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interprofessional competencies primary care

Matt Martin, Leslie Allison, Elizabeth Banks, David Bauman, Jennifer Harsh, Amber Hewitt, Linda Myerholtz, Max Zubatsky, Larry Mauksch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are several trends compelling physicians to acquire team-based skills for interprofessional care. One underdeveloped area of team-based skills for physicians is integrated behavioral health (IBH) in primary care. We used a Delphi method to explore what skills were needed for residents to practice integrated behavioral health. METHODS: We conducted a literature review of IBH competencies and found 41 competencies across seven domains unique to physicians...
January 24, 2019: Family Medicine
Katherine J Bradley, Peggy Wros, Nicholas Bookman, Launa Rae Mathews, Heather Voss, Tanya L Ostrogorsky, Kate LaForge
Four health professions schools at an academic health science university and a partner state university collaborated to develop the Interprofessional Care Access Network (I-CAN), a model of healthcare delivery and interprofessional education that addresses the Triple Aims for vulnerable populations in three underserved neighborhoods. Program goals were achieved through community-based partnerships and the development of a health-care workforce prepared for competent practice in emerging models of care. In the first three years, almost 600 nursing, medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy students worked with clients referred from community partners, providing interprofessional care coordination addressing life instability and social determinants of health...
December 25, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Dmitry Kozhevnikov, Laura J Morrison, Matthew S Ellman
Background: The growing need for palliative care (PC) among patients with serious illness is outstripped by the short supply of PC specialists. This mismatch calls for competency of all health care providers in primary PC, including patient-centered communication, management of pain and other symptoms, and interprofessional teamwork. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has emerged as a promising modality to teach key skills and close the educational gap. This paper describes the current state of SBME in training of PC skills...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Alexandra Schain, Catherine Rees, Catherine Medina, Rachel Eyler, Susan Glenney, Eric Rodko, Jason Cassese, Juliette Shellman, Millicent Malcolm
As the older adult population in the United States increases and diversifies, understanding and reducing risks for hospitalization and institutionalization can reduce burdens for this vulnerable population. Using evidence-based assessment tools to understand medical, psychosocial, pharmacologic, and functional status can aid an interprofessional team to best evaluate older adults at risk. By providing culturally competent care for a diversifying older adult demographic, attention to social determinants can improve health equity for this population...
November 2018: Home Healthcare Now
Julia Lukewich, Samantha Taylor, Marie-Eve Poitras, Ruth Martin-Misener
Family practice nurses (also known as primary care nurses) are registered nurses who practice in primary healthcare and function as generalists who provide a broad range of health services, including preventative screening, health education, chronic disease management, care coordination, and system navigation. This paper reports on the current state of family practice nursing in Canada and findings from an environmental scan of literature focused on family practice nursing competency development internationally...
June 2018: Nursing Leadership
Khusbu Patel, Urmi Desai, Heather Paladine
BACKGROUND: There is increased focus and pressure to include interprofessional education during training of health professionals. This program describes an interprofessional education program between pharmacy, medical, and nurse practitioner students during a primary care clinical rotation elective. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: The interprofessional education program (IPE) during a primary care rotation was developed to be included as a learning experience throughout the rotation period...
July 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Ronald H Rozensky, Catherine L Grus, Jeffrey L Goodie, Liza Bonin, Brian D Carpenter, Benjamin F Miller, Kaile M Ross, Bruce D Rybarczyk, Anne Stewart, Susan H McDaniel
Health care is increasingly delivered through team-based, collaborative strategies with interprofessional education as an important mechanism for building interprofessional practice competencies. This paper describes an Interprofessional Seminar on Integrated Primary Care (IS-IPC) designed to meet this educational need with interprofessional team-based learning as the foundation of an iterative process such that education and practice inform one another. The IS-IPC can be used to educate an interprofessional group of learners about key topics relevant to working together in integrated primary care...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Jeannie K Lee, Anne L Hume, Robert Willis, Heather Boon, Patricia Lebensohn, Audrey Brooks, Ben Kligler
Objective. To address the gap in evidence-based knowledge among pharmacy students and practicing pharmacists regarding complementary and integrative health approaches due to insufficient education and a lack of standardized training. Methods. The National Center for Integrative Primary Healthcare (NCIPH) developed 22 pharmacy competencies linked to a set of 10 interprofessional "metacompetencies" in integrative health care. Results. The NCIPH pharmacy competencies are well-aligned with the current educational standards and Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education (CAPE) outcomes for pharmacy programs...
August 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Nynke R Koning, Linda M M van der Schriek, Merel J van der Kooij, Frederike L Büchner, Jeroen A de Wilde, Mattijs E Numans, Mathilde R Crone
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how general practitioners and preventive youth health physicians experience their collaboration and to analyse factors involved. DESIGN: Qualitative research. METHOD: 14 general practitioners and 11 preventive youth health physicians from the Leiden and The Hague areas were interviewed in a semistructured manner. Data were analysed by thematic analysis using the 'Framework method', to identify important themes for collaboration...
