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Rhodiola in depression

Carmen Concerto, Carmenrita Infortuna, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Rocco Zoccali, Eileen Chusid, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
OBJECTIVES: Rhodiola rosea extract is one of the most common herbal treatment for stress. Its mechanism of action in humans still need to be determined. We investigated the effect of a single dose intake of Rhodiola rosea extract on the plastic after-effects induced by anodal and cathodal motor cortex transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in humans. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy volunteers were required to intake 500 mg of either RRE or placebo. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation was used to investigate cortical excitability...
December 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Wenjuan Zhang, Ying Huai, Zhiping Miao, Chu Chen, Mohamed Shahen, Siddiq Ur Rahman, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Heping Zhao, Airong Qian
Rhodiola rosea L. radix (RRL) is one of the most popular medical herb which has been widely used for the treatment of different diseases effectively, including cardiovascular diseases and nerve system diseases. However, due to the multiple compounds in RRL, the underlying molecular mechanisms of RRL are remained unclear. To decipher the action mechanisms of RRL from a systematic perspective, a systems pharmacology approach integrated absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) system, drug targeting, and network analysis was introduced...
November 17, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
David Mischoulon, Mark Hyman Rapaport
Depression remains difficult to manage, despite the many registered treatments available. For many depressed individuals, particularly those who have not responded to and/or had adverse effects from standard therapies, herbal and natural medications represent a potentially valuable alternative. This chapter will review several natural remedies used in the treatment of depression. Specific remedies covered include St. John's wort (SJW), S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe), omega-3 fatty acids, rhodiola, and others...
August 24, 2018: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Marie Bangratz, Samira Ait Abdellah, Aurélie Berlin, Claude Blondeau, Angèle Guilbot, Michel Dubourdeaux, Patrick Lemoine
Objective: The medicinal plants Rhodiola rosea L. (rhodiola, golden root) and Crocus sativus L. (saffron) have been shown separately to induce significant effects in depression. The objective of this study was to assess a fixed combination of rhodiola and saffron in mild-moderate depression. Methods: In this observational study conducted with general practitioners (GPs), 45 adults (aged 18-85 years) suffering from mild or moderate depression (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision definition) and reaching a score on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression of 8-18 were supplemented with a combination of rhodiola and saffron extracts (one tablet, 154 mg of rhodiola and 15 mg of saffron; recommended dose two tablets per day for 6 weeks)...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
D Anheyer, H Haller, P Klose, H Cramer, G Dobos
BACKGROUND: In Germany herbal medicines are traditionally frequently used. They represent an important therapeutic option, especially in self-medication. METHODS: Current systematic review articles and meta-analyses were evaluated and summarized with respect to the evidence of phytotherapeutic drugs for selected psychiatric indications. RESULTS: Apart from the use of St. John's wort for depression, no other herb has so far shown convincing evidence...
