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Nursing orientation

Anke Tempelmann, Kai Kolpatzik, Heidi Ehrenreich, Miriam Ströing, Christian Hans
With the demographic shift, the number of persons in need of long-term care is continuing to grow, as is the need for nursing care staff and specialists. Stress levels within the long-term care sector are very high. Multiple legislative reforms have given rise to societal and political awareness of the resulting challenges: Preventive Health Care Act (2015), First and Second Acts and Third Bill to Strengthen Long-term Care (2015-17), Federal Participation Act (2017), and the Bill to Strengthen Nursing Care Staff (2019)...
February 18, 2019: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Stephen McNally, Toni Azzopardi, Deborah Hatcher, Rebecca O'Reilly, Hazel Keedle
BACKGROUND: This study was developed to assist academics and curriculum designers to understand the perspectives and expectations of students when designing a program of study and inclusive of students as partners. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of students enrolled in the Bachelor of Nursing (BN). SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, METHODS: The setting is a multi-campus university in Australia. Participants were currently enrolled and recruited from the Bachelor of Nursing, Bachelor of Nursing Advanced and Bachelor of Nursing Graduate Entry...
February 6, 2019: Nurse Education Today
Valentina Zeffiro, Gianfranco Sanson, Luigia Carboni, Anna Malatesta, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Fabio D'Agostino
Chronic diseases require continuous healthcare that is not fully guaranteed by the Italian Health System which is more oriented towards acute care. In the Lazio region (city of Palombara Sabina), a Nursing-Led in-patient unit is present with the aim to care for patients affected by chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the type of healthcare delivered by this unit. A descriptive-comparative design was used. All 290 patients admitted to the Nursing-Led Unit, during 2014 and 2015 participated in the study...
July 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Ana Echenique, Evelyn P Wempe
Advanced practice registered nurses, such as Nurse Practitioners (NPs), can be found working in a variety of settings. Niche practices, such as Interventional Radiology, are highly specialized areas and are often specialties in which few NPs get to orient through during their graduate nursing program clinical rotations. For the NP transitioning into an Interventional Radiology practice, formal on-the-job orientation and training can assist in gaining specialty-based knowledge and competencies in performing interventional procedures...
March 2019: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Maria Strandås, Steen Wackerhausen, Terese Bondas
BACKGROUND: With its emphasis on cost-reduction and external management, New Public Management emerged as the dominant healthcare policy in many Western countries. The ability to provide comprehensive and customized patient-care is challenged by the formalized, task-oriented organization of home-care services. The aim of this study is to gain deeper understanding of how nurses and the patients they care for, relate to and deal with the organizational systems they are subjected to in Norwegian home care...
February 14, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
Melanie Bienas, Irmela Gnass, Benjamin Mayer, Lukas Radbruch, Albert Lukas
BACKGROUND: People with dementia are receiving treatment in acute care hospitals at increasing rates. Most prominently, patients exhibiting behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are perceived as significant burdens for staff members. Non-detected pain is seen as one substantial reason for behavior that is seemingly unexplainable. In order to gather information about dealing with BPSD a survey was performed. The objective of this study was to enable a more cause-oriented treatment...
February 13, 2019: Der Schmerz
Diana J Mason, Grant R Martsolf, Jennifer Sloan, Antonia Villarruel, Cheryl Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Nurse-designed models of community-based care reflect a broad definition of health; family- and community-centricity; relationships; and group and public health approaches. PURPOSE: To examine how nurse-designed models of care have addressed "making health a shared value" based on the framework of the Culture of Health. METHOD: A mixed-methods design included an online survey completed by 37 of 41 of "Edge Runners" (American Academy of Nursing-designated nurse innovators) and telephone interviews with 13 of the 37...
December 27, 2018: Nursing Outlook
N Y Filiz, F Erol, H Başaran, F Tanrikulu, Y Dikmen
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the achievement orientation of nursing and midwifery students and to examine some factors that may affect their achievement orientation. MATERIAL/METHODS: The descriptive sample of this research was created by 209 first-year students voluntarily attending and studying in the Department of Nursing and Midwifery at the Faculty of Health Sciences of a public university in Turkey. The data were collected with "Student Presentation Form" and "2x2 Achievement Orientation Scale"...
April 2018: Current Health Sciences Journal
Rika Yano, Torahiko Okubo, Tomoko Shimoda, Junji Matsuo, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Nurses are responsible for implementing appropriate measures to reduce hospital infections, especially with multidrug resistant bacteria, so nursing students should learn about microbiology. This helps them to understand bacterial dissemination and infectious disease control. Because of tight schedules, however, its teaching is limited in undergraduate nursing classes in Japan. We therefore tested whether a simple short practical session in a microbiology class could help to improve undergraduate nursing students' awareness of bacterial traits and how to prevent infections...
February 11, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Jennifer Gunberg Ross, Kimberly Silver Dunker
AIM: The aim of this literature review was to obtain relevant information and research findings about orientation for new clinical nurse faculty. BACKGROUND: Hiring clinical experts as clinical faculty is common practice to address the nurse faculty shortage. As clinical experts do not possess the pedagogical expertise needed for effective teaching, they require specialized orientation when entering a faculty role. There is no consensus as to best practices for new clinical faculty orientation due to a dearth of research in this area...