May 29, 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Kathryn Wirtz Rugen, Nancy Harada, Faith Harrington, Mary A Dolansky, Judith L Bowen
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioner (NP) Postgraduate Residency programs are rapidly expanding. Currently, little is known about trainees' self-perceptions during these experiences. PURPOSE: Describe NP residents' perceptions of their strengths, areas for improvement, and goals while participating in the Veterans Affairs Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education NP Residency program. METHODS: NP residents responded to open-ended questions at three time points across their training year...
July 2018: Nursing Outlook
Ankie Hazen, Esther de Groot, Han de Gier, Roger Damoiseaux, Dorien Zwart, Anne Leendertse
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical pharmacists who work in the general practice settings bring an improvement to patient care and outcomes. Postgraduate training for an independent clinical role does not often occur in the primary health care setting. When it does, the design of the curriculum is infrequently based on interprofessional workplace learning principles and it does not always integrate practical experience with classroom-based learning activities. This could lead to situations where clinical pharmacists are insufficiently trained to apply clinical reasoning skills and direct patient care in the general practice setting...
May 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Kevin Fiscella, Susan H McDaniel
This article examines the past, present and future of primary care and teamwork. It begins with a definition and description of primary care-its uniqueness, diversity and complexity, including the historical role of teams within primary care. The article then reviews the emergence of innovative primary care teams, including those grounded in new processes such as the Patient-Centered Medical Home and interprofessional teams that include new types of health professionals, particularly psychologists and other integrated behavioral health clinicians...
May 2018: American Psychologist
Kristina A Monteiro, Karl Dietrich, Jeffrey Borkan, Luba Dumenco, Allan R Tunkel, Richard Dollase, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) recently implemented a novel dual degree MD-ScM program in primary care and population medicine (PC-PM) that enrolls up to 24 of its nearly 144 yearly matriculants. The overarching goal of this track is to train medical students to become physician leaders who focus on issues in population medicine within primary care. METHODS: We conducted a baseline assessment of the students enrolled in this parallel track in comparison to our traditional students to identify characteristics of and group differences between students in the PC-PM program and traditional students...
May 2018: Family Medicine
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
July 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Sabine Homeyer, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Peter Hingst, Roman F Oppermann, Adina Dreier-Wolfgramm
Background: To ensure high quality patient care an effective interprofessional collaboration between healthcare professionals is required. Interprofessional education (IPE) has a positive impact on team work in daily health care practice. Nevertheless, there are various challenges for sustainable implementation of IPE. To identify enablers and barriers of IPE for medical and nursing students as well as to specify impacts of IPE for both professions, the 'Cooperative academical regional evidence-based Nursing Study in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania' (Care-N Study M-V) was conducted...
2018: BMC Nursing
Margaret Whelan, Ethel Ulrich, Joan Ginty, Denise Walsh
Nurse practitioner and doctor of nursing practice students gain cultural awareness and primary care experience on biannual medical mission trips to Jamaica. Faith-based Molloy College's partnership with professional medical volunteers enables students to apply clinical skills, express compassion, and gain interprofessional experience. Volunteers provide care and education for the high prevalence of noncommunicable conditions found in Jamaica. The program enjoys a positive relationship with Jamaica's Ministry of Health; a research study will assess impact on students and patients...
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
May-Lill Johansen, Bente Ervik
BACKGROUND: Generalists such as general practitioners and district nurses have been the main actors in community palliative care in Norway. Specialised oncology nurses with postgraduate palliative training are increasingly becoming involved. There is little research on their contribution. This study explores how general practitioners (GPs) and oncology nurses (ONs) experience their collaboration in primary palliative care. METHODS: A qualitative focus group and interview study in rural Northern Norway, involving 52 health professionals...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Rachelle Ashcroft, Colleen McMillan, Wayne Ambrose-Miller, Ryan McKee, Judith Belle Brown
Primary health care systems are increasingly integrating interprofessional team-based approaches to care delivery. As members of these interprofessional primary health care teams, it is important for social workers to explore our experiences of integration into these newly emerging teams to help strengthen patient care. Despite the expansion of social work within primary health care settings, few studies have examined the integration of social work's role into this expanding area of the health care system. A survey was conducted with Canadian social work practitioners who were employed within Family Health Teams (FHTs), an interprofessional model of primary health care in Ontario emerging from a period of health care reform...
May 1, 2018: Health & Social Work
Pablo González Blasco, Francisco Lamus, Graziela Moreto, Marco Aurelio Janaudis, Marcelo R Levites, Pedro S de Paula
Since 1988, Brazil has built a national health system procuring a response that meets universal health care. The government created the Family Health Strategy (FHS) to help improve access to health services through primary health care teams developing interdisciplinary actions. Scarcity of doctors with family medicine (FM) competencies in Brazil limits the FHS effectiveness. The lack of family physicians can be traced primarily to the medical schools where training supports other specialties besides FM. Innovation is required to bring students to the specialty and medical marketplace...
March 2018: Education for Primary Care
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