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Us Guided Nerve Block

Mursel Ekinci, Bahadir Ciftci, Erkan Cem Celik, Muhammet Ahmet Karakaya, Yavuz Demiraran
BACKGROUND: PECS type-1 block, a US-guided superficial interfacial block, provides effective analgesia after breast surgery. Aesthetic breast augmentation is one of the most common surgical procedures in plastic surgery. Subpectoral prostheses cause severe pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different volumes of the solution on the efficacy of PECS type-I block for postoperative analgesia after breast augmentation surgery. METHODS: Ninety ASA status I-II female patients aged between 18 and 65 years who scheduled breast augmentation surgery under general anesthesia were included in this study...
February 12, 2019: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
José Miguel Esparza-Miñana, Guido Mazzinari
Background: It has been estimated that 20% of the general population will suffer shoulder pain throughout their lives, with a prevalence that can reach up to 50%. The suprascapular nerve (SSN) provides sensation for the posterior and superior regions of the glenohumeral joint, whereas the anterior and inferior zones and the skin are innervated mostly by the axillary nerve. Pulsed radiofrequency on the SSN has been proposed as a therapeutic option in chronic shoulder pain. Axillary nerve block has been proposed in the context of surgical analgesia as an adjuvant to SSN block...
January 25, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Sevim Cesur, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Figen Ozturk, Ali Ahiskalioglu
Pain control is an important administration of postoperative management in lumbar spinal surgery, and multimodal analgesia is most likely an important strategy in reducing postoperative spinal surgery. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a recently described regional anaesthesia technique that blocks the dorsal and ventral rami of the spinal nerves and the sympathetic nerve fibers. While the ESP block has been shown to provide effective postoperative analgesia after thoracic, breast, and abdominal surgery in case reports and randomised controlled studies, there are only a few case series that report that an ultrasonography (US)-guided bilateral ESP block provides effective postoperative analgesia in lumbar surgery...
November 16, 2018: Curēus
Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz, Nader D Nader, Soraya Niknejadi, Sina Davari-Farid, Geoffrey G Hobika, Poupak Rahimzadeh
Objective: To compare the efficacy of ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric (IINB) nerve block to transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in controlling incisional pain after open inguinal hernia repair. Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial of 90 patients who received either IINB (N=45) or TAP block (N=45) using 0.2% bupivacaine 15 mL under ultrasound (US) guidance based on a random assignment in the postanesthesia care unit after having an open repair of inguinal hernia...
2019: Journal of Pain Research
Paolo Simoni, Merhan Ghassemi, Vinh Dat-Minh Le, Grammatina Boitsios
Ultrasound (US) allows a reliable examination of the brachial plexus except for the spinal nerve roots, located deep in the neuro-foramina, beyond the shadowing of the transverse processes of the vertebral bodies. All the other fascicles of the brachial plexus can be mapped by US from the roots of the spinal cervical nerves, from C5 to T1 to the branches at level of the axillary region. US can be considered as an alternative to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) when MRI is contraindicated, not readily available or in case of claustrophobia...
December 16, 2017: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology
Yong Beom Kim, Hee Yeon Park, Kyung Mi Kim, Hyeon Ju Shin, Su Bin Kim, Mi Geum Lee
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate whether the ultrasound-guided interfascial injection technique is really compatible with the ultrasound-guided nerve stimulating technique for obturator nerve block (ONB) at the inguinal crease after bifurcation of the obturator nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 62 ONBs were performed for transurethral resection of bladder tumors under spinal anesthesia, and divided into two groups, that is, to an ultrasound-guided ONB with nerve stimulation control group (the US-NS group) or an ultrasound-guided interfascial injection experimental group (the US-IFI group)...
