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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772336/gene-expression-changes-in-cervical-squamous-cancers-following-neoadjuvant-interventional-chemoembolization
#1
Yonghua Chen, Yuanyuan Hou, Ying Yang, Meixia Pan, Jing Wang, Wenshuang Wang, Ying Zuo, Jianglin Cong, Xiaojie Wang, Nan Mu, Chenglin Zhang, Benjiao Gong, Jianqing Hou, Shaoguang Wang, Liping Xu
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of therapy for cervical cancer is related to the alteration of multiple molecular events and signaling networks during treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate gene expression alterations in advanced cervical cancers before- and after-trans-uterine arterial chemoembolization- (TUACE). METHODS: Gene expression patterns in three squamous cell cervical cancers before- and after-TUACE were determined using microarray technique. Changes in AKAP12 and CA9 genes following TUACE were validated by quantitative real-time PCR...
February 14, 2019: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768848/mitochondrial-metabolism-is-inhibited-by-the-hif1%C3%AE-myc-pgc-1%C3%AE-axis-in-braf-v600e-thyroid-cancer
#2
Yanyan Gao, Fang Yang, Xiu-An Yang, Li Zhang, Huixin Yu, Xian Cheng, Shichen Xu, Jie Pan, Kun Wang, Peifeng Li
BRAF V600E is the most common mutation identified in thyroid cancers. However, the relationship between BRAF V600E and metabolic reprogramming in thyroid cancer is unclear. Here, we investigate the mechanism of metabolic reprogramming in BRAF V600E thyroid cancer by constructing BRAF V600E-overexpressing and BRAF-knockdown thyroid cell lines for use in mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis experiments. Western blot and RT-qPCR were performed to measure the level of metabolism-related proteins, and various approaches were used to investigate transcriptional regulation...
February 15, 2019: FEBS Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767969/childhood-cancer-symptom-cluster-leukemia-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Cheryl C Rodgers, Mary C Hooke, Olga A Taylor, Kari M Koerner, Pauline A Mitby, Ida M Moore, Michael E Scheurer, Marilyn J Hockenberry, Wei Pan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of the Childhood Cancer Symptom Cluster-Leukemia (CCSC-L) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL). SAMPLE & SETTING: 327 children receiving treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia from four pediatric oncology programs across the United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: Participants completed fatigue, sleep disturbance, pain, nausea, and depression symptom questionnaires at four time points; these symptoms comprised the CCSC-L...
March 1, 2019: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767401/an-optical-study-of-drug-resistance-detection-in-endometrial-cancer-cells-by-dynamic-and-quantitative-phase-imaging
#4
Tian Yao, Runyu Cao, Wen Xiao, Feng Pan, Xiaoping Li
Platinum chemo-sensitivity detection plays a vital role during endometrial cancer treatment because chemotherapy responses have profound influences on patient's prognosis. Although several methods can be used to detect drug resistance characteristics, studies on detecting drug sensitivity based on dynamic and quantitative phase imaging of cancer cells are rare. In this study, digital holographic microscopy was applied to distinguish drug-resistant and non-drug-resistant endometrial cancer cells. Based on the reconstructed phase images, temporal evolutions of cell height, cell projected area and cell volume were quantitatively measured...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Biophotonics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767193/bioinformatic-analysis-of-the-prognostic-value-of-znf860-in-recurrence-free-survival-and-its-potential-regulative-network-in-gastric-cancer
#5
H-X Pan, H-S Bai, Y Guo, Z-Y Cheng
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression profile of C2H2 zinc finger (ZNF) 860 (ZNF860) in gastric cancer (GC), its prognostic significance and its potential regulatory network in GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The level-3 data in the Cancer Genome Atlas-Stomach Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-STAD) was acquired for a secondary analysis, in which clinicopathological, genetic and survival data from 415 GC patients were collected. RESULTS: The gastric cancerous tissues had significantly upregulated ZNF860 expression...
January 2019: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765874/tyro3-as-a-molecular-target-for-growth-inhibition-and-apoptosis-induction-in-bladder-cancer
#6
Florent Dufour, Linda Silina, Hélène Neyret-Kahn, Aura Moreno-Vega, Clémentine Krucker, Narjesse Karboul, Marion Dorland-Galliot, Pascale Maillé, Elodie Chapeaublanc, Yves Allory, Nicolas Stransky, Hélène Haegel, Thierry Menguy, Vanessa Duong, François Radvanyi, Isabelle Bernard-Pierrot
BACKGROUND: Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is an aggressive neoplasm with poor prognosis, lacking effective therapeutic targets. Oncogenic dependency on members of the TAM tyrosine kinase receptor family (TYRO3, AXL, MERTK) has been reported in several cancer types, but their role in bladder cancer has never been explored. METHODS: TAM receptor expression was evaluated in two series of human bladder tumours by gene expression (TCGA and CIT series), immunohistochemistry and western blotting analyses (CIT series)...
