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Mixed urinary incontinence

Sanjay Sinha, Daxay Lakhani, Vijay P Singh
AIMS: This is the first study that attempts to define different forms of cough associated detrusor overactivity (CADO). Current literature lacks clarity regarding the types of CADO and clinical epidemiology. METHODS: Retrospective review of all adult women who underwent urodynamics for urinary incontinence (UI) over 7 years. Patients were stratified into four types: I, leak with CADO; II, leak with cough; III, leak with both; IV, leak with neither. Cough spike immediately preceding detrusor overactivity was defined as index cough...
February 11, 2019: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Kaihui Sha, Mary H Palmer, SeonAe Yeo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Yoga is a mind and body practice that includes relaxation, meditation, breathing exercises, and body postures. It can be effective in enhancing the functioning of several body systems, including the lower urinary tract. Normal lower urinary tract functioning depends in part on the coordination of the bladder, urethra, pelvic floor and other muscles, and the nerves that control them. Lower urinary tract dysfunction can lead to symptoms, that is, stress urinary incontinence (UI), urinary frequency, nocturia, urinary urgency with and without incontinence, and mixed UI...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Licia P Cacciari, Chantale Dumoulin, E Jean Hay-Smith
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training is the most commonly used physical therapy treatment for women with urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of Pelvic floor muscle training for women with urinary incontinence in comparison to a control treatment and to summarize relevant economic findings. METHODS: Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialized Register (February 12, 2018). SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized or quasi-randomized trials in women with stress, urgency or mixed urinary incontinence (symptoms, signs, or urodynamic)...
January 22, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Keneta Mckellar, Nitya Abraham
AIMS: Black women may have lower rates of SUI than Whites, whereas the rate of SUI in Hispanic women varies. Most studies have been conducted in predominantly White populations, making it difficult to evaluate race and SUI. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SUI in a diverse population and examine racial/ethnic differences in risk factors and treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of women ≥21 years with SUI seen at our medical center from June 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016...
January 28, 2019: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Lotte Firet, Chrissy de Bree, Carmen M Verhoeks, Doreth A M Teunissen, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most prevalent subtype of urinary incontinence and is a bothering condition in women. Only a minority of those with SUI consult a general practitioner (GP). EHealth with pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is effective in reducing incontinence symptoms and might increase access to care. The role of the GP regarding such an eHealth intervention is unknown. The aim of the study is to gain insight into the attitudes towards a PFMT internet-based, eHealth, intervention for SUI...
January 26, 2019: BMC Family Practice
P Millet, M Vinchant, S Sharifzadehgan, S Vieillefosse, G Hatem-Gantzer, X Deffieux
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to summarise the data available in literature on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms [lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)] after female genital mutilation (MSF). METHODS: Our review identified 177 publications, 14 of which were included in the article. RESULTS: With regard to short-term complications, the prevalence of Acute Urinary Retention (RAU) after MSF is estimated between 3% and 12%. With respect to long-term complications, the data is discordant on repeat urinary tract infections (IUR) after MSF with an estimated prevalence between 9% and 39%...
January 22, 2019: Progrès en Urologie
Gileard G Masenga, Benjamin C Shayo, Sia Msuya, Vibeke Rasch
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI), the different UI subtypes and the association between UI and delivery circumstances. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study conducted in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1048 women aged 18-90 women living in rural Kilimanjaro. Simple random sampling was done to select villages, households and participants. Community health workers helped in identifying eligible women and trained nurses/midwives conducted face-to-face interviews...
2019: PloS One
David O Riordan, Eimir Hurley, Carol Sinnott, Rose Galvin, Kieran Dalton, Patricia M Kearney, James D Halpin, Stephen Byrne
Background Academic detailing is a form of continuing medical education in which a trained health professional such as a physician or pharmacist visits prescribers in their practice to provide evidence-based information. While academic detailing has been adopted in other countries, this strategy is not routinely used in Ireland. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability to General Practitioners (GPs) of a pharmacist-led academic detailing intervention in Ireland. Setting General Practice in County Cork, Ireland...
January 22, 2019: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Tiffany M Morgan, Robert H Press, Patrick K Cutrell, Chao Zhang, Zhengja Chen, Sara Rahnema, Martin Sanda, John Pattaras, Pretesh R Patel, Ashesh B Jani, Peter J Rossi
Purpose: To report our institutional quality of life (QOL) data for low-dose-rate (LDR) monotherapy (LDR mono), high-dose-rate (HDR) monotherapy (HDR mono), and EBRT with an HDR brachytherapy boost (HDR boost). Material and methods: The charts of 165 patients with localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with LDR monotherapy (LDR mono), HDR monotherapy (HDR mono), and EBRT with an HDR brachytherapy boost (HDR boost) at a single institution between 2012 and 2015 were reviewed...
December 2018: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Bjørn Holdø, Margareta Verelst, Rune Svenningsen, Ian Milsom, Finn Egil Skjeldestad
INTRODUCTION: The retropubic tension-free vaginal tape has been the preferred method for primary surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence and stress dominated mixed urinary incontinence in women for more than 20 years. This study presents long-term safety and efficacy data and assesses risk factors for long-term recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a case-series design we assessed a historical cohort of primary surgeries performed with the tension-free vaginal tape procedure in 596 women from 1998 to 2012 with follow-up through 2015...
January 19, 2019: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Jerzy B Gajewski, Marcus J Drake
AIMS: To introduce basic concepts and definitions in the International Continence Society (ICS) Standardisation of Terminology in adult Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (NLUTD). METHODS: Fundamental terminology in the ICS Standardisation of Terminology of Adult NLUTD was identified and summarized. RESULTS: NLUTD is often associated with impairment of cognitive, motor, sensory, and/or autonomic functions. Lesions are categorized into suprapontine, pontine/suprasacral spinal, sacral spinal, cauda equina/peripheral nerve, or mixed lesions...
