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brain abscess anesthesia

Jessica Eaton, Asma Bilal Hanif, Suzgisam Mzumara, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality, and injury to the central nervous system is the most common cause of death in these patients. While the provision of surgical services is being recognized as essential to global public health efforts, specialty areas such as neurosurgery remain overlooked. METHOD: This is a retrospective case review of patients with operable lesions, such as extra-axial hematomas and unstable depressed skull fractures that underwent neurosurgical interventions under local anesthesia...
May 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Julius Höhne, Alexander Brawanski, Karl-Michael Schebesch
OBJECTIVES: Fluorescein Sodium (FL) enhances areas in the brain with a disrupted blood brain barrier (BBB). Solitary brain abscesses (BA) are characterized by the pathognomonic finding of BBB disruption. Consequently, FL may have the potential to improve the intra-operative visualization of BA. Here, we report a series of patients with BA that where treated surgically after application of FL in combination with a dedicated light filter integrated in the surgical microscope. METHODS: 7 patients (4 female, 3 male; mean age 53...
April 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Tayfun Hakan, Fugen Vardar Aker
AIM: A retrospective analysis of 126 consecutive computed tomography (CT)-guided, frame-based stereotactic procedures in 121 patients is presented to evaluate the diagnostic yield, accuracy, complications, management of non-diagnostic cases and followup. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of the identified patients were investigated retrospectively. Age, sex, surgical procedures, histopathological diagnosis, diagnostic yield, accuracy, complications, management of non-diagnostic cases and follow-up were analyzed in 121 consecutive patients...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Jenessa L Gjeltema, Brigid Troan, Atis Muehlenbachs, Lindy Liu, Alexandre J Da Silva, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Jeremy R Tobias, Michael R Loomis, Ryan S De Voe
CASE DESCRIPTION A 22-year-old male gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) housed in a zoo was evaluated for signs of lethargy, head-holding, and cervical stiffness followed by development of neurologic abnormalities including signs of depression, lip droop, and tremors. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination under general anesthesia revealed a tooth root abscess and suboptimal body condition. A CBC and serum biochemical analysis revealed mild anemia, neutrophilia and eosinopenia consistent with a stress leukogram, and signs consistent with dehydration...
February 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Vinay Marulasiddappa, B S Raghavavendra
Children with uncorrected cyanotic congenital heart diseases can present for non cardiac surgeries. They pose several challenges to the Anaesthesiologist, especially when they are posted for emergency surgery, due to the complex haemodynamic changes secondary to the heart disease. Pentalogy of Fallot (POF) is a rare form of congenital heart disease characterized by the association of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with an atrial septal defect (ASD). TOF is the leading cause of intracardiac right to left shunt and is the commonest type of cyanotic congenital heart disease to cause a brain abscess...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ruchi Jain, Anita Shetty, Shrikanta Oak, Anjana Wajekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
John H Unkel, Justin S Edwards, William P Piscitelli, Gary W Tye
Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis have been associated with ligament laxity, specifically the atlantoaxial ligament, which maintains the proper positioning of the cervical first and second vertebrae. The joint consists of different pathological processes, and it is paramount that individuals with either condition be screened appropriately before surgery is contemplated. The purpose of this paper was to present a case of an individual with both conditions and describe precautionary measures that were undertaken to safely complete dental treatment under general anesthesia and avoid morbidity...
November 2012: Pediatric Dentistry
Lutz M Weise, Markus Bruder, Sebastian Eibach, Volker Seifert, Christian Byhahn, Gerhard Marquardt, Matthias Setzer
BACKGROUND: Frame-based stereotactic biopsies remain the gold standard for the diagnosis of intracerebral lesions. A major advantage is the ability to perform these procedures under local anesthesia (LA). However, there is no consensus on whether or when to use LA or general anesthesia (GA). It has been postulated that the use of LA may reduce the risk of complications. This study aims to objectify the efficacy and safety of stereotactic biopsies under LA versus GA by analyzing a prospective registry for stereotactic biopsies...
April 2013: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Yosuke Kuromi, Taku Sato, Hitoshi Ando, Yuka Matsumoto, Keiko Oda, Eiji Ito, Masahiro Ichikawa, Tadashi Watanabe, Jun Sakuma, Kiyoshi Saito
A 37-year-old male presented with transorbitally penetrating bamboo fragments, which resulted in multiple brain abscesses during 30 years. Neurological examination revealed left blindness, oculomotor palsy, trigeminal nerve (V1) anesthesia, and cerebellar ataxia. Computed tomography demonstrated foreign bodies and two ring enhanced lesions in the cerebellum. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a hypointense mass penetrating through the cavernous sinus into the posterior fossa, and another mass into the temporal lobe...
November 2012: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Abhijeet Raha, Pragati Ganjoo, Amay Singh, Monica S Tandon, Daljit Singh
CONTEXT: Patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (cCHD) are prone to develop frequent brain abscesses. Surgery for these abscesses is often limited to aspiration under local anesthesia because excision under general anesthesia (GA) is considered a riskier option. Perioperative hemodynamic instability, cyanotic spells, coagulation defects, electrolyte and acid base imbalance, and sudden cardiac arrest are among the major anesthetic concerns. Most of our current knowledge in this area has been gained from a neurosurgical standpoint while there is a paucity of corresponding anesthesia literature...
