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Semen Volume

Renata de Lima Bossi, Jéssica Bruna Fernandes Valadares, Helen Lima Del Puerto, Maria Gabrielle Lima Rocha, Letícia Conceição Braga, Marcos Aurelio Coelho Sampaio, Patrícia Pinho França, Débora Moreira Alvarenga, Selmo Geber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to identify the prevalence of HPV in the semen of men submitted to ART treatment and look into the possible impacts of the virus on sperm parameters. METHODS: Thirty-five patients treated for infertility from March to August 2016 were invited to join the study. Samples with a minimum concentration of 40x106 spermatozoa per milliliter were included in the study. After the evaluation of semen parameters, DNA extraction and PCR were performed to verify the presence of HPV by electrophoresis in 8% polyacrylamide gel...
March 15, 2019: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Chenkui Miao, Shouyong Liu, Kai Zhao, Jundong Zhu, Ye Tian, Yuhao Wang, Bianjiang Liu, Zengjun Wang
The major purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of the Mullerian duct cyst treatment by transurethral electrotomy combined with seminal vesiculoscopy. The clinical data of 20 aspermia patients who presented with Mullerian Cyst between March 2009 and March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed in the present study. Semen specimens of all patients were obtained by masturbation or sperm collector and diagnosed as aspermia by semen analysis (including sperm count, semen volume, sperm density, pH and fructose level)...
March 2019: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hossein Pasha Zanussi, Farid Shariatmadari, Mohsen Sharafi, Hamed Ahmadi
Reproductive performance in aged broiler breeder roosters is not desirable. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of dietary flaxseed oil and vitamin E on the semen parameters, hormonal profiles, fatty acid analysis of sperm, and fertility performance of aged roosters. Twenty four roosters were assigned into four treatments and received their diets as following: 1) basal diet as control group (CTRL), 2) basal diet supplemented with 200 mg/kg vitamin E (CTRL + VITE), 3) basal diet supplemented with 2% flaxseed oil (FLAX) and 4) basal diet supplemented with 2% flaxseed oil plus 200 mg/kg vitamin E (FLAX + VITE)...
February 25, 2019: Theriogenology
Michael C Sneller, Cavan Reilly, Moses Badio, Rachel J Bishop, Allen O Eghrari, Soka J Moses, Kumblytee L Johnson, Dehkontee Gayedyu-Dennis, Lisa E Hensley, Elizabeth S Higgs, Avindra Nath, Kaylie Tuznik, Justin Varughese, Kenneth S Jensen, Bonnie Dighero-Kemp, James D Neaton, H Clifford Lane, Mosoka P Fallah
BACKGROUND: Multiple health problems have been reported in survivors of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Attribution of these problems to the disease without a control group for analysis is difficult. METHODS: We enrolled a cohort of EVD survivors and their close contacts and prospectively collected data on symptoms, physical examination findings, and laboratory results. A subset of participants underwent ophthalmologic examinations. Persistence of Ebola virus (EBOV) RNA in semen samples from survivors was determined...
March 7, 2019: New England Journal of Medicine
M Ognjenovic, G L Ambrosini, E Malacova, D A Doherty, W H Oddy, D J Handelsman, R McLachlan, J Dickinson, R J Hart
BACKGROUND: Controversial speculation suggestions that dietary intake may affect semen quality and testicular function, however, there are limited comprehensive studies observing dietary patterns. OBJECTIVE: To study associations between major dietary patterns and markers of testicular function in adulthood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study of two hundred and ninety men with an average age of 20 years, from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study...
March 10, 2019: Andrology
Manbir Singh, Sandeep Kaswan, Ranjna S Cheema, Yashpal Singh, Amit Sharma, Shakti Kant Dash
Relationship of scrotal bifurcation or splitness with breeding soundness traits was investigated in 15 Beetal bucks (17-20 months of age and 48.72 ± 1.57 kg mean BW). Breeding soundness traits of conjoined/unsplit (n = 6) scrotal bucks was compared with split (n = 9) scrotal bucks having lengthwise > 1 in. bifurcation. Two consecutive semen ejaculations per buck were collected at monthly interval during summer season (April to June 2018) using intact buck as teaser and sexual behavior was simultaneously recorded...
