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Esthetic surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775712/management-of-regional-odontodysplasia-a-10-year-follow-up-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Mine Koruyucu, Duygu Yaman, Figen Seymen, Korkud Demirel, Koray Gençay
The aim of this article was to review the literature and present a case of regional odontodysplasia (ROD) with special emphasis on clinical and radiographic features. A 6-year-old girl was referred to our department with the chief complaint of missing her permanent maxillary left central incisor, lateral incisor, and both of her canines. The gingiva of the involved region was enlarged, fibrous, and tense. Radiographic examination showed abnormal tooth formation and shortened roots. After 3 years of follow up with temporary prosthetic rehabilitation, periodontal surgery was performed...
May 2018: European oral research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773550/-orthodontic%C3%AE-orthognathic-treatment-stability-in-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-patients
#2
X J Wang, Y M Zhang, Y H Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate stability of skeletal hard tissues, dental hard tissues and soft tissues after orthodonticorthognathic treatment in a long term. This study reviewed longitudinal changes in orthodontic-orthognathic patients of skeletal class III malocculsion, using lateral cephalometric radiographs in 3-12 years after treatment in comparison to treatment finishing. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion following orthodontic-orthognathic surgery in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January 1, 2000 to January 1, 2009 were observed...
February 18, 2019: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767417/immediately-restored-single-implants-in-the-aesthetic-zone-of-the-maxilla-using-a-novel-design-5-year-results-from-a-prospective-single-arm-clinical-trial
#3
Sunyoung Ma, Andrew Tawse-Smith, Simon D K Brown, Warwick Duncan
BACKGROUND: Single implant crowns have become the preferred rehabilitation treatment option for replacing a missing tooth. PURPOSE: This study evaluates 5-year clinical success of using tilted implants placed immediately after extraction followed by rehabilitation with all-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven participants requiring 28 single implant crowns in the aesthetic zone of maxilla were recruited to participate in a single-arm clinical trial...
February 14, 2019: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30742792/functional-reconstruction-of-mandibular-segment-defects-with-individual-preformed-reconstruction-plate-and-computed-tomographic-angiography-aided-iliac-crest-flap
#4
Maorui Zhang, Pengcheng Rao, Delin Xia, Libo Sun, Xiaoxiao Cai, Jingang Xiao
PURPOSE: With the development of imaging technology and computer-assisted surgery in oral and maxillofacial surgery, digital technology is widely used in vascularized bone flap grafts for mandibular reconstruction. The aim of this study was to use digital technology throughout the treatment process to show that digital techniques can provide a reliable and accurate match between the mandible and the iliac crest flap to achieve functional reconstruction of mandibular segment defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients underwent 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT), mirroring technology, 3D model prototyping, and CT angiography (CTA) for treatment planning...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714051/the-buccal-pedicle-flap-technique-for-periimplant-soft-tissue-boosting
#5
Giorgio Tabanella
A healthy and adequate band of keratinized periimplant mucosa is key to long-term biologic and esthetic success. Yet in about one-third of implant patients, its formation requires connective tissue graft procedures. Such procedures may be considered impractical for patients who need retreatment of failures, those who are not willing to go through multiple surgical steps, or those receiving multiple implants that would thus involve multiple connective tissue grafts. This article introduces the buccal pedicle fl ap technique, a new surgical approach for boosting the soft tissue around dental implants without connective tissue grafting...
2019: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711183/aluminum-chloride-versus-electrocauterization-in-periapical-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Isabel Menéndez-Nieto, Juan Cervera-Ballester, Laura Maestre-Ferrín, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, María Peñarrocha-Diago
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 2 hemostatic agents in periapical surgery and its relationship with patient- and tooth-dependent variables. METHODS: A prospective study was designed with 2 randomized parallel groups established according to the hemostatic agent used: aluminum chloride or electrocauterization. The surgeon and 2 independent blinded observers examined the initial and final bleeding and recorded it as 0 (no hemorrhage control), 1 (slight but apparent intermittent bleeding), or 2 (complete hemorrhage control)...
February 2019: Journal of Endodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709537/maxillomandibular-rotational-advancement-airway-aesthetics-and-angle-s-considerations
#7
REVIEW
Clement Cheng-Hui Lin, Po-Fang Wang, Shaun Ray Han Loh, Hung Tuan Lau, Sam Sheng-Ping Hsu
Obstructive sleep apnea is a medical syndrome with multifactorial pathophysiology. Surgery can be the primary treatment option when anatomic factors are identified with narrowing at specific or general levels of pharyngeal airway. The surgeries are directed to the etiologic anatomic structure to achieve greatest effectiveness. Body weight, Mallampati scale, and tonsil grade are key evaluations to select effective surgical procedures. Surgical weight reduction, maxillomandibular advancement, and pharyngeal soft tissue surgeries are considered for the patient with obesity, maxillomandibular retrognathism, and tonsillar hypertrophy, respectively...