September 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Liliya V Vasileva, Kremena Е Saracheva, Mariya V Ivanovska, Atanaska P Petrova, Emir Sucouglu, Mariana A Murdjeva, Damyanka P Getova-Spasova
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in depression. AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of extracts from Rhodiola and Curcuma on immunoreactivity of animals subjected to a chronic mild stress (CMS) model followed by lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (n=56) divided in 7 groups were treated orally with: distilled water 10 ml/kg (control and CMS model groups); Rhodiola 250 mg/kg; Rhodiola 500 mg/kg; Curcuma 250 mg/kg; Curcuma 500 mg/kg, Rhodiola 250 mg/kg and Curcuma 250 mg/kg...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
Jun-Mei Wang, Ze-Qiang Qu, Jin-Lang Wu, Peter Chung, Yuan-Shan Zeng
In our previous study, we found that the edible alcohol extract of the root of the medicinal plant Rhodiola crenulata (RCE) improved spatial cognition in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease. Another study from our laboratory showed that RCE enhanced neural cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus and prevented damage to hippocampal neurons in a rat model of chronic stress-induced depression. However, the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of RCE are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the anti-apoptotic effect of RCE and its neuroprotective mechanism of action in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease established by intracerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Xiang Zhang, Jian-Feng Zhao, Fan Zhao, Jun-Feng Yan, Fan Yang, Xiao-Jun Huang, Gang Chen, Hui-Ying Fu, Bo-Dong Lv
Salidroside, a major active ingredient isolated from Rhodiola rosea, has a long application in Chinese medical history. It has widely demonstrated effects on fatigue, psychological stress, and depression and exhibits potential antihypoxia activity. Emerging evidence shows that hypoxia is an important independent risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of salidroside on hypoxia-induced phenotypic transformation of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells (CCSMCs)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Liliya V Vasileva, Damianka P Getova, Nina D Doncheva, Andrey S Marchev, Milen I Georgiev
Rhodiola rosea L., family Crassulaceae also known as Golden Root or Arctic root is one of the most widely used medicinal plants with effect on cognitive dysfunction, psychological stress and depression. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of a standardized commercial Rhodiola extract on learning and memory processes in naive rats as well as its effects in rats with scopolamine-induced memory impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male Wistar rats were used in the study. The experiment was conducted in two series - on naive rats and on rats with scopolamine-induced model of impaired memory...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ting Chen, Ling Yao, Dazhi Ke, Weiguo Cao, Guowei Zuo, Liang Zhou, Jian Jiang, Johji Yamahara, Yuhao Li, Jianwei Wang
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola species have been used for asthenia, depression, fatigue, poor work performance and cardiovascular diseases, all of which may be associated with insulin resistance. To disclose the underlying mechanisms of action, the effect of Rhodiola crenulata root (RCR) on insulin resistance was investigated. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with liquid fructose in their drinking water over 18 weeks. The extract of RCR was co-administered (once daily by oral gavage) during the last 5 weeks...
July 12, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Xu Zhang, Qianming Du, Chao Liu, Yan Yang, Jianing Wang, Suqian Duan, Junguo Duan
Rhodioloside, a major constituent from roots of Rhodiola rosea, has been previously confirmed to alleviate the hyperactivity in olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rats exposed to the open field and to decrease the immobility time in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST). However, its antidepressant effects and mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the antidepressant effect and the potential mechanisms of rhodioloside in OBX rats. ELISA kits, HPLC-MS and western blot analysis were applied to explore the underlying antidepressant mechanisms of rhodioloside...
July 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Nady Braidy, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Arash Badiee, Maria Daglia, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Rhodiola rosea L. (roseroot) is a common member of the family Crassulaceae, known as one of the most important popular medicinal plants in the northern region of Europe. The roots of R. rosea possess a wide range of pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antiinflammatory, anticancer, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective effects that are because of the presence of different phytochemicals such as phenols and flavonoids. In addition, the presence of salidroside, rosavins, and p-tyrosol are responsible for its beneficial effects for the treatment of on depression, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction...
April 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jay D Amsterdam, Alexander G Panossian
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola rosea (R. rosea) is a botanical adaptogen with putative anti-stress and antidepressant properties. Evidence-based data supporting the effectiveness of R. rosea for depression in adults is limited, and therefore a comprehensive review of available animal and human studies suggesting a putative antidepressant action is warranted. PURPOSE: A review of the literature was undertaken to ascertain studies of possible antidepressant mechanisms of action and studies of the safety and effectiveness of R...
June 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Agostino Palmeri, Leonardo Mammana, Maria Rosaria Tropea, Walter Gulisano, Daniela Puzzo
Rhodiola Rosea (R. Rosea) is a plant used in traditional popular medicine to enhance cognition and physical performance. R. Rosea medicinal properties have been related to its capability to act as an adaptogen, i.e., a substance able to increase the organism's resistance to a variety of chemical, biological, and physical stressors in a non-specific way. These adaptogen properties have been mainly attributed to the glycoside salidroside, one of the bioactive compounds present in the standardized extracts of R...
