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Standardised aesthetic treatments

Areej Alqadi, Anne C O'Connell
This qualitative study was conducted to explore parental attitudes and values regarding aesthetics and treatment needs of children in primary dentition affected by AI and DI. A purposive sample of parents of young children attended two focus groups: mothers (n = 7) and fathers (n = 6). A topic guide with open-ended questions was formulated and standardised photographs showing primary teeth affected by varying severity of AI/DI and photographs of different aesthetic treatments were utilised to stimulate discussion...
November 17, 2018: Dentistry Journal
Anke Korfage, Gerry M Raghoebar, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink
AIM: Nowadays, oral implants are a leading concept in oral rehabilitation. Patient satisfaction with this treatment is high, but are the expectations of the patients met? The aim of this review was to systematically screen the literature on patients' expectations of implant-based therapy before treatment and to assess whether these expectations were being met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search strategy was developed for manuscripts dealing with patients' expectations of implant-based therapy to support different types of prosthodontics...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Astrid Christine Erber, Byron Arana, Issam Bennis, Afif Ben Salah, Aicha Boukthir, Maria Del Mar Castro Noriega, Mamoudou Cissé, Gláucia Fernandes Cota, Farhad Handjani, Mairie Guizaw Kebede, Trudie Lang, Liliana López Carvajal, Kevin Marsh, Dalila Martinez Medina, Emma Plugge, Piero Olliaro
INTRODUCTION: Lack of investments in drug development, lack of standardisation of clinical trials and the complexity of disease presentations contribute to the current lack of effective, safe and adapted treatments for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). One aspect concerns outcomes affecting patients' quality of life (QoL): these are hardly assessed in trials, despite potential functional and/or aesthetic impairment caused by CL, which typically affects disadvantaged and vulnerable people living in rural areas...
June 15, 2018: BMJ Open
Peter Weibl, Christina Plank, Rudolf Hoelzel, Stefan Hacker, Mesut Remzi, Wilhelm Huebner
Partial penectomy (glansectomy with/or without distal corporectomy) is an acceptable alternative for smaller distal pT3 penile carcinoma lesions in highly motivated and compliant patients. The authors describe a novel technique of neo-glans reconstruction using a tunica vaginalis (TV) testis allograft. However, due to an unclear resection margin on final histology, the patient underwent re-do surgery with a neo-glans revision using the well-established mesh split-thickness skin graft (STSG) technique. The penile length was preserved and the penile and bulbar part of the urethra was additionally mobilised in order to obtain a natural and aesthetic result for the meatus...
June 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Parthasarathy Madurantakam
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid (up to February 2017); ongoing clinical trials were searched in as well as the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry. Reference lists of included studies and relevant systematic reviews were searched. No restrictions were placed on the language or date of publication and study authors were contacted when necessary.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials assessing open and closed surgical exposures in palatally displaced canines with no restriction on age, presenting malocclusion or type of orthodontic treatment...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Lalit K Makhija, Sameek Bhattacharya
Introduction: Vascular anomalies are congenital lesions broadly categorised into vascular tumour (haemangiomas) and vascular dysmorphogenesis (vascular malformation). The management of these difficult problems has lately been simplified by the biological classification and multidisciplinary approach. To standardise the treatment protocol, an algorithm has been devised. The study aims to validate the algorithm in terms of its utility and presents our experience in managing vascular anomalies...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
February 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Cecilia Dahlbäck, Jenny Heiman Ullmark, Martin Rehn, Anita Ringberg, Jonas Manjer
PURPOSE: A gold standard for evaluation of aesthetic outcome after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) is still lacking. The BCCT.core software has been developed to assess aesthetic result in a standardised way. We aimed to study how the result of BCCT.core after BCT is associated with quality of life, measured with the BREAST-Q™, a validated questionnaire. METHODS: Women eligible for BCT were consecutively recruited between February 1st 2008 and January 31st 2012 (n = 653)...
August 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Aparna Santhanam
External cutaneous photography involves photographic documentation, which helps in treatment planning, documentation of facial features, teaching, publishing and pre- and post-procedural comparisons. The key is not simply documenting, but documenting it the right way and ensuring that photography is standardised and reproducible. In this review, basic photography techniques, standardised and reproducible angles such as frontal, oblique and lateral views and specific photographic angles for conditions such as facial rejuvenation are discussed...
April 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
N Mustafi, P Engels
Painful acute cysts in the natal cleft or lower back, known as pilonidal sinus disease, are a severe burden to many younger patients. Although surgical intervention is the preferred first line treatment, postsurgical wound healing disturbances are frequently reported due to infection or other complications. Different treatment options of pilonidal cysts have been discussed in the literature, however, no standardised guideline for the postsurgical wound treatment is available. After surgery, a common recommended treatment to patients is rinsing the wound with clean water and dressing with a sterile compress...
April 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Marco Esposito, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, France Lambert, Sérgio Matos, Małgorzata Pietruska, Roberto Rossi, Leila Salhi, Jacopo Buti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a bone substitute covered with a resorbable membrane versus open flap debridement for the treatment of periodontal infrabony defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-seven patients with one infrabony defect, which was 3 mm or deeper and at least 2 mm wide were randomly allocated either to grafting with a bone substitute covered with a resorbable barrier (BG group) or open flap debridement (OFD group) according to a parallel group design in five European centres...