September 22, 2018: Urology Journal
Hyo Jeong Lee, Hong Souk Park, Hyun Im Moon, Seo Yeon Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of a conventional fluoroscopy-guided epidural nerve block and an ultrasound (US)-guided intercostal nerve block in patients with thoracic herpes zoster (HZ). METHODS: This work was a comparative study of 38 patients with thoracic HZ pain and a chest wall herpetic eruption, aged 18 years or older, with pain intensity of 5 or greater on a numeric rating scale (NRS) for less than a 1-month duration. Patients were consecutively enrolled and assigned to 2 groups in which the intervention was either the US-guided intercostal nerve block or the fluoroscopy-guided epidural nerve block approach with the addition of a 5-mL mix of 2...
September 23, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Michał Jan Stasiowski, Ewa Chabierska, Radosław Marciniak, Michał Kolny, Marek Zuber, Przemysław Jałowiecki, Aleksandra Pluta, Izabela Szumera
BACKGROUND: Adequate pain management after arthroscopic procedures improves patients' satisfaction with the performed procedure, as well as facilitating early rehabilitation. The aim of the current randomised, prospective clinical study was to assess the influence of anthropometric parameters and the interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) technique on the quality of post-operational analgesia. METHODS: 109 randomly selected patients of ASA I-III status were scheduled for elective shoulder arthroscopy...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Miguel A Reina, André P Boezaart, Xavier Sala-Blanch, Enrique Monzó, R Shane Tubbs, Anna Server, Paul Bigeleisen
Recent anatomical discoveries indicate the importance of identifying membranes and compartments surrounding peripheral nerves into which local anesthetic agents can be injected and continuous nerve block catheters placed during regional anesthetic procedures. However, current markers used in anatomical studies have multiple drawbacks, specifically extravasation into noninjected locations, which can result in inadequate treatment. We studied a readily-available new marker, heparinized blood solution (HBS), which is easy to identify by microscopy and can remain in the nerve compartment into which it is deposited without distorting the tissue...
October 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Tomonori Furuya, Jitsu Kato, Yusuke Yamamoto, Noriya Hirose, Takahiro Suzuki
Background and Aims: Ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is used as a part of a multimodal analgesic regimen in the postoperative period. Lateral approach TAP block (LTAP) has been widely used for postoperative analgesia after lower abdominal surgeries. Posterior approach TAP block (PTAP), which is achieved by more posterior blockade of the anterior ramus of the spinal nerve, also provides profound postoperative analgesia after transverse lower abdominal incision...
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
P Kot Baixauli, P Rodriguez Gimillo, J Baldo Gosalvez, J de Andrés Ibáñez
Phrenic nerve block is a complication that can occur after brachial plexus anaesthesia above the clavicle. The main consequence of this blockage is ipsolateral diaphragmatic paralysis, which can sometimes lead to the appearance of post-operative respiratory complications. A case is presented on a woman, who after having undergone a total shoulder prosthesis, presented with dyspnoea in the post-operative recovery unit. A diaphragmatic ultrasound was performed that enabled a rapid diagnosis to be made of a complete paralysis of the ipsolateral hemi-diaphragm...
December 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Michał Stasiowski, Marek Zuber, Radosław Marciniak, Michał Kolny, Ewa Chabierska, Przemysław Jałowiecki, Aleksandra Pluta, Anna Missir
BACKGROUND: Horner's syndrome is comprised of a set of symptoms caused by a permanent or transient ipsilateral sympathetic trunk lesion or paralysis. It may occur after numerous pathologies in the cervical region, epidural, spinal anaesthesia, and interscalene, transscalene, supraclavicular, or infraclavicular brachial plexus block. The aim of this randomised, prospective clinical study was to evaluate the effect of the interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) technique on the occurrence rate of Horner's syndrome and identify contributing risk factors...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Jacklynn F Sztain, Bahareh Khatibi, Amanda M Monahan, Engy T Said, Wendy B Abramson, Rodney A Gabriel, John J Finneran, Richard H Bellars, Patrick L Nguyen, Scott T Ball, Francis B Gonzales, Sonya S Ahmed, Michael C Donohue, Jennifer A Padwal, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: A continuous adductor canal block provides analgesia after surgical procedures of the knee. Recent neuroanatomic descriptions of the thigh and knee led us to speculate that local anesthetic deposited in the distal thigh close to the adductor hiatus would provide superior analgesia compared to a more proximal catheter location. We therefore tested the hypothesis that during a continuous adductor canal nerve block, postoperative analgesia would be improved by placing the perineural catheter tip 2-3 cm cephalad to where the femoral artery descends posteriorly to the adductor hiatus (distal location) compared to a more proximal location at the midpoint between the anterior superior iliac spine and the superior border of the patella (proximal location)...