February 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Lotfi M Bassa, Cody Jacobs, Kelly Gregory, Elizabeth Henchey, Jennifer Ser-Dolansky, Sallie S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola crenulata is a Tibetan mountainous plant, commonly used in Eastern alternative medicine. Many phytochemicals possess estrogenic activity, a critical regulator of proliferation in mammary epithelial cells. We have previously characterized anti-cancer properties of R. crenulata in aggressive triple negative breast cancer cells, lacking the expression of estrogen receptor. Currently, it is unknown whether R. crenulata exerts estrogenic effects and as such consumption may be a concern for women with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer that use Rhodiola sp...
January 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Patricia L Gerbarg, Richard P Brown
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women are challenged by the adverse effects of estrogen loss on energy, mood, cognitive function, and memory. These stresses are compounded by increased risks for cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer. Known to have neuroprotective, cardio-protective, anti-oxidative and anti-carcinogenic effects, Rhodiola rosea extracts have also been shown to improve energy, mood, cognitive function and memory. PURPOSE: We propose that R. rosea be investigated for use as a potential selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) in the prevention and treatment of menopause-related fatigue, stress, depression, cognitive decline, memory impairment, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and cancer...
June 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Mark Cropley, Adrian P Banks, Julia Boyle
This trial evaluated the impact of a Rhodiola rosea L. extract on self-reported anxiety, stress, cognition, and other mood symptoms. Eighty mildly anxious participants were randomized into two different groups of either Rhodiola rosea L (2 × 200 mg dose Vitano®, 1 tablet taken before breakfast and 1tablet before lunch) or a control condition (no treatment). Self-report measures and cognitive tests were completed at four testing sessions over a period of 14 days. Relative to the controls, the experimental group demonstrated a significant reduction in self-reported, anxiety, stress, anger, confusion and depression at 14 days and a significant improvements in total mood...
December 2015: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Bożena Muszyńska, Maciej Łojewski, Jacek Rojowski, Włodzimierz Opoka, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja
The use of herbs or their parts: leaves, roots, rhizomes, flowers, seeds, natural strains, as well as extracts or isolated metabolites is becoming more and more popular. Natural remedies not only act prophylactically, but also help to alleviate symptoms of many diseases and enhance the overall functioning of the internal organs. Many raw materials of natural origin plays a role in treatment of health problems, and also in case of serious diseases such as depression. Depression (affective disorder) now affects about 10% of the population, but in next few years due to the development of civilization and increasing pace of life, the probable number of people suffering from this disease can grow rapidly...
May 2015: Psychiatria Polska
Marta Grech-Baran, Katarzyna Sykłowska-Baranek, Agnieszka Pietrosiuk
Rhodiola (Crassulaceae) an arctic-alpine plant, is extensively used in traditional folk medicine in Asian and European countries. A number of investigations have demonstrated that Rhodiola preparations exhibit adaptogenic, neuroprotective, anti-tumour, cardioprotective, and anti-depressant effects. The main compounds responsible for these activities are believed to be salidroside, rosin and its derivatives which became the target of biotechnological investigations. This review summarizes the results of the diverse biotechnological approaches undertaken to enhance the production of salidroside, rosin and its derivatives in callus, cell suspension and organ in vitro cultures of selected Rhodiola species...
2015: Phytochemistry Reviews: Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe
Shih-Yu Lee, Feng-Yi Lai, Li-Shian Shi, Yu-Ching Chou, I-Chuan Yen, Tsu-Chung Chang
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola, a popular herb, has been used for treating high altitude sicknesses, depression, fatigue, and diabetes. However, the detailed mechanisms by which Rhodiola crenulata functions in the liver need further clarification. PURPOSE: The current study was designed to examine the effects of Rhodiola crenulata root extract (RCE) on hepatic glucose production. METHODS: Human hepatoma HepG2 cells were treated with RCE for 6 h. Glucose production, the expression level of p-AMPK, and the expression of key gluconeogenic genes were measured...
April 15, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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