February 15, 2019: British Journal of Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765854/targeting-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-and-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-her2-expressing-bladder-cancer-using-combination-photoimmunotherapy-pit
#7
Mohammad R Siddiqui, Reema Railkar, Thomas Sanford, Daniel R Crooks, Michael A Eckhaus, Diana Haines, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi, Piyush K Agarwal
Bladder cancer (BC) is heterogeneous and expresses various cell surface targets. Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) involves monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) conjugated to a photoabsorber (PA), IR Dye 700Dx, and then activated by near infra-red light (NIR) to specifically target tumors. We have demonstrated that tumors expressing EGFR can be targeted with PIT. However, PIT may be less effective when a tumor lacks "overwhelming" expression of a single target such as EGFR. We present a combinatorial PIT approach for targeting BC expressing EGFR and HER2, using PA- labeled panitumumab (pan) and trastuzumab (tra), respectively...
February 14, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765663/-a-case-of-small-bowel-perforation-due-to-lung-cancer-metastasis
#8
Tatsuya Okamoto, Tomoaki Noritomi, Yuki Shin, Ippei Yamana, Yasuo Sakamoto, Jun Yanagisawa
A 79-year-old man was diagnosed with Stage ⅢB(T4N2M0)adenocarcinoma of the lung, administered. He suddenly developed abdominal pain with muscle guarding and rebound tenderness. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a thickened small bowel wall and mesenteric mass, as well as massive ascites and free air. He underwent an emergency laparotomy following a diagnosis of pan-peritonitis due to intestinalperforation. A partialresection of the smallintestine and abdominal drainage were performed. The resected specimen included an ulcerative lesion on the mucosal surface...
January 2019: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764882/expert-consensus-on-multidisciplinary-therapy-of-colorectal-cancer-with-lung-metastases-2019-edition
#9
REVIEW
Jian Li, Ying Yuan, Fan Yang, Yi Wang, Xu Zhu, Zhenghang Wang, Shu Zheng, Desen Wan, Jie He, Jianping Wang, Yi Ba, Chunmei Bai, Li Bai, Wei Bai, Feng Bi, Kaican Cai, Muyan Cai, Sanjun Cai, Gong Chen, Keneng Chen, Lin Chen, Pengju Chen, Pan Chi, Guanghai Dai, Yanhong Deng, Kefeng Ding, Qingxia Fan, Weijia Fang, Xuedong Fang, Fengyi Feng, Chuangang Fu, Qihan Fu, Yanhong Gu, Yulong He, Baoqing Jia, Kewei Jiang, Maode Lai, Ping Lan, Enxiao Li, Dechuan Li, Jin Li, Leping Li, Ming Li, Shaolei Li, Yexiong Li, Yongheng Li, Zhongwu Li, Xiaobo Liang, Zhiyong Liang, Feng Lin, Guole Lin, Hongjun Liu, Jianzhong Liu, Tianshu Liu, Yunpeng Liu, Hongming Pan, Zhizhong Pan, Haiping Pei, Meng Qiu, Xiujuan Qu, Li Ren, Zhanlong Shen, Weiqi Sheng, Chun Song, Lijie Song, Jianguo Sun, Lingyu Sun, Yingshi Sun, Yuan Tang, Min Tao, Chang Wang, Haijiang Wang, Jun Wang, Shubin Wang, Xicheng Wang, Xishan Wang, Ziqiang Wang, Aiwen Wu, Nan Wu, Lijian Xia, Yi Xiao, Baocai Xing, Bin Xiong, Jianmin Xu, Jianming Xu, Nong Xu, Ruihua Xu, Zhongfa Xu, Yue Yang, Hongwei Yao, Yingjiang Ye, Yonghua Yu, Yueming Yu, Jinbo Yue, Jingdong Zhang, Jun Zhang, Suzhan Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yanqiao Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Zhongtao Zhang, Lin Zhao, Ren Zhao, Fuxiang Zhou, Jian Zhou, Jing Jin, Jin Gu, Lin Shen
The lungs are the second most common site of metastasis for colorectal cancer (CRC) after the liver. Rectal cancer is associated with a higher incidence of lung metastases compared to colon cancer. In China, the proportion of rectal cancer cases is around 50%, much higher than that in Western countries (nearly 30%). However, there is no available consensus or guideline focusing on CRC with lung metastases. We conducted an extensive discussion and reached a consensus of management for lung metastases in CRC based on current research reports and the experts' clinical experiences and knowledge...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764732/epigenetic-activation-of-pote-genes-in-ovarian-cancer
#10
Ashok Sharma, Mustafa Albahrani, Wa Zhang, Christina N Kufel, Smitha R James, Kunle Odunsi, David Klinkebiel, Adam R Karpf
The POTE gene family consists of 14 homologous genes localized to autosomal pericentromeres, and a sub-set of POTEs are cancer-testis antigen (CTA) genes. POTEs are over-expressed in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), including the high-grade serous subtype (HGSC), and expression of individual POTEs correlates with chemoresistance and reduced survival in HGSC. The mechanisms driving POTE overexpression in EOC and other cancers is unknown. Here, we investigated the role of epigenetics in regulating POTE expression, with a focus on DNA hypomethylation...
