Read by QxMD icon Read

When to stop antibiotic

Hiroaki Tanaka, Mizuki Yano, Chihiro Kuwabara, Ayaka Kume, Yuri Tamura, Miki Murakami, Ryo Shimizu, Haruhisa Saito, Yoshio Suzuki
Hemoptysis is occasionally experienced in patients with hematological malignancies who have respiratory tract infection and severe thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia due to hematological disease is one cause of hemoptysis. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic malignancy characterized by both a myeloproliferative neoplasm and a myelodysplastic syndrome. This malignancy often infiltrates various extramedullary organs and has a poor prognosis. An 84-year-old Japanese man with CMML was suffered from hemoptysis and dyspnea...
February 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Nicholas Sajko, Shannon Murphy, Allen Tran
BACKGROUND: Fever of unknown origin is often a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians due to its extremely broad differential. One of the rarer categories of disease causing fever of unknown origin is malignancies; of these, soft tissue sarcoma is one of the least common. Soft tissue sarcomas make up < 1% of all adult malignancies and often do not present with any systemic manifestations or neoplastic fevers. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 2-week history of fever and profound fatigue...
January 27, 2019: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Alberto San Francisco, James S Tomlinson, Samuel Walters, Sally Curtis, Rachael James
A 63-year-old man with an extensive travel history to South East Asia presented with generalised malaise, temporal headaches and high inflammatory markers. He was treated with corticosteroids for presumed giant cell arteritis. Unsuccessful attempts to wean him from prednisolone prompted further investigations by rheumatology, haematology and finally ophthalmology. Roth spots were identified which prompted blood cultures to be taken. All three sets grew Streptococcus sinensis , an alpha-haemolytic Streptococcus reported as an emerging cause of endocarditis worldwide...
January 2019: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Matthew J Bizzarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: JAMA network open
Fumiaki Shikata, Kenji Shimada, Hiroki Sato, Taichi Ikedo, Atsushi Kuwabara, Hajime Furukawa, Masaaki Korai, Masakazu Kotoda, Kimihiko Yokosuka, Hiroshi Makino, Emma A Ziegler, Daisuke Kudo, Michael T Lawton, Tomoki Hashimoto
Gut microbiota modulates metabolic and immunoregulatory axes and contributes to the pathophysiology of diseases with inflammatory components, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, and ischemic stroke. Inflammation is emerging as a critical player in the pathophysiology of an intracranial aneurysm. Therefore, we hypothesized that the gut microbiota affects aneurysm formation by modulating inflammation. We induced intracranial aneurysms in mice by combining systemic hypertension and a single injection of elastase into the cerebrospinal fluid...
February 2019: Hypertension
Lei Zhang, Xinwei Wang, Yusheng Chen, Jiangfei Chen, Zairan Guo
Objective: To discuss skills for the treatment of complex soft tissue problems in osteomyelitis using Ilizarov techniques. Methods: The clinical data of 31 patients with complex soft tissue problems during the treatment of osteomyelitis with Ilizarov technique between January 2015 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 8 females, with an age of 14-67 years (mean, 37.8 years). All the patients were post-traumatic chronic osteomyelitis, the disease duration was 12 days to 16 months (mean, 6...
October 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Jean-Charles Pasquier, Olivier Claris, Muriel Rabilloud, René Ecochard, Jean-Charles Picaud, Stéphanie Moret, Danielle Buch, Georges Mellier
OBJECTIVES: Preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM) exposes the fetus to preterm birth, and optimal timing for delivery is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare intentional early delivery ("active management") with expectant management in very preterm birth (28-32 weeks). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial with intent-to-treat analysis, at 19 tertiary-care hospitals in France and 1 in Geneva, Switzerland...
February 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Fernando Casado, Sitarama Arvind Mudunuru, Rabih Nasr
(1) Background: The use of intravenous antibiotics for severe infections is a common practice, either as inpatient or outpatient treatment. In the case of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), nafcillin is a commonly prescribed intravenous antibiotic, given its known efficacy to treat infections related to this organism effectively. However, it is not without side effects. (2) Methods: We present an interesting case of persistent hypokalemia in a patient after he was started on nafcillin infusion for an MSSA infection, which eventually resolved with the completion of the treatment...
December 12, 2018: Antibiotics
Kevin J Downes, Julie C Fitzgerald, Emily Schriver, Craig L K Boge, Michael E Russo, Scott L Weiss, Fran Balamuth, Sherri E Kubis, Pam Tolomeo, Warren B Bilker, Jennifer H Han, Ebbing Lautenbach, Susan E Coffin, Jeffrey S Gerber
Background: Biomarkers can facilitate safe antibiotic discontinuation in critically ill patients without bacterial infection. Methods: We tested the ability of a biomarker-based algorithm to reduce excess antibiotic administration in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) without bacterial infections (uninfected) in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The algorithm suggested that PICU clinicians stop antibiotics if (1) C-reactive protein <4 mg/dL and procalcitonin <1 ng/mL at SIRS onset and (2) no evidence of bacterial infection by exam/testing by 48 hours...
November 22, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Domenico Servello, Christian Saleh, Edvin Zekaj
Skin erosion and infection are common but serious problems in deep brain stimulation (DBS). They can lead to the removal of the entire DBS device and consequently stop the entire treatment. Of critical importance, therefore, is to find surgical solutions that allow to leave the complex DBS device in place when medical treatment fails in repeated skin complications, to allow continuing treatment in otherwise pharmacological refractory patients. We present a patient with repeated retro-auricular skin erosions, who failed to respond to surgical revisions and antibiotic treatment...
