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Emma Gracia-Lor, Juan V Sancho, Félix Hernández
A multi-class method for the simultaneous quantification and confirmation of 47 pharmaceuticals in environmental and wastewater samples has been developed. The target list of analytes included analgesic and anti-inflammatories, cholesterol lowering statin drugs and lipid regulators, antidepressants, anti-ulcer agents, psychiatric drugs, ansiolitics, cardiovasculars and a high number (26) of antibiotics from different chemical groups. A common pre-concentration step based on solid-phase extraction with Oasis HLB cartridges was applied, followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) measurement...
April 22, 2011: Journal of Chromatography. A
María-Isabel Acedo-Valenzuela, Nielene Mora-Díez, Teresa Galeano-Díaz, Antonio Silva-Rodríguez
A method for the determination of several tricyclic antidepressants (imipramine, desipramine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline, clomipramine, norclomipramine, doxepine and nordoxepine) in breast milk has been developed. This assay consists of a common extraction process in an organic phase, which is evaporated until dried and finally reconstituted in the appropriate buffer for injection in a capillary electrophoresis system. The capillary electrophoresis method used is an "acetonitrile stacking" method previously reported for determining these drugs in serum samples...
2010: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Gisele Zapata-Sudo, Thaiana C F Mendes, Marcelle A Kartnaller, Tiago O Fortes, Nathália F B Freitas, Maria Auxiliadora Coelho Kaplan, Roberto Takashi Sudo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dorstenia arifolia is a plant that has been used in the folk medicine to produce hypnotic, sedative and ansiolitic effects but the pharmacological properties have not yet been studied. In addition, the smoke of its rhizome is reputed to induce lethargic sensation. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The present study investigated possible activities of the methanol extract (ME) of Dorstenia arifolia rhizome on the central nervous system (CNS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: ME was tested for sedative, hypnotic and anticonsulsant effects using locomotor activity evaluation, pentobarbital-induced sleeping time and pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced convulsion, respectively...
July 6, 2010: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
E Castellano Vela, F Gómez Pajares, A Rochina Puchades, M Gil Egea
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine which factors are associated with a functional gain above 19 on Barthel's index (CSFG) and also factors associated with a new post-discharge institutionalisation (NPDI) in patients who a underwent rehabilitation intervention whilst admitted to a medium long term care unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of patients admitted between 2000 and 2005 who underwent a rehabilitation intervention. Demographic, mind-body and laboratory data were collected...
January 2010: Revista Clínica Española
Desirée Rosa Cavalcanti, Esther Goldenberg Birman, Dante Antonio Migliari, Fernando Ricardo Xavier da Silveira
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a complex disease of unknown cause. It is characterized by a burning sensation in the oral mucosa, notwithstanding its clinical normal aspect. BMS is particularly seen in postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to investigate this syndrome on a clinical basis and, in addition, to analyze its possible relation to the frequency of Candida species. Thirty-one patients (28 women and 3 men; 13 Caucasians and 18 non-Caucasians; mean age = 61.3, range 30-85 years) were evaluated...
2007: Brazilian Dental Journal
Jorge A Franco, Cristina Pecci
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to describe magnitude and characteristics of self- medication in a psychiatric and clinical out-patients unit. METHOD: consecutive sample of 898 subjects (Mental Health 358 and Clinical Practice 540) at University Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina (2002). A questionnaire was administered by interviewers and was completed with information about social and demographics characteristics, physical and psychological health problems, and perception about doctors and patient relationships were collected...
September 2007: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Elsa Wolfberg
Due to the crisis of the welfare state, the smashing of the state budget and the labour flexibility, the "helping professions" (health service, education, etc.) are the main assistance for the poor, the elderly people and the victims of violence. This result in the emergence of occupational pathologies, mainly in the health workers, such as burnout, secondary traumatic stress or empaty caused fatigue, mobbing or moral harassment -all of them affecting not only the quality of life of professionals but also the body health...
December 2003: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Abouch Valenty Krymchantowski
Chronic daily headache and chronic (transformed) migraine (TM) patients represent more than one third of the subjects seen in specialized headache centers. Most of these patients may overuse symptomatic medications (SM) taken on a daily basis to relieve headache and associated symptoms. The conversion to the daily or near-daily pattern of headache presentation is thought to be related to the medication overuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile of SM consumption among transformed migraine patients attending a tertiary center...
March 2003: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
J L Martín, H Spatz, N E Abdala, J Basombrio
A population of 41 clinic outpatients suffering depressive symptomatology was studied. According to the presence or absense of sixteen specific symptoms it was possible to distribute these patients in three different groups. Simultaneously urinary determinations of phenethylamine (PEA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylglicol (MHPG), phenylacetic acid, 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid and serum 5-hydroxytriptamine were performed. A clossed clinical-biochemical correlation was noted in each group in relation to PEA and MHPG daily output...
March 1980: Acta Psiquiátrica y Psicológica de América Latina
J Honorato, M Catalán
Buspirone is a new drug with ansiolitic properties which chemical structure and mechanism of action is different from the classical drugs traditionally used for this symptom. Its farmacokinetic characteristics make it a convenient drug to be used for oral administration. Buspirone's double-blind controlled clinical studies contrasted with benzodiazepines have shown that buspirone has an ansiolitic effect close to them but without sedation or relaxation. Other secondary effects appear with a smaller incidence with buspirone...
April 1990: Revista Clínica Española
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