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Interoperability of EMR

Nurul Aqilah Mohd Nor, Nur Aishah Taib, Marniza Saad, Hana Salwani Zaini, Zahir Ahmad, Yamin Ahmad, Sarinder Kaur Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical domain has led to an increase of clinical data production which offers enhancement opportunities for clinical research sector. In this paper, we propose to expand the scope of Electronic Medical Records in the University Malaya Medical Center (UMMC) using different techniques in establishing interoperability functions between multiple clinical departments involving diagnosis, screening and treatment of breast cancer and building automatic systems for clinical audits as well as for potential data mining to enhance clinical breast cancer research in the future...
February 4, 2019: BMC Bioinformatics
Jacob Carlson, Jonathan Laryea
Electronic health records (EHRs) or electronic medical records (EMRs) contain a vast amount of clinical data that can be useful for multiple purposes including research. Disease registries are collections of data in predefined formats for population management, research, and other purposes. There are differences between EHRs and registries in the data structure, data standards, and protocols. Proprietary EHR systems use different coding systems and data standards, which are usually kept secret. For EHR data to flow seamlessly into registries, there is the need for interoperability between EHR systems and between EHRs and registries...
January 2019: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Alfred Winter, Sebastian Stäubert, Danny Ammon, Stephan Aiche, Oya Beyan, Verena Bischoff, Philipp Daumke, Stefan Decker, Gert Funkat, Jan E Gewehr, Armin de Greiff, Silke Haferkamp, Udo Hahn, Andreas Henkel, Toralf Kirsten, Thomas Klöss, Jörg Lippert, Matthias Löbe, Volker Lowitsch, Oliver Maassen, Jens Maschmann, Sven Meister, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Matthias Nüchter, Mathias W Pletz, Erhard Rahm, Morris Riedel, Kutaiba Saleh, Andreas Schuppert, Stefan Smers, André Stollenwerk, Stefan Uhlig, Thomas Wendt, Sven Zenker, Wolfgang Fleig, Gernot Marx, André Scherag, Markus Löffler
INTRODUCTION: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. "Smart Medical Information Technology for Healthcare (SMITH)" is one of four consortia funded by the German Medical Informatics Initiative (MI-I) to create an alliance of universities, university hospitals, research institutions and IT companies. SMITH's goals are to establish Data Integration Centers (DICs) at each SMITH partner hospital and to implement use cases which demonstrate the usefulness of the approach...
July 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
Jennifer Biltoft, Lonnye Finneman
PURPOSE: The pharmacist-led implementation of a smart pump-electronic medical record (EMR) interoperability program at a hospital within a regional health system is described. SUMMARY: Smart pump-EMR interoperability involves a wireless, bidirectional connection by which infusion information transmitted by the EMR prepopulates infusion devices, reducing keystokes and opportunities for manual programming errors. The smart pumps transmit time-stamped infusion data to the EMR for nurse documentation...
July 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Na Hong, Andrew Wen, Feichen Shen, Sunghwan Sohn, Sijia Liu, Hongfang Liu, Guoqian Jiang
Standards-based modeling of electronic health records (EHR) data holds great significance for data interoperability and large-scale usage. Integration of unstructured data into a standard data model, however, poses unique challenges partially due to heterogeneous type systems used in existing clinical NLP systems. We introduce a scalable and standards-based framework for integrating structured and unstructured EHR data leveraging the HL7 Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) specification. We implemented a clinical NLP pipeline enhanced with an FHIR-based type system and performed a case study using medication data from Mayo Clinic's EHR...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Peter I Kamel, Paul G Nagy
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an open interoperability standard that allows external software to quickly search for and access clinical information from the electronic medical record (EMR) in a method that is developer-friendly, using current internet technology standards. In this article, we highlight the new FHIR standard and illustrate how FHIR can be used to offer the field of radiology a more clinically integrated and patient-centered system, opening the EMR to external radiology software in ways unfeasible with traditional standards...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Jeffrey Chalmers, Mark Siska, Trinh Le, Scott Knoer
PURPOSE: Challenges and opportunities in managing pharmacy-related technology in a multihospital health system are reviewed. SUMMARY: With electronic medical record (EMR) implementations, pharmacy technology deployments, and increased numbers of hospitals merging into single health systems, opportunities and challenges for pharmacy informatics (PI) teams have grown. Pharmacy leaders must consider the implications of using technology in a multihospital health-system environment, as well as the impact of the health system's organizational structures on technology implementations and dedicated support teams...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Liwei Wang, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Sijia Liu, Huaji Zhang, Hongfang Liu
The use of multiple data sources has been preferred in the surveillance of adverse drug events due to shortcomings of using only a single source. In this study, we proposed a framework where the ADEs associated with interested drugs are systematically discovered from the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS), and then validated through mining unstructured clinical notes from Electronic Medical Records (EMRs). This framework has two features. First, a higher priority was given to clinical practice during signal detection and validation...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
James M Kariuki, Eric-Jan Manders, Janise Richards, Tom Oluoch, Davies Kimanga, Steve Wanyee, James O Kwach, Xenophon Santas
Introduction: Developing countries are increasingly strengthening national health information systems (HIS) for evidence-based decision-making. However, the inability to report indicator data automatically from electronic medical record systems (EMR) hinders this process. Data are often printed and manually re-entered into aggregate reporting systems. This affects data completeness, accuracy, reporting timeliness, and burdens staff who support routine indicator reporting from patient-level data. Method: After conducting a feasibility test to exchange indicator data from Open Medical Records System (OpenMRS) to District Health Information System version 2 (DHIS2), we conducted a field test at a health facility in Kenya...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Theodore Pincus
RAPID3 (routine assessment of patient index data) is an index found within a multi-dimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ) for routine clinical care, composed only of 3 self-report scores for physical function, pain, and patient global estimate, each scored 0-10, for a total of 0-30. RAPID3 is correlated significantly with DAS28 (Disease Activity Score) and CDAI (Clinical Disease Activity Index), and distinguishes active from control treatments as efficiently as these indices in clinical trials involving adalimumab, abatacept, certolizumab, infliximab, and rituximab...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Theodore Pincus
An MDHAQ/RAPID3 (multidimensional health assessment questionnaire/routine assessment of patient index data) was developed from the HAQ over 25 years, based on observations made from completion by every patient (with all diagnoses) at every routine rheumatology visit since 1980. Modification of the HAQ was viewed as similar to improving a laboratory test, with a primary focus on clinical value for diagnosis, prognosis, and/or management, as well as feasibility for minimal effect on clinical workflow. Rigorous attention, was also directed to validity, reliability, other methodologic and technological considerations, but after clinical value and feasibility were established...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Julie Payne-Gagnon, Erik Breton, Jean-Paul Fortin, Lara Khoury, Lisa Dolovich, David Price, David Wiljer, Gillian Bartlett, Norman Archer
BACKGROUND: Healthcare stakeholders have a great interest in the adoption and use of electronic personal health records (ePHRs) because of the potential benefits associated with them. Little is known, however, about the level of adoption of ePHRs in Canada and there is limited evidence concerning their benefits and implications for the healthcare system. This study aimed to describe the current situation of ePHRs in Canada and explore stakeholder perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators to their adoption...
