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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774699/breaking-bad-and-difficult-news-in-obstetric-ultrasound-and-sonographer-burnout-is-training-helpful
#1
Judith Johnson, Jane Arezina, Alison McGuinness, Anne-Marie Culpan, Louise Hall
Background: Sonographers report high levels of burnout. For those working in obstetric ultrasound, one frequently cited stressor is the delivery of bad or difficult news. Training in news delivery may reduce sonographer stress levels, but no studies have investigated sonographer experiences of this training. Aims: To investigate sonographer experiences of difficult news delivery training and preferences for training techniques, and to assess whether news delivery training is associated with lower burnout and higher wellbeing...
February 2019: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773079/sex-moderates-relationships-among-school-night-sleep-duration-social-jetlag-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#2
Gina Marie Mathew, Lauren Hale, Anne-Marie Chang
Social jetlag, a misalignment between sleep timing on the weekend and during the work week, is associated with depressive symptoms among adults across both sexes. A previous study found that later sleep timing was associated with depressive symptoms in women but not men. To date, however, no research has investigated whether the association between social jetlag and depression varies by sex among adolescents. The current study assessed self-reported sleep, depressive symptoms, and demographic information from 3058 adolescents (48% female, mean [SD] age 15...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770286/hormonal-medication-in-medically-assisted-reproduction-a-systematic-review-of-assessments-from-patients
#3
REVIEW
Kay Lankreijer, Thomas M D'Hooghe, Silke Apers, Walter Sermeus, Sjoerd Repping, Eline Af Dancet
Several hormonal fertility medications have comparable effectiveness. A literature review was conducted into patients' assessments regarding seven medication characteristics including 'side effects' and 'ease of use'. Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched for female fertility patients' written assessments of a hormonal medication. The tools used were appraised and common (i.e. ≥10%) unpleasant consequences were distinguished from rare ones. The 35 eligible studies did not rely on valid and reliable tools and did not provide patient assessments regarding all seven medication characteristics for any of the globally used medications...
January 19, 2019: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767817/obesogenic-food-consumption-among-young-children-the-role-of-maltreatment
#4
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children exposed to a greater variety of acts of parent-to-child physical and psychological maltreatment will be at greater risk of consuming obesogenic foods at a higher frequency. DESIGN: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design. SETTING: In-home interviews with primary caregivers in twenty large US cities.ParticipantsA national sample of at-risk children and their families who participated in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS)...
February 15, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764824/gaming-the-system-to-care-for-patients-a-focused-ethnography-in-norwegian-public-home-care
#5
Maria Strandås, Steen Wackerhausen, Terese Bondas
BACKGROUND: With its emphasis on cost-reduction and external management, New Public Management emerged as the dominant healthcare policy in many Western countries. The ability to provide comprehensive and customized patient-care is challenged by the formalized, task-oriented organization of home-care services. The aim of this study is to gain deeper understanding of how nurses and the patients they care for, relate to and deal with the organizational systems they are subjected to in Norwegian home care...
February 14, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759845/association-of-physicians-self-compassion-with-work-engagement-exhaustion-and-professional-life-satisfaction
#6
Oksana Babenko, Amber D Mosewich, Ann Lee, Sudha Koppula
Self-compassion has shown promise as an adaptive resource for coping with uncertainties and challenges. This study examined the relationship between self-compassion and professional wellbeing (work engagement, exhaustion, and professional life satisfaction) of physicians, who frequently face uncertainties and challenges in their clinical practice. Fifty-seven practicing physicians in Canada participated in the study. Overall, 65% of the participants were female; 47% were in the early-career stage; 49% were family medicine (FM) physicians, with the rest being non-FM specialists...
February 12, 2019: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736334/the-happy-productive-worker-model-and-beyond-patterns-of-wellbeing-and-performance-at-work
#7
José M Peiró, Malgorzata W Kozusznik, Isabel Rodríguez-Molina, Núria Tordera
According to the happy-productive worker thesis (HPWT), "happy" workers perform better than "less happy" ones. This study aimed to explore the different patterns of relationships between performance and wellbeing, synergistic (i.e., unhappy-unproductive and happy-productive) and antagonistic (i.e., happy-unproductive and unhappy-productive), taking into account different operationalizations of wellbeing (i.e., hedonic vs. eudaimonic) and performance (i.e., self-rated vs. supervisors' ratings)...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734723/occupational-factors-causing-pain-among-nurses-in-mainland-china
#8
Ji Guan, Dongmei Wu, Xuping Xie, Liqin Duan, Dongmei Yuan, Hua Lin, Li Liu, Jiping Li
BACKGROUND Pain is a common problem affecting the wellbeing of nurses. This study investigated physical pain of nurses and their pain self-management in mainland China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 2458 full-time nurses working in 18 hospitals across mainland China were studied from May 2016 to July 2016, of which a total of 1269 nurses (51.63%) experienced pain during the duration of this study. RESULTS Of the nurses reporting pain, most had general chronic pain (936 cases, 73.8%). Many nurses also had moderate to severe pain (904 cases, 71...
