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P2Y6 and cardiomyocytes

Ulrich Gergs, Daniel Rothkirch, Britt Hofmann, Hendrik Treede, Bernard Robaye, Andreas Simm, Christa E Müller, Joachim Neumann
We previously reported that uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP), a pyrimidine nucleoside triphosphate produced a concentration- and time-dependent increase in the contraction force in isolated right atrial preparations from patients undergoing cardiac bypass surgery due to angina pectoris. The stimulation of the force of contraction was sustained rather than transient. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the underlying receptor and signal transduction for this effect of UTP. Therefore, we measured the effect of UTP on force of contraction, phosphorylation of p38 and ERK1/2, in human atrial preparations, atrial preparations from genetically modified mice, cardiomyocytes from adult mice and cardiomyocytes from neonatal rats...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Sophie Clouet, Larissa Di Pietrantonio, Evangelos-Panagiotis Daskalopoulos, Hrag Esfahani, Michael Horckmans, Marion Vanorlé, Anne Lemaire, Jean-Luc Balligand, Christophe Beauloye, Jean-Marie Boeynaems, Didier Communi
The study of the mechanisms leading to cardiac hypertrophy is essential to better understand cardiac development and regeneration. Pathological conditions such as ischemia or pressure overload can induce a release of extracellular nucleotides within the heart. We recently investigated the potential role of nucleotide P2Y receptors in cardiac development. We showed that adult P2Y4-null mice displayed microcardia resulting from defective cardiac angiogenesis. Here we show that loss of another P2Y subtype called P2Y6, a UDP receptor, was associated with a macrocardia phenotype and amplified pathological cardiac hypertrophy...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Safoura Mazrouei, Fatemeh Sharifpanah, Mohamed M Bekhite, Hans-Reiner Figulla, Heinrich Sauer, Maria Wartenberg
Purinergic signaling may be involved in embryonic development of the heart. In the present study, the effects of purinergic receptor stimulation on cardiomyogenesis of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells were investigated. ADP or ATP increased the number of cardiac clusters and cardiac cells, as well as beating frequency. Cardiac-specific genes showed enhanced expression of α-MHC, MLC2v, α-actinin, connexin 45 (Cx45), and HCN4, on both gene and protein levels upon ADP/ATP treatment, indicating increased cardiomyogenesis and pacemaker cell differentiation...
December 2015: Purinergic Signalling
Kwok-Kuen Cheung, Camila Marques-da-Silva, Leandro Vairo, Danúbia Silva dos Santos, Regina Goldenberg, Robson Coutinho-Silva, Geoffrey Burnstock
Purinergic receptors activated by extracellular nucleotides (adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP)) are well known to exert physiological effects on the cardiovascular system, whether nucleotides participate functionally in embryonic heart development is not clear. The responsiveness of embryonic cardiomyocytes (E) 12 to P2 receptor agonists by measuring Ca(2+) influx did not present response to ATP, but responses to P2 agonists were detected in cardiomyocytes taken from E14 and E18 rats...
March 2015: Purinergic Signalling
Edith Hochhauser, Ronit Cohen, Maayan Waldman, Anna Maksin, Ahuva Isak, Dan Aravot, P Suresh Jayasekara, Christa E Müller, Kenneth A Jacobson, Asher Shainberg
Extracellular nucleotides acting via P2 receptors play important roles in cardiovascular physiology/pathophysiology. Pyrimidine nucleotides activate four G protein-coupled P2Y receptors (P2YRs): P2Y2 and P2Y4 (UTP-activated), P2Y6, and P2Y14. Previously, we showed that uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) activating P2Y2R reduced infarct size and improved mouse heart function after myocardial infarct (MI). Here, we examined the cardioprotective role of P2Y2R in vitro and in vivo following MI using uridine-5'-tetraphosphate δ-phenyl ester tetrasodium salt (MRS2768), a selective and more stable P2Y2R agonist...
December 2013: Purinergic Signalling
S K Khaira, C W Pouton, J M Haynes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neurons derived from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) are a valuable resource for basic pharmacological research. With the exception of cardiomyocytes, there is relatively little understanding of the pharmacology of stem cell-derived differentiated cells. In this study we investigate P2 receptor agonist effects on GABAergic neurons derived from mESCs. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: mESCs were differentiated into GABAergic neurons in the presence of N2B27 culture medium...
December 2009: British Journal of Pharmacology
Motohiro Nishida, Yoji Sato, Aya Uemura, Yusuke Narita, Hidetoshi Tozaki-Saitoh, Michio Nakaya, Tomomi Ide, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Kazuhide Inoue, Taku Nagao, Hitoshi Kurose
Cardiac fibrosis, characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix proteins, is one of the causes of heart failure, and it contributes to the impairment of cardiac function. Fibrosis of various tissues, including the heart, is believed to be regulated by the signalling pathway of angiotensin II (Ang II) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. Transgenic expression of inhibitory polypeptides of the heterotrimeric G12 family G protein (Galpha(12/13)) in cardiomyocytes suppressed pressure overload-induced fibrosis without affecting hypertrophy...
December 3, 2008: EMBO Journal
Anna-Karin Wihlborg, Johanna Balogh, Lingwei Wang, Catharina Borna, Ying Dou, Bhalchandra V Joshi, Eduardo Lazarowski, Kenneth A Jacobson, Anders Arner, David Erlinge
The aim of this study was to examine a possible role for extracellular pyrimidines as inotropic factors for the heart. First, nucleotide plasma levels were measured to evaluate whether UTP is released in patients with coronary heart disease. Then, inotropic effects of pyrimidines were examined in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes. Finally, expression of pyrimidine-selective receptors (a subgroup of the P2 receptors) was studied in human and mouse heart, using real time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry...
April 14, 2006: Circulation Research
Smadar Yitzhaki, Vladimir Shneyvays, Kenneth A Jacobson, Asher Shainberg
Cardiomyocytes express one or more subtypes of P2 receptors for extracellular nucleotides. P2 purinoceptors, which are activated by nucleotides, are classified as P2X or P2Y: P2X receptors are ligand-gated intrinsic ion channels, and P2Y receptors are G protein-coupled receptors. Extracellular pyrimidine and purine nucleotides are released from the heart during hypoxia. Although the cardioprotective effects of purines acting via purinoceptors were studied intensively, the physiological role of uracil nucleotide-responsive P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y14 receptors is still unclear, especially in the cardiovascular system...
April 15, 2005: Biochemical Pharmacology
G K Akbar, V R Dasari, T E Webb, K Ayyanathan, K Pillarisetti, A K Sandhu, R S Athwal, J L Daniel, B Ashby, E A Barnard, S P Kunapuli
Screening of a human erythroleukemia cell cDNA library with radiolabeled chicken P2Y3 cDNA at low stringency revealed a cDNA clone encoding a novel G protein-coupled receptor with homology to P2 purinoceptors. This receptor, designated P2Y7, has 352 amino acids and shares 23-30% amino acid identity with the P2Y1-P2Y6 purinoceptors. The P2Y7 cDNA was transiently expressed in COS-7 cells: binding studies thereon showed a very high affinity for ATP (37 +/- 6 nM), much less for UTP and ADP (approximately 1300 nM), and a novel rank order of affinities in the binding series studied of 8 nucleotides and suramin...
August 2, 1996: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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