August 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Baoyan Liu, Yan Liu, Zongshi Qin, Kehua Zhou, Huangfang Xu, Liyun He, Ning Li, Tongsheng Su, Jianhua Sun, Zenghui Yue, Zhiwei Zang, Wei Zhang, Jiping Zhao, Zhongyu Zhou, Lian Liu, Dongning Wu, Jiani Wu, Jing Zhou, Ran Pang, Yang Wang, Jia Liu, Jinna Yu, Zhishun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture vs pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) plus solifenacin for women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled noninferiority trial was conducted at 10 hospitals in China between March 1, 2014, and October 10, 2016. Participants were randomized 1:1 to receive electroacupuncture (36 sessions) over 12 weeks with 24 weeks of follow-up or PFMT-solifenacin (5 mg/d) over 36 weeks...
January 2019: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Alison J Huang, Margaret Chesney, Nadra Lisha, Eric Vittinghoff, Michael Schembri, Sarah Pawlowsky, Amy Hsu, Leslee Subak
BACKGROUND: Because of the limitations of existing clinical treatments for urinary incontinence, many women with incontinence are interested in complementary strategies for managing their symptoms. Yoga has been recommended as a behavioral self-management strategy for incontinence, but evidence of its feasibility, tolerability, and efficacy is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a group-based therapeutic yoga program for ambulatory middle-aged and older women with incontinence, and to examine preliminary changes in incontinence frequency as the primary efficacy outcome after 3 months...
January 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sherif Mourad, Ahmed Shokeir, Nadim Ayoub, Mohey Ibrahim, Nikolai Reynolds, Shaantanu Donde, Tarek Hassan
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including overactive bladder (OAB), and urinary incontinence (UI), in Egypt and the impact on patients' quality of life. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional survey (EPIC) was conducted with a random sample of adults aged ≥18 years. Prevalence estimates were based on 2002 International Continence Society definitions. RESULTS: A total of 3600 adult men and women participated in the survey; 86% of them experienced ≥1 LUTS: storage symptoms were more frequently reported (75%) than voiding (52%) or postmicturition (42%) symptoms...
December 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Issam S Al-Azzawi, Mohamed A J Al-Tamimi
Objectives: To present our experience, in Iraq, with sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in patients with refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction, with discussion of the factors that affect the response rate. Patients and methods: In this prospective, clinical, interventional study, 24 patients were evaluated and treated by a team comprised of a Urologist and a Neurosurgeon with SNM over a 1.5-year period. The gender, age, pathology, and clinical presentation, were all studied and evaluated...
December 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Nicholas Smith, Kathleen F Hunter, Saima Rajabali, Ian Milsom, Adrian Wagg
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine from what sources women with urinary and dual urinary and fecal incontinence sought and received information about incontinence and absorbent products. We also evaluated source utility. DESIGN: Descriptive, embedded, mixed-methods study with qualitative interviews nested into a survey design in a modified explanatory sequence. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The target population was community-dwelling women in Canada who used containment products to manage urinary incontinence...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Nastaran Mahmoudnejad, Mehdi Honarkar Ramezani, Hamid Reza Shemshaki, Fatemeh Ameri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long term outcomes of autologous pubovaginal fascial sling (AFPVS) as a salvage procedure following different types of failed anti-incontinence surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who had undergone salvage AFPVS after any kind of anti-incontinence surgery from 2005-2015 at our medical center. Patients were contacted by telephone. Revised Urinary Incontinence Scale (RUIS) was used to determine the success rate...
November 21, 2018: Urology Journal
Selcuk Sarikaya, Fatma Gokcem Yildiz, Cagri Senocak, Omer Faruk Bozkurt, Omer Faruk Karatas
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence is a severe and common health problem. In this study, we aimed to assess severity of sexual dysfunction and depression in patients with urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study has been conducted between 2015 and 2017. Age, body mass index, accompanying health problems, Over Active Bladder (OAB) symptom score, Type of urinary incontinence, Beck Depression Scale were assessed for all patients. International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) was used for male patients in order to assess sexual dysfunction...
November 20, 2018: Revista Internacional de Andrología
Kate Seers, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Karen Cox, Nicola Crichton, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Ann Catrine Eldh, Carole A Estabrooks, Gill Harvey, Claire Hawkes, Carys Jones, Alison Kitson, Brendan McCormack, Christel McMullan, Carole Mockford, Theo Niessen, Paul Slater, Angie Titchen, Teatske van der Zijpp, Lars Wallin
BACKGROUND: Health care practice needs to be underpinned by high quality research evidence, so that the best possible care can be delivered. However, evidence from research is not always utilised in practice. This study used the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework as its theoretical underpinning to test whether two different approaches to facilitating implementation could affect the use of research evidence in practice. METHODS: A pragmatic clustered randomised controlled trial with embedded process and economic evaluation was used...
November 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Lauren Tennyson, Matthew Rytel, Stacy Palcsey, Leslie Meyn, Rui Liang, Pamela Moalli
BACKGROUND: Polypropylene mesh is widely used for surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. While these surgeries demonstrate favorable functional and anatomical outcomes, their use has been limited by complications, the two most common being exposure and pain. Growing evidence suggests T lymphocytes play a critical role in regulating the host response to biomaterials. OBJECTIVES: To define and characterize the T cell response and correlate the response to collagen deposition in fibrotic capsules in mesh tissue complexes removed for the complications of pain versus exposure...
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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