaks in recent years. However, dengue patients in China displayed distinct clinical characteristics compared to patients in endemic countries. To standardize the diagnosis and treatment of dengue fever, the experts of the Society of Infectious Diseases, Society of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology of Chinese Medical Association, and the Society of Emergency Medicine, China Association of Chinese Medicine have reached this guideline based on guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of dengue (World Health Organization, 2009); guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of dengue (National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, 2014, Edition 2), health industry standard of the People's Republic of China "diagnosis for dengue fever (WS216-2018)" and systemic reports on dengue...
September 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30167386/implementation-of-the-laboratory-quality-management-system-iso-15189-experience-from-bugando-medical-centre-clinical-laboratory-mwanza-tanzania
#16
Medard Beyanga, Lisa Gerwing-Adima, Kahima Jackson, Benjamin Majaliwa, Henrico Shimba, Simon Ezekiel, Charles Massambu, Dickson Majige, Michael Mwasegaka, Wilson Mtotela, Patrick Mateta, Christa Kasang
Background: Use of laboratory evidence-based patient health care in Tanzania remains a complex problem, as with many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. As at 2010, 39 African countries, including Tanzania, had no clinical laboratories that met the minimum requirements for international laboratory standards (International Organization for Standardization [ISO] 15189). Objective: The aim of this article is to share experience from Bugando Medical Centre laboratory's milestones in reaching ISO 15189 accreditation...
2018: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30141429/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-raw-vegetables-consumed-by-inhabitants-of-mymensingh-city
#17
A Azim, S Ahmed, S K Paul, S A Nasreen, S R Sarkar, M U Ahmed, A Najnin, M A Hossain
Uncooked vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet in different parts of the world. The present descriptive cross sectional type of study was carried out to determine the parasitological contamination of vegetables sold at markets of Mymensingh city of Bangladesh. Parasitological examinations were performed in material derived from 200 specimens of 10 different vegetables to detect intestinal parasites in the department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2015 to July 2016...
July 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30123812/lived-experiences-of-patients-suffering-from-acute-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-qualitative-content-analysis-study-from-iran
#18
Alireza Khatami, Maria Emmelin, Rezvan Talaee, Akram Miramin-Mohammadi, Nessa Aghazadeh, Alireza Firooz, Berndt Stenberg
Background: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients who suffer from acute cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran, focusing on quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted at two different sites in Iran in 2010-2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with six men and six women parasitologically confirmed acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30123808/domiciliary-cockroaches-as-carriers-of-human-intestinal-parasites-in-lagos-metropolis-southwest-nigeria-implications-for-public-health
#19
Adedotun A Adenusi, Mary I Akinyemi, Dele Akinsanya
Background: Domiciliary cockroaches are obnoxious pests of significant medical importance. We investigated the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in cockroaches and its attendant public health importance. Methods: Overall, 749 cockroaches ( Periplaneta americana , 509, Blattella germanica , 240) caught by trapping from 120 households comprising 3 different housing types in Somolu, Lagos metropolis, southwest Nigeria, in 2015 were screened for human intestinal parasites using standard parasitological techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30094540/lyophilisation-as-a-simple-and-safe-method-for-long-term-storage-of-free-living-amoebae-at-ambient-temperature
#20
Carsten Balczun, Patrick L Scheid
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are protozoa ubiquitously found in nature. As some species or strains of these FLA are pathogenic for humans and animals, they represent objects of medical and parasitological research worldwide. Storage of valuable FLA strains in laboratories is often time- and energy-consuming and expensive. The shipment of such strains as frozen stocks is cumbersome and challenging in terms of cooling requirements as well as of transport regulations. To overcome these difficulties and challenges in maintenance and transport, we present a new method to generate lyophilised samples of non-cyst-forming FLA (Ripella (Vannella) spp...
October 2018: Parasitology Research
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