March 2019: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707982/incidence-pattern-of-bear-inflicted-injuries-to-the-maxillofacial-region-soft-and-hard-tissue-injuries-their-management-and-sequelae
#8
Narotam Kumar Ghezta, Yogesh Bhardwaj, Rangila Ram, Razi Ahsan, Saurabh Arya
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to elucidate the incidence pattern of bear-inflicted facial injuries and to document soft and hard tissue injuries, their management, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed of 21 bear-associated injuries sustained to the facial region. Most patients were young to middle age and most were male. Most attacks occurred during the daytime, and the highest incidence occurred during the months of April to October...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693262/implant-placement-into-the-nasopalatine-foramen-considerations-from-anatomical-and-surgical-point-of-view
#9
Mukesh Kumar Singhal, Ramakant Dandriyal, Asish Aggarwal, Anshika Agarwal, Sudhir Yadav, Prashant Baranwal
Implant placement is a challenge in the anterior maxilla if the available bone is reduced and esthetics is challenging. The ideal implant position should be considered in all three dimensions: mesiodistal, apicocoronal, and orofacial. This article includes a review and a case report for the anatomical and clinical perspective of implant placement in nasopalatine foramen (near incisal canal). In this case report, the edentulous space is mutilated in between the area #12 and #21 teeth. Therefore, only one, 3...
July 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693244/esthetic-outcome-and-airway-evaluation-following-bi-jaw-surgery-v-s-mandibular-setback-surgery-in-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-using-surgery-first-approach
#10
Bushra Kanwal, Akshai Shetty, Varghese Mani, C S Prashanth, K M Pramod, Sharmila Arjunan
Background: Class III skeletal deformity is the result of mandibular prognathism, maxillary deficiency, or a combination. Treatment frequently requires a combination of orthodontics and orthognathic surgical procedures to improve facial esthetics and harmonize facial profile. Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess and quantify, by means of cephalometric analysis, the pre- and postoperative soft-tissue and airway changes following bi-jaw surgery and mandibular setback surgery after the correction of skeletal Class III deformities using surgery-first approach...
July 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30692741/use-of-different-concentrations-of-hyaluronic-acid-in-interdental-papillary-deficiency-treatment-a-clinical-study
#11
Shivani Singh, Kharidi Laxman Vandana
Background: In the present era, demand of beauty and esthetics has increased rapidly. Interdental papilla construction, especially in the esthetic zone, is one of the most challenging tasks. Interdental papilla loss might occur due to several reasons as a consequence of periodontal surgery, trauma, and others. Aim and Objective: The present study was aimed to prepare economically feasible injectable form of hyaluronic acid (HA) gel in three different concentrations - 1%, 2%, and 5% HA to evaluate its efficacy in the enhancement of deficient interdental papilla (IDP)...
January 2019: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681578/illicit-massive-silicone-injections-always-induce-chronic-and-definitive-silicone-blood-diffusion-with-dermatologic-complications
#12
Chloé Bertin, Rachid Abbas, Valérie Andrieu, Florence Michard, Christophe Rioux, Vincent Descamps, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Fabrice Bouscarat
Male-to-female transgender (MtF TG) individuals often report using illegal subcutaneous silicone injections for body feminisation. It leads to silicone dissemination and various dermatologic complications.We report the long-term complications of these feminisation procedures with blood smear examination and dermatologic examination.Between July 2015 and December 2015, 77 MtF TG consulting at Bichat Hospital (Paris, France) were included in this cross-sectional study. Blood smear examinations were performed by a trained haematologist to quantify the presence of silicone vacuoles in monocytes...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30679534/revisiting-the-maxillary-teeth-in-384-subjects-reveals-a-deviation-from-the-classical-aesthetic-dimensions
#13
María Melo, Fadi Ata-Ali, Julia Huertas, Teresa Cobo, Jamil Awad Shibli, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Javier Ata-Ali
Dental esthetics need to be defined from the scientific perspective in order to obtain predictable treatment outcomes and avoid the effects of subjectivisms on the part of the dental profesional. It can be deduced that the ideal dimensions in the maxillary anterior sector are difficult to establish. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to define the dimensions of the maxillary anterior teeth and the relationships between them. In addition, an analysis was made to reinvestigate whether they complied with the Golden proportion, the RED (Recurrent Esthetic Dental) proportion and the Golden percentage...