October 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Gertrudis Horna, María López, Humberto Guerra, Yolanda Saénz, Joaquim Ruiz
MexAB-OprM and MexEF-OprN are Pseudomonas aeruginosa efflux pumps involved in the development of antibiotic resistance. Several studies developed with laboratory strains or using a few clinical isolates have reported that the regulation system of MexEF-OprN is involved in the final levels of MexAB-OprM expression. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the interplay between MexAB-OprM and MexEF-OprN in 90 out of 190 P. aeruginosa clinical isolates with an efflux pump overexpression phenotype. Regarding oprD, 33% (30/90) of isolates displayed relevant modifications (RM) defined as frameshift or premature stop, both related to carbapenem resistance...
November 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nicholas Moore, Stéphanie Duret, Adeline Grolleau, Régis Lassalle, Vanessa Barbet, Mai Duong, Nicolas Thurin, Cécile Droz-Perroteau, Sinem Ezgi Gulmez
INTRODUCTION: Acute liver injury (ALI) is a major reason for stopping drug development or removing drugs from the market. Hospitalisation for ALI is relatively rare for marketed drugs, justifying studies in large-scale databases such as the nationwide Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS), which covers 99% of the French population. METHODS: SNDS was queried over 2010-2014 for all hospital admissions for acute toxic liver injuries not associated with a possible other cause, using a case-population approach...
October 25, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Lishan Yin, Yipeng Han, Guozhuan Miao, Lin Jiang, Sen Xie, Baiyun Liu
OBJECT: This paper is aimed to explore a reasonable guideline for distinguishing whether post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis has completely been cured, so as to avoid the deficient or excessive treatment for post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 46 patients who attended General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Force in Beijing, China, from January 1, 2014 to April 30, 2016. The CSF leukocyte, polykaryocyte, protein and glucose had been tested when their antibiotic treatments were empirically stopped...
November 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Horacio di Fonzo, Melina Villegas Gutsch, Augusto Castroagudin, María Victoria Cabrera, Mariano E Mazzei, Darío Rueda
BACKGROUND Vancomycin has been used for decades to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria, particularly those caused by methicillin-resistant staphylococci. Agranulocytosis is an infrequent complication of this antibiotic, postulated in its genesis a mechanism immune-mediated by antineutrophil antibodies and antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA). Treatment includes discontinuing vancomycin, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration. CASE REPORT We present the case of a patient who developed agranulocytosis secondary to vancomycin during the treatment of an infectious endocarditis, which was reversed when the antibiotic was stopped...
September 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Andreas Leischker, Fritz Ge Holst
For many acute diseases and injuries, treatment does not differ between industrialised environment and wilderness setting. However, for some emergencies, treatment needs to be adapted if advanced medical care facilities cannot be reached within 4 hours.In these situations, dislocated joints and fractures should be reduced quickly. Contaminated wounds should be cleaned carefully, with drinking water being sufficient when no sterile solution is available. A patient with a contaminated wound should receive a systemic antibiotic coverage within one hour...
August 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sun M Lim, Hee-Jung An, Hyung S Park, Hyeong J Kwon, Eun Y Kim, Jin Hur, Yong W Moon
RATIONALE: Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK), a distinct molecular entity, is highly sensitive to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as crizotinib or ceritinib. Interstitial lung disease is a rare (1.2%) pulmonary toxicity that can result from ALK TKIs, however, organizing pneumonia has not been reported to date. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old Korean female with ALK-rearranged metastatic lung adenocarcinoma underwent ceritinib treatment and exhibited a partial response, until she developed organizing pneumonia resembling disease progression...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Naoki Washida, Hiroshi Itoh
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is one of the most frequent reasons for withdrawal of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although most cases of PD-related peritonitis can be treated with antibiotics, it is occasionally refractory and culture-negative. SUMMARY: The causes of refractory PD-related peritonitis include antibiotic-resistant bacteria, fungal peritonitis, biofilm formation in PD catheters, bacterial translocation from the gastrointestinal tract, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
Ariane Lewis, Jessica Lin, Herbert James, Travis C Hill, Rajeev Sen, Donato Pacione
Background: Numerous medical society guidelines recommend discontinuation of antibiotics at a maximum of 24 hours after noninstrumented spinal surgery, even when a drain is left in place. As a result of these recommendations, our institution's Neurosurgery Quality Improvement Committee decided to stop administering prolonged prophylactic systemic antibiotics (PPSAs) to patients with drains after noninstrumented spinal surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data for patients who had noninstrumented spinal surgery performed by a neurosurgeon at our institution between December 2012 and July 2014 (PPSA period) and December 2014 and July 2016 (non-PPSA period) and had a drain left in place postoperatively...
July 2018: Neurohospitalist
Demet Demirkol, Umay Kavgacı, Burcu Babaoğlu, Serhan Tanju, Banu Oflaz Sözmen, Suda Tekin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this case report is to discuss diagnostic workup and clinical management of cytomegalovirus reactivation in a critically ill immunocompetent pediatric patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old white boy who had no medical history presented with respiratory distress and fever. His Pediatric Risk of Mortality and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction scores were 20 and 11, respectively. Our preliminary diagnosis was multiple organ dysfunction secondary to sepsis...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Veronica Timmons, Jennifer Townsend, Robin McKenzie, Catherine Burdalski, Victoria Adams-Sommer
BACKGROUND: Provider-entered indications for antibiotics have been recommended as a tracking tool for antibiotic stewardship programs. The accuracy and utility of these indications are unknown. METHODS: Drug-specific lists of evidence-based indications were integrated into an electronic health system as an ordering hard-stop. We reviewed antibiotic orders with provider-entered indications to determine whether the chosen indication matched the documentation and whether antibiotic use was appropriate...
October 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"