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Morteza Hosseini, Diogo Pratas, Armando J Pinho
Summary: The ever-increasing growth of high-throughput sequencing technologies has led to a great acceleration of medical and biological research and discovery. As these platforms advance, the amount of information for diverse genomes increases at unprecedented rates. Confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of such genomic information should be ensured due to its extremely sensitive nature. In this paper, we propose Cryfa, a fast secure encryption tool for genomic data, namely in Fasta, Fastq, VCF, SAM and BAM formats, which is also capable of reducing the storage size of Fasta and Fastq files...
July 18, 2018: Bioinformatics
Kathy Grimley-Baker
Nurses are expected to provide a safe haven for clients. When clients seek the services of nurses, they are vulnerable, and they expect privacy and confi dentiality. Reporting acknowledged or suspected intimate partner violence (IPV) to authorities can impact nurse-client trust relationships. This article discusses the legal ramifi cations of reporting of IPV and their implications in a health care setting.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
Richard Griffi
All patients, including those who have died, have the right to their personal health information being kept confi dential.
November 28, 2012: Nursing Standard
M Larmas
Microbes are responsible for the initiation and maintaining of carious processes. They have an efficient machinery for dissolving crystalline hydroxyapatite. When initiating carious processes, microbial acid formation determines the rate of the process in enamel. When the process reaches dentin, the micro-environment changes. Dential fluid in dentin tubules is the liquid where dissolving products of apatites are destroyed. Inorganic composition of dentinal fluid, however, is not altered much during the carious process, indicating that a functional secretory domain is working to pump the dissolved calcium and phosphate ions out of the fluid...
August 2001: Advances in Dental Research
Y Gao, Y R Fang, F Suwa, S Yoshida, L Yang, A Tanaka
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) refers to a group of bone-inducing growth factors used to enhance experimental osseous repair. Previous studies have indicated that BMP promotes the proliferation and differentiation of fibroblasts from human dental pulp both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, when BMP is used as a pulp capping agent, it has ability to induce the formation of both osteodentin and tubular dentin. In this study, we sought to explore whether or not BMP, complexed to ceramic dentin (BMP/CD), would constitute a more effective pulp capping agent than BMP alone...
April 1995: Journal of Osaka Dental University
B A Burt, A I Ismail, E C Morrison, E D Beltran
Over 500 residents of Tecumseh, Michigan, were dentially examined in 1959 as part of a community-wide health study. In 1987, the dental examinations were repeated, with use of the same criteria as in 1959, for 167 dentate persons from the original group. Another 28 reported by telephone that they had become edentulous since 1959. This report uses a historical cohort analysis for exploration of the risk factors for tooth loss, both total and partial, over the 28-year period. Over that time, the edentulous lost an average of 18...
May 1990: Journal of Dental Research
M R Byers, S J Kish
We have shown that there is extensive innervation of cusp pulp and dentin in rat molars. The dental nerves either end freely below the odontoblast layer or form gap junction endings on the odontobast cell body or along its dential process. The nerves are largely absent from response dentin, are found in contact with virtually all other odontoblasts at the tip of the cusps, are less frequent in intercuspal regions, and are absent from root dentin and odontoblast layers. The incisors were completely different from the molars, perhaps because they are continuously erupting teeth...
May 1976: Journal of Dental Research
A R Ten Cate
The fine structure of mantle dentine formation has been studied in the mouse molar. No evidence was found for the presence of collagenous von Korff fibres arising from the dental papilla, passing between odontoblasts and fanning out to form the collagenous matrix of mantle detine. Instead, large collagen fibrils were first demonstrable in the matrix peripheral to the dential aspect of an extensive junctional complex system occurring at the necks of the odontoblasts. The orientation of the fibres was at right angles to the future amelo-dentinal junction in coronal dentinogenesis, but parallel to the root surface in radicular dentinogenesis...
January 1978: Journal of Anatomy
W R Kirkham, E E Andrews, C C Snow, P M Grape, L Snyder
A series of cases is reported in which pink teeth were observed during the postmortem period. Most cases were associated with decomposition in a moist environment. Experimental procedures led to the extraction of pink material from dentin and demonstration that hemoglobin and serum proteins were present. The pink-tooth phenomenon was duplicated in human teeth by instilling into the pulp chambers whole blood and blood with the red cells hemolyzed. The change was manifested in teeth of dogs after freezing, heating, and decomposition in a moist environment...
January 1977: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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