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Transcultural Psychiatry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707405/transcultural-differences-of-psychologically-traumatised-children-and-adolescents
#1
Amesh K Shrestha, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Christian Popow, Susanne Ohmann, Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
BACKGROUND: The symptoms following a traumatic event as well as the coping strategies can be culture specific. The objective of the present study was to analyse the transcultural differences of psychologically traumatized children and adolescents with and without migration background. METHODS: The medical files of 199 psychologically traumatized children and adolescents (99 native Austrian, 100 Turkish-speaking) who were treated at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Vienna were retrospectively analysed...
February 1, 2019: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691382/interpreters-in-transcultural-psychiatry
#2
Signe Skammeritz, Nevra Sari, Oscar Jiménez-Solomon, Jessica Carlsson
A myriad of cultural and language-related factors can affect the communication between clinicians, interpreters, and patients. Misunderstandings can lead to diagnostic errors; inadequate treatment; disengagement; and, thereby, poor clinical outcomes. A qualified interpreter can decrease the risk of miscommunication. The integration of an interpreter in the clinical encounter can shape the course of treatment and patient experience. Therefore, developing clinicians' awareness about and skills to address contextual challenges in using interpreters in transcultural psychiatry is of great importance...
January 29, 2019: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30607874/how-to-fail-a-scale-reflections-on-a-failed-attempt-to-assess-resilience
#3
Emily Mendenhall, Andrew Wooyoung Kim
How we interpret concepts from suffering to survival has been historically debated in the field of anthropology, transcultural psychiatry, and global mental health. These debates have centered on the notion that such concepts are cross-culturally reproducible, although scholars who work the boundaries of culture, medicine, and psychiatry often triangulate methods from internationally standardized scales to various interpretive methods from participant observation to narrative. This article considers resilience, as opposed to suffering, as the subject of a reproducible entity by discussing the failure of an attempt to capture resilience via an internationally reputed scale called the "Resilience Scale for Adults" among cancer patients in urban South Africa...
January 3, 2019: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30547691/conference-proceedings-of-the-4th-masterclass-psychiatry-transcultural-psychiatry-diagnostics-and-treatment-lule%C3%A3-sweden-22-23-february-2018-region-norrbotten-in-collaboration-with-the-maudsley-hospital-and-tavistock-clinic-london
#4
Ursula Werneke
BACKGROUND: According to estimates from the European Commission, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than one million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union in the past few years. Mental health and primary care professionals are more likely than ever to meet patients from different cultures and backgrounds. AIMS: To equip mental health and primary care professionals with transcultural skills to deal with patients from unfamiliar backgrounds...
December 14, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30117762/introduction-pow-meng-yap-and-the-culture-bound-syndromes
#5
Ivan Crozier
PM Yap's most significant intellectual achievement was his development of the concept of the culture-bound syndrome, which synthesized years of research into transcultural psychiatry, and situated this work within this field by drawing on elaborated nosological schema that challenged some of the ethnocentric assumptions made by previous psychiatrists who had tried to understand mental illnesses that presented in non-western cultures. This introduction to Yap's 1951 paper emphasizes that Yap needs to be understood as working within the western tradition of transcultural psychiatry, and argues that his English training and his continual engagement with western psychiatric and philosophical frameworks is the best way to conceive of his contributions to this field...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29938531/culture-and-psychism-the-ethnopsychoanalysis-of-georges-devereux
#6
Alessandra Cerea
This paper introduces the significant theoretical contribution of Georges Devereux (1908-85) on the relationship between culture and psychism, which he developed in his work at the interface of anthropology, psychoanalysis and quantum epistemology during the mid-twentieth century. Devereux was one of the key early contributors to the field of transcultural psychiatry; he was in touch with its most important exponents, although he remained critical of many of the popular trends developed in this field of research in the USA, where Devereux conducted most of his research between 1932 and 1963...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29860874/henri-collomb-and-the-emergence-of-a-psychiatry-open-to-otherness-through-interdisciplinary-dialogue-in-post-independence-dakar
#7
René Collignon