February 28, 2019: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Nikoleta Karampetsou, Despina N Perrea, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Georgios Daskalakis
Objective: To evaluate the impact of bacteriospermia on semen parameters. Materials and methods: We used the Medline (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), (2008-2017), EMBASE, (1980-2017), LILACS (1985-2017) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases in our primary search along with the reference lists of electronically retrieved full-text papers. Meta-analysis was performed with the RevMan 5.3 software. Results: Eighteen studies were finally included. Men were stratified in two groups, healthy controls (5,797 men) and those suffering from bacteriospermia (3,986 men)...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sara Darbandi, Mahsa Darbandi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Mahnaz Heidari, Ghazaleh Cheshmi, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi
OBJECTIVE: Studies showed a decrease of the semen analysis parameters and an increase in the average age of first-time fathers over the past several decades. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of paternal age on semen quality and fertilization outcomes in men with normal sperm DNA fragmentation and chromatin maturation index (DFI and CMI), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed on 70 men with their wife's age ≤38 years and normal sperm DFI, CMI, ROS, and TAC levels...
February 5, 2019: Turkish Journal of Urology
Mohamed Arafa, Ralf Henkel, Ashok Agarwal, Ahmad Majzoub, Haitham Elbardisi
Seminal oxidative stress (OS) is a major cause of male factor infertility and can be measured as oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). Studies showed significant negative relationships of ORP with sperm count, motility or DNA integrity. Since these parameters are also positively or negatively associated with reproductive hormones follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH), testosterone, testicular volume and the occurrence of varicocele, it is important to understand the mechanistic relationship between ORP and hormonal and/or testicular parameters...
February 26, 2019: Andrologia
Ahmed Ali, Derar R Derar, Essam M Abdel-Elmoniem, Tariq I Almundarij
The objective of this study was to investigate the cadmium (Cd) profile in seminal plasma of male dromedary camel with impotentia generandi (post-coital infertility, IG group, n = 14) in comparison with known fertile males (FERT group, n = 5). Andrological examination was carried out for all animals. Semen was collected with electroejaculation and examined for volume, concentration, motility, viability, and abnormality. Seminal fluid was harvested after centrifugation and analyzed for Cd using atomic absorption spectrophotometer...
February 26, 2019: Biological Trace Element Research
R Xu, G M Centola, C Tanrikut
BACKGROUND: While the spermatotoxic properties of cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy are widely recognized, the effect of malignancy itself on male fertility is not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether malignancy is associated with diminished semen quality prior to spermatotoxic treatment among sperm bankers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective database review of de-identified records was obtained for all episodes of sperm banking performed at a cryobank from January 2004 to May 2017 for one of the following reasons: 'future use' (e...
February 20, 2019: Andrology
James Logue, Walter Vargas Licona, Timothy K Cooper, Becky Reeder, Russel Byrum, Jing Qin, Nicole Deiuliis Murphy, Yu Cong, Amanda Bonilla, Jennifer Sword, Wade Weaver, Gregory Kocher, Gene G Olinger, Peter B Jahrling, Lisa E Hensley, Richard S Bennett
Following the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak from 2013 to 2016, viral RNA has been detected in survivors from semen and breast milk long after disease recovery. However, as there have been few cases of sexual transmission, it is unclear whether every RNA positive fluid sample contains infectious virus. Virus isolation, typically using cell culture or animal models, can serve as a tool to determine the infectivity of patient samples. However, the sensitivity of these methods has not been assessed for the Ebola virus isolate, Makona...
February 16, 2019: Viruses
Joshua A Halpern, Nannan Thirumavalavan, Taylor P Kohn, Amir S Patel, Joon Yau Leong, Raimondo M Cervellione, David J B Keene, Emad Ibrahim, Nancy L Brackett, Dolores J Lamb, Ranjith Ramasamy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the distribution of semen parameters among adolescent and adult males presenting for fertility preservation. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study of adolescent males age 11-19 who underwent semen analysis (SA) for fertility preservation at three centers in two countries with a comparison cohort of adult men presenting for fertility preservation. Prevalence of azoospermia and distribution of semen parameters was compared across groups...
February 13, 2019: Urology
Behnam Abbaspour, Seyed Davood Sharifi, Shekofeh Ghazanfari, Abdollah Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, Shirin Honarbakhsh
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of l-arginine and flaxseed on testosterone and lipid parameters of serum and semen quality, as well as histological and morphometric parameters of testes in old broiler breeder rooster. Fifty four 52-week-old Ross 308 broiler breeder roosters with similar weights (4900 g ± 210) were used for a 6-week trial period in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments that three levels of l-arginine (0.52, 0.68 and 0...
