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occupational disability

Tiia T M Reho, Salla A Atkins, Nina Talola, Markku P T Sumanen, Mervi Viljamaa, Jukka Uitti
OBJECTIVES: Frequent attenders (FAs) create a substantial portion of primary care workload but little is known about FAs' sickness absences. The aim of the study is to investigate how occasional and persistent frequent attendance is associated with sickness absences among the working population in occupational health (OH) primary care. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a longitudinal study using medical record data (2014-2016) from an OH care provider in Finland...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
Amy L Hall, Göran Kecklund, Constanze Leineweber, Philip Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Depression-related mood disorders affect millions of people worldwide and contribute to substantial morbidity and disability, yet little is known about the effects of work scheduling on depression. This study used a large Swedish survey to prospectively examine the effects of work schedule on registry-based antidepressant prescriptions in females and males over a 2-year period. METHODS: The study was based on an approximately representative sample (n=3980 males, 4663 females) of gainfully employed participants in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health...
January 17, 2019: BMJ Open
Airi Amemiya, Naoki Kondo, Junko Saito, Masashige Saito, Daisuke Takagi, Maho Haseda, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Recovery from functionally disabled status is an important target of public health measures for older adults. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in the improvement of functional ability among older adults stratified by the level of disability at baseline. METHODS: In the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, we conducted a mail survey of community-dwelling older adults (1937 men and 2212 women) who developed functional impairment during 2010-2014...
February 19, 2019: BMC Public Health
Volker Arndt, Lena Koch-Gallenkamp, Heike Bertram, Andrea Eberle, Bernd Holleczek, Ron Pritzkuleit, Mechthild Waldeyer-Sauerland, Annika Waldmann, Sylke Ruth Zeissig, Daniela Doege, Melissa S Y Thong, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: With improving prognosis, the ability to return to work after cancer has become a realistic goal but only little is known regarding details such as sustainability, financial consequences, and potential determinants of return to work in long-term survivors in Germany. METHODS: We studied return to work in a population-based sample of 1558 long-term cancer survivors, diagnosed in 1994-2004 with breast, colorectal or prostate cancer before age 60 (mean 50...
February 19, 2019: Acta Oncologica
Ellen M C Borghuis, Michiel F Reneman, Henrica R Schiphorst Preuper
BACKGROUND: Pain rehabilitation programs are recommended interventions for patients with chronic pain. Average effect sizes are moderate. Physiatrists, based on clinical experience, argue that the present outcome measures underestimate the outcome of pain rehabilitation programs. OBJECTIVE: (1) To explore discrepancies and relationships in outcomes of pain rehabilitation. (2) To explore causes of discrepancies from the perspective of patients. METHOD: A mixed-method, prospective cohort study of patients who participated in pain rehabilitation programs...
February 19, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Pradeep S Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay W Bansod
Study assesses the effects of solid-waste loading on workers, the resultant development of occupational morbidities, and economic burden of these morbidities. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 360 municipal workers from six of 24 municipal wards in Mumbai. The nearest neighborhood method of Propensity Score Matching (PSM) examined the impact of waste-loading on the development of morbidities and to identify the risk factors - multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), injury, eye and skin infections found significantly higher for waste-loaders compared to comparison group...
February 17, 2019: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Kimberley M Kendall, Matthew Bracher-Smith, Harry Fitzpatrick, Amy Lynham, Elliott Rees, Valentina Escott-Price, Michael J Owen, Michael C O'Donovan, James T R Walters, George Kirov
BACKGROUND: Rare copy number variants (CNVs) are associated with risk of neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by varying degrees of cognitive impairment, including schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. However, the effects of many individual CNVs in carriers without neurodevelopmental disorders are not yet fully understood, and little is known about the effects of reciprocal copy number changes of known pathogenic loci.AimsWe aimed to analyse the effect of CNV carrier status on cognitive performance and measures of occupational and social outcomes in unaffected individuals from the UK Biobank...
February 15, 2019: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Ming-Shih Hwang, Michael G Strainic, Elliot Pohlmann, Elzbieta Pluskota, Diana L Ramirez-Bergeron, Edward F Plow, M Edward Medof
Purified vascular endothelial cell (EC) growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) auto-phosphorylates upon VEGF-A occupation in vitro arguing that VEGR2 confers its mitotic and viability signaling in and of itself. Herein, we show that in ECs, VEGFR2 function requires concurrent C3a/C5a receptor (C3ar1/C5ar1) and IL-6 receptor (IL-6R)-gp130 co-signaling. C3ar1/C5ar1 or IL-6R blockade totally abolished VEGFR2 auto-phosphorylation, downstream Src, ERK, AKT, mTOR, and STAT3 activation, and EC cell cycle entry. VEGF-A augmented production of C3a/C5a/IL-6 and their receptors via a two-step p-Tyk2/p-STAT3 process...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Cell Science
Cara L Brown
Occupational therapists have an established and important role in helping people work while living with an illness or a disability. Although workplace accommodations and rehabilitation efforts can extend paid work for workers with progressive health conditions, the reality is that these populations often cease work earlier in the life trajectory than expected. Evidence suggests that transitioning out of paid work is difficult for people with disabilities. For example, factors such as poor health, low income, and involuntary retirement put people with multiple sclerosis at risk for poor adjustment...
November 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Mauricio Torres-Tovar, Jairo Ernesto Luna-García
The neoliberal reforms of the early 1990s in Colombia, mainly labour and social security reforms, transformed capital-labour relations and contributed to the erosion of working conditions and health protection at work, with devastating impacts on workers' health. In the context of these dramatic changes, Colombian workers mobilised around collective identities that have shaped new forms of workers' struggle and resistance. Since 2006, associations of workers suffering work-related illnesses have been active in Colombia...