During decolonization, Henri Collomb was appointed to the first Chair of Psychiatry at the University of Dakar. Using a neuropsychiatric approach, he quickly made significant advances in the field, despite the colonial era's poor legacy of assistance facilities for mentally ill people. Through alliances with professors and researchers from the university Departments of Psychology and Sociology, an original interdisciplinary dialogue was set up to build up a research team which would develop rich and varied activities in the fields of transcultural psychiatry, medical anthropology and psychoanalytic anthropology...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29860873/race-alcohol-and-general-paralysis-emil-kraepelin-s-comparative-psychiatry-and-his-trips-to-java-1904-and-north-america-1925
#8
Eric J Engstrom, Ivan Crozier
This article examines Emil Kraepelin's notion of comparative psychiatry and relates it to the clinical research he conducted at psychiatric hospitals in South-East Asia (1904) and the USA (1925). It argues that his research fits awkwardly within the common historiographic narratives of colonial psychiatry. It also disputes claims that his work can be interpreted meaningfully as the fons et origio of transcultural psychiatry. Instead, it argues that his comparative psychiatry was part of a larger neo-Lamarckian project of clinical epidemiology and was thus primarily a reflection of his own long-standing diagnostic practices and research agendas...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29756495/historicizing-transcultural-psychiatry-people-epistemic-objects-networks-and-practices
#9
Emmanuel Delille, Ivan Crozier
The history of transcultural psychiatry has recently attracted much historical attention, including a workshop in March 2016 in which an international panel of scholars met at the Maison de Sciences de l'Homme Paris-Nord (MSH-PN). Papers from this workshop are presented here. By conceiving of transcultural psychiatry as a dynamic social field that frames its knowledge claims around epistemic objects that are specific to the field, and by focusing on the ways that concepts within this field are used to organize intellectual work, several themes are explored that draw this field into the historiography of psychiatry...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29719964/cross-cultural-psychometric-properties-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale
#10
Erik Vindbjerg, Guido Makransky, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jessica Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is considered the gold standard measure of depression. The factor structure of the HDRS is generally unstable, but 4 to 8 items appear to form a general depression factor. As transcultural studies of the HDRS have received little attention, and as most of the studies have taken a data-driven approach with a tendency to yield fragmented results, it is not clear if an HDRS general depression factor can also be found in non-Western populations...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29643820/the-attribution-of-mental-health-problems-to-jinn-an-explorative-study-in-a-transcultural-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic
#11
Anastasia Lim, Hans W Hoek, Samrad Ghane, Mathijs Deen, Jan Dirk Blom
Background: Among Muslim patients, a common cultural concept of distress is the notion that jinn may be the cause of mental health problems, especially in the presence of hallucinations. Objective: This study examines the frequency with which this attribution style is manifest in a specific psychiatric outpatient population with a Muslim background. Methods: Of all patients registered at an outpatient clinic specialized in transcultural psychiatry, data were collected on folk belief, religion, hallucinations (if present), and medical diagnosis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29582691/eric-wittkower-and-the-foundation-of-montr%C3%A3-al-s-transcultural-psychiatry-research-unit-after-world-war-ii
#12
Emmanuel Delille
Eric Wittkower founded McGill University's Transcultural Psychiatry Unit in 1955. One year later, he started the first international newsletter in this academic field: Transcultural Psychiatry. However, at the beginning of his career Wittkower gave no signs that he would be interested in social sciences and psychiatry. This paper describes the historical context of the post-war period, when Wittkower founded the research unit in Montréal. I focus on the history of scientific networks and the circulation of knowledge, and particularly on the exchanges between the French- and English-speaking academic cultures in North America and Europe...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29582688/the-politics-and-practice-of-thomas-adeoye-lambo-towards-a-post-colonial-history-of-transcultural-psychiatry
#13
Matthew M Heaton
This article traces the career of Thomas Adeoye Lambo, the first European-trained psychiatrist of indigenous Nigerian (Yoruba) background and one of the key contributors to the international development of transcultural psychiatry from the 1950s to the 1980s. The focus on Lambo provides some political, cultural and geographical balance to the broader history of transcultural psychiatry by emphasizing the contributions to transcultural psychiatric knowledge that have emerged from a particular non-western context...