July 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Pierre Laumonerie, Fabrice Ferré, Jérémy Cances, Meagan E Tibbo, Mathieu Roumiguié, Pierre Mansat, Vincent Minville
Difficulty in identifying the susprascapular nerve (SSN) limits the success of US-guided regional anesthetic injections. A proximal SSN block could be an effective and reliable approach. The primary objective was to validate the feasibility of the US-guided proximal SSN block. The secondary objective was to quantify the spread of the colored local anesthetic to the phrenic nerve (PN). Fourteen brachial plexuses from seven cadavers were included. Characterization of the proximal SSN was performed using US to determine the diameter and depth of the origin of the SSN (orSSN)...
September 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Paolo Scimia, Erika Basso Ricci, Emiliano Petrucci, Astrid Ursula Behr, Franco Marinangeli, Pierfrancesco Fusco
Ultrasound (US)-guided transversalis fascia plane block (TFPB) was first described by Hebbard as a technique for blockade of T12-L1 nerves. Although this technique appears similar to the quadratus lumborum 1 block, the point of injection is more caudal and anterior, specifically targeting ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves. There are only few published data on US-guided TFPB demonstrating effective postoperative analgesia in iliac crest bone graft harvesting. We report the use of US-guided TFPB in a patient undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
Julián Aliste, Daniela Bravo, Diego Fernández, Sebastián Layera, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized trial compared ultrasound (US)-guided interscalene block (ISB) and small-volume supraclavicular block (SCB) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We hypothesized that SCB would provide equivalent analgesia to ISB 30 minutes after surgery without the risk of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis (HDP). METHODS: All patients received an US-guided intermediate cervical plexus block. In the ISB group, US-guided ISB was performed with 20 mL of levobupivacaine 0...
August 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Vladyslav Melnyk, James W Ibinson, Michael L Kentor, Steven L Orebaugh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to perform an updated analysis of complications associated with upper and lower extremity peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) performed with ultrasound (US) guidance versus the landmark approach. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort analysis to compare the incidence of PNB complications between the techniques. The primary outcome was local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST), whereas the secondary outcomes included short- and long-term nerve injuries...
November 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Haramritpal Kaur, Poonam Arora, Gurpreet Singh, Amandeep Singh, Shobha Aggarwal, Mukesh Kumar
Background and Aims: Pectoral nerve block (Pecs) using local anesthetic (LA) agent is a newer analgesic technique for breast surgeries. This study further evaluates the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to LA agent on total duration of analgesia and postoperative morphine consumption. Material and Methods: A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologist Grade I and II female patients with age ≥18 years, scheduled for oncological breast surgery, were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Adel M Badawy, Eman A Eshra
OBJECTIVE: Description of an ultrasound (US)-guided technique for retrobulbar nerve blockade in dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cadaveric study that was carried out in three phases: phase I: anatomical dissection and development of US-guided technique; phase II: methylene blue (MB) injection; phase III: contrast medium (CM), US-guided injections with computed tomography (CT) control. ANIMALS: A total of 36 orbits from 18 heads were obtained from 18 dromedary cadavers...
March 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Paolo Monticelli, Ella Fitzgerald, Jaime Viscasillas
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel in-plane ultrasound (US)-guided approach to the sixth (C6), seventh (C7), eighth (C8) cervical and to the first thoracic (T1) spinal nerves. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, experimental anatomic study. ANIMALS: A total of seven canine Beagle cadavers. METHODS: Phase 1: One cadaver was used to define bony landmarks for the C6-T1 spinal nerves using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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