February 14, 2019: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762593/case-series-of-met-exon-14-skipping-mutation-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancers-with-response-to-crizotinib-and-cabozantinib
#11
Samantha X Y Wang, Bing M Zhang, Heather A Wakelee, Michael Z Koontz, MingGui Pan, Maximilian Diehn, Christian A Kunder, Joel W Neal
The mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) gene is altered and becomes a driver mutation in up to 5% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report our institutional experience treating patients with MET exon 14 skipping (METex14) mutations, including responses to the MET inhibitors crizotinib and cabozantinib. We identified cases of NSCLC with METex14 mutations using an institutionally developed or commercial next-generation sequencing assay. We assessed patient and disease characteristics by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2019: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761256/identification-of-nine-micrornas-as-potential-biomarkers-for-lung-adenocarcinoma
#12
Zhi-Peng Ren, Xiao-Bin Hou, Xiao-Dong Tian, Jun-Tang Guo, Lian-Bin Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Xue, Jian-Qing Deng, Shao-Wei Zhang, Jun-Yi Pan, Xiang-Yang Chu
Lung cancer is a leading global cause of cancer-related death, and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for ~ 50% of lung cancer. Here, we screened for novel and specific biomarkers of LUAD by searching for differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) and microRNAs (DEmiRNAs) in LUAD patient expression data within The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The identified optimal diagnostic miRNA biomarkers were used to establish classification models (including support vector machine, decision tree, and random forest) to distinguish between LUAD and adjacent tissues...
February 2019: FEBS Open Bio
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761122/layn-is-a-prognostic-biomarker-and-correlated-with-immune-infiltrates-in-gastric-and-colon-cancers
#13
Jing-Hua Pan, Hong Zhou, Laura Cooper, Jin-Lian Huang, Sheng-Bin Zhu, Xiao-Xu Zhao, Hui Ding, Yun-Long Pan, Lijun Rong
Background: Layilin (LAYN) is a critical gene that regulates T cell function. However, the correlations of LAYN to prognosis and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in different cancers remain unclear. Methods: LAYN expression was analyzed via the Oncomine database and Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) site. We evaluated the influence of LAYN on clinical prognosis using Kaplan-Meier plotter, the PrognoScan database and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA). The correlations between LAYN and cancer immune infiltrates was investigated via TIMER...
2019: Frontiers in Immunology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760718/genomic-characterization-of-genes-encoding-histone-acetylation-modulator-proteins-identifies-therapeutic-targets-for-cancer-treatment
#14
Zhongyi Hu, Junzhi Zhou, Junjie Jiang, Jiao Yuan, Youyou Zhang, Xuepeng Wei, Nicki Loo, Yueying Wang, Yutian Pan, Tianli Zhang, Xiaomin Zhong, Meixiao Long, Kathleen T Montone, Janos L Tanyi, Yi Fan, Tian-Li Wang, Ie-Ming Shih, Xiaowen Hu, Lin Zhang
A growing emphasis in anticancer drug discovery efforts has been on targeting histone acetylation modulators. Here we comprehensively analyze the genomic alterations of the genes encoding histone acetylation modulator proteins (HAMPs) in the Cancer Genome Atlas cohort and observe that HAMPs have a high frequency of focal copy number alterations and recurrent mutations, whereas transcript fusions of HAMPs are relatively rare genomic events in common adult cancers. Collectively, 86.3% (63/73) of HAMPs have recurrent alterations in at least 1 cancer type and 16 HAMPs, including 9 understudied HAMPs, are identified as putative therapeutic targets across multiple cancer types...
