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Biopolymer AND Self Healing Polymer

Thomas Elschner, Franziska Obst, Thomas Heinze
In context with facile and efficient syntheses of functional polymeric materials, the combination of polysaccharides and functional moieties based on renewable resources is a sustainable and valuable approach. This review presents alternatives to prominent click reactions utilizing biopolymer derivatives with furfuryl and maleimide groups. On the one hand, the cross-linking by Diels-Alder reaction of these polymers enables the synthesis of novel materials in the fields of self-healing polymers, tissue engineering, and drug delivery...
October 1, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Musammir Khan, Janne T Koivisto, Terttu I Hukka, Mikko Hokka, Minna Kellomäki
Biopolymers are attractive candidates to fabricate biocompatible hydrogels, but the low water solubility of most of them at physiological pH has hindered their applications. To prepare a water-soluble derivative of chitosan (WSC) biopolymer, it was grafted with a small anionic amino acid, l-glutamic acid, using a single-step 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl]carbodiimide coupling reaction. This resulted in a zwitterion-tethered structure onto the polymer backbone. The degree of substitution range was 13-16 ± 1...
April 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kaerdun Liu, Shihao Zang, Rongrong Xue, Jinghui Yang, Lizhi Wang, Jianbin Huang, Yun Yan
Printable hydrogels desired in bioengineering have extremely high demands on biocompatibility and mechanic strength, which can hardly be achieved in conventional hydrogels made with biopolymers. Here, we show that on employment of the strategy of coordination-triggered hierarchical self-assembly of naturally occurring small-molecule folic acid, supramolecular hydrogels with robust mechanical elastic modulus comparable to synthetic double-network polymer gels can be made at concentrations below 1%. A sequence of hierarchical steps are involved in the formation of this extraordinary hydrogel: petrin rings on folate form tetramers through hydrogen bonding, tetramers stack into nanofibers by π-π stacking, and zinc ions cross-link the nanofibers into larger-scale fibrils and further cross-link the fibril network to gel water...
February 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kamalesh Prasad, Dibyendu Mondal, Mukesh Sharma, Mara G Freire, Chandrakant Mukesh, Jitkumar Bhatt
Ion gels and self-healing gels prepared using ionic liquids (ILs) and deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have been largely investigated in the past years due to their remarkable applications in different research areas. Herewith we provide an overview on the ILs and DESs used for the preparation of ion gels, highlight the preparation and physicochemical characteristics of stimuli responsive gel materials based on co-polymers and biopolymers, with special emphasis on polysaccharides and discuss their applications...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Navid Samadi, Mohammad Sabzi, Masoud Babaahmadi
The aim of this work was to prepare polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/Agar/Graphene nanocomposite hydrogels through a one-pot and green solution mixing method using water as solvent. Herein a novel strategy for designing stiff, tough and self-healing triple network (TN) hydrogels was proposed. The prepared TN hydrogels composed of strong Agar polysaccharide as the first network, tough PVA biopolymer gel as the second network, and graphene nanoplatelets as the third network. Interestingly, similar to natural biomaterials, all of the networks of the nanocomposite hydrogel were physically cross-linked via dynamic hydrogen bonding associations, i...
February 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Baolei Zhu, Nils Jasinski, Alejandro Benitez, Manuel Noack, Daesung Park, Anja S Goldmann, Christopher Barner-Kowollik, Andreas Walther
Designing the reversible interactions of biopolymers remains a grand challenge for an integral mimicry of mechanically superior biological composites. Yet, they are the key to synergistic combinations of stiffness and toughness by providing sacrificial bonds with hidden length scales. To address this challenge, dynamic polymers were designed with low glass-transition temperature T(g) and bonded by quadruple hydrogen-bonding motifs, and subsequently assembled with high-aspect-ratio synthetic nanoclays to generate nacre-mimetic films...
July 20, 2015: Angewandte Chemie
Eric A Appel, Mark W Tibbitt, Matthew J Webber, Bradley A Mattix, Omid Veiseh, Robert Langer
Mouldable hydrogels that flow on applied stress and rapidly self-heal are increasingly utilized as they afford minimally invasive delivery and conformal application. Here we report a new paradigm for the fabrication of self-assembled hydrogels with shear-thinning and self-healing properties employing rationally engineered polymer-nanoparticle (NP) interactions. Biopolymer derivatives are linked together by selective adsorption to NPs. The transient and reversible interactions between biopolymers and NPs enable flow under applied shear stress, followed by rapid self-healing when the stress is relaxed...
2015: Nature Communications
Lyndsay M Randolph, Miao-Ping Chien, Nathan C Gianneschi
Living systems are replete with complex, stimuli-responsive nanoscale materials and molecular self-assemblies. There is an ever increasing and intense interest within the chemical sciences to understand, mimic and interface with these biological systems utilizing synthetic and/or semi-synthetic tools. Our aim in this review is to give perspective on this emerging field of research by highlighting examples of polymeric nanoparticles and micelles that are prepared utilizing biopolymers together with synthetic polymers for the purpose of developing nanomaterials capable of interacting and responding to biologically relevant stimuli...
May 1, 2012: Chemical Science
Charles K C Lieou, Ahmed E Elbanna, Jean M Carlson
Sacrificial bonds and hidden length in structural molecules account for the greatly increased fracture toughness of biological materials compared to synthetic materials without such structural features by providing a molecular-scale mechanism for energy dissipation. One example is in the polymeric glue connection between collagen fibrils in animal bone. In this paper we propose a simple kinetic model that describes the breakage of sacrificial bonds and the release of hidden length, based on Bell's theory. We postulate a master equation governing the rates of bond breakage and formation...
July 2013: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Jaime Martín, Marisol Martín-González, Adolfo del Campo, Julián J Reinosa, José Francisco Fernández
We present a simple, efficient, and high-throughput methodology for the fabrication of ordered nanoporous polymeric surfaces with areas in the range of cm(2). The procedure is based on a two-stage replication of a master nanostructured pattern. The process starts with the preparation of an ordered array of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) free-standing nanopillars by wetting self-ordered porous anodic aluminum oxide templates with molten PTFE. The nanopillars are 120 nm in diameter and approximately 350 nm long, while the array extends over cm(2)...
September 28, 2012: Nanotechnology
Aaron M Kushner, John D Vossler, Gregory A Williams, Zhibin Guan
Natural materials employ many elegant strategies to achieve mechanical properties required for survival under varying environmental conditions. Thus these remarkable biopolymers and nanocomposites often not only have a combination of mechanical properties such as high modulus, toughness, and elasticity, but also exhibit adaptive and stimuli-responsive properties. Inspired by skeletal muscle protein titin, we have synthesized a biomimetic modular polymer that not only closely mimics the modular multidomain structure of titin, but also manifests an exciting combination of mechanical properties, as well as adaptive properties such as self-healing and temperature-responsive shape-memory properties...
July 1, 2009: Journal of the American Chemical Society
D S Abakarova
Characteristics of the main components of a new effective long-lasting dosage form--biopolymer two-layer adhesive solcoseryl containing film Diplen-denta C--are presented. It has a potent wound-healing action on oral mucosa, retains therapeutic properties during long time, is self dissolving and can be easily fixed on oral mucous membrane.
2007: Stomatologii︠a︡
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