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Ramhari Kumbhar, Sophie Vidal-Eychenié, Dimitrios-Georgios Kontopoulos, Marion Larroque, Christian Larroque, Jihane Basbous, Sofia Kossida, Cyril Ribeyre, Angelos Constantinou
The DNA damage response (DDR) ensures cellular adaptation to genotoxic insults. In the crowded environment of the nucleus, the assembly of productive DDR complexes requires multiple protein modifications. How the apical E1 ubiquitin activation enzyme UBA1 integrates spatially and temporally in the DDR remains elusive. Using a human cell-free system, we show that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 promotes the recruitment of UBA1 to DNA. We find that the association of UBA1 with poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated protein-DNA complexes is necessary for the phosphorylation replication protein A and checkpoint kinase 1 by the serine/threonine protein kinase ataxia-telangiectasia and RAD3-related, a prototypal response to DNA damage...
June 2018: Life science alliance
Samir H Barghout, Aaron D Schimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: Oncotarget
Zongyang Lv, Katelyn M Williams, Lingmin Yuan, James H Atkison, Shaun K Olsen
Ubiquitin (Ub) signaling plays a key regulatory role in nearly every aspect of eukaryotic biology and is initiated by E1 enzymes that activate and transfer Ub to E2 Ub-conjugating enzymes. Despite Ub E1's fundamental importance to the cell and its attractiveness as a target for therapeutic intervention in cancer and other diseases, its only available structural information is derived from yeast orthologs of human ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1 (hUBA1). To illuminate structural differences between yeast and hUBA1 structures that might be exploited for the development of small-molecule therapeutics, we determined the first crystal structure of a hUBA1-Ub complex...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Qing Shu, Song Lai, Xiao-Mei Wang, Yun-Long Zhang, Xiao-Lei Yang, Hai-Lian Bi, Hui-Hua Li
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is the main risk factor for heart diseases. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is the major intracellular protein degradation system involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophic remodeling. Ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, a key component of the UPS, catalyzes the first step in ubiquitin conjugation to mark cellular proteins for degradation via proteasome. However, the functional role of E1 (UBA1) in regulation of hypertrophic remodeling in angiotensin II (Ang II)-infused mice remains unknown...
October 20, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hannah K Shorrock, Dinja van der Hoorn, Penelope J Boyd, Maica Llavero Hurtado, Douglas J Lamont, Brunhilde Wirth, James N Sleigh, Giampietro Schiavo, Thomas M Wishart, Ewout J N Groen, Thomas H Gillingwater
Deafferentation of motor neurons as a result of defective sensory-motor connectivity is a critical early event in the pathogenesis of spinal muscular atrophy, but the underlying molecular pathways remain unknown. We show that restoration of ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1 (UBA1) was sufficient to correct sensory-motor connectivity in the spinal cord of mice with spinal muscular atrophy. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, including GARS, were identified as downstream targets of UBA1. Regulation of GARS by UBA1 occurred via a non-canonical pathway independent of ubiquitylation...
October 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Rini Ravindran, Paula Polk, Lucy C Robinson, Kelly Tatchell
Protein ubiquitylation regulates many cellular processes, including cell division. We report here a novel mutation altering the S. cerevisiae E1 ubiquitin activating enzyme ( uba1-W928R) that suppresses the temperature sensitivity and chromosome loss phenotype of a well-characterized Aurora B mutant ( ip1-2 ). The uba1-W928R mutation increases Histone H3-S10 phosphorylation in the ipl1-2 strain, indicating that uba1-W928R acts by increasing Ipl1 activity and/or reducing the opposing PP1 (Glc7 in S. cerevisiae ) phosphatase activity...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Mi Ran Choi, Ji-Won Chun, Su Min Kwak, Sol Hee Bang, Yeung-Bae Jin, Youngjeon Lee, Han-Na Kim, Kyu-Tae Chang, Young Gyu Chai, Sang-Rae Lee, Dai-Jin Kim
Methamphetamine (MA), a psychostimulant abused worldwide, gives rise to neurotoxicity in the hippocampus, resulting in cognitive impairments and hippocampal volume reduction. The cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with hippocampal impairments due to MA remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of MA on structural alterations and gene expressions in the hippocampus. We analyzed the pattern of volumetric changes in the hippocampus using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after acute and chronic administration of MA to cynomolgus macaques...
