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Bladder retention

Hesham Mostafa Zakaria, Michael Bazydlo, Lonni Schultz, Markian A Pahuta, Jason M Schwalb, Paul Park, Ilyas Aleem, David R Nerenz, Victor Chang
OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Multivariable generalized estimating equation regression models were constructed to identify RFs for adverse events; variables tested included age, sex, diabetes mellitus, disc herniation, foraminal stenosis, central stenosis, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Classification System (ASA) class > II, myelopathy, private insurance, anterior versus posterior approach, revision procedures, number of surgical levels, length of procedure, blood loss, preoperative ambulation, ambulation day of surgery, length of hospital stay, and discharge disposition...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Dawei Wang, Zongying Xu, Yue Lian, Chaolei Ban, Huaihao Zhang
Nitrogen-doped layered porous carbon has been successfully fabricated from the biomass of porcine bladders via carbonization and KOH activation. The effects of KOH dosage on the structure, composition and capacitive property of carbon were investigated by a variety of means (SEM, HRTEM, XRD, Raman, XPS, BET and electrochemical test). Owing to the unique layered structure and rich heteroatom content of porcine bladders, the sample obtained at a KOH/carbon mass ratio of 2 were endowed with appropriate pore structure, large specific surface area (1881...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Lai Xu, Zhi-Yan Tao, Jun-Yang Lu, Guan-Nan Zhang, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Bin Wu, Guo-Le Lin, Tao Xu, Yi Xiao
BACKGROUND: Urinary catheter placement is essential before laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. Whether early removal of the catheter increases the incidence of urinary retention and urinary tract infection (UTI) is not clear. This study aims to determine the optimal time for removal of the urinary catheter after laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum. METHODS/DESIGN: A total of 220 participants meeting the inclusion criteria will be randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group...
February 15, 2019: Trials
Aisling A Clancy, Dante Pascali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Jie Liao, Xiaobo Zhang, Mingquan Chen, Dongjie Li, Xinji Tan, Jie Gu, Sheng Hu, Xiong Chen
Introduction: Even though transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the standard surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), there is a high rate of postoperative retrograde ejaculation. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of TURP with preservation of the bladder neck in comparison with that of standard TURP. Material and methods: This is a retrospective study. 137 men with BPH were divided into two groups: TURP with preservation of the bladder neck and standard TURP were performed respectively in group A and group B...
January 2019: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
F Castillo-Alcala, S Brown, T Crawshaw, R A Laven, G Riddle, I Lizarraga
CASE HISTORY: A group of 39, 19- to 22-month-old Friesian bulls were administered an ivermectin/closantel anthelmintic via intended S/C injection in the ischiorectal fossa on 15 June 2017 (Day 0). Over the next 50 days, 22 affected bulls presented various degrees of anorexia, abdominal pain and urine dribbling. Seventeen bulls were examined by transrectal ultrasonography which revealed urinary bladder distension in all 17, and peritoneal fluid accumulation in some. Overall, eight bulls died or were subjected to euthanasia...
February 11, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Fatai Oluyadi, Preethi Ramachandran, Vladmir Gotlieb
Female urethral diverticular cancer is a very rare entity with only around 100 cases reported so far in literature and accounts for <1% of all malignancies. In this article, we present a 47-year-old African American female with repeated hospital visits for urinary retention, hematuria, and urinary tract infections. Initial computed tomography imaging and cystoscopy was unremarkable except for a distended urinary bladder. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging and corresponding cystoscopy eventually indicated the presence of a urethral diverticulum...
January 2019: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Eugenia Mylona, Oscar Acosta, Thibaut Lizee, Caroline Lafond, Gilles Crehange, Nicolas Magné, Sophie Chiavassa, Stéphane Supiot, Juan David Arango Ospina, Borris Campillo-Gimenez, Joel Castelli, Renaud de Crevoisier
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To apply a voxel-based analysis to identify urethro-vesical symptom-related subregions (SRSs) associated with acute and late urinary toxicity in prostate cancer radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 272 prostate cancer patients treated with IMRT/IGRT were prospectively analyzed. Each patient's CT was spatially normalized to a common coordinate system (CCS) via nonrigid registration. The obtained deformation fields were used to map the dose of each patient to the CCS...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Tovah I Dorsey, Kelly N Monaghan, Meghan Respess, Mary A Labato, Jonathan M Babyak, Claire R Sharp, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Armelle M deLaforcade
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of urinary bladder lavage on in-hospital recurrence of urethral obstruction (UO) and durations of urinary catheter retention and hospitalization for male cats. DESIGN Randomized controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS 137 male cats with UO. PROCEDURES Following random allocation, cats either did (flush group; n = 69) or did not (no-flush group; 68) undergo urinary bladder lavage with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution after alleviation of the obstruction and placement of a urethral catheter...
February 15, 2019: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Hazem Elmansy, Amr Hodhod, Ahmed Kotb, Owen Prowse, Walid Shahrour
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the key steps and evaluate the early results of the recently introduced Top-Down Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate (HoLEP).1,2 This technique was developed to shorten the steep learning curve associated with the conventional approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with a median age of 73 years (54-88) underwent HoLEP between 2017 and 2018. The Top-Down technique was performed by one surgeon (H.E). We used a 100-W holmium: YAG Laser (VersaPulse PowerSuite, Lumenis, Yokneam, Israel) with a 550 μm laser fiber and a 28 Fr continuous flow resectoscope (Karl Storz, Germany)...