February 8, 2019: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732839/tibetan-buddhist-monastic-debate-psychological-and-neuroscientific-analysis-of-a-reasoning-based-analytical-meditation-practice
#9
Marieke K van Vugt, Amir Moye, Joshua Pollock, Bryce Johnson, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Kalden Gyatso, Jampa Thakchoe, Lobsang Phuntsok, Ngawang Norbu, Lobsang Tenzin, Thabkhe Lodroe, Jampa Lobsang, Jampa Gyaltsen, Jampa Khechok, Thupten Gyaltsen, David M Fresco
Analytical meditation and monastic debate are contemplative practices engaged in by Tibetan Buddhist monastics that have up to now been largely unexplored in Western contemplative science. The highly physical form of contemplative debating plays an important role in the monastic curriculum. Based on discussions and recorded interviews Tibetan monastic teachers and senior students at Sera Jey Monastic University and preliminary experiments, we outline an initial theory that elucidates the psychological mechanisms underlying this practice...
2019: Progress in Brain Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732566/kaum%C3%A4-tua-mana-motuhake-a-study-protocol-for-a-peer-education-intervention-to-help-m%C3%A4-ori-elders-work-through-later-stage-life-transitions
#10
John G Oetzel, Brendan Hokowhitu, Mary Simpson, Rangimahora Reddy, Sophie Nock, Hineitimoana Greensill, Michael P Cameron, Pare Meha, Kirsten Johnston, Truely Harding, Pita Shelford, Linda Tuhiwai Smith
BACKGROUND: The Aotearoa/New Zealand population is ageing and numerous studies demonstrate with this phenomenon comes increases in non-communicable diseases, injuries and healthcare costs among other issues. Further, significant inequities exist between Māori (Indigenous peoples of Aotearoa/New Zealand) and non-Māori around poor ageing and health. Most research addressing these issues is deficit oriented; however, the current research project takes a strengths-based approach that highlights the potential of kaumātua (elders) by asserting mana motuhake (autonomy, identity and self-actualisation)...
February 7, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720903/defining-and-measuring-eczema-control-an-international-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-views-of-those-living-with-and-treating-atopic-eczema
#11
Laura Howells, Kim S Thomas, Alison V Sears, Ibrahim Nasr, Andreas Wollenberg, Marie L A Schuttelaar, Geertruida L E Romeijn, Amy S Paller, Kelly Mueller, Kristina Doytcheva, Yoko Kataoka, Justine Daguze, Sebastien Barbarot, Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Sonia Ratib, Fiona Cowdell, Miriam Santer, Joanne R Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (also known as eczema) is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that often afflicts patients' health and wellbeing. The Harmonising Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative recommends that "long-term control of eczema" is measured in all clinical trials 3 months or longer in duration. However, little has been published on what eczema control means to those living with or treating atopic eczema. OBJECTIVES: To i) develop understanding of what eczema control means to patients, carers and clinicians and ii) explore the feasibility and acceptability of different ways of measuring eczema control in the long-term...
February 5, 2019: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719502/a-preliminary-assessment-of-selected-social-determinants-of-health-in-a-sample-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-individuals-in-puerto-rico
#12
Jose J Martinez-Velez, Kyle Melin, Carlos E Rodriguez-Diaz
Purpose: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) people continue to experience suboptimal health care, social exclusion, and lower quality of life. Globally, lack of access to services, institutional violence, and public harassment have been reported. However, there is limited data on transgender health in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. The purpose of this study is to assess the social determinants of health and wellbeing of transgender and GNC people living in Puerto Rico. Methods: Utilizing a community-based participatory research approach, 52 self-identified transgender and GNC individuals living in Puerto Rico completed a survey, which included questions on access to health care services, social support, and violence, among others...