September 15, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Angela McHugh, Kenneth Fernandes, Andrew P South, Jemima E Mellerio, Julio C Salas-Alanís, Charlotte M Proby, Irene M Leigh, Mark K Saville
Proteasome inhibitors have distinct properties and the biochemical consequences of suppressing ubiquitin E1 enzymes and the proteasome differ. We compared the effects of the proteasome inhibitors bortezomib, ixazomib and carfilzomib and the ubiquitin E1 enzyme inhibitor MLN7243/TAK-243 on cell viability and cell death in normal keratinocytes and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) cell lines. The effects of both a pulse of treatment and more extended incubation were investigated. This is relevant to directly-delivered therapy (topical treatment/intratumoral injection) where the time of exposure can be controlled and a short exposure may better reflect systemically-delivered inhibitor pharmacokinetics...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
Delphine Albrecht, Hans C Hürlimann, Johanna Ceschin, Christelle Saint-Marc, Benoît Pinson, Bertrand Daignan-Fornier
AICAR is the precursor of ZMP, a metabolite with antiproliferative properties in yeast and human. We aim at understanding how AICAR (and its active form ZMP) affects essential cellular processes. In this work, we found that ZMP accumulation is synthetic lethal with a hypomorphic allele of the ubiquitin-activating enzyme Uba1. A search for gene-dosage suppressors revealed that ubiquitin overexpression was sufficient to restore growth of the uba1 mutant upon AICAR treatment, suggesting that the ubiquitin pool is critical for cells to cope with AICAR...
December 2018: Current Genetics
Jing Peng, Ying Wang, Fang He, Chen Chen, Li-Wen Wu, Li-Fen Yang, Yu-Ping Ma, Wen Zhang, Zi-Qing Shi, Chao Chen, Kun Xia, Hui Guo, Fei Yin, Nan Pang
AIMS: West syndrome (WS) is a classic form of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) characterized by tonic spasms with clustering, arrest of psychomotor development, and hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography. Genetic defects play a critical role in the pathology of WS, and 54 EIEE genes have been identified till date. This study was designed to uncover new candidate genes for West syndrome. METHODS: In this study, we recruited 56 Chinese families with WS of unknown etiology...
April 17, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Cristina Pérez-Patiño, Inmaculada Parrilla, Isabel Barranco, María Vergara-Barberán, Ernesto F Simó-Alfonso, José M Herrero-Martínez, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martínez, Emilio A Martínez, Jordi Roca
A complete characterization of the proteome of seminal plasma (SP) is an essential step to understand how SP influences sperm function and fertility after artificial insemination (AI). The purpose of this study was to identify which among characterized proteins in boar SP were differently expressed among AI boars with significantly different fertility outcomes. A total of 872 SP proteins, 390 of them belonging specifically to Sus Scrofa taxonomy, were identified (Experiment 1) by using a novel proteomic approach that combined size exclusion chromatography and solid-phase extraction as prefractionation steps prior to Nano LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Xianpeng Liu, Limin Sun, Demirkan B Gursel, Chonghui Cheng, Sui Huang, Alfred W Rademaker, Seema A Khan, Jun Yin, Hiroaki Kiyokawa
Ubiquitination plays critical roles in the regulation of oncoproteins and tumor suppressors during carcinogenesis. The two ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1) in human genome, UBA1 and UBA6, initiate ubiquitination by ATP-dependent activation of ubiquitin. Recent evidence suggests that UBA1 and UBA6 play partially overlapped yet distinct roles in controlling the proteome. Here we demonstrate that ubiquitination pathways initiated specifically by UBA6 set a suppressive barrier against critical steps of mammary carcinogenesis such as loss of polarity, anoikis resistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
Chung-Lin Chou, Gloria Hwang, Daniel J Hageman, Lichy Han, Prashasti Agrawal, Trairak Pisitkun, Mark A Knepper
The urea channel UT-A1 and the water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) mediate vasopressin-regulated transport in the renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD). To identify the proteins that interact with UT-A1 and AQP2 in native rat IMCD cells, we carried out chemical cross-linking followed by detergent solubilization, immunoprecipitation, and LC-MS/MS analysis of the immunoprecipitated material. The analyses revealed 133 UT-A1-interacting proteins and 139 AQP2-interacting proteins, each identified in multiple replicates...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Chris D Balak, Jesse M Hunter, Mary E Ahearn, David Wiley, Gennaro D'urso, Lisa Baumbach-Reardon
Background: X-linked spinal muscular atrophy (XL-SMA) results from mutations in the Ubiquitin-Like Modifier Activating Enzyme 1 ( UBA1 ). Previously, four novel closely clustered mutations have been shown to cause this fatal infantile disorder affecting only males. These mutations, three missense and one synonymous, all lie within Exon15 of the UBA1 gene, which contains the active adenylation domain (AAD). Methods: In this study, our group characterized the three known missense variants in vitro . Using a novel Uba1 assay and other methods, we investigated Uba1 adenylation, thioester, and transthioesterification reactions in vitro to determine possible biochemical effects of the missense variants...