January 24, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667523/efficacy-of-reconstructive-surgical-therapy-at-peri-implantitis-related-bone-defects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Cristiano Tomasi, Erik Regidor, Alberto Ortiz-Vigón, Jan Derks
OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed at evaluating the efficacy of reconstructive surgical therapy at peri-implantitis-related bone defects. METHODS: Studies reporting on outcomes of reconstructive surgery at peri-implantitis-related bone defects at 12 months were identified through an electronic search. Following data extraction, two different sets of meta-analyses were performed. Primarily, controlled studies were used to evaluate the potential benefit of reconstructive surgical therapy over controls...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664865/clear-aligner-orthognathic-splints
#15
Marco Caminiti, Tiangtong Lou
Orthodontic treatment has been transformed by the introduction and overwhelming adoption of clear aligner therapy (CAT). Many patients are demanding esthetic and metal-free treatment alternatives, including those requiring orthognathic surgery (OGS), to correct their dentofacial deformities. The adoption of performing OGS for CAT has been cautious and challenging for many reasons. Intermaxillary fixation, postoperative occlusal control, preoperative decompensation management, and long-term stability need to be tested and assessed...
December 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30654650/escobar-syndrome-an-multidisciplinary-approach-for-an-excellent-outcome-with-3-years-of-follow-up
#16
Fernanda Blaudt C Marques, Liliane Siqueira de Morais, Luciana Rougemont Squeff, Margareth Maria Gomes de Souza, Ana Maria Bolognese
This case report intends to provide the facial characteristics of Escobar syndrome and to describe the orthodontic treatment of a 12-year-old female patient diagnosed with it. Escobar syndrome, a variant of the multiple pterygium syndrome, is a rare disorder with many systemic, facial, and oral manifestations.The patient presented with mixed dentition, severe dolichofacial pattern, increased lower facial height, convex profile, severe anterior open bite, maxillary hypoplasia, and mandibular retrognatism. The multidisciplinary approach included soft cleft palate repair, orthodontic treatment, orthognathic surgery, restorative cosmetic dentistry, speech therapy, and physiotherapy...
January 17, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644798/navigation-assisted-isolated-medial-orbital-wall-fracture-reconstruction-using-an-u-ha-plla-sheet-via-a-transcaruncular-approach
#17
Quang Ngoc Dong, Masaaki Karino, Takashi Koike, Taichi Ide, Satoe Okuma, Ichiro Kaneko, Rie Osako, Takahiro Kanno
PURPOSE: We investigated the feasibility of isolated medial orbital wall fracture reconstruction using an unsintered hydroxyapatite particles/poly L-lactide (u-HA/PLLA) sheet implant with the assistance of intraoperative navigation via the transcaruncular approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten consecutive patients (5 males and 5 females; mean age, 57.5 years) were included based on the clinical and imaging criteria. All patients underwent surgical treatment of the isolated medial orbital wall fracture using transcaruncular incision and the u-HA/PLLA implant under navigation...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30642732/midface-correction-in-patients-with-crouzon-syndrome-is-le-fort-iii-distraction-osteogenesis-with-a-rigid-external-distraction-device-the-gold-standard
#18
Michael Engel, Moritz Berger, Jürgen Hoffmann, Reinald Kühle, Thomas Rückschloss, Oliver Ristow, Christian Freudlsperger, Katinka Kansy
INTRODUCTION: Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis with a rigid external distraction device is a powerful procedure to correct both exorbitism and impaired airways in faciocraniosynostosis. The aim of this study was to investigate treatment effect, perioperative parameters and volumetric outcomes after Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis in patients with Crouzon syndrome in a retrospective study design and to explore potential strengths and weaknesses of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to February 2015, a total of nine children with Crouzon syndrome underwent Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis with a rigid external distraction device (RED device, KLS Martin, Tuttlingen, Germany)...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640310/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-edentulous-patients-with-implants-based-on-facial-profile-assessment-a-case-report
#19
Luca Lepidi, Carmela Suriano, Muhammad H A Saleh, Andrea Ravidà, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: To introduce a user-friendly protocol for implant-retained prosthetic rehabilitation of fully edentulous patients based on facial profile and the cephalometric intermaxillary relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patients with implants based on facial profile assessment protocol commences with a clinical and cephalometric analysis, followed by a preliminary projection to obtain a harmonious interarch relationship, eventually stabilized by the preplanned prosthesis...
January 10, 2019: Implant Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639157/free-medialis-pedis-venous-flap-transfer-for-reconstruction-of-volar-finger-defects-clinical-application-and-esthetic-evaluation
#20
Motohisa Kawakatsu
BACKGROUND: There have been many reports about venous flaps, which are often used for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects after finger injury because such flaps are simple to elevate. Recently, high viability rates and nearly normal histological findings were reported for venous flaps, although the mechanism of flap survival remains unclear. This study investigated the esthetic outcomes after the reconstruction of volar finger defects with free medialis pedis venous flaps, which are venous flaps that elevated between the submalleolar and medial plantar regions...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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