February 1, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Adriana van Buijtene, Dona Foster
Background: Over 4 million patients acquire a healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) in Europe every year, indicating possible shortcomings in hospitals converting evidence-based infection prevention and control (IPC) strategies into universal adherence. We present a literature review exploring whether insufficient adherence could be culturally based. Aim: To find empirical evidence if and how specific traits of organisational culture improve adherence to IPC strategies utilising HCAI rates as the marker of system failures or successes...
January 2019: Journal of Infection Prevention
Sophie Opsomer, Sofie Joossens, Claudia De Wit, Emelien Lauwerier, Peter Pype
PURPOSE: Nutrition-related problems are common in patients with advanced cancer. They can disrupt daily life and routines. This study aimed to explore how couples cope with this source of distress. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was adopted using semi-structured interviews. Seven couples, each consisting of an advanced cancer patient and his or her co-habiting life partner, participated. The Qualitative Analysis Guide of Leuven (QUAGOL) was used as a guide to facilitate the analysis process...
February 2019: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Theresa Wyatt, Molly L McClelland, Jo Spangaro
Lack of education and training have been identified as common barriers nurses experience in implementing domestic violence screening. The reasons for the barriers are poorly understood. Participants were interviewed to determine if and how they screen for domestic violence, which patients are screened, and how pre-licensure education and current workplace training has influenced this practice. An exploratory qualitative design guided by Constructivist Grounded Theory was used. Eligible participants were contacted via a social media and sixteen agreed to participate in the study...
January 30, 2019: Nurse Education in Practice
Mahni Rahkar Farshi, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, David Lees, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
INTRODUCTION: Transition from childhood to adulthood is an important and challenging period for both adolescents and their parents, particularly in societies undergoing development and change. In Iran, cultural and social change is inextricably linked to, and strongly impacts on, family units. AIM: To explore the experiences of parents and the strategies they use in interacting with their adolescent children. METHOD: Qualitative descriptive research using in-depth interviews was conducted with 23 parents of adolescents in Iran...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Nannan Ding, Li Yao, Zhigang Zhang, Liping Yang, Lingjie Jiang, Biantong Jiang, Yuchen Wu, Caiyun Zhang, Jinhui Tian
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety criteria for early goal-oriented rehabilition exercise in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) by systematic review. METHODS: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs) and cohort studies about early goal-oriented rehabilition exercise in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU were retrieved in CBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science from their foundation to March 2018, and other sources as supplement was also retrieved...
January 2019: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Monica P Sousa, Cheryl A Resha
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the orientation learning needs of adjunct clinical faculty as they transition from expert clinicians to novice educators. BACKGROUND: Schools of nursing are increasingly using adjunct clinical faculty because of the nurse faculty shortage. Retention is a concern. METHOD: This descriptive quantitative study used the Needs Assessment Survey for Topic Inclusion in a Guide to Orientation. Adjunct clinical faculty rated the level of importance of orientation topics and if they received needed information...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Heidi A Monroe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To measure the professional values of registered nurses and determine if these values are significantly related to post-licensure ethics education and years of experience. BACKGROUND: Nursing guilds in many countries reference the American Nurses Association's code of ethics to define expected professional nursing values. Strong professional values contribute to high quality patient care and are influenced by complex practice environments. DESIGN: Causal-comparative design...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Izabella Uchmanowicz, Stanisław Manulik, Katarzyna Lomper, Anna Rozensztrauch, Agnieszka Zborowska, Jolanta Kolasińska, Joanna Rosińczuk
OBJECTIVES: To assess life satisfaction, job satisfaction, life orientation and the level of professional burnout in a group of professionally active nurses and midwives. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: This study was conducted between March and October of 2017 during specialisation training at the European Centre for Postgraduate Education in Wroclaw, Poland. PARTICIPANTS: A group of 350 professionally active nurses (n=293) and midwives (n=57) were enrolled in the study...
January 28, 2019: BMJ Open
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
The direct or indirect experience of crime can cause individuals to feel vengeful against the perpetrator(s). The prison system reflects this sentiment by creating austere environments that are dehumanizing, punitive, and hopeless. Prisons are, therefore, environments in which retribution and punishment take priority over rehabilitation. Frequently, prisoners are believed to be untreatable because of their antisocial orientation. However, several factors influence an antisocial orientation such as socioeconomic status, family of origin, and mental health...
February 2019: Medical Hypotheses
Kia Skrine Jeffers, Mary Cadogan, MarySue V Heilemann, Linda R Phillips
Some researchers attribute the excess rates of diabetes complications among African American older adults compared to other racial/ethnic subgroups to low diabetes knowledge. Diabetes knowledge measures have a biomedical orientation, including knowledge of glycemic control and using diet and exercise to control blood sugar. Measures do not assess informal knowledge that patients obtain outside of the clinical environment. The distinction between formal and informal knowledge is meaningful for cultural groups such as African American individuals who have historically transferred knowledge about maintaining their health "through the grapevine...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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