February 1, 2019: Theriogenology
Umesh B Kumbhar, Sarita U Gulavane, Sandeep M Gaikwad, Raju R Shelar, Vaibhav P Deshpande, Ruth Rebeiro, Krishna Yadav
The present research work entitled "Correlation of testicular ultrasonography, testicular biometry, serum testosterone levels and seminal attributes in pre- and post-pubertal age for breeding soundness evaluation in Osmanabadi bucks" was undertaken in 18 healthy Osmanabadi bucks from the Instructional Livestock Farm Complex, Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai, Maharashtra. The body weight (kg), scrotal circumference (cm) and testicular biometry (cm) of post-weaning 18 Osmanabadi male kids was recorded every 15 days from weaning, i...
February 9, 2019: Tropical Animal Health and Production
M Camargo, P Intasqui, L B Belardin, M P Antoniassi, K H M Cardozo, V M Carvalho, R Fraietta, R P Bertolla
Varicocelectomy is associated to improved semen quality and sperm functional quality, but individual response is highly variable. Thus, a prospective study was performed including 25 men who collected a semen sample before and 12 months after subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy. Semen analysis, sperm functional analysis, and seminal plasma proteomic analysis was performed before and 12 months after varicocelectomy, and according to improvement or not of semen quality (positive and negative outcome)...
March 30, 2019: Journal of Proteomics
Femke Van den Berghe, Monique C J Paris, Zoltan Sarnyai, Michael B Briggs, Robert P Millar, Andre Ganswindt, Damien B B P Paris
Sperm banking and AI could benefit endangered African wild dog conservation. However, it is unclear whether their dominance hierarchy causes a decrease in reproductive and sperm quality parameters in subordinate males that typically do not breed. In this study, we investigated the effect of social rank on male reproductive parameters, including faecal androgen and glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations, prostate and testes volume, preputial gland size, semen collection success and sperm quality. Samples were obtained from captive males (prebreeding season: n=12 from four packs; breeding season: n=24 from seven packs) that were classified as alpha (dominant), beta or gamma (subordinates) based on the frequency of dominant versus submissive behaviours...
January 30, 2019: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Guy Shrem, Yana Brudner, Yuval Atzmon, Mediea Michaeli, Adrian Ellenbogen, Einat Shalom-Paz
To examine the effect of serum follicle-stimulating hormone (sFSH) level, body-mass index (BMI) and smoking on Testicular Sperm Extraction-Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (TESE-ICSI), and pregnancy outcomes.In this retrospective study, data were extracted from files of 52 azoospermic men who underwent TESE and in-vitro fertilization (IVF)-ICSI in our IVF unit. Demographic information, treatment cycle follow-up and pregnancy outcomes were collected.Fifty-two patients underwent 79 TESE due to azoospermia in 143 IVF cycles...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Iman Al-Saleh, Serdar Coskun, Inaam Al-Doush, Tahreer Al-Rajudi, Mai Abduljabbar, Reem Al-Rouqi, Hemraz Palawan, Saad Al-Hassan
Evidence from previous studies has shown that phthalates may play a role in male reproductive function; however, results are still inconclusive, and the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we first assessed whether exposure to phthalates is associated with altered reproductive hormones and semen parameters in 599 men attending an in vitro fertilization clinic. Secondly, we evaluated whether reproductive hormones could play a mediating role in the association between phthalates and sperm parameters. Eight phthalate metabolites were measured in two different spot urine samples: mono‑n‑butyl phthalate, mono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), monobenzyl phthalate, and four oxidative metabolites of di‑(2‑ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) [i...
March 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Jone Ibañez-Perez, Borja Santos-Zorrozua, Elixabet Lopez-Lopez, Roberto Matorras, Africa Garcia-Orad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether physical activity may be associated with semen quality, considering the different types of sports, their intensity, and the semen parameters studied in the literature. METHODS: Eligible studies included those that evaluated the impact of physical activity in semen parameters in human population. Outcomes evaluated included the following seminal quality parameters: volume, concentration, total sperm count, progressive motility, total motility, total motile sperm count, morphology, and motile sperm concentration...
January 22, 2019: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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