September 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29226795/treatment-of-sleep-disturbances-in-refugees-suffering-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Hinuga Sandahl, Erik Vindbjerg, Jessica Carlsson
Sleep disturbances are often referred to as the hallmark of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Although PTSD is prevalent in refugees, studies on sleep disturbances in trauma-affected refugees are scarce. This article presents the results of two studies: a systematic review of the literature on treatment of sleep disturbances in adult trauma-affected refugees and a study of the role of sleep disturbances in the PTSD symptom structure. Study 1, the literature review, identified five studies on treatment of sleep disturbances: four studies were on pharmacological treatment and one study on music therapy...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28949110/-evolution-in-geneva-of-institutional-psychiatric-services-for-asylum-seekers-persons
#15
Javier Bartolomei, Rachel Baeriswyl-Cottin, Thomas Rathelot, Natacha Premand, Didier Dechoux, Lamyae Benzakour
Recent conflicts in the Middle East and Africa generated the displacement of millions of refugees seeking a safe haven. It led to a transformation in the population of asylum seekers attending our community psychiatry clinic serving refugees and asylum seekers in Geneva. That patient population doubled in a couple of years, comprising a higher number of young men, migrating alone, mostly from the Middle East and Afghanistan. Higher demand on our system and specific mental health needs brought us to transform our setting...
September 20, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28672671/medicalization-of-global-health-2-the-medicalization-of-global-mental-health
#16
Jocalyn Clark
Once an orphan field, 'global mental health' now has wide acknowledgement and prominence on the global health agenda. Increased recognition draws needed attention to individual suffering and the population impacts, but medicalizing global mental health produces a narrow view of the problems and solutions. Early framing by advocates of the global mental health problem emphasised biological disease, linked psychiatry with neurology, and reinforced categories of mental health disorders. Universality of biomedical concepts across culture is assumed in the globalisation of mental health but is strongly disputed by transcultural psychiatrists and anthropologists...
December 2014: Global Health Action
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28506078/-my-husband-is-possessed-by-a-jinn-a-case-study-in-transcultural-mental-health
#17
Kylie Cheng
Objectives The objective of this study was to discuss jinn possession in Muslim culture, and the importance of understanding cultural differences in mental health. Conclusion It is important to understand cultural and religious differences in psychiatry, as it affects the way patients perceive and attribute symptoms. It also helps clinicians to reach an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatments. Beliefs about jinn possession should not automatically be regarded as delusional. In alleged cases of jinn possession, clinicians should consider all the biopsychosocial, cultural and spiritual factors that are unique to the individual...
October 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28317470/anthropology-brokerage-and-collaboration-in-the-development-of-a-tongan-public-psychiatry-local-lessons-for-global-mental-health
#18
Mike Poltorak
The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and addressed some of the stigma attached to diagnosis. On the basis of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork with healers, doctors, and patients since 1998, this article offers an ethnographic contextualization of the development and reception of Puloka's three key interventions during the 1990s: (a) collaboration with traditional healers; (b) translation of psychiatric diagnoses into local cultural concepts; and (c) encouraging freedom of movement and legal appeal to involuntary admission...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28317467/ethnographic-perspectives-on-global-mental-health
#19
Sumeet Jain, David M R Orr
The field of Global Mental Health (GMH) aims to influence mental health policy and practice worldwide, with a focus on human rights and access to care. There have been important achievements, but GMH has also been the focus of scholarly controversies arising from political, cultural, and pragmatic critiques. These debates have become increasingly polarized, giving rise to a need for more dialogue and experience-near research to inform theorizing. Ethnography has much to offer in this respect. This paper frames and introduces five articles in this issue of Transcultural Psychiatry that illustrate the role of ethnographic methods in understanding the effects and implications of the field of global mental health on mental health policy and practice...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#20
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
September 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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