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360 degree feedback

Mark Taubert, Lucie Webber, Timothy Hamilton, Madeleine Carr, Mark Harvey
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) immersive environments have been shown to be effective in medical teaching. Our university hospital received funding from our deanery, Health Education in Wales, to film teaching videos with a 360-degree camera. AIMS: To evaluate whether VR is an effective and acceptable teaching environment. VR headsets were set up for medical students who rotated through Velindre Cancer Hospital's Palliative Care department. METHODS: Students were asked to put on a VR headset and experience a pre-recorded 27 min presentation on nausea and vomiting in palliative care settings...
February 26, 2019: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Jana Mahlke, Martin Schultze, Michael Eid
When multisource feedback instruments, for example, 360-degree feedback tools, are validated, multilevel structural equation models are the method of choice to quantify the amount of reliability as well as convergent and discriminant validity. A non-standard multilevel structural equation model that incorporates self-ratings (level-2 variables) and others' ratings from different additional perspectives (level-1 variables), for example, peers and subordinates, has recently been presented. In a Monte Carlo simulation study, we determine the minimal required sample sizes for this model...
January 29, 2019: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
Christian Smolle, Gerald Sendlhofer, Andreas Sandner-Kiesling, Michael K Herbert, Lydia Jantscher, Bernd Pichler, Lars-Peter Kamolz, Gernot Brunner
BACKGROUND: Pain management quality assurance programs (PMQP) have been successfully implemented in numerous hospitals across Europe. We aimed to evaluate the medium-term sustainability of a PMQP implemented at intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: Two surveys, the first in 2012, immediately after introduction of the PMQP, and the second in 2015, were carried out amongst patients, physicians and nurses. Demographic parameters of all participants were assessed. Patients were asked after their pain levels during ICU stay...
2018: PloS One
Charlene R Williams, Kristen Abbott, Megan Hughes, Courtenay Gilmore Wilson, Mollie Ashe Scott
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action-based leadership activities help refine leadership skills. This paper describes an experiential, longitudinal leadership experience for post-graduate year two (PGY2) pharmacy residents in ambulatory care. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: As part of a leadership and advocacy rotation, two PGY2 ambulatory care pharmacy residents collaborated with a state association, North Carolina Association of Pharmacists, to co-chair a newly formed regional ambulatory care forum in the western part of the state...
December 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
William M Land
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine whether movement contingent sensory effects could be used to prime and facilitate motor performance on a ball-tossing task. DESIGN: The ball-tossing task was performed across two consecutive days, and consisted of an acquisition phase and a test phase. During the acquisition phase, participants (N = 30) practiced an underhanded ball tossing task to a near and far target (N = 360 total, n = 180 each distance)...
August 6, 2018: Human Movement Science
Robert Mash, Julia Blitz, Jill Edwards, Steve Mowle
BACKGROUND: The training of family physicians is a relatively new phenomenon in the district health services of South Africa. There are concerns about the quality of clinical training and the low pass rate in the national examination. AIM: To assess the effect of a five-day course to train clinical trainers in family medicine on the participants' subsequent capability in the workplace. SETTING: Family physician clinical trainers from training programmes mainly in South Africa, but also from Ghana, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi and Botswana...
May 31, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Charles P Clayton, Josel Fritz, Roy E Smith, Scott D Gitlin, Erin Reid, Kenneth S Zuckerman, Marc J Kahn
Clinician educators at academic medical centers often lack the community, mentorship, and faculty development to support their missions around education scholarship and teaching. Inadequate support for clinician educators can lead to professional dissatisfaction and slowed academic advancement. In 2014, ASH conducted a needs assessment of medical school hematology course directors, hematology-oncology fellowship program directors, and other ASH members identified as educators to determine this community's desire for faculty development in medical education...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Jose Francois, Jeffrey Sisler, Stephanie Mowat
BACKGROUND: The Manitoba Physician Achievement Review (MPAR) is a 360-degree feedback assessment that physicians undergo every 7 years to retain licensure. Deliberate reflection on feedback has been demonstrated to encourage practice change. The MPAR Reflection Exercise (RE), a peer-assisted debriefing tool, was developed whereby the physician selects a peer with whom to review and reflect on feedback, committing to change. This qualitative study explores how physicians who had undergone the MPAR used the RE, what areas of change are identified and committed to, and what they perceived as the role of reflection in the MPAR process...
March 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Peter MacPherson, Julie Emberley
Background: Ethics education is a required component of pediatric residency training. Limited instructional time requires educators to identify and prioritize learning needs. This is the first study to identify pediatric residents' ethics learning needs using a multisource (360 degree) assessment. We hypothesized that pediatricians or allied health care professionals would identify unperceived ethics learning needs. Methods: Pediatric residents, pediatricians, respiratory therapists (RTs), and registered nurses (RNs) working at a university children's hospital rated the importance of twelve ethics themes as learning needs for trainees using a Likert-type scale...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
A Muthukrishnan, S Al-Ismail, G Bertelli, P Browne
Introduction Bisphosphonates and denosumab reduce the risk of skeletal events in some malignancies (for example, breast, myeloma). These drugs carry a significant risk of a difficult-to-manage side effect of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). Preventive dental screening and treatment reduces the incidence of MRONJ. A managed clinical network (MCN) has been used to provide a MRONJ risk reduction pathway. A 360 degree survey was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of the pathway.Aim The aim of the 360 degree survey was to evaluate if this preventive pathway fulfilled its aims based on patient and stakeholder responses...