2019: Transgender Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717101/disability-and-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-in-cameroon-a-mediation-analysis-of-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors
#13
Pierre DeBeaudrap, Charles Mouté, Estelle Pasquier, Muriel Mac-Seing, Pulchérie U Mukangwije, Gervais Beninguisse
There is growing evidence showing that people with disabilities face more frequently socioeconomic inequities than their non-disabled peers. This study aims to examine to what extent socioeconomic consequences of disability contribute to poorer access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for Cameroonian with disabilities and how these outcomes vary with disabilities characteristics and gender. It uses data from a population-based survey conducted in 2015 in Yaounde, Cameroon. Mediation analysis was performed to determine how much of the total association between disability and the use, satisfaction and difficulties to access SRH services was mediated by education level, material wellbeing lifetime work participation and availability of social support...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710201/implementation-through-community-coalitions-the-power-of-technology-and-of-community-based-intermediaries
#14
Ross Homel, Sara Branch, Kate Freiberg
The measurement and monitoring of implementation fidelity or of adaptations to interventions in the ways described by the innovative papers in this special issue implies the need for an 'implementation infrastructure' to help assure the quality and hence impact of prevention delivery systems. In our work in Australia through schools and government-funded community services in socially disadvantaged communities we have begun to build such an infrastructure, which we call a Prevention Translation and Support System (PTSS)...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709947/the-omeract-core-domain-set-for-clinical-trials-of-shoulder-disorders
#15
Sofia Ramiro, Matthew J Page, Samuel L Whittle, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Dorcas Beaton, Pamela Richards, Marieke Scholte-Voshaar, Beverley Shea, Danielle van der Windt, Christian Kopkow, Mario Lenza, Nitin Jain, Bethan Richards, Catherine L Hill, Tiffany K Gill, Bart Koes, Nadine Foster, Philip G Conaghan, Toby O Smith, Peter Malliaras, Yngve Roe, Joel J Gagnier, Rachelle Buchbinder
OBJECTIVE: To reach consensus on the core domains to be included in a core domain set for clinical trials of shoulder disorders using the OMERACT Filter 2.1 Core Domain Set process. METHODS: At OMERACT 2018, the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Shoulder Working Group conducted a workshop that presented the OMERACT 2016 preliminary core domain set and its rationale based upon a systematic review of domains measured in shoulder trials and an international Delphi involving patients, clinicians and researchers, as well as a new systematic review of qualitative studies on the experiences of people with shoulder disorders...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709388/qualitative-exploration-of-the-impact-of-employment-and-volunteering-upon-the-health-and-wellbeing-of-african-refugees-settled-in-regional-australia-a-refugee-perspective
#16
Nina Wood, Grace Charlwood, Christopher Zecchin, Vibeke Hansen, Michael Douglas, Sabrina Winona Pit
BACKGROUND: People from refugee backgrounds face various challenges after moving to a new country. Successfully securing employment has been linked to positive health outcomes in refugee populations; there is less research into the impact of volunteering on health outcomes in refugees, or the role of employment and volunteering in regional or rural communities. This study aims to explore how employment and volunteering influences the health and wellbeing of refugees settled in regional Australia, and identify areas for appropriate service provision...
February 1, 2019: BMC Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709054/the-reasons-for-doing-physical-exercise-mediate-the-effect-of-self-esteem-on-uncontrolled-eating-amongst-nursing-personnel
#17
María Del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, María Del Mar Molero Jurado, María Del Mar Simón Márquez, José Jesús Gázquez Linares
BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of the 20th century, the importance of creating healthy work environments and promoting the health of workers in the healthcare sector to create Healthy and Resilient Organizations has been emphasized. In this context, self-esteem is an essential construct which influences health and healthy life styles, and, therefore, the general wellbeing of nurses. The objective of this study was to analyze the mediating role of reasons for exercising in the effect that self-esteem has on uncontrolled eating by nursing professionals...
January 31, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705811/evaluation-and-mechanism-analysis-of-hiv-prevention-programme-using-resilience-framework-among-female-sex-workers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
William Chi-Wai Wong, Winnie Wing-Yan Yuen, Catherine So-Kum Tang, Eleanor Holroyd, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong
Background: Evidence shows traditional sexual harm reduction for female sex workers (FSW) based on health behaviour theories is effective but short-lived. This study aimed to evaluate and understand the effectiveness of a resilience-promoting programme in improving psychological health and, ultimately, safe sex practice. Methods: A randomised controlled trial was conducted at three Hong Kong-based non-governmental organisations. 127 sex workers were recruited and randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700668/working-time-society-consensus-statements-psychosocial-stressors-relevant-to-the-health-and-wellbeing-of-night-and-shift-workers
#19
Frida Marina Fischer, Aline Silva-Costa, Rosane Harter Griep, Michael H Smolensky, Philip Bohle, Lucia Rotenberg
This consensus report summarizes the negative impact of work-related psychosocial factors and job stressors on the health and wellbeing of shift workers. Psychosocial factors may (a) directly affect work schedules or (b) mediate or moderate relationships between work schedules, circadian factors, and health. In this paper, prominent psychosocial models (e.g. Job Strain and Effort-Reward Imbalance) are used to help assess detrimental effects, including pathophysiologic outcomes. Several studies indicate the psychosocial environment can be more problematic for shift workers compared to regular day workers...
January 31, 2019: Industrial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699403/an-open-source-autocorrelation-based-method-for-fetal-heart-rate-estimation-from-one-dimensional-doppler-ultrasound
#20
Camilo Ernesto Valderrama Cuadros, Lisa Stroux, Nasim Katebi, Elianna Paljug, Rachel Hall-Clifford, Peter Rohloff, Faezeh Marzbanrad, Gari D Clifford
Open research on fetal heart rate (FHR) estimation is relatively rare, and evidence for the utility of metrics derived from Doppler ultrasound devices has historically remained hidden in the proprietary documentation of commercial entities, thereby inhibiting its assessment and improvement. Nevertheless, recent studies have attempted to improve FHR estimation; however, these methods were developed and tested using datasets composed of few subjects and are therefore unlikely to be generalizable on a population level...
January 30, 2019: Physiological Measurement
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