2017: F1000Research
Siyu Wang, Jiaxiang Juan, Zubin Zhang, Yanyun Du, Yujia Xu, Jiefei Tong, Biyin Cao, Michael F Moran, Yuanying Zeng, Xinliang Mao
The deubiquitinase USP5 stabilizes c-Maf, a key transcription factor in multiple myeloma (MM), but the mechanisms and significance are unclear. In the present study, USP5 was found to interact with c-Maf and prevented it from degradation by decreasing its polyubiquitination level. Specifically, the 308th and 347th lysine residues in c-Maf were critical for USP5-mediated deubiquitination and stability. There are five key domains in the USP5 protein and subsequent studies revealed that the cryptic ZnF domain and the C-box domain interacted with c-Maf but the UBA1/UBA2 domain partly increased its stability...
September 21, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Gina A Smith, Gareth W Fearnley, Izma Abdul-Zani, Stephen B Wheatcroft, Darren C Tomlinson, Michael A Harrison, Sreenivasan Ponnambalam
Cell surface receptors can undergo recycling or proteolysis but the cellular decision-making events that sort between these pathways remain poorly defined. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) regulate signal transduction and angiogenesis, but how signaling and proteolysis is regulated is not well understood. Here, we provide evidence that a pathway requiring the E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme UBA1 controls basal VEGFR2 levels, hence metering plasma membrane receptor availability for the VEGF-A-regulated endothelial cell response...
October 15, 2017: Biology Open
Seyyedmohsen Hosseinibarkooie, Svenja Schneider, Brunhilde Wirth
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by alpha motor neuron loss in the spinal cord due to reduced survival motor neuron (SMN) protein level. While the genetic basis of SMA is well described, the specific molecular pathway underlying SMA is still not fully understood. Areas covered: This review discusses the recent advancements in understanding the molecular pathways in SMA using different omics approaches and genetic modifiers identified in both vertebrate and invertebrate systems...
July 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
Mohit Misra, Maximilian Kuhn, Mark Löbel, Heeseon An, Alexander V Statsyuk, Christoph Sotriffer, Hermann Schindelin
Targeting the activating enzymes (E1) of ubiquitin (Ub) and ubiquitin-like modifiers (Ubls) has emerged as a promising anti-cancer strategy, possibly overcoming the ineffectiveness of proteasome inhibitors against solid tumors. Here, we report crystal structures of the yeast ubiquitin E1 (Uba1) with three adenosyl sulfamate inhibitors exhibiting different E1 specificities, which are all covalently linked to ubiquitin. The structures illustrate how the chemically diverse inhibitors are accommodated within the adenylation active site...
July 5, 2017: Structure
Zongyang Lv, Lingmin Yuan, James H Atkison, Grace Aldana-Masangkay, Yuan Chen, Shaun K Olsen
E1 enzymes for ubiquitin (Ub) and Ub-like modifiers (Ubls) harbor two catalytic activities that are required for Ub/Ubl activation: adenylation and thioester bond formation. Structural studies of the E1 for the Ubl <u>s</u>mall <u>u</u>biquitin-like <u>mo</u>difier (SUMO) revealed a single active site that is transformed by a conformational switch that toggles its competency for catalysis of these two distinct chemical reactions. Although the mechanisms of adenylation and thioester bond formation revealed by SUMO E1 structures are thought to be conserved in Ub E1, there is currently a lack of structural data supporting this hypothesis...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Chao Zhang, Yao Chen, Xiangdong Gan, Zhiguang Huang, Minji Zou, Wenliang Fu, Weiwei Xing, Donggang Xu
SAK-HV is an anti-atherosclerosis recombinant fusion protein developed by our lab. Our study determined that SAK-HV promoted macrophage proliferation, of which the mechanism was explored by both RAW264.7 cells and primary macrophages. Mass spectrometric analysis and co-immunoprecipitation were combined to screen the SAK-HV-interacting proteins in RAW264.7 cells. Confocal microscopy was adopted to detect the localization of SAK-HV in cells. The results indicated that SAK-HV triggered macrophage proliferation via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) pathways by its SAK-mutant functional domain...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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