2015: European Journal of Oral Implantology
T Watanabe, H Nakada, T Takahashi, K Fujita, Y Tanimoto, T Sakae, S Kimoto, Y Kawai
Dental implant treatment is an effective modality to restore lost aesthetic and masticatory functions. However, healing after implant surgery takes at least 3-6 months. This prolonged healing period poses several difficulties for individuals with a large edentulous area and decreases their quality of life. Consequently, shortening the healing period and accelerating final prosthesis placement after surgery is very clinically important. Peri-implant bone formation may be enhanced by systemic approaches, such as the use of osteoporosis supplements, to promote bone metabolism...
June 2015: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Maria G Onesti, Pasquale Fino, Ida Ponzo, Martina Ruggieri, Nicolò Scuderi
Some chronic ulcers often occur with slough, not progressing through the normal stages of wound healing. Treatment is long and other therapies need to be performed in addition to surgery. Patients not eligible for surgery because of ASA class (American Society of Anesthesiologists class) appear to benefit from chemical therapy with collagenase or hydrocolloids in order to prepare the wound bed, promoting the healing process. We describe four cases of traumatic, upper limb deep wounds caused by different physical and chemical agents, emphasising the effectiveness of treatment based on topical application of collagenase and hyaluronic acid (HA) before standardised surgical procedures...
February 2016: International Wound Journal
Rachel Gough, Peter J Holliman, Naomi Willis, Christopher Freeman
The removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) during potable water treatment is important for maintaining aesthetic water quality standards, minimising concentrations of micro-pollutants, controlling bacterial regrowth within distribution systems and, crucially, because it contains a sub-component that can act as trihalomethane (THM) precursors. In this study, the concentration and characteristics of raw water DOC and THM formation potential (THMFP) entering an upland potable water treatment works were analysed over twelve months...
January 15, 2014: Science of the Total Environment
Pierluigi Struzzo, Raffaella Fumato, Silvia Tillati, Anita Cacitti, Fabrizio Gangi, Alessia Stefani, Alessia Torcutti, Lucia Crapesi, Gianni Tubaro, Matteo Balestrieri
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing health problem in Europe and it causes many diseases. Many weight-reducing methods are reported in medical literature, but none of them proved to be effective in maintaining the results achieved over time. Self-empowerment can be an important innovative method, but an effectiveness study is necessary. In order to standardise the procedures for a randomised controlled study, a pilot study will be run to observe, measure and evaluate the effects of a period of self-empowerment group treatment on overweight/obese patients...
May 14, 2013: BMJ Open
V P Sharma, H Bella, M M Cadier, R W Pigott, T E E Goodacre, B M Richard
BACKGROUND: While there are internationally validated outcome measures for speech and facial growth in cleft lip and palate patients, there is no such internationally accepted system for assessing outcomes in facial aesthetics. METHOD: A systematic critical review of the scientific literature from the last 30 years using PUBMED, Medline and Google Scholar was conducted in-line with the PRISMA statement recommendations. This encompassed the most relevant manuscripts on aesthetic outcomes in cleft surgery in the English language...
September 2012: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Marco Mazzocchi, Luca Andrea Dessy, Davide Gagliardi, Alessandra Martano, Nicolò Scuderi
BACKGROUND: Small-volume breast asymmetry is a challenging problem. In 2008, an intra-operative volume-adjustable breast implant, consisting of a round textured implant with an outer chamber filled with cohesive silicone gel and inner chamber filled with varying amounts of saline solution was marketed in Europe. We describe our experience in the correction of hypoplastic breasts with small-volume asymmetry using this device. METHODS: From May 2008 on, female patients presenting small-volume breast asymmetry were enrolled in the study...
March 2012: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Ali Hazrati, Ali Izadpanah, Teanoosh Zadeh, Amanda Gosman, James J Chao, Marek K Dobke
An individual's face undergoes numerous changes throughout life. Since mid-face aesthetic units are key areas for rejuvenation procedures, their comprehensive assessment is essential for the development of any aesthetic management plan. Despite the availability of many evaluation criteria for treatment of mid-face ageing, there are discrepancies existing in both assessment and management approaches. The goal of this study was to determine if there are any identifiable profiles of clinical judgements and approaches related to the level of surgeon's experience...
February 2011: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Mercè Mesalles-Sin, Francesca Cuadras-Lacasa, Silvia Resino-Soler, Josefa Ramírez-Vaca, Susana Santos-Ruiz, María López-Parra, Montserrat García-Zamora
Breast cancer is a very important public health issue, due its high incidence and mortality. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has proven to be a valid option in the treatment of operable breast cancer and a better aesthetic result if breast- tumour ratio is unfavourable. The administration of the therapy itself is complicated, but the difficulty lies mainly in the management of side effects or adverse effects of the treatment. The emergence of a new therapeutic applications need to be constantly reviewed, which combined with the high work loads in the oncology day hospital requires easily managed, standardised and updated methodologies...
January 2010: Enfermería Clínica
Meng Xianyu, Chen Lei, Lu Laijin, Liu Zhigang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to introduce the surgical procedure and long-term follow-up of finger-pulp defect treated with the homodigital laterodorsal fasciocutaneous flap, which is based on the dorsal branches of the proper palmar digital artery. METHODS: Seven cases with finger-pulp defect, which were treated by the homodigital laterodorsal fasciocutaneous flap based on the dorsal branches of the proper palmar digital artery, were involved in this study...
December 2009: Injury
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