February 11, 2019: Global Public Health
Sandy Braaf, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron, Alex Collie, James Harrison, Christina Ekegren, Nicola Christie, Andrew Nunn, Belinda Gabbe
AIM: Persistent disability following traumatic injuries can disrupt future plans and create uncertainty about how to mitigate future impacts. It is unknown how or whether perceptions of the future change in the years after injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore trauma survivors' perceptions of their future over time. METHODS: A longitudinal qualitative study, nested within a population-based longitudinal cohort study, was undertaken in Victoria, Australia with survivors of serious injury...
February 10, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Reiner Rugulies, Emiko Ando, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Michela Bonafede, Maria Cabello, Cristina Di Tecco, Nico Dragano, Quentin Durand-Moreau, Hisashi Eguchi, Junling Gao, Anne H Garde, Sergio Iavicoli, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Ida E H Madsen, Frank Pega, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Bruna M Rondinone, Kathrine Sørensen, Kanami Tsuno, Yuka Ujita, Amy Zadow
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. In this paper, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from depression attributable to exposure to long working hours, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
Thomas Tenkate, Balazs Adam, Rami H Al-Rifai, B Ralph Chou, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Tom Loney, Frank Pega, Cheryl E Peters, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Marilia Silva Paulo, Yuka Ujita, Marc Wittlich, Alberto Modenese
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. Here, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of disability-adjusted life years of cataracts from occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
Jovana Jovanović, Ivana Šarac, Stefan Jovanović, Dušan Sokolović, Nenad Govedarović, Jovica Jovanović
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of occupational stress on health status and work disability among security guards in Serbia. METHODS: 399 male security guards (aged 25-65 years) were examined during their regular medical preventive check-ups at the Institute of occupational health. Data on their health status and permanent and temporary work disability were obtained, and correlations with the levels of occupational stress (measured by Occupational Stress Index- OSI questionnaire by K...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Gábor Kovács
INTRODUCTION: In our study, based on the data of the last 25 years, we analyzed the changes in the cash benefits paid to people with reduced working capacity, currently accounting for nearly 30% of the budget of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary. AIM: The purpose of our study is to compare the statistical data of the past 25 years and the changes in the legal environment. METHODS: Our research was based on the data series of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary and the Hungarian Central Statistical Office as well as on the public finance reports of the State Audit Office of Hungary and the Ministry for National Economy...
February 2019: Orvosi Hetilap
Lucia Fábelová, Christopher A Loffredo, Jana Klánová, Klára Hilscherová, Milena Horvat, Juraj Tihányi, Denisa Richterová, Ľubica Palkovičová Murínová, Soňa Wimmerová, Renata Sisto, Arturo Moleti, Tomáš Trnovec
Hearing loss is an injury that can develop over time, and people may not even be aware of it until it becomes a severe disability. Ototoxicants are substances that may damage the inner ear by either affecting the structures in the ear itself or by affecting the nervous system. We have examined the possibility that ototoxicants may present a health hazard in association with environmental exposures, adding to existing knowledge of their proven hazards under medical therapeutic conditions or occupational activities...
April 2019: Environmental Research
Margret Einarsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal symptoms are common in adolescence, and may predispose a person to more occurrences in adulthood. Musculoskeletal problems have increased in the adult work force in recent years, becoming one of the most common causes of workers' disability, particularly among women. However, there is a lack of research on the association between musculoskeletal symptoms and teenage work. The aim of this research is to examine the association between four types of musculoskeletal symptoms (aches in joints and/or muscles, aches in the neck or shoulders, backache, and myalgia) and the level of term-time work among Icelandic teenagers, by gender, age, and educational status of the parents...
February 2019: Læknablađiđ
Ui-Jae Hwang, Oh-Yun Kwon, Sung-Hoon Jung, Sun-Hee Ahn, Hyun-A Kim
BACKGROUND: Because patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) are heterogeneous, subgrouping patients with NSCLBP might clarify the research findings. NSCLBP in the direction of extension movement, namely active extension pattern (AEP), is common during prolonged standing. OBJECTIVE: Predictors of pain intensity and dysfunction were determined in prolonged standing service workers (PSSWs) with NSCLBP subclassified as AEP in the motor impairment subgroup...
January 28, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Laura Mandelli, Alessandro Serretti, Daniel Souery, Julien Mendlewicz, Siegfried Kasper, Stuart Montgomery, Joseph Zohar
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability and inability to work. There is evidence that occupational factors may precipitate a MDD episode and interfere with the recovery process. In a previous investigation, we found that those employed in high occupational levels had a worse outcome after treatment for depression (Mandelli et al., 2016). The aim of the present study was to further investigate response to treatments for depression according to occupational status on an independent sample of MDD patients...
January 28, 2019: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Helen Hoi Lun Tsang, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Carlos King Ho Wong, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Chak Sing Lau, Ho Yin Chung
BACKGROUND: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) has a significant impact on patients' quality of life due to functional impairments. Generic health instruments like the EuroQoL 5-dimension (EQ-5D) is important for the cost-utility analysis of health care interventions and calculation of quality-adjusted life years. However, the applicability of the EQ-5D health measure in Chinese patients with SpA is currently unknown. Hence, the aim of the study is to test the psychometric properties and to validate the use of the EQ-5D health measure for utility analyses in Chinese patients with SpA...
January 30, 2019: Arthritis Research & Therapy
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