February 13, 2019: Nature Communications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759076/convergent-perturbation-of-the-human-domain-resolved-interactome-by-viruses-and-mutations-inducing-similar-disease-phenotypes
#15
Yangchun Frank Chen, Yu Xia
An important goal of systems medicine is to study disease in the context of genetic and environmental perturbations to the human interactome network. For diseases with both genetic and infectious contributors, a key postulate is that similar perturbations of the human interactome by either disease mutations or pathogens can have similar disease consequences. This postulate has so far only been tested for a few viral species at the level of whole proteins. Here, we expand the scope of viral species examined, and test this postulate more rigorously at the higher resolution of protein domains...
February 2019: PLoS Computational Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755822/significance-of-integrin-linked-kinase-ilk-in-tumorigenesis-and-its-potential-implication-as-a-biomarker-and-therapeutic-target-for-human-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Can-Can Zheng, Hui-Fang Hu, Pan Hong, Qi-Hua Zhang, Wen Wen Xu, Qing-Yu He, Bin Li
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK), which is an ankyrin repeat-containing serine/threonine protein kinase, interacts with integrin β1 and the β3 cytoplasmic domain and phosphorylates integrin β1. ILK has multiple functions in cells, such as cell-extracellular matrix interactions, cell cycle, apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell motility, which are associated with the interacting partners of ILK and downstream signaling pathways. Upregulation of ILK is frequently observed in cancer tissues compared to corresponding normal tissues...
2019: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755818/synergistic-effects-of-shp2-and-pi3k-pathway-inhibitors-in-gab2-overexpressing-ovarian-cancer
#17
Bowen Sun, Nathaniel R Jensen, Dongjun Chung, Meixiang Yang, Amanda C LaRue, Hiu Wing Cheung, Qi Wang
The scaffold/adaptor growth factor receptor bound 2 (GRB2)-associated binding protein 2 (GAB2) is frequently amplified and/or overexpressed in primary high-grade serous ovarian cancers (HGSOCs). Here we investigate a novel treatment strategy by targeting SHP2 and PI3K signaling in HGSOCs with GAB2 amplification/overexpression (GAB2High ). The expression of GAB2 was analyzed in primary HGSOCs and ovarian cancer cell lines. In vitro and in vivo assays were performed to demonstrate the effect of SHP2 and PI3K-mediated GAB2High HGSOC progression...
2019: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755600/p53-induced-mir-1249-inhibits-tumor-growth-metastasis-and-angiogenesis-by-targeting-vegfa-and-hmga2
#18
Xiaoxiang Chen, Kaixuan Zeng, Mu Xu, Xiangxiang Liu, Xiuxiu Hu, Tao Xu, Bangshun He, Yuqin Pan, Huiling Sun, Shukui Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important class of functional regulators involved in human cancers development, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Exploring aberrantly expressed miRNAs may provide us with new insights into the initiation and development of CRC by functioning as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. The aim of our study is to discover the expression pattern of miR-1249 in CRC and investigate its clinical significance as well as biological role in CRC progression. In our study, we found that miR-1249 was markedly downregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and negatively related to pN stage, pM stage, TNM stage, and overall survival (OS)...
February 12, 2019: Cell Death & Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755260/cxcl17-derived-cd11b-gr-1-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-contribute-to-lung-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-through-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb
#19
Ya-Ling Hsu, Meng-Chi Yen, Wei-An Chang, Pei-Hsun Tsai, Yi-Chung Pan, Ssu-Hui Liao, Po-Lin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Metastasis is the major cause of death from breast cancer. Colonization and adaption of metastatic cells in distant organs is a rate-limiting step of the cancer spreading. The underlying mechanisms responsible for the colonization of breast cancer to lung metastatic niches are not fully understood. METHODS: Specific gene contributions to lung metastasis were identified by comparing gene profiles of 4T1 tumors metastasizing to various organs via microarray...
February 12, 2019: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755233/the-role-of-oncostatin-m-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-bladder-cancer
#20
Shi Deng, Sheng Yin He, Pan Zhao, Peng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) represents a part of the interleukin-six (IL6) cytokine group that was discovered recently to be closely associated with cell's growth and differentiation, inflammation, and enhancement of metastatic capacity. A comprehensive study suggests a close relationship between OSMR and papillary thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, and other tumors. However, the relationship between OSMR and bladder cancer has yet to be determined. METHODS: Three hundred six patients (including 142 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer and 164 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer) as well as 459 normal controls were included in this study...
February 12, 2019: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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