January 2012: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Bhavini S Acharya, Priyanshi Ritwik, Gisela M Velasquez, Sanford J Fenton
Infantile Refsum disease (IRD) is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder (PBD), and is part of a larger group of diseases called leukodystrophies, which are inherited conditions that damage the white matter of the brain and affect motor movements. Multiple signs and symptoms of IRD begin in infancy and progress through early childhood, including hearing and visual impairment, intellectual and growth impairment, seizures, liver involvement, and orofacial and dental abnormalities. This paper presents a case history of a 12-year-old female patient with IRD who underwent dental rehabilitation in the operating room under general anesthesia and includes a 2-year follow-up...
June 2012: Special Care in Dentistry
Maho Kakemizu, Hiroaki Sakai, Keiko Suzuki, Atsushi Okazaki
We present an emergency anesthetic management of craniotomy for a 22-year-old man with congenital cyanotic heart disease due to brain abscess. Pulmonary blood flow was completely supplied via major arteriopulmonay collatelal artery (MAPCA). This patient complicated with Eisenmenger syndrome, has no history of cardiac surgery but several times of craniotomy due to repeated brain abscess. Total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil was induced and maintained. SpO2 and PaO2 were elevated after oxygen administration via mask...
February 2010: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Zulfiqar Ali, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Parmod K Bithal, Hari H Dash
PURPOSE: Frameless stereotactic neurosurgery is increasingly being used for the biopsy of intracranial tumors and the resection of deep-seated lesions where reliance on surface anatomic landmarks can be misleading, as well as in movement disorders, psychiatric disorders, seizure disorders, and chronic refractory pain. Nascent biological approaches, including gene therapy and stem-cell and tissue transplants for movement disorders, also utilize neuronavigational techniques. These procedures are complex and involve understanding of the basic principles and factors affecting neuronavigation...
2009: Journal of Anesthesia
Menaka D S Lokuhetty, Harshima D Wijesinghe, Buddhika Weerasundera, A Dayapala
A healthy postnatal woman succumbed to fulminant iatrogenic Aspergillus infection of the central nervous system, following accidental inoculation into the subarachnoid space at spinal anesthesia, during an outbreak of Aspergillus meningitis in Sri Lanka. Autopsy revealed extensive Aspergillus meningitis and culture confirmed Aspergillus fumigatus. The thalamic parenchyma in the brain was invaded by fungal hyphae producing necrotizing angitis with thrombosis, thalamic infarcts and fungal abscesses. The directional growth of fungal hyphae from the extra-luminal side of blood vessels towards the lumen favored extension from the brain parenchyma over hematogenous spread...
July 2009: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Tayfun Hakan
Brain abscesses are well-known lesions that have been reported from the beginning of the Hippocratic era. They continue, however, to be characterized by problematic and fatal features, even though there have been enormous developments in treatment and diagnostic technologies-especially in the areas of computed tomography (CT), surgery, anesthesia, bacterial isolation techniques, and new antibiotics. The predisposing factors may change according to patient age, geographic location, and socioeconomic conditions of the community, but patients frequently have a contiguous infection such as otitis or mastoiditis...
2008: Neurosurgical Focus
Edwin J Cunningham, Barbara Albani, Thoms J Masaryk, Peter A Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We describe the first reported use of temporary balloon occlusion of the cavernous internal carotid artery for controlled removal of a foreign object from the cavernous sinus. This endovascular approach may be an alternative to craniotomy in highly selected cases. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old incarcerated male attempted suicide by stabbing the earpiece of his glasses through his right orbit into the intracranial compartment. He presented with complete ophthalmoplegia...
November 2004: Neurosurgery
Ken-Ichi Watanabe, Gin-Ya Hatano, Nobuhisa Fukada, Tsuyoshi Kawasaki, Hideharu Aoki, Toshiaki Yagi
We experienced two cases of brain abscess secondary to middle ear cholesteatoma. One, a 61-year-old woman, presented with left otalgia, appetite loss and nausea. The computed tomography obtained on admission revealed a middle ear cholesteatoma. The magnetic resonance image showed the presence of a brain abscess in the cerebellum. The brain abscess was drained and the cholesteatoma was removed using the canal down procedure under general anesthesia. Part of the cholesteatoma invaded the posterior cranial fossa was could not be removed from the otological surgical field...
December 2004: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Annett Gauruder-Burmester, Jens Wessel, Volker Viereck, Ralf Tunn
BACKGROUND: Patients scheduled for gynecologic surgery must be informed about the development of urogenital fistulae as a possible complication. CASE: A 49-year-old woman underwent Irving sterilization with subsequent abdominal hysterectomy due to intraabdominal abscess formation. Inadvertent damage complication to the bladder during hysterectomy led to development of a vesicovaginal fistula despite intraoperative management. The fistula was repaired at once in a second session...
August 2004: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1964: Revista Española de Oto-neuro-oftalmología y Neurocirugía
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1963: Minerva Anestesiologica
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