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
S N van Vendeloo, P L P Brand, B J Burger, R G H H Nelissen, S K Bulstra, C C P M Verheyen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the number of registered competency assessments in the portfolios of orthopaedic residents in the Netherlands, for whom a competency-based training programme is mandatory. DESIGN: National cohort study. METHOD: We collected data regarding the registered assessments of all orthopaedic residents who finished their training between 2012-2015. We determined the number of registered assessments of 'standard orthopaedic treatments' (evaluating residents' competency in 70 different orthopaedic treatments), objective structured clinical skills evaluations (OSCEs), critically appraised topics (CATs), and 360 degree feedback appraisals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Paul J Gregory, Benjamin Robbins, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Larry Harmon
BACKGROUND: The current research evaluated the potential utility of a 360-degree survey feedback program for measuring leadership quality in potential committee leaders of a professional medical association (PMA). Emotional intelligence as measured by the extent to which self-other agreement existed in the 360-degree survey ratings was explored as a key predictor of leadership quality in the potential leaders. STUDY DESIGN: A non-experimental correlational survey design was implemented to assess the variation in leadership quality scores across the sample of potential leaders...
September 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
E Michael Donner, Daniel Gridley, Sidney Ulreich, Edward I Bluth
The transition of leadership within radiology practices is often not a planned replacement process with formal development of potential future leaders. To ensure their ongoing success, however, practices need to develop comprehensive succession plans that include a robust developmental program for potential leaders consisting of mentoring, coaching, structured socialization, 360-degree feedback, developmental stretch assignments, job rotation, and formal education. Succession planning and leadership development will be necessary in the future for a practice to be successful in its business relationships and to be financially viable...
January 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Zhan Yang, Yaqiong Wang, Bin Yang, Guanghui Li, Tao Chen, Masahiro Nakajima, Lining Sun, Toshio Fukuda
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been developed in recent decades for nanodevices such as nanoradios, nanogenerators, carbon nanotube field effect transistors (CNTFETs) and so on, indicating that the application of CNTs for nanoscale electronics may play a key role in the development of nanotechnology. Nanorobotics manipulation systems are a promising method for nanodevice construction and assembly. For the purpose of constructing three-dimensional CNTFETs, a nanorobotics manipulation system with 16 DOFs was developed for nanomanipulation of nanometer-scale objects inside the specimen chamber of a scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
September 14, 2016: Sensors
Robert Mash, Angela De Sa, Maria Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: Organisational culture is a key factor in both patient and staff experience of the healthcare services. Patient satisfaction, staff engagement and performance are related to this experience. The department of health in the Western Cape espouses a values-based culture characterised by caring, competence, accountability, integrity, responsiveness and respect. However, transformation of the existing culture is required to achieve this vision. AIM: To explore how to transform the organisational culture in line with the desired values...
August 31, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Miranda Heneghan, Robert Chaplin
Aims and method This paper aims to review colleague and patient feedback from the 10-year period of the operation of the Royal College of Psychiatrists' 360-degree appraisal system, specifically: (1) examine the overall distribution of ratings; (2) examine the effect of working primarily with detained patients on patient feedback, represented by forensic psychiatrists; and (3) look for a relationship between colleague and patient ratings. Results Data were analysed for 977 participating psychiatrists. Both colleagues and patients rated psychiatrists overall with high scores...
August 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya, Nehal Anam Mahabbat, Khulood Yahya Fallatah, Bashaer Ahmad Al-Ahmadi, Hadeel Hadi Alalawi
Due to the multi-dimensional characteristics of professionalism, no single assessment modality has shown to reliably assess professionalism. This review aims to describe some of the popular assessment tools that are being used to assess professionalism with a view to formulate a framework of assessment of professionalism in medicine. In December 2015, the online research databases of MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Elton Bryson Stephens Company (EBSCO), SCOPUS, OVID and PsychINFO were searched for full-text English language articles published during 2000 to 2015...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jeffrey S Berger, Eric Pan, Jason Thomas
BACKGROUND: 360-degree evaluation, or multi-rater feedback, is a means of providing evaluation from a variety of stakeholders. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) lists 360-degree feedback as a recommended method for evaluating residents. Our study determines if 360-degree evaluation, as compared to traditional evaluation, affords anesthesiology residents greater potential for performance improvement. METHODS: After IRB exemption and resident consent to participate, sixteen anesthesiology residents of various training levels at The George Washington University Medical Center were randomly assigned to receive either 360-degree evaluation or traditional evaluation...
July 2009: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Katherine Tully, Jennifer Keller, Benjamin Blatt, Larrie Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: In this new era of educational milestones and entrustable professional activities, residency programs have recognized the need to directly observe resident performance. In fact, there is little information about how often residents are observed, what procedures they perform early in training, and whether they receive feedback. Previous publications have addressed these issues exclusively through retrospective survey analyses. The purpose of this naturalistic point-of-care study was to answer the following questions about obstetrics/gynecology (OB/GYN) residents in their second month of training: what activities do residents report performing, how often are they observed and who observes them, how often do they receive feedback and what is their perception of its usefulness, and does the time of shift affect the frequency of observation and feedback? METHODS: Nine of 10 first-year OB/GYN residents at George Washington University Hospital participated in a month-long study during their second month of training...
May 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Brandon A Kohrt, Carla B Marienfeld, Catherine Panter-Brick, Alexander C Tsai, Milton L Wainberg
OBJECTIVE: In the field of global mental health, there is a need for identifying core values and competencies to guide training programs in professional practice as well as in academia. This paper presents the results of interdisciplinary discussions fostered during an annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Psychiatry and Culture to develop recommendations for value-driven innovation in global mental health training. METHODS: Participants (n = 48), who registered for a dedicated workshop on global mental health training advertised in conference proceedings, included both established faculty and current students engaged in learning, practice, and research...
August 2016: Academic Psychiatry
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