April 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Björn Schreiweis, Tobias Bronsch, Katharina E Stein, Stefan Nöst, Lakshmi S Aguduri, Antje Brandner, Peter Pensold, Nicolas Weiss, Nilay Yüksekogul, Björn Bergh, Oliver Heinze
Making clinical information available for research is not only relevant for healthcare institutions, but also for regional EHRs, as cross-sectorial information can be made accessible. In the INFOPAT (INFOrmation technology for PATient-oriented health care in the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region) project we are thus implementing both, a regional personal cross-enterprise electronic health record (PEHR) and a regional research platform (RRP) based on information from the PEHR. IHE profiles are implemented to achieve interoperability between healthcare institutions electronic medical records (EMR) and PEHR on the one hand, as well as PEHR and RRP on the other hand...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Badeia Jawhari, Louanne Keenan, David Zakus, Dave Ludwick, Abraam Isaac, Abdullah Saleh, Robert Hayward
OBJECTIVE: Rapid urbanization has led to the growth of urban slums and increased healthcare burdens for vulnerable populations. Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) have the potential to improve continuity of care for slum residents, but their implementation is complicated by technical and non-technical limitations. This study sought practical insights about facilitators and barriers to EMR implementation in urban slum environments. METHOD: Descriptive qualitative method was used to explore staff perceptions about a recent open-source EMR deployment in two primary care clinics in Kibera, Nairobi...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Afef Samet Ellouze, Rafik Bouaziz, Hanen Ghorbel
PURPOSE: Integrating semantic dimension into clinical archetypes is necessary once modeling medical records. First, it enables semantic interoperability and, it offers applying semantic activities on clinical data and provides a higher design quality of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems. However, to obtain these advantages, designers need to use archetypes that cover semantic features of clinical concepts involved in their specific applications. In fact, most of archetypes filed within open repositories are expressed in the Archetype Definition Language (ALD) which allows defining only the syntactic structure of clinical concepts weakening semantic activities on the EMR content in the semantic web environment...
October 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Lauren E Sweet, Heather Lea Moulaison
This article, written by researchers studying metadata and standards, represents a fresh perspective on the challenges of electronic health records (EHRs) and serves as a primer for big data researchers new to health-related issues. Primarily, we argue for the importance of the systematic adoption of standards in EHR data and metadata as a way of promoting big data research and benefiting patients. EHRs have the potential to include a vast amount of longitudinal health data, and metadata provides the formal structures to govern that data...
December 2013: Big Data
Robyn S Sharma, Peter G Rossos
Colonoscopy reports are important communication tools for providers and patients with potential to serve as information sources for research, quality, performance, and resource management. Despite decades of work, studies continue to indicate that colonoscopy reports are often incomplete. Although electronic medical records (EMRs) and databases can address this problem, costs, workflow, and interoperability (difficulty exchanging information between systems) continue to limit adoption and implementation of endoscopy EMRs in Canada and elsewhere...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda, Maryam Ahmadi, Afsaneh Dehnad, Alireza Noruzi, Mahmodreza Gohari
BACKGROUND: In order to fulfill comprehensive interoperability and recognize the electronic medical records (EMRs') benefits, physicians' attitudes toward using and applying EMR must be recognized. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to present an integrated model of applying EMRs by physicians. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study in which a sample of 330 physicians working in hospitals affiliated to the Tehran University of medical sciences (TUMS) was selected...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Nora Attallah, Horeya Gashgari, Yahya Al Muallem, Majed Al Dogether, Eman Al Moammary, Meshari Almeshari, Mowafa Househ
Developing a national Health Information Exchange (HIE) for Saudi Arabia has developed into a priority for the Saudi Ministry of Health. In the process of conducting a literature review of existing opportunities and challenges of health information exchange in international hospitals and the possible implications of such studies on Saudi Arabia, an initial search was conducted in April 2015 yielding 31 articles from PubMed, Science Direct and other database using key terms such as: health information exchange, data exchange, health data exchange, data interoperability in health, lessons of data interoperability, opportunities of health information exchange, challenges of data integration, and challenges of data format and ontology...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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