January 31, 2019: Urology
A Melocchi, N Inverardi, M Uboldi, F Baldi, A Maroni, S Pandini, F Briatico-Vangosa, L Zema, A Gazzaniga
The use of shape memory polymers exhibiting water-induced shape recovery at body temperature and water solubility was proposed for the development of indwelling devices for intravesical drug delivery. These could be administered via catheter in a suitable temporary shape, retained in the bladder for a programmed period of time by recovery of the original shape and eliminated with urine following dissolution/erosion. Hot melt extrusion and fused deposition modeling 3D printing were employed as the manufacturing techniques, the latter resulting in 4D printing because of the shape modifications undergone by the printed item over time...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
R Ju, X Yang, X L Sun, X W Li, G J Zhao, H Y Wang, J L Wang
Objective: To study perioperative period conditions of total and partial colpocleisis with severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in elderly patients. Methods: From Jan. 2014 to Oct. 2017 286 severe POP elderly patients underwent total or partial colpocleisis. The mean age was (76.0±5.1) years (60-90 years) . Of which, 220 patients (76.9%, 220/286) presented more than one kind of medical disease. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay after surgery, postoperative complications, preoperative urinary dysuria symptoms of total and partial colpocleisis in treatment of 286 patients were analyzed...
January 25, 2019: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Katherine Amin, Dena Moskowitz, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee, Alvaro Lucioni
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) medications often have poor tolerability or lack of efficacy with many progressing to 3 line therapy, such as sacral neuromodulation (SNM). Use of SNM may avoid the potential side effects of OAB medications, while achieving symptom improvement. We evaluated the post-operative rate of discontinuing OAB medications in patients who underwent SNM for refractory OAB. METHODS: A query of a prospectively-collected institutional review board- approved database for patients who underwent SNM was performed...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Urology
Alaa Kadhim, Luke K McKenzie, Helen E Bryant, Lance James Twyman
Macromolecules are potentially useful delivery systems for cancer drugs as their size allows them to utilize the enhanced permeability and retention effect (EPR), which facilitates selective delivery to (and retention within) tumors. In addition, macromolecular delivery systems can prolong circulation times as well as protecting and solubilizing toxic and hydrophobic drug moieties. Overall these properties and abilities can result in an enhanced therapeutic effect. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) combines the use of oxygen and a photosensitizer (PS), that become toxic upon light-irradiation...
January 29, 2019: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Nigil Sadanandan Palliyil, Ravi Ranjan Rai, Kedar Deogaonkar
Introduction: Limbus vertebral fracture is an uncommon injury described in adolescents. It refers to the separation of a bony fragment from the unfused ring apophysis of lumbar vertebral end plate. It usually presents with back pain with/without radiculopathy masquerading an acute disc prolapse. However, the presentation as acute cauda equina syndrome has seldom been reported. Case Report: A 15-year-old male presented to the casualty with a history of acute-onset low back pain and bilateral lower limb radicular pain with weakness, after lifting of a heavy Indian musical instrument (Dholak)...
July 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Olivia H Chang, Rachel J Pope, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Prakash Ganesh, Jeffrey P Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the predictors for urinary retention after vesicovaginal fistula surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of women who underwent vesicovaginal fistula repair between January 2014 and December 2017 at the Fistula Care Centre in Lilongwe, Malawi. Cases were defined as patients with documented urinary retention, defined as a postvoid residual that is 50% greater than the total void of at least 100 mL...
January 23, 2019: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Johanna Wagner, Barbara Eiken, Imme Haubitz, Sven Lichthardt, Niels Matthes, Stefan Löb, Ingo Klein, Christoph-Thomas Germer, Armin Wiegering
BACKGROUND: Epidural catheters are state of the art for postoperative analgesic in abdominal surgery. Due to neurolysis it can lead to postoperative urinary tract retention (POUR), which leads to prolonged bladder catheterization, which has an increased risk for urinary tract infections (UTI). Our aim was to identify the current perioperative management of urinary catheters and, second, to identify the optimal time of suprapubic bladder catheter removal in regard to the removal of the epidural catheter...
2019: PloS One
Eun-Joo Son, Eunwook Joo, Woo Yeon Hwang, Mi Hyun Kang, Hyun Jin Choi, Eun-Hee Yoo
Objectives: To investigate the rate of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) and identify the risk factors for this complication in women who underwent transvaginal uterosacral suspension surgery. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 75 women who underwent transvaginal uterosacral suspension surgery with vaginal hysterectomy, repair of cystocele, and levator myorrhaphy with/without transobturator anti-incontinence surgery. POUR was defined as a need for continuous intermittent catheterization on the third day subsequent to removal of the urethral indwelling catheter...
December 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Hatice Kansu-Celik, Ozlem Evliyaoglu, Burcu Kısa Karakaya, Nurten Tarlan, Sule Ozel, Yaprak Engin-Ustun
Large uterine or cervical leiomyomas may cause acute urinary retention due to bladder outlet obstruction. We report two cases with acute urinary retention caused by cervical leiomyoma. Myomectomies were performed due to their desire of fertility and frozen-section examinations were reported as benign leiomyomas in both cases. The urinary symptoms completely resolved in two patients following myomectomies. In patients who are admitted with the complaint of acute urinary retention, cervical leiomyomas should be considered in differential diagnosis...
January 2019: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
Gabriele Rocca, Fiorella Caputo, Claudio Terranova, Stefano Alice, Francesco Ventura
BACKGROUND: An intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) consists of a meshwork of arteriovenous shunts. Drainage of the fistula may be into a dural sinus or directly into cortical veins. Rarely, DAVFs drain exclusively into perimedullary veins. Prompt diagnosis is important as the clinical course is potentially life-threatening. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old man presented with difficulties in walking and bladder retention. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed central myelopathy, edema from C6 to T8, and dilated posterior medullary veins...
January 10